Presentation on theme: "Inspector General of Police,"— Presentation transcript:
1 Inspector General of Police, Gujarat Land Border Security Issues Mitigation by Technology InterventionManoj Agarwal, IPS,Inspector General of Police,Gujarat PoliceApril 7, 2017
2 Land Border near Sir Creek FactsLocated in West-North-West of Kutch district of Gujarat.96 kms in length from the mouth of Sir Creek to Border Pillar No. 1175180 Km away from Bhuj.50 Km away from Narayan Sarovar / Koteshwar.International border passes in the mid of Sir Creek dividing India & Pak.ImportanceStrategic defense locationTo check the presence of Pakistan Maritime Security Agency (PMSA)/ Pakistan Navy on hostile border.To keep PMSA away from Indian Water.To avoid infiltration/ undesirable movements.To Stop direct surveillance /movement on Indian Forces.To avoid terrorist base/camps in nearby area of border
3 Traditional Area Surveillance Border Security Force Deployment on Land borderPatrolling in creek area by Water Wing Battalions of BSF.Aerial survey by Helicopter / UAV/ Aircrafts.Army, Navy, Coast Guard and Air Force are doing need base surveillance / operations from nearest locationRecently patrolling by ATV vehicles.
4 Harami Nala – Some Facts Harami Nala – Inward Extension of Sir Creek & Kori CreekFormed by the estuary of Indus River as it meets the Arabian Sea – Spread over 500 Sq KmBrackish Water Creek- Easily Accessible to Fishing boats from PakistanPresence of Fishes makes it attractive for Fishing boats from PakistanAlmost inaccessible from Indian SideHarsh Operating conditions- Marshy Land, Dusty, High Temperature, No tree cover, Muddy Water, Salty EnvironmentDifficult to Monitor due to absence of infrastructureNearest habitite presence at Lakhpat- Nearly 35 kms awayRegular unverifiable inputs from Indian citizens about intrusion of Pakistani Fishing Boats in the area
5 Harami Nala - Salient Features Territory of PakistanHarami NalaTerritory of IndiaLakhpatDyapar
6 Security IssuesAbsence of infrastructure makes it difficult for Security Forces to verify inputs about intrusion by Pakistani Fishing BoatsSecurity Forces make regular sorties with manned and unmanned aircraft but unable to verify the inputsDifficult to operate manned and unmanned aircraft in inclement weatherGround forces unable to reach the point of intrusion due to absence of accurate and pin-point informationRapid Deployment a difficult proposition due to absence of infrastructureThe inflitrators when apprehended wouldinform that they were present in Indianterritory for last 36 hrs before being captured.In the intervening time between informationbeing received and capture of fishing boats,many events against national interest couldhave happened500 MetresPoint of Interest
7 Technological Intervention In initiative was taken by Gujarat Police to use available satellite imaging technology to pinpoint the intrusionsISRO and BISAG were contacted for help but ready mate solution was not available.Territory of PakistanArea of InterestTerritory of India
8 Technological Intervention Contd.. * Central Intelligence agencies helped to provide detailed Satellite imageries at frequent interval.* The area of interest was marked where unverified inputs about intrusion were being regularly receivedThe area of interest data was sent to relevant satellite imaging organization of Government of IndiaThe Satellite Imaging organization was requested to provide the imaging details on a regular basisDuring the next pass of Satellite the relevant area was imaged.The images were processed, the intruding boats were identified with their direction of movement and sent to Gujarat Police.These precise information helped a lot to resolve the infiltration of boats in Haraminala.
10 Satellite Images Contd.. Some more images receivedBoat 4( N, E)Boat 3( N, E)
11 Mitigation and Resolution Electronic Intelligence received regularly was then collated on a daily basisThe Intelligence inputs were passed on to the relevant organizationsA pattern of intrusion was developed based on the electronic intelligence receivedThe Electronic intelligence gathering was also retuned as per the developed patternSecurity Forces starts deployment based on the accurate inputs received.Regular inputs received from Gujarat Police makes the job of on-ground forces easierDue to regular inputs received additional Security Forces were deployedAdditional equipment and boats deployed in the Indian side of Harami NalaPermanent Post created near Harami Nala to keep a watchful eye on intrusions and activities against national interestIntrusions have drastically come down as per information receivedThe long standing intrusion problem - since independence, finally resolved due to judicious technology intervention