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COLOMBIA: TOWARDS A CLIMATE SMART AGRICULTURAL SECTOR LOW CARBON DEVELOPMENT STRATEGY FOR FRUIT CROPS AND SILVOPASTORAL SYSTEMS Andy Jarvis.

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Presentation on theme: "COLOMBIA: TOWARDS A CLIMATE SMART AGRICULTURAL SECTOR LOW CARBON DEVELOPMENT STRATEGY FOR FRUIT CROPS AND SILVOPASTORAL SYSTEMS Andy Jarvis."— Presentation transcript:

1 COLOMBIA: TOWARDS A CLIMATE SMART AGRICULTURAL SECTOR LOW CARBON DEVELOPMENT STRATEGY FOR FRUIT CROPS AND SILVOPASTORAL SYSTEMS Andy Jarvis

2 1)Test and validate technological adaptation options 2)Support agriculture sector in adapting to climate events, including agro- climate risk management, through evaluation of crop models. 3)Support the closing of the production gaps by applying Specific-site agriculture techniques 4)Evaluate agro-environmentally production systems and potential environmental services payment schemes in order to incentive sustainable production systems. Objetives Agreement MADR-CIAT: Climate and agriculture sector

3 A climate smart sector Climate resilience Baseline Adapted technologies + Climate- specific management Adapted technologies + Climate- specific management + Seasonal agroclimatic forecasts Adapted technologies + Climate- specific management + Seasonal agroclimatic forecasts + Efficient resource use + Enabling environment NAPs and NAMAs Climate smartness Adapted technologies + Climate-specific management + Seasonal agroclimatic forecasts + Efficient resource use

4 LEDS Colombia (MADS, DNP, MADR, IDEAM) is the main national framework in which the mitigation of climate change encounters agriculture PROBLEM Agricultural participation in total annual emission MADR-CIAT More efficient land use More efficient cattle system More area available for agriculture and natural vegetation Alternatives: Improve pasture, silvopastoral systems and fruit crops Expected outcomes NAMAS Ecosystem services payment schemes

5 Alternatives detected by LEDS Colombia Agricultural sector with real interest in mitigation, and large opportunities Primary entry point through land-use – an actual case of a land sparing national policy! Both government and producer organizations aligned in strategy: Livestock from 40 mHa to 30 mHa Croplands to increase by 3 mHa Together with MinAgriculture we are looking currently at 3 NAMA strategies: Reconversion of degraded pastures into high carbon, high value farming (fruits) Pasture intensification to increase emissions efficiency over large areas of unproductive pastures Intensive silvopastoral systems in high potential areas to boost productivity and generate huge environmental benefits

6 Pastures in Colombia Fuente: IGAC ha in pastures ha in fallow

7 Pastures with problems associated with their current use ha in pastures Fuente: IGAC

8 ha Area with mango feasibility Fuente: CIAT & IGAC

9 Area with avocado feasibility ha

10 Area with fruit feasibility Avocado, mango and citric ha Fuente: CIAT & IGAC

11 Municipalities with identified potential Together with supply chain actors and producer organisations municipalities with potential for expanding cultivated area have been identified. CropArea Avocado Lorena ha Avocado Hass ha Mango ha Citric ha Total ha

12 Carbon sequestration potential with degree days The sequestration in a year would be in average the 3.8% of the actual year emission of the sector.

13 IndicatorsAvocadoMangoTotal Potential area (ha) Total investment (Millions USD$) ,019 O&M (Millions USD$)3,3801,5974,977 Carbon capture(Millions de ton)(18)(59)(77) Investment by ton C (USD$/ton) (39)(5) Total cost per ton (USD$/ton) (226)(32) % of the investment (USD$6.7/ton)17%128%

14

15 Sistemas Silvopastoriles

16 Land Use for Cattle Systems USO PRINCIPALHECTAREAS Pastoreo intensivo de clima cálidoPINc 53,982 Pastoreo intensivo de clima medioPINm 3, Pastoreo intensivo de clima fríoPINf 6, Pastoreo semi intensivo de clima cálidoPSIc 1,513,550 Pastoreo semi intensivo de clima medioPSIm Pastoreo semi intensivo de clima fríoPSIf 8,388 Pastoreo extensivo de clima cálidoPEXc 4,427,363 Pastoreo extensivo de clima medioPEXm 31,102 Pastoreo extensivo de clima fríoPEXf 8,337 SilvopastorilSPA 9,101,192 Total 15,154,126 Fuente: IGAC

17 Resultados Preliminares ECM: Corregido por Energía; FPCM: Corregido por proteína y grasa

18 Resultados Preliminares 60% 42%

19 Potential Silvopastoral Areas Fuente: CIAT & CIPAV Optimas: 5.2 Millones de ha Work in progress to develop detailed NAMA for silvo-pastoral system, but benefits appear to be very high

20 Key Messages Plenty of opportunity in Colombia for climate smart agriculture win-wins Institutional and political will to invest in mitigation activities Potentially quite large carbon benefits, but also profitable – primary incentive is to increase productivity, with mitigation co-benefits Carbon markets could potentially bolster uptake, especially with regard to overcoming upfront investment costs which are an identified barrier

21 Final Considerations “Tenemos 20 millones de hectáreas dedicadas a la ganadería y 5, a la agricultura; eso debe ser al revés. Impulsar la agricultura con productos que tengan futuro y el resto de la tierra dedicarla a la ganadería. Pero no podemos seguir teniendo un novillo por hectárea. Eso es lo que debe ocurrir.” A. Iragorri MADR minister personal interview for El Tiempo 1st of Septiembre 2014)

22 Gracias!


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