Presentation on theme: "Classroom Assessment. We assess the world around us and make decisions based on that analysis."— Presentation transcript:
We assess the world around us and make decisions based on that analysis
Understanding the Concepts ASSESSMENT EVALUATION TESTING
ASSESSMENT Collection of data. Information that enlightens the teacher and the learner, information that drives instruction, information about all the elements involved in the teaching-learning process
EVALUATION It is the product of assessment. It is the objective and purposeful analysis of the product of teachers’ efforts and students’ progress
TESTING It refers to the application of instruments to gather data
Assessment as a Recursive Process Assessment Evaluation Testing (Reporting and Grading )
Purposes of Classroom Assessment ASSESSMENT FOR LEARNING ASSESSMENT AS LEARNING ASSESSMENT OF LEARNING
Assessment FOR Learning It is designed to give teachers information to modify and differentiate teaching and learning activities. It takes into consideration individual learning styles but takes general forms as a starting point. The focus of teacher’s analysis is on HOW learning occurs and how ss apply what they know. This information can be used to provide effective feedback.
Assessment AS Learning The purpose in this process is to develop metacognition in students, who are considered as the critical link between assessment and learning. They have to learn to make sense of information, relate it to prior knowledge and use it for new learning. They are active and engaged and can participate as designers of instruments
Assesment OF Learning This is summative in nature and it informs about what students know and can do. It confirms whether they have achieved the curriculum outcomes and helps to make reasonable and defensible decisions about our teaching.
Task 1 Discuss with a partner and then share with the group What is an example from your teaching practice of Assessment for learning? Assessment as learning? Assessment of learning?
The Nature of Assessment
Main Uses of Assessment MONITOR Ss (To inform about Motivation) REFLECT (On how T performs and prepare their work) EVALUATE (Ss learning and performance)
The Class as an Assessment Environment The one way to make learning meaningful is by helping ss internalize and use that knowledge. To do so, they need to OWN their learning, they have to be able to assess what they do in class, why they do it. T’s should assess all the elements involved in the teaching-learning process: ss learning and production, material, and teacher’s preparation and performance
Goals of the Classroom as an Assessment environment How? By providing reliable, valid and useful Information about ss performance In a fair way Motivate ss and increase Their enthusiasm in learning Achieve High-quality standards
Basic Elements of Assessment Validity: it refers to the extent to which assessment measures what it is intended to measure Fairness: it is concerned with giving all ss equal opportunities for success in assessment Reliability: It refers to the extent to which a test produces consistent, reproducible scores
Task 2 Think of one of the better teachers that you had as a K-12 student. In retrospect. How would you describe the teacher’s classroom as an assessment context?
Types of Testing Authentic Assessment Alternative Asessment Traditional Assessment
Traditional Assessment It consists of typical paper-and-pencil tests in which ss select from choices, calculate numbers, construct short responses, or write essays
Alternative Assessment In this type of assessment, students are given more choices of work. It requires more detailed instructions and a scoring guide for quality control. It includes Performance-based assessment, Authentic Assessment and Portfolio Assessment
Authentic Assessment It consists in evaluating ss’ knowledge or skill in a context that approximates the real world or real life as closely as possible Performance-based Assessment Going from “knowing” to “showing” Doing open-ended activities that have no correct but appropriate, acceptable answers Portfolio Assessment It consists in a systematic and organized collection of Ss work that show their skills and accomplishments along a period of time
Critical Elements Visible Criteria Clear, detailed directions Differentiated Scoring HOW? Using Rubrics
A Rubric? But, What is it? "a scoring tool that lists the criteria for a piece of work or 'what counts.' “ (Goodrich, 1999) A good rubric describes levels of quality for each of the criteria being analyzed, usually on a point scale.
Why use them? They help students and teachers define "quality." When students use rubrics regularly to judge their own work, they begin to accept more responsibility for the end product. It cuts down on the "am I done yet?" questions. Rubrics reduce the time teachers spend grading student work and makes it easier for teachers to explain to students why they got the grade they did and what they can do to improve. Parents usually like the rubrics concept once they understand it, and they find rubrics useful when helping with homework. As one teacher says: "They know exactly what their child needs to do to be successful."
Examples..\english iii\Rubric for Oral Test.doc..\RUBRICS\4skills test word.doc..\RUBRICS\portfolio.doc..\RUBRICS\Professional Development Journal Rubric.doc..\RUBRICS\Professional Development Journal Rubric.doc../Course%20Design/RUBRICS/Project%20rubr ic.doc../Course%20Design/RUBRICS/Project%20rubr ic.doc
Task 3 Suppose that you were teaching this workshop. How would you go about creating rubrics for assessing the performance of ss?
Grading and Reporting
The Purposes of Grading Administrative Informational Motivational Guiding
Components Standards of comparison Comparing performance with a pre- determined standard Weighting different kinds of evidence
Task 4 Design a micro-test ( 3 items) for any topic of a class you currently teach. Design the grading instruments