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Library and Learning Resources Centre E-book readers in a mobile- friendly library Alison Brock.

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Presentation on theme: "Library and Learning Resources Centre E-book readers in a mobile- friendly library Alison Brock."— Presentation transcript:

1 Library and Learning Resources Centre E-book readers in a mobile- friendly library Alison Brock

2 Library and Learning Resources Centre Contents  About the project  Project outcomes  Wider issues and discussion

3 Library and Learning Resources Centre Aims of project Main aim:  To explore student working practice of using e-book readers, to inform development of library services. Also:  To collect information about the ease of use of two different e-readers.  To investigate e-reader content available to students.

4 Library and Learning Resources Centre Methodology  6 participants per university (4 Sony and 2 iPod Touch)  Given an e-book reader each to use for 3 months (August – October 2009)  Pre-pilot survey  Start-up workshops  Ning Forum – for blogging, news, help  Mid-project get together  End of project survey  End of project interviews

5 Library and Learning Resources Centre OU Participants Student A: Level 1 Welsh beginners (L196) Student B: Level 2 Child development (ED209) Student C: Level 3 History of Technology (AT308) Student D: Masters level business (B822) Student E: Masters level education (H812) Student F: PhD Geography

6 Library and Learning Resources Centre Cranfield Participants  Student G: Eng student Cranfield Health  Student H: PhD in Aerospace and Aeronautics  Student I: PhD in Water Science  Student J: PhD in Nanotechnology  Student K: Exec MBA School of Management  Participant L: Course Director

7 Library and Learning Resources Centre The Sony Reader (PRS-505)

8 Library and Learning Resources Centre The Apple iPod Touch (8GB)

9 Library and Learning Resources Centre Thoughts on the Sony Strengths  Good for sequential, narrative reading  Lightweight, portable  Easy on the eyes (uses e-ink) Weaknesses  Slowness of navigation – hierarchical  A bit clicky and clunky  Only does one thing

10 Library and Learning Resources Centre Thoughts on the iPod Strengths  Nice gadget, does other things as well  Very portable – literally pocket sized  Page turning with touch screen very easy  Coloured pages make reading easier Weaknesses  Tricky to get appropriate content onto it  Screen size just a bit too small  Reliant on Wifi

11 Library and Learning Resources Centre Pre-pilot survey results  Before pilot less than half the participants had used e-books  Those who had viewed them on a laptop or PC/Mac (no experience of e-book readers)  Most were keen to use non-fiction books  Of those who had not used e-books reasons given were: oLack of knowledge oThey could be tricky/complicated oPrefer physical books oNew technology oThey seem expensive  In using them they hoped it would save paper, be more portable, help them to find things quickly using search facilities.

12 Library and Learning Resources Centre Post-pilot survey results  Most participants used the reader for more than one purpose e.g. research, listening to music, audio books, reading fiction as well as games  They found switching on and initial use easy, but getting content onto the devices was tricky and their use for study purposes tricky or difficult.  They were generally lukewarm about whether they would borrow a device from the library  Most would not buy the model they had tested even if they would consider buying a e-book reader  Main barriers for use were formatting issues, navigation, can’t annotate or interact with text, tiring to use.

13 Library and Learning Resources Centre OU Findings  Expectations pre-pilot: “all the course materials in one place, easy to carry around” “slip it in your pocket and have a few dozen books with me” “enable me to study on the move a bit more” “seeing how the OU could deliver things in different ways”

14 Library and Learning Resources Centre OU Findings  Most participants found the devices were limited by their functionality and didn’t fit with current study practices  Accessing and downloading appropriate study content on to the devices was difficult even for the more tech-savvy participants  Formatting content once on the devices caused problems (e.g. PDFs) and especially diagrams or images  Library subscribed e-book content is only licensed for PC use not for downloading onto e- book readers  Difficult to locate e-book content to use as it is available in many different places

15 Library and Learning Resources Centre OU Findings  When using mostly text based material was possible to see the benefits of the portability and ease of navigation  Students reported that they didn’t have to print out so much, and could feel they were working away from the computer a lot more  With the iPod Touch you could also surf the net and use the course website  Once the materials had been downloaded for use on the devices they were relatively easy to use unless there were formatting issues  Some students would prefer to use a laptop rather than a dedicated e-book reader, and the iPod Touch was generally more popular than the Sony as it could do more than simply act as a reader

16 Library and Learning Resources Centre Project outcomes  Current e-book readers are designed for reading novels rather than academic texts  The functionality needs to improve significantly before they are of use to students  The ways people study mean these devices will play just a part in overall study patterns  Potential for libraries to loan out pre-loaded readers (but note issues being raised in the USA re. the Kindle)  Potential role for libraries in facilitating and guiding students to find e-book content  Potential for library services to negotiate better licence agreements for commercial e-book content

17 Library and Learning Resources Centre Project outcomes  Student wish list post-pilot oIdeal e-book reader would have:  Screen between A5 and A4 size  Touch screen (possibly with a stylus)  Ability to highlight/make notes and other interactivity  Internet access  Ability to quickly transfer content direct to the device  Lower retail price oOU could provide:  E-book readers with course materials and readings pre-loaded  Help with finding appropriate e-book content  Better system for transferring existing course materials onto devices  OU course materials in ePub format (free open e-book standard) as this is most widely used format

18 Library and Learning Resources Centre Is 2010 the year of the e-book? (http://www.guardian.co.uk/technology/2010/ja n/08/ces-ebook-ereader)http://www.guardian.co.uk/technology/2010/ja n/08/ces-ebook-ereader  Amazon Kindle launched in Europe  Apple iPad launched late January 2010  Sales of Kindles and Sony e-readers booming in the USA (estimated 500,000 Kindles sold worldwide in 2009, similar numbers for Sony)  Sony linking their e-book store with public libraries in the USA to enable direct download to their e-reader from a local library via their library card number (using Overdrive

19 Library and Learning Resources Centre Similar e-reader projects  Penn State University Library ader.html  Testing the Sony PRS-505  North West Missouri State University oks/index.htm  Princeton University erFinalReportShort.pdf  Testing the Amazon Kindle DX  Darden School of Business, University of Virginia d.aspx?menu_id=72&styleid=2&id=19304  Testing the Amazon Kindle DX

20 Library and Learning Resources Centre Big issues  Publishers and libraries still working on how e- textbooks can be made available oJISC national e-books observatory project (http://www.jiscebooksproject.org/)http://www.jiscebooksproject.org/ oJISC e-textbooks business models study  Once this has been explored mobile e-readers may come into the equation  Manufacturers and content providers for e- readers mainly base use on the one-reader one- book model, for individuals to use not libraries  Technology for e-readers still being developed, no standards yet, not being user tested for student use but for leisure reading

21 Library and Learning Resources Centre Wider context and discussion  Questions for you: oHave you personally used/do you own an e-book reader? oDoes your library/company have any? oHow many e-books do you subscribe to? oIf library books, are they available for students to view on e-book readers? oDoes your university provide any course materials in e-book format?  Other questions?

22 Library and Learning Resources Centre Photo credits  eBook Reader by goXunuReviews / /  By theunquietlibrary ry/ /in/set / ry/ /in/set /  Final Day by Styler 6/ 6/

23 Library and Learning Resources Centre Thanks to…  Liz Mallett, Open University Library and Darran Rowe, Cranfield University who carried out the original project. You can view a video seminar on the JISC national e-books observatory project and more on this study at: ?whichevent=1454&s=31


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