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Globalization at the Turn of the Millennium Chapter 33.

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Presentation on theme: "Globalization at the Turn of the Millennium Chapter 33."— Presentation transcript:

1 Globalization at the Turn of the Millennium Chapter 33

2 Global Politics and Economies

3 The Spread of Democracy democracy- peaceful resolution of differences Since 1991, spread to: Russia, E. Europe, and Latin America Not in Middle East Asia, Indonesia, China More open political process Sub-Saharan Africa Dictators use elections to est. political and military dominance In post-Cold War and global economic forces contributed to growth/decline of democracy.

4 Global Politics United Nations Some success in keeping peace Human rights Difficult to agree on methods Difficult to agree on when to: Stop civil war Stop human rights abuses Example: slow response of U.S. and Europe to help in Yugoslavia and Rwanda

5 Arms Control and Terrorism U.S. began new nuclear programs Concern of WMDs Osama bin Laden President Bushs War on Terrorism in Iraq and Afghanistan raised fears that U.S. is above international law.

6 The Global Economy Free-market capitalism expanded as economies in Soviet Union and East Europe failed Free-market capitalism expanded as economies in Soviet Union and East Europe failed World wide recession in 2000/2001 World wide recession in 2000/2001 Economic growth slowed from 13 to 1 percent Economic growth slowed from 13 to 1 percent China becoming a country of free trade and investment made it a global economic power. China becoming a country of free trade and investment made it a global economic power. Technology created liquidity Technology created liquidity

7 Managing the Global Economy To promote economic growth many countries formed free trade zones and regional trade associations To promote economic growth many countries formed free trade zones and regional trade associations European Union European Union NAFTA NAFTA World Trade Organization (WTO) World Trade Organization (WTO) Promotes international trade agreements Promotes international trade agreements International Monetary Fund and World Bank International Monetary Fund and World Bank Provide help to economically troubled countries Provide help to economically troubled countries

8 Trends and Visions

9 A New Age? According to analyst and reporter, Thomas Friedman According to analyst and reporter, Thomas Friedman 1990s ushered a new economic and political age 1990s ushered a new economic and political age Events of 9/11 and global economic slowdown have caused many to question Friedmans optimism Events of 9/11 and global economic slowdown have caused many to question Friedmans optimism

10 Christian Millenarianism Jesus is coming soon Jesus is coming soon Apocalypse is soon Apocalypse is soon

11 Militant Islam Some Muslims have viewed globalization as a threat to Islam. Some Muslims have viewed globalization as a threat to Islam. Cause of militant Islam: Cause of militant Islam: Economic/political Economic/political Israel Israel Good v. Evil Good v. Evil

12 Universal Rights and Values Universal Declaration of Human Rights Universal Declaration of Human Rights Based on American and European History Based on American and European History One perspective One perspective NGOs (non-governmental organizations) NGOs (non-governmental organizations) Agreed on: torture, imprisonment without trial, death squads, famine relief, refugee assistance Agreed on: torture, imprisonment without trial, death squads, famine relief, refugee assistance U.S. contradiction U.S. contradiction International courts International courts Withdrawal from Kyoto agreement Withdrawal from Kyoto agreement

13 Womens Rights Dichotomy Dichotomy Western industrialized nations v. Africa, Asia, Latin America Western industrialized nations v. Africa, Asia, Latin America Equal education, jobs, voting rights, ending of sexual exploitation, and gender discrimination v. deterioration of morality and family life in the West Equal education, jobs, voting rights, ending of sexual exploitation, and gender discrimination v. deterioration of morality and family life in the West Deep cultural disagreement Deep cultural disagreement

14 Global Culture

15 The Media and the Message After WW2 the U.S. became the worlds main exporter of movies. After WW2 the U.S. became the worlds main exporter of movies. India, Egypt, and Hong Kong India, Egypt, and Hong Kong By 1960s, TV was used to unify in non- Western countries By 1960s, TV was used to unify in non- Western countries Technology was responsible for spreading Western cultures worldwide Technology was responsible for spreading Western cultures worldwide

16 The Spread of Pop Culture At the beginning of the 20 th century, European composers, choreographers, writers, and artists drew on popular cultures to inspire their work. At the beginning of the 20 th century, European composers, choreographers, writers, and artists drew on popular cultures to inspire their work. Phonograph, advertising Phonograph, advertising Spread popular culture worldwide Spread popular culture worldwide

17 Emerging Global Culture Globalization at the elite level Globalization at the elite level Collaboration of space program Collaboration of space program Graduate students coming to American schools Graduate students coming to American schools West- model for higher education West- model for higher education English as global language English as global language literature literature

18 Enduring Cultural Diversity Diverse cultural traditions persisted at the end of the 20 th century. Diverse cultural traditions persisted at the end of the 20 th century. Economic success of Japan and other Asian countries called into question western assumption that all of world advanced in Western political freedom, secularism, and industrialization. Economic success of Japan and other Asian countries called into question western assumption that all of world advanced in Western political freedom, secularism, and industrialization.


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