3 The Spread of Democracy democracy- peaceful resolution of differencesSince 1991, spread to: Russia, E. Europe, and Latin AmericaNot in Middle EastAsia, Indonesia, ChinaMore open political processSub-Saharan AfricaDictators use elections toest. political and military dominanceIn post-Cold War and global economic forces contributed to growth/decline of democracy.
4 Global Politics United Nations Some success in keeping peace Human rightsDifficult to agree on methodsDifficult to agree on when to:Stop civil warStop human rights abusesExample: slow response of U.S.and Europe to help in Yugoslavia and Rwanda
5 Arms Control and Terrorism U.S. began new nuclear programsConcern of WMD’sOsama bin LadenPresident Bush’s “War on Terrorism” in Iraq and Afghanistan raised fears that U.S. is above international law.
6 The Global EconomyFree-market capitalism expanded as economies in Soviet Union and East Europe failedWorld wide recession in 2000/2001Economic growth slowed from 13 to 1 percentChina becoming a country of free trade and investment made it a global economic power.Technology created liquidity
7 Managing the Global Economy To promote economic growth many countries formed free trade zones and regional trade associationsEuropean UnionNAFTAWorld Trade Organization (WTO)Promotes international trade agreementsInternational Monetary Fund and World BankProvide help to economically troubled countries
9 A New Age? According to analyst and reporter, Thomas Friedman 1990s ushered a new economic and political ageEvents of 9/11 and global economic slowdown have caused many to question Friedman’s optimism
10 Christian Millenarianism Jesus is coming soonApocalypse is soon
11 Militant IslamSome Muslims have viewed globalization as a threat to Islam.Cause of militant Islam:Economic/politicalIsraelGood v. EvilEconomic and political problems, conflict with Israel (American support), good v. evil
12 Universal Rights and Values Universal Declaration of Human Rights1948Based on American and European HistoryOne perspectiveNGOs (non-governmental organizations)Agreed on: torture, imprisonment without trial, death squads, famine relief, refugee assistanceU.S. contradictionInternational courtsWithdrawal from Kyoto agreement
13 Women’s Rights Dichotomy Western industrialized nations v. Africa, Asia, Latin AmericaEqual education, jobs, voting rights, ending of sexual exploitation, and gender discrimination v. deterioration of morality and family life in the WestDeep cultural disagreement
15 The Media and the Message After WW2 the U.S. became the world’s main exporter of movies.India, Egypt, and Hong KongBy 1960s, TV was used to unify in non-Western countriesTechnology was responsible for spreading Western cultures worldwide
16 The Spread of Pop Culture At the beginning of the 20th century, European composers, choreographers, writers, and artists drew on popular cultures to inspire their work.Phonograph, advertisingSpread popular culture worldwide
17 Emerging Global Culture Globalization at the elite levelCollaboration of space programGraduate students coming to American schoolsWest- model for higher educationEnglish as global languageliterature
18 Enduring Cultural Diversity Diverse cultural traditions persisted at the end of the 20th century.Economic success of Japan and other Asian countries called into question western assumption that all of world advanced in Western political freedom, secularism, and industrialization.