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Enlightenment & Monarchy Europe {Eastern & Western} 1450 - 1750 New World Order.

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Presentation on theme: "Enlightenment & Monarchy Europe {Eastern & Western} 1450 - 1750 New World Order."— Presentation transcript:

1 Enlightenment & Monarchy Europe {Eastern & Western} New World Order

2 People & Concepts Catherine the Great Peter the Great [I] Ivan IV [Terrible] Alexis Romanov Radishev Peter III Ivan III Alexis de Tocqueville Partitions of Poland Pugachev Rebellion Time of Troubles Instruction of 1767 Romanov Dynasty Westernization Rurik dynasty Chancery of Secret Police

3 Concepts & Places Serfdom Obruk Cossacks Old Believers Boyars Third Rome St. Petersburg

4 Essential Questions Compare & contrast the characteristics and policies of enlightened and absolute monarchs. Trace the emergence of the Russian state from Ivan III and Catherine the Great. Identify the rulers of Eastern Europe and their policies, enlightened or absolutism.

5 Enlightened Rule Enlightened Ruler Allowed: Free speech Free press Religious toleration Private property Enlightened Absolutism Emerged 18 th Century Are they all enlightened?

6 Prussia Frederick Wilhelm I Prussia a feudal state Junkers [Aristocracy] Frederick II The Great Some limited freedoms [speech & press] Complete religious tolerance Maintained Junker class Largest Per Capita Army in Europe

7 Frederick II The Great


9 Junker Class As part of the nobility, many Junker families have particles such as "von" before their family names.nobilityvon

10 Prussia


12 Austria EMPIRE LARGE AND DIVERSE The Hapsburgs Maria Theresa Because of the large awkward empire Did not ascribe to enlightened ideals


14 Emergence of Russia Ivan III The Great Russian independence from Mongols Expansionist Cossacks Free peasants Private army Third Rome Modeled> Byzantium Ivan IV The Terrible Reign of Terror Died w/o heir Mikhail Romanov Chosen successor Dynasty lasted until 1917

15 Mikhail I Fyodorovich Romanov (In Russian Михаи́л Фёдорович Рома́нов)Russian (July 12, 1596 – July 13, 1645)July July

16 Kazakhs Streltsi [Cossacks]

17 Russia

18 St. Petersburg

19 Russia PETER THE GREAT Instituted: Forced & rapid modernization Sent Russians abroad to study Travel in West to learn about governments, militaries, industries.

20 Peters Reforms MILITARY REFORM Better equipped Modern weapons Better trained Aristocratic officers Learn geometry Largest army in Europe

21 Peters Reforms BUREAUCRATIC REFORM Nobles served as government officials Table of Ranks Based on merit SOCIAL REFORM Abolished terem [harem] Ordered Women to wear Western clothing Men to shave beards


23 St. Petersburg Peter the Greats capital o n Baltic Window on West Transferred to new capital Government offices Noble families

24 Russia Catherine the Great Displace husband to rule Continued Peters policy to westernize Appointed officials with Western education Deeply interested inphilosophe` But granted no freedoms that weakened her rule French Revolution put an end to reform


26 Russian Expansion Partitioned Poland [with Prussia &Austria] Clash b/c Poland was Roman Catholic Absorbed the Ukraine Peasants under Bodhan Khmelnitsky sought union Absorbed Siberia Smallpox reduced indigenous populations Pushed into Balkan regions [Ottoman] Halted by England & France Crimean War

27 Russian Expansion

28 Compare Expansion: Russia / U.S.A East West

29 Russian Expansion West East

30 Russian Economics European trade Import armaments, textiles, paper, silver Asian trade Islamic Empires > Czar restricted merchants Industrial development 200 new enterprises Population growth 18 th C. > 15M to 30M

31 Russia & Religion Crisis in Church Patriarch Nikon standardize practices Tsarist control Church becomes a dept. of state govt. Under Peter the Great Intelligencia Flourished under Catherine French Revolution put an end to it all.

32 Part 2 Global Confrontation

33 Alliances Purpose of European system of alliances Guided by self-interest Established a BALANCE OF POWER No group more powerful than another War of Austrian Succession Prussia & Austria Directly into Seven Years War


35 War for Empire Seven Years War A.K.A. ? War for empire Britain & France & their allies Fought in Europe – N. America – on the High Seas


37 Enduring Questions What tendencies can we trace as continuities for the Russians? Trace backward & foreward. How do the Europeans utilize conflict to settle claims and differences?

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