Presentation on theme: "What to Expect How to Proceed Through the Section Types of Questions."— Presentation transcript:
What to Expect How to Proceed Through the Section Types of Questions
One hour for objective questions Selections from fiction or nonfiction and from different time periods, styles and purposes These are NOT easy readings – they are college level readings
Follow sophisticated syntax Respond to diction Be comfortable with upper-level vocabulary Be familiar with rhetorical terminology Make inferences Be sensitive to irony and tone Recognize components of organization and style, and Be familiar with modes of discourse and rhetorical strategies
The selection is self-contained. You wont need to know outside information on the subject in order to successfully answer all of the questions Identifying Biblical and mythical allusions will help in literary texts
Take one minute to thumb through the exam and look for The length of the selections The time periods or writing styles, of you can recognize them the number of questions asked Why skim through? To get your mind in gear and know whats expected of you in this section
Wear a watch The test breaks into 15 minute sections The test DOES NOT become more difficult as it progresses Approx. 1 question per minute/all questions worth the same points Dont panic if a question is beyond you. Dont spend more than 2 min. on a question. Try, then skip it and move on.
Most people read just with their eyes – You want to slow down and read with your senses of sight, sound and touch
Underline, circle, and highlight the text Read closely, paying attention to punctuation, syntax, diction, pacing, and organization Read as if you are reading it aloud to an audience, emphasizing meaning and intent Hear the words in your head Use your finger as a pointer Use all information given to you in the passage Title, author, dates, footnotes Be aware of thematic lines and sensitive to details that might be question material
Go to the questions first Skim the question. If it refers to a specific line or set of lines, go to the passage, put a bracket (]) next to the passage, and write the question number next to it. IF the question focuses on key words, circle them in the passages as well, Like 12 It is not easy to write a familiar style. Many people mistake a familiar for a vulgar style, and suppose that to write without affectation is to write at random. This will save you precious time when you go back to answer the questions because you wont get lost in the passage. This process should take about a minute.
Start reading the passage. When you get to the bottom of the bracket (after youve read that part of the passage), go back to the question and attempt to answer it. Eliminate wrong answers Scrutinize each answer – looking for faults (see the distractors below) Dont be tricked by what sounds good but was not in the passage. Re-read the bracketed text to be sure youve got the right one.
Mark your text to keep your focus. Like this: Which of the following words is grammatically and thematically parallel to the tone (line 21)? 1. solemnity (line 21) 2. pulpit (line 21) 3. stage-declamation (line 21) 4. liberty (line 21) 5. venture (line 22) Once youve narrowed your choices to two, go back to the passage to confirm that there is evidence to support your choice. Mark your answer and move on!
a. Au contrare – the choice is the opposite of the right answer b. outside the Scope – an aspect of the choice was never mentioned in the passage; it may sound plausible, but the passage does not contain any evidence to support it Distortion – material from another part of the passage has been incorrectly applied Sounds good, except for ONE word. That one word invalidates the entire answer Half right, half wrong. (Hint: Must be all right) Fits, but it is not the best answer. This choice may be of secondary importance. It may describe PART of the passage, but not all
1. The straightforward question The passage is an example of C. compare/contrast essay The pronoun it refers to 2. The question that refers you to specific lines and asks you to draw a conclusion or interpret Lines serve to A. reinforce the authors thesis
The ALL…EXCEPT question requires more time because it demands that you consider every possibility Ex. The AP English Language and Composition Exam is all of the following except A. It is given in May of each year B. Is it open to high school seniors C. It is published in the New York Times D. Is it used as a qualifier for college credit E. It is a 3-hour 15 minute test
The question that asks you to make an inference or to abstract a concept not directly stated in the passage. Ex. In Letter from a Birmingham Jail, the reader can infer that the speaker is E. religious
This question is problematic and time consuming. The exam will have at least a few of these. Ex. In the passage night refers to I. the death of the young woman II. a pun on Sir Williams title III. The end of the affair A. I only B. I and II C. I and III D. II and III E. I, II, and III Tip: Skip if it causes you problems or if you are short on time.
Remember that you are way smarter than your are giving yourself credit for at this very moment. The brain, the heart and the soul all do better with oxygen, and confidence tends to fill us with our own fresh air, and thats the best kind. May 11 th is your day. Whether you pass the test or not, you have won because you have joined the tradition started by the great minds and rhetoricians of old. Never again will you read or hear others words without examining their meaning, their bias and their intent. Rhetoric is the art of ruling the minds of men. Plato