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SOCIALIZATION “The cultural process of learning to participate in group life.” 1.

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Presentation on theme: "SOCIALIZATION “The cultural process of learning to participate in group life.” 1."— Presentation transcript:

1 SOCIALIZATION “The cultural process of learning to participate in group life.” 1

2 Socialization - “The cultural process of learning to participate in group life.” Socialization is a lifelong process. Socialization creates your acquisition of: – Self-Identity - _________________________________ – Physical, ________________ & social skills needed for survival Socialization is essential for the survival and stability of the individual AND society. _______________’s believe that socialization has the greatest impacting on who we become. 2

3 What happens if socialization doesn’t occur?... “Genie” Write a minimum 5 line response on how you felt about the video. – 3

4 THE FOUR AGENTS OF SOCIALIZATION Family School Peer Groups Media Rank them in order of INFLUENCE ON YOU! 4

5 AGENTS OF SOCIALIZATION Write about how family, school, peers, OR media has influenced who you are as a person. CHOOSE ONE Include 2 examples to show its influence. Reflect on why this influence has been more positive or negative. Write a maximum one page typed response. 5

6 TOP 2 What are 2 most important social factors in determining ‘success in America?’ Hint: You can’t control EITHER ONE. Source - *Freakonomics 6

7 1.FAMILY From a functionalist perspective… Most important agent of socialization! Families give the earliest social & emotional development to children. Family is where we acquire our social position in society – Racial, ethnic, religious subculture groupings. 7

8 FAMILY AS A SOCIAL AGENT Write a 5 line “thank you” letter to a member of your family for their ‘positive’ impact on one aspect of your socialization. 8

9 FAMILY “Your siblings were each raised by a different set of parents. “ – What does this quote mean? – What experiences do you have to support/refute this quote? 9

10 The Family – Conflict Theorists What conflicts exist in families? 10

11 2. SCHOOL AS A SOCIAL AGENT __________ Perspective Schools are responsible for… Socialization (citizenship) Transmission of culture Social control/personal development Future placement in society 11

12 Conflict Perspective School experiences are different based on social class, racial-ethnic background, neighborhood, gender, etc. 12

13 3. PEER GROUPS AS A SOCIAL AGENT “Adolescence is the first time in our life when we feel we have something to hide.” – John Irving – What does this quote mean? – Do you agree with it? – Write a 5 line response 13

14 PEER GROUPS – _______________ Perspective Definition - People who are linked by common interests, equal social position and similar age The term, “teenager”, wasn’t incorporated into mainstream culture until the 1950’s Identify at least 2 other peer groups with which you are a part Peer groups function as an agent of socialization by giving us a sense of ____________________ 14

15 Belonging to a Peer Group Why do we conform to a group’s norms? If we conform we are ____________ Not conform we are _____________ PEER PRESSURE preschools! Is evident from very early peer groups in preschools! 15

16 Belonging to a Peer Group 1.Circle the stage of development that identifies how you determine right vs. wrong. 2.Check off the stage where “belonging to a peer group” mostly influences your decision making. 3.Do you agree with Kohlberg’s Theory? 16

17 Peer Groups - Write down at least 2 example of each A Positive Force – 1. – 2. A Negative Force – 1. – 2. 17

18 4. MEDIA Definition - Any source or organization that use print or electronic means to communicate. – _________, _________, ________ The increase in use of electronic devices among children is good/bad (you choose) as a social agent because… 18

19 Functions of Media 1.Inform us about _______________ 2.Introduce us to a wide variety of people 3.Provide an array of viewpoints on current issues 4.Make us aware of products and services 5.______________ us by providing the experience of doing something we wouldn’t normally do 19

20 Critics of Media – Conflict Theory 1.Too much violence 2.Not enough exercise 3.Too much marketing for things kids do not need 4.Projection of negative images of minorities & women – i.e. promote women solely as sex symbols because of the types of clothes they wear, etc. 20

21 OTHER FACTORS IN SOCIALIZATION 21

22 EFFECTS OF SOCIALIZATION “Looking Glass Self” It is NOT who we really are. It is NOT what people actually think of us. It IS what we think that people think of us. If our “looking glass self” becomes skewed, what self concept issues/problems exist in society today? We imagine how our personality & appearance will look to other people. We imagine how other people judge the appearance & personality that we think we present. We develop a self-concept. Refers to the way in which a person’s sense of self is derived from the perceptions of others. 22

23 Sociological Theories of Human Development perception Self-Concept: the totality of our beliefs & feelings about ourselves - Our perception of who we are Some sociologists believe we do not know who we are until we see ourselves as we think others see us Some sociologists believe we do not know who we are until we see ourselves as we think others see us 23

24 5 line response! 1.Identify 2 ways in which you will behave or act differently for the senior prom and explain which socialization term this describes. 2.Write about an example in which you made a decision based on “I”, and, because of socialization, changed that behavior to reflect “me.” 3.Write about one way in which our society could de-socialize a teen who has been involved in gangs? What would be the biggest challenge? 4.What concept best reflects pressure a woman may feel to look like women who are portrayed in ads, magazines, and television? Write a perspective on this issue from either a functionalist theory or conflict theory? 5.What do you think will be the most difficult transition from high school to college/workforce? What concept are you applying to this example? 24

25 “The Fish Bowl” Inside the “Fish Bowl” – Only describe your own experiences – Do not ask questions of others – Only speak to others inside the fishbowl – After – write down how you felt about being inside the fishbowl Outside the “Fish Bowl” – Give full attention to those inside the fish bowl – Do not engage in conversation w/ anyone inside or outside the fish bowl – If you wish to participate in the fish bowl, you must fill the vacant seat. You can return to outside at any time – After – Write down your observations about the commonalities/similarities you heard among those inside the fish bowl. 25

26 “The Fish Bowl” Inside the “Fish Bowl” – Only describe your own experiences – Do not ask questions of others – Only speak to others inside the fishbowl – After – write down how you felt about being inside the fishbowl Outside the “Fish Bowl” – Give full attention to those inside the fish bowl – Do not engage in conversation w/ anyone inside or outside the fish bowl – If you wish to participate in the fish bowl, you must fill the vacant seat. You can return to outside at any time – After – Write down your observations about the commonalities/similarities you heard among those inside the fish bowl. 26

27 MEAD ‘I’ then ‘Me’ Preparatory Stage (birth-3) – Interactions lack meaning – Imitation Play Stage (3-5) – Language & symbols – Role taking But they don’t see it as something they HAVE to do Game Stage – Understand their social position as well as the positions of others around them. – Concerned about demands/expectations...  27


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