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TWENTIETH CENTURY ART BETWEEN THE WORLD WARS. Key Characteristics Absurdity-life doesn't make sense, so why should art? Chance-life is random Irreverence-challenge.

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Presentation on theme: "TWENTIETH CENTURY ART BETWEEN THE WORLD WARS. Key Characteristics Absurdity-life doesn't make sense, so why should art? Chance-life is random Irreverence-challenge."— Presentation transcript:

1 TWENTIETH CENTURY ART BETWEEN THE WORLD WARS

2 Key Characteristics Absurdity-life doesn't make sense, so why should art? Chance-life is random Irreverence-challenge cherished beliefs and institutions Key Techniques Ready-made-sculpture from existing manufactured parts Photomontage-collection of photographs Dada

3 Key Characteristics Depicts the world of the unconscious mind; dreams Influenced by Bosch, Gauguin and Symbolists Odd juxtaposition of recognizable objects Exaggeration in the appearance of objects Unusual objects and symbols that express the artist's inner mind and question reality Surrealism

4 Key Artists

5 GIORGIO DE CHIRICO, Melancholy and Mystery of a Street, Oil on canvas Giorgio de Chirico--proto-Surrealist; eerie scenes

6 GIORGIO DE CHIRICO The Song of Love, 1914

7 SALVADOR DALÍ, The Persistence of Memory, Oil on canvas, Dali-Realistic figures, idiosyncratic symbols

8 RENÉ MAGRITTE, The Treachery (or Perfidy) of Images, Oil on canvas Magritte-unusual combinations of recognizable objects

9 JOAN MIRÓ, The Potato, 1928 Oil on canvas Miro-used biomorphic shapes

10 MARC CHAGALL, I and the Village, 1911 Chagall-drew upon childhood experiences in Russia

11 FRIDA KAHLO, The Two Fridas, Oil on canvas Frida Kahlo--series of biographical self- portraits; wife of Mexican muralist Diego Rivera

12 CONSTANTIN BRANCUSI, Bird in Space, Bronze Abstract work intended to capture subject's essence Bird in Space is most famous work

13 BARBARA HEPWORTH, Oval Sculpture (No. 2), Plaster cast Modernist English sculptor Major innovator in use of negative space

14 HENRY MOORE, Reclining Figure, Elm wood Major use of organic curves and negative space Abstract recumbent female figures Works have monumental quality

15 Alexander Calder Lobster Trap and Fish Tail, 1939 Mobiles-moving sculptures suspended from ceiling Simplified organic forms Similar to Miro's biomorphic paintings


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