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Chapter Two AP Review. 1. What was the MAIN reason the Spanish Crown established the encomienda system? A. to reward settlers for bringing the Crown so.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter Two AP Review. 1. What was the MAIN reason the Spanish Crown established the encomienda system? A. to reward settlers for bringing the Crown so."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter Two AP Review

2 1. What was the MAIN reason the Spanish Crown established the encomienda system? A. to reward settlers for bringing the Crown so much wealth B. to entice settlers to convert the local people to Christianity C. to give the settlers an incentive to practice slavery D. to ensure that settlers land remained the property of the Crown

3 A. to reward settlers for bringing the Crown so much wealth

4 2. Who discovered the Western sea-route to Asia? A. Amerigo Vespucci B. Ferdinand Magellan C. Vasco Núñez de Balboa D. Giovanni da Verrazano

5 B. Ferdinand Magellan

6 3. Which Spanish conquistador led the attack on and the eventual downfall of the Incan Empire? A. Hernando de Soto B. Francisco Pizarro C. Juan Ponce de Léon D. Álvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca

7 B. Francisco Pizarro

8 4. Which of the following documents gave settlers permission to start a colony? A. a deed B. a title C. a lease D. a charter

9

10 5. What were some of the negative outcomes of the Great Convergence? A. The spread of Black Death along trade routes in North Africa B. The discovery of a Northwest Passage from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific Ocean C. The introduction of the feudal system to the Americas D. The spread of slavery and deadly diseases to the Americas

11

12 6. The Columbian Exchange had deadly effects, such as A. bringing the bubonic plague and the Black Death to Florence. B. spreading measles, smallpox, and typhus throughout Europe. C. infecting American Indians with new and deadly diseases. D. robbing American Indians of corn, tomatoes, tobacco, and cocoa.

13 C. infecting American Indians with new and deadly diseases.

14 7. Which of the following helped the Spanish MOST in defeating the Inca? A They attacked the people on horseback. B They cut off supplies of food and water. C They killed the Incan rulers. D They burned the capital.

15 C. They killed the Incan rulers.

16 8. Spains actions against Englands Queen Elizabeth I showed that its religious allegiance was to which of the following groups? A. Catholic Church B. Anglican Church C. Huguenots. D. Protestants

17 A. Catholic Church

18 9. Why did the Spanish begin shipping enslaved Africans to their colony known as New Spain in the Americas after 1510? A. They knew they could resell the slaves at a profit. B. They were forced to do so by a decree from the Spanish Crown. C. They had exhausted the local population of American Indian slaves. D. They started farming larger plantations and needed more workers.

19 C. They had exhausted the local population of American Indian slaves.

20 10. What was the first settlement that the Vikings founded in the North Atlantic? A. Greenland B. Newfoundland C. Alaska D. Iceland

21

22 11. Who began a school of navigation to help teach sailors better methods of sailing, even though he wasnt really a sailor? A. Christopher Columbus B. Prince Henry C. King Ferdinand D. Leif Eriksson

23 B. Prince Henry

24 12. Which of the following Vikings was leading an expedition to Greenland, but ended up on the east coast of North America because they were blown off course by strong winds? A. Erik the Red B. Leif Eriksson C. Alaric the Terrible D. Brett Favre

25 B. Leif Eriksson

26 13. Which Portuguese sailor led an expedition down the western coast of Africa, was blown off course and stopped at its very Southern tip in 1488? A. Vasco da Gama B. Christopher Columbus C. Ferdinand Magellan D. Bartolomeu Dias

27

28 14. All of the following were promises that Christopher Columbus made to the king and queen when he asked them to finance his journeys west, EXCEPT? A. new territories B. people to convert to Catholicism C. people to be used as slaves D. great riches

29 C. people to be used as slaves

30 15. Which of the following was the PRIMARY thing that Christopher Columbus was trying to accomplish on his journeys west? A. trying to reach the Hawaiian Islands by sailing West B. trying to reach Asia by sailing West C. trying to reach the Middle East by sailing West D. trying to reach the Americas by sailing West

31 B. trying to reach Asia by sailing West

32 16. Pope Alexander VI drew up the Line of Demarcation in the Atlantic Ocean to establish where which two of the countries below could claim new lands A. France and Italy B. Britain and Germany C. Spain and Portugal D. Russia and India

33 C. Spain and Portugal

34 17. Since one of the two countries that were part of Pope Alexander VI ruling, known as the Line of Demarcation, believed that they had received an unfair advantage in lands they could settle, these same nations agreed to which of the following treaties that moved the line 800 miles further to the west? A. The Treaty of Greenville B. The Treaty of Guadeloupe Hidalgo C. The Treaty of Tordesillas D. The Treaty of San Juan Cordita

35 C. The Treaty of Tordesillas

36 18. Which of the following explorers led a Spanish fleet to the Eastern coast of South America and realized that Christopher Columbus had been incorrect in his assumption about reaching Asia and instead had landed in new lands that would later be known as the Americas? A. Ferdinand Magellan B. Amerigo Vespucci C. Vasco da Gama D. Alvar Nunez de Balboa

37 B. Amerigo Vespucci

38 19. Who was the Portuguese navigator that led the first expedition that eventually, ended up sailing all the way around the Earth by water? A. Ferdinand Magellan B. Christopher Columbus C. Vasco da Gama D. Hernando de Soto

39 A. Ferdinand Magellan

40 20. Which of the following refers to a transfer of goods, diseases, plants and animals from Europe to the Americas and from the Americas to Europe? A. African Diaspora B. Triangular Trade C. Berengia Pangea D. Columbian Exchange

41

42 21. Why did Montezuma and the Aztecs allow the Spanish soldiers led by Hernando Cortes to come into their empire without fighting them? A. He was very large, with a powerful voice that scared them B. They thought he was a god and their beliefs had predicted he would come C. He had large cannons and guns that scared them D. He threatened to have them burned at the stake if they didnt let him in

43 B. They thought he was a god and their beliefs had predicted he would come

44 22. All of the following were reasons why the Aztec and Inca were defeated by the Spanish EXCEPT? A. Superior intelligence by the Spanish leaders B. Spanish alliances were made with the enemies of the Aztec and Inca C. Spanish wore steel armor and superior weapons such as guns D. The bringing of European diseases such as smallpox that they were not immune to

45 A. Superior intelligence by the Spanish leaders

46 23. All of the following were effects of the Spanish victory over the Aztecs and the Inca EXCEPT? A. A reduced Native American population from battles and diseases B. The transfer of goods known as the Columbian Exchange C. Greater respect for the Aztecs and the Inca since they had put up such a great fight D. The Spanish rule of the Americas for years to come

47 C. Greater respect for the Aztecs and the Inca since they had put up such a great fight

48 24. Who was the Spanish explorer that founded the area of Florida and then spent many years searching for the mythical Fountain of Youth? A. Alvar Nunez Cabeza de Vaca B. Hernando de Soto C. Christopher Columbus D. Juan Ponce de Leon

49

50 25. Approximately, how many tons of gold and silver did the Spanish fleets leave the Americas with, robbing Native Americans of millions upon millions of dollars? A. 50 tons of gold and 7000 tons of silver B. 75 tons of gold and 12,800 tons of silver C. 150 tons of gold and 15,400 tons of silver D. 200 tons of gold and 18,600 tons of silver

51

52 26. What are large farms that grow primarily just one kind of crop for profit called? A. Plantation B. Estate C. Ranch D. Abomination

53 A. Plantation

54 27. All of the following were types of jobs that Native Americans did on the large Spanish farms EXCEPT? A. working in the fields B. raising and herding livestock C. working in the gold and silver mines D. training people how to ride horses

55

56 28. Which of the following religions had the most influence on the relationships between Native American and Spanish settlers? A. Catholic B. Baptist C. Methodist D. Mormon

57 A. Catholic

58 29. Who was the German monk that criticized the Catholic Church in 1517 starting a movement to correct problems in the Church? A. St. Francis of Assisi B. Martin Luther C. Thomas of Aquinas D. Pope Alexander VI

59 B. Martin Luther

60 30. What was name of the religious movement that began in small German towns, but quickly spread to most of Europe? A. Crusades B. Great Awakening C. Renaissance D. Reformation

61

62 31. Which of the following inventions, allowed for books to be copied by machine, instead of by hand and allowed many more books to be produced, thus helping the spread of ideas? A. Telegraph B. Astrolabe C. Caravel D. Printing Press

63

64 32. Who was the Queen of England that authorized the use of Sea Dogs to attack Spanish ships and steal their gold and silver? A. Queen Elizabeth B. Queen Mary C. Queen Virginia D. Queen Lisa

65 A. Queen Elizabeth

66 33. Who was the most famous of the British Sea Dogs that raided the Spanish ships? A. Sir Chad Pasley B. Sir Francis Drake C. Sir Walter Raleigh D. Sir James Oglethorpe

67 B. Sir Francis Drake

68 34. What was the Battle of the Spanish Armada? A. Naval battle fought between Spain and France B. Naval battle fought between Spain and Italy C. Naval battle fought between Spain and Germany D. Naval battle fought between Spain and England

69

70 35. What was the Spanish Armada? A. a large fleet of warships designed to sink the ships of the enemies navy B. Special Forces consisting of the Rangers and the Green Beret sent in behind enemy lines to take out the enemies leader C. many tanks and other heavy artillery designed to bomb the enemies soldiers and fortifications D. a full brigade of soldiers on horseback (cavalry) who fought to the death

71 A. a large fleet of warships designed to sink the ships of the enemies navy

72 36. What is a rise in the price of goods caused by an increase in the amount of money in use? A. Depression B. Recession C. Deflation D. Inflation

73

74 37. What was the mythical all-water route through North America that would allow ships to sail from the Atlantic to the Pacific Ocean known as? A. North American Thoroughfare B. Northern River Path C. Northwest Passage D. Northwestern Canal

75 C. Northwest Passage

76 38. Spain and Portugal primarily focused on all of the following areas of the Western Hemisphere, EXCEPT A. Caribbean Islands B. South America C. North America D. Central America

77 C. North America

78 39. Which of the following explorers wrote a book that inspired many Europeans to want to learn more about Asia and its surrounding areas? A. John Cabot B. Christopher Columbus C. Amerigo Vespucci D. Marco Polo

79

80 40. Who led the second major English attempt at a permanent settlement in North America in the same location that the first attempt failed? A. John Smith B. John Davis C. John White D. John Black

81 C. John White

82 41. Which of the following was the primary business that most French businessmen or settlers took up in North America? A. Farming B. Ranching C. Fur Trapping D. Fishing

83 C. Fur Trapping

84 42. Which of the following groups treated Native Americans in the most positive manner during colonial times in North America? A. English B. Spanish C. French D. German

85 C. French

86 43. Which group of people established the colony of New Netherland in 1624? A. Dutch B. French C. Italians D. English

87 A. Dutch

88 44. All of the following were diseases that Europeans had built up resistance to, but that killed many Native Americans when the Europeans came to North America during the period of exploration EXCEPT A. Typhus B. Small Pox C. Measles D. Black Death

89

90 45. Which of the following words, means to build up a natural resistance to a disease? A. Vaccinate B. Immune C. Inoculate D. Allergic

91 B. Immune

92 46. What was the title of the horrible voyage that enslaved Africans endured to the Americas across the Atlantic Ocean aboard slave ships called? A. Triangular Trade B. Middle Passage C. Slave Mission D. Terrible Journey

93 B. Middle Passage

94 47. What is the name of the forced removal of people from Africa or the scattering of a people called? A. Middle Passage B. Black Death C. African Diaspora D. Immigration of Slaves

95 C. African Diaspora

96 48. Approximately _____ Africans were boarded onto slave ships and shipped across the Atlantic Ocean to the Americas from the 1520s to the 1860s. A. 1 million B. 5 million C. 12 million D. 18 million

97 C. 12 million

98 49. About how many enslaved Africans were brought to the British colonies or America as part of the slave trade? A 200,000 B 600,000 C 900,000 D 1,500,000

99 B. 600,000

100 50. The _________ colonies received more enslaved Africans as part of Slave Trade than any other location. A. French B. English C. Portuguese D. Spanish

101 C. Portuguese

102 51. What was the MOST important reason why the English, French, Portuguese, and Spanish merchants began searching for an all sea route to Asia in 1400s? A. Overland trade routes had become more dangerous than they had been B. Direct access to goods in the European countries would have increased profits C. They wanted to bypass merchants who monopolized Asian products D. Many educated Europeans had become interested in Asian cultures

103 C. They wanted to bypass merchants who monopolized Asian products

104 52. All of the following helped Hernando Cortes destroy the Aztec Empire EXCEPT? A. Francisco Pizarro B. conquistadors C. Malintzin D. smallpox

105 A. Francisco Pizarro

106 53. Which of the following peopole named the continents across the ocean America in honor of the Italian explorer Amerigo Vespucci? A. an Italian merchant B. a German mapmaker C. a Portuguese sea captain D. a Spanish sailor

107 B. a German mapmaker

108 54. A right that the Encomienda System gave to Spanish settlers was A. They could import African slaves to the Americas without documentation B. They could tax local American Indians or make them work C. They could punish American Indians who did not attend church services D. They could start plantations on local American Indian land

109 B. They could tax local American Indians or make them work

110 55. What was the network of paths and roads that connected the scattered communities of New Spain known as? A. El Callejon de la Plato B. El Entrada de Oro C. El Camino Real D. El Avenida del Virrey

111 C. El Camino Real

112 56. All of the following explain about the impact of the printing press on the Protestant Reformation EXCEPT A. Protestants used the printing press to print short ideas about the Bible on their own B. The printing press allowed more and more people to read and think about the Bible on their own C. Martin Luther took power from the Pope by using the printing press to publish a Bible in English. D. The printing press allowed Protestants to print large numbers of Bibles

113 C. Martin Luther took power from the Pope by using the printing press to publish a Bible in English.

114 57. What did Bartolome de Las Casas do to try and change Spains way of governing Native Americans in their Spanish colonies? A. He wrote books and letters asking for better treatment of Native Americans B. He revised laws regarding the use of African slaves C. He complained about how the plantation owners were treated by the Native Americans D. He insisted on the use of American Indians for plantation work

115 A. He wrote books and letters asking for better treatment of Native Americans

116 58. How did the astrolabe aid explorers in finding new continents? A. It allowed ship navigators to estimate distance from land by measuring the oceans depths B. It allowed ship navigators to check location by charting the position of celestial bodies or the moon and stars C. It allowed ship navigators to tell direction by aligning a magnetic strip with the North Pole D. It allowed ship navigators to calculate the rate of travel by measuring the speed of headwinds.

117 B. It allowed ship navigators to check location by charting the position of celestial bodies or the moon and stars

118 59. All of the following explorers were involved in the search for the Northwest Passage EXCEPT A. Henry Hudson B. Jacques Cartier C. Ferdinand Magellan D. John Cabot

119 C. Ferdinand Magellan

120 60. What occurred in the Roanoke colony following the summer of 1587? A. The colonists were brutally assaulted by local a large group of Spanish conquistadors B. The colonists went back to England because they could not grow food C. The colonists celebrated the first English birth in the present-day United States D. The colonists abandoned the site and the reason is still a mystery

121

122 61. What were the three areas of life that the three types (pueblos, missions and presidios) of Spanish settlements served in the Americas? A. politics, religion and economics B. economics, defense and religion C. trade, defense and culture D. defense, culture and politics

123 B. economics, defense and religion

124 62. What did the French call their North American territory? A. Louisiana B. New France C. Quebec D. Saint Laurent

125 B. New France

126 63. Why was King Philip II of Spain shocked by the defeat of the Spanish Amada? A His fleet was much bigger and stronger than the English fleet B His ships were smaller and faster than the those of the English C His fleet had just conquered France and the Netherlands D His ships could not be replaced because of economic inflation

127 A. His fleet was much bigger and stronger than the English fleet

128 64. Who was the first European to reach the Mississippi River in 1541? A. Jacques Marquette B. Jacques Cartier C. Hernando de Soto D. Samuel de la Champlain

129 C. Hernando de Soto

130 65. What was the name of the new style ship that the Portuguese invented, that used triangular sails instead of the old square-styled sails? A. Longship B. Schooner C. Caravel D. Kayak

131 C. Caravel

132 66. Which Portuguese explorer led an expedition down the western coast of Africa and continued on around the southern tip and onto Calicut, India in July 1497? A. Vasco da Gama B. Christopher Columbus C. Ferdinand Magellan D. Bartolomeu Dias

133 A. Vasco da Gama

134 67. All of the following were ships on the expedition led by Christopher Columbus EXCEPT A Van Buren B Santa Maria C Nina D Pinta

135 A. Van Buren

136 68. How many total journeys did Christopher Columbus make to the Americas? A. One B. Two C. Three D. Four

137

138 69. Who was the first European to see the Pacific Ocean from the Americas? A. Christopher Columbus B. Vasco Nunez de Balboa C. Ferdinand Magellan D. Ponce de Leon

139 B. Vasco Nunez de Balboa

140 70. What was a Spanish soldier who led military expeditions to the Americas called? A. Warriors B. Generals C. Conquistadors D. Matadors

141 C. Conquistadors

142 71. What was the capital city of the Aztecs? A. Cuzco B. Lima C. Mexico City D. Tenochtitlan

143

144 72. What is one way in which the Great Convergence lead to an exchange between cultures? A. European brought cattle, horses and grain and took back tobacco, corn and cocoa B. European explorers were tolerant of the diverse religious beliefs of Native Americans C. People all across Europe began to dress and speak like Native Americans D. Elements of all three cultures blended to form a new, common language

145 A. European brought cattle, horses and grain and took back tobacco, corn and cocoa

146 73. Who was the Moroccan-born slave that served as a guide under Alvar Nunez Cabeza de Vaca and Panfilo de Narvaez? A. Atilla B. Estevanico C. Moctezuma D. Michelangelo

147 B Estevanico

148 74. What did Francisco Vasquez de Coronado find while searching for a legendary city? A. Mississippi River B. Rocky Mountains C. Grand Canyon D. Badlands

149 C. Grand Canyon

150 75. About what percent of the Spanish Empire in the Americas consisted of Native Americans? A. 40 percent B. 65 percent C. 80 percent D. 95 percent

151 C. 80 percent

152 76. What was a settler who came to the Spanish Empire from Spain called? A. Mestizo B. Peninsulares C. Creole D. Alien

153 B. Peninsulares

154 77. Who was the group of French Protestants that eventually immigrated to the Americas? A. Presbyterians B. Huguenots C. Francines D. Methodists

155 B. Huguenots

156 78. What was the name of the church that King Henry VIII of England founded in 1534 and placed himself in charge of? A. Catholic Church B. Anglican Church C. Protestant Church D. Church of London

157 B. Anglican Church

158 79. When the Spanish Armada was defeated, all of the following countries gained the confidence to challenge Spains power EXCEPT A. England B. Netherlands C. Italy D. France

159 C. Italy

160 80. Who was the Italian sailor that sailed for the King of England and made journeys to North America in 1497 and 1498 looking for the Northwest Passage? A. Giovanni de Verrazono B. John Cabot C. Samuel de la Champlain D. Henry Hudson

161 B. John Cabot

162 81. Even though he did not find the Northwest Passage that he was searching for, John Cabots voyages did establish A. the basis for Spains claims to the lands in North America B. the basis for Englands claims to land in North America C. the basis for Italys claims to land in North America D. the basis for Portugals claims to land in North America

163 B. the basis for Englands claims to land in North America

164 82. Who was the Italian sea captain that sailed for France in 1524 looking for the Northwest Passage, sailing from present-day North Carolina to Maine? A. John Cabot B. Giovanni da Verrazano C. Samuel de la Champlain D. John White

165 B. Giovanni da Verrazano

166 83. Who was the French sailor, sailing for France in 1534 and 1535, that sailed into Canada and down the Saint Lawrence River to present-day Montreal? A. Henry Hudson B. Giovanni de Verrazano C. Samuel de la Champlain D. Jacques Cartier

167

168 84. Who was the English sea captain that sailed into present-day New York for the Dutch in 1609 looking for the Northwest Passage? A. Henry Hudson B. John Cabot C. Jacques Cartier D. Giovanni de Verrazano

169 A. Henry Hudson

170 85. Who was the English sailor, that sailed for the Dutch in 1610 and found a strait that he thought was the Northwest Passage, but ended up in a bay that has his name today? A. Giovanni de Verrazano B. John Cabot C. Henry Hudson D. Sir John Hawkins

171 C. Henry Hudson

172 86. Who was the Englishmen that received permission to establish the first English colony in the Western Hemisphere? A. Sir Walter Raleigh B. Sir Jimmy Lenz C. Sir Francis Drake D. Sir Duke of Wonder

173 A. Sir Walter Raleigh

174 87. The English chose to try and establish their first colony on which island off the coast of present-day North Carolina – lasting less than a year, before returning back to England. A. Manhattan Island B. Mackinaw Island C. Pawtucket Island D. Roanoke Island

175

176 88. What is the second major English colony in North America known as, because their colony was abandoned and no one knows why? A. Dead Colony B. Lost Colony C. Missing Colony D. Failed Colony

177 B. Lost Colony

178 89. The first attempt at a French colony in North America was established by the Huguenots in A. Florida B. Texas C. Virginia D. Louisiana

179 A. Florida

180 90. What settlement did the French sailor, Samuel de la Champlain establish after sailing down the Saint Lawrence River in 1608? A. Saskatchewan B. Quebec C. Victoria Island D. Ontario

181 B. Quebec

182 91. What was the river that the French explorer Louis Joliet and missionary Jacques Marquette sailed all the way down to Arkansas on in 1673? A. Missouri River B. Amazon River C. Colombia River D. Mississippi River

183

184 92. What name did the French give to the area, where the Mississippi River flows into the Gulf of Mexico to honor their king back in France? A. Louisiana B. Texas C. Florida D. Georgia

185 A. Louisiana

186 93. All of the following were major effects of the search for an all-water route to Asia EXCEPT A. Awareness of different cultures and ways of life B. Face-to-face contact with traders in distant lands C. The discovery of a sea route to Asia D. A new religion known as Catholicism was discovered

187

188 94. Who was the Dutch member of the West India Company that purchased Manhattan Island from the Native Americans for $24.00 in goods and trinkets? A. Marco Polo B. Elvis Presley C. Peter Minuit D. John White

189 C. Peter Minuit

190 95. All of the following were things that African slaves had or did to help keep themselves together through the hard times of slavery EXCEPT A. The practicing of religion which helped the slaves have a sense of self-worth and salvation in their current life and the next B. The singing of songs, telling folktales, art and dance helped them remember their African heritage and traditions C. The keeping a family together was something that slaves tried to do, because it was one part of the slaves life that was fully under control of the owner D. The desire to work as hard as possible, to honor the owners wishes, to serve the owner with undying love and to show thanks to the owner for providing them such a great life away from the horrors and evils of Africa

191

192 96. Which of the following was a MAJOR advantage that Hernándo Cortés men had over the Aztec warriors? A. They had control of the capital city. B. They developed a cologne that was offensive to the Aztecs, causing them to run away. C. They wore boots on their feet rather than sandals. D. They wore body armor and used guns as weapons, instead of bows and arrows.

193 D. They wore armor and used guns as weapons, rather than bows and arrows.

194 Chapter Two Extended Response Questions Answer this on your own sheet of paper. During the Age of Exploration, once-isolated cultures came into contact because of the movement of people between the eastern and western hemispheres (The Great Convergence). This coming together of cultures resulted in what historians call the Columbian Exchange. a) Describe the Columbian Exchange b) Explain one positive effect of the Columbian Exchange. c) Explain one negative effect of the Columbian Exchange.


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