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200 100 AP Jeopardy RXNs And bonds 300 400 500 Monomers Protein Structure Thermo 200 100 Name that structure 300 400 500 Enzymes 200 100 300 400 500 200 100 300 400 500 200 100 300 400 500 200 100 300 400 500
Name the type of reaction C 6 H 12 O 6 + C 6 H 12 O 6 ----> C 12 H 22 O 11 + H 2 O
Condensation C 6 H 12 O 6 + C 6 H 12 O 6 ----> C 12 H 22 O 11 + H 2 O
Name the type of reaction Dipeptide + 2 H 2 O ---> 2Amino Acids
Hydrolysis Reaction Dipeptide + 2 H 2 O ---> 2Amino Acids
Type of bond that connects nucleotides in the same strand
Attraction between two nonpolar R groups is called __________________.
Van der Waals forces Or hydrophobic interactions
Name of attraction that holds the double helix of DNA together
What is this molecule?
As specific as possible, name this molecule
What is the monomer of a carbohydrate?
Monomer of a nucleic acid
Name all the pyrimidines, full name
Cytosine Guanine uracil
What bond forms between monomers of proteins?
Draw an unsaturated fatty acid with at least 7 carbons.
What is the monomer of a protein?
Alpha helices and beta pleated sheets are part of what level of protein structure? AND What holds them together?
Secondary structure Hydrogen bonds
What determines the shape and function of a protein?
Its sequence of amino acids and their R groups Primary structure
Daily double! What type of bond in the tertiary/quaternary structures can only be formed by two cysteines?
Name 3 non-covalent attractions between R groups of amino acids in a polypeptide
Van der Waals/hydrophobic Hydrogen bond Ionic bond
What does ATP stand for?
What type of reaction is shown below?
Daily Double! Identify b in this diagram
change in free energy Delta G
What is the term used for disorder in thermodynamics?
What site does the substrate bind to on the enzyme?
What type of inhibitor binds to an allosteric site?
Mg +2, Fe +2, Zn +2 are examples of __________
Enzymes ________ the activation energy needed for a reaction.
NADH, FADH2, and vitamin C are examples of ___________
Name the mechanism that prevents overproduction of a metabolic pathway product
Negative feedback or Feedback inhibition
Chapter 3 Nucleic Acids, Proteins and Enzymes. Nucleic Acids Informational polymers Made of C,H,O,N and P No general formula Examples: DNA and RNA.
Biochemistry Review If you learned anything from this unit, you should have learned…..
Cell Biology Unit Two. Covalent Bonds Bonds formed by the sharing of electrons between atoms.
Carbon Compounds. Functional Groups -CH 3 -OH -NH 2 -PO 3.
Polymers Amino Acids ProteinCHO Lipids Nucleic Acids.
CARBON AND MOLECULAR DIVERSITY The structure and function of macromolecules: Proteins and Nucleic Acids Chapter 5.
Proteins Organic compounds made of C, O, H, N and S Building blocks – 20 different amino acids Peptide and Polypeptides: Dehydration (Condensation)/
Condensation and Hydrolysis Condensation Two molecules combine Hydrolysis A molecule splits into two smaller ones.
The Structure and Function of Macromolecules. II. Classes of Organic Molecules: What are the four classes of organic molecules?
Happy Monday! 9/16/2013 PQ & Journal—7.5 & 7.6 Test Wednesday, let’s boogy!
The Chemistry of Life: Organic Compounds The Chemistry of Life: Organic Compounds Chapter 3.
Proteins Clicker. The molecules marked “W” are best described as: 1.Monomers 2.Polymers 3.Isomers 4.isotopes.
JeopardyCarbs.LipidsProteins Nucleic Acids Enzymes FINAL JEOPARDY
Organic Compounds Functional Groups CarbsLipidsProteins
Proteins Polypeptide chains in specific conformations Protein Graphic Design video.
3.1: Biological Molecules External Assessments: AS – Paper 1 and Paper 2 A-level – Paper 1 and Paper 3 Required Practicals: 1. Investigation into the effect.
4.A.1 Biomolecules The subcomponents of biological molecules and their sequence determine the properties of that molecule.
The Chemical Building Blocks of Life Chapter 3. 2 Biological Molecules Biological molecules consist primarily of -carbon bonded to carbon, or -carbon.
Proteins. Proteins Chains of amino acids Basic structure below:
Ch. 5 Warm-Up Activity 1.What are the 4 biologically important organic compounds, their building blocks and an example of each? 2.What is the difference.
Chapter 3 Biology Sixth Edition Raven/Johnson (c) The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
Biochemistry Exploring Macromolecules. Organic Chemistry - study of chemistry of carbon - molecules of life made of elements carbon, oxygen, nitrogen,
Biochemistry Chapter 3 Table of Contents Section 1 Carbon Compounds Section 2 Molecules of Life.
Chapter 15 Biochemistry. Energy of Life Sun energy is converted to chemical energy by plants 6CO 2 + 6H 2 O C 6 H 12 O 6 + 6O 2 Building energy molecules.
WOW Macromolecules Polymers.. 1. They all contain Carbon 1.Has 4 valence electrons What do all macromolecules have in common?
D. NUCLEIC ACIDS 1.ARE MADE OF THE ELEMENTS C,H,O,N,P.
Daily Starter Explain how a peptide bond is formed. (What is the reaction called and how does it happen?)
The subcomponents of biological molecules and their sequence determine the properties of that molecule. 4.A.1 Biomolecules The subcomponents of biological.
Lecture 3 THE CHEMISTRY OF LIVING THINGS. Table 2.1 III. Atoms Combine to Form Molecules C. Three types of Bonds.
1. Primary Structure: Polypeptide chain Polypeptide chain Amino acid monomers Peptide linkages Figure 3.6 The Four Levels of Protein Structure.
Proteins Pgs Pgs Allosteric Enzymes Allosteric enzymes have 2 sites. Active site of the enzyme Additional site where another substance.
Structure and Function of Macromolecules. What is a Macromolecule? Organic molecules that weigh more than 100,000 daltons are referred to as macromolecules.
Proteins Importance: instrumental in nearly everything organisms do; 50% dry weight of cells; most structurally sophisticated molecules known Monomer:
Learning outcomes Describe the structure of an amino acid. Describe the formation and breakage of peptide bonds in the synthesis and hydrolysis of dipeptides.
3 Life and Chemistry: Large Molecules. 3 Macromolecules: Giant Polymers There are four major types of biological macromolecules: Proteins Carbohydrates.
THE STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION OF MACROMOLECULES. YOU MUST KNOW… THE ROLE OF DEHYDRATION SYNTHESIS IN THE FORMATION OF ORGANIC COMPOUNDS AND HYDROLYSIS IN.
Protein Recap. Protein Syllabus Draw the general amino acid structure.
1. How do you know this is an organic molecule? 2. Which letter in the enzyme catalysys graph represents the products? 3.Which letter represents the energy.
Carb, lipid, protein, or N.A.? For the first set of questions, identify which organic molecule the statement best describes. Hold up your card!
1 Biochemistry of Cells Copyright Cmassengale. 2 Water Water is used in most reactions in the body Water is called the universal solvent Copyright Cmassengale.
Biological Molecules Carbohydrates, Proteins, Lipids, and Nucleic Acids.
Chapter 3 Protein Structure and Function. Key Concepts Most cell functions depend on proteins. Amino acids are the building blocks of proteins. Amino.
Lecture 3: Cellular building Blocks - Proteins.
Large Biomolecules. All Organisms Contain the Same Four Classes of Large Biomolecules lipids - hydrophobic =>macromolecules - chains of subunits polysaccharides.
Monomers and Polymers Use the cards to make a “sentence” with pictures that describes the process of building or breaking a macromolecule You may need.
PROTEINS C, H, O, N, (S) Polymers made from chains of amino acids 20 amino acids used Linked by a peptide bond.
A.P. Biology-Day 52 Take out your organic molecules packet Should high schools perform urine tests for steroids in athletes? How are you doing with memorizing.
Chapter 2 Review. Atomic Structure Protons Neutrons Electrons.
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