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1. Which of the following was not a cause of the Panic of A

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1 1. Which of the following was not a cause of the Panic of 1819. A
1. Which of the following was not a cause of the Panic of 1819? A. Recovery of European agriculture in the early nineteenth century. B. Overexpansion of credit by American bankers C. Underproduction by American farmers D. The hoarding of available specie by European nations E. Revolution and war had cut off the supply of precious metals from Peru and Mexico

2 1. Which of the following was not a cause of the Panic of 1819. A
1. Which of the following was not a cause of the Panic of 1819? A. Recovery of European agriculture in the early nineteenth century. B. Overexpansion of credit by American bankers C. Underproduction by American farmers D. The hoarding of available specie by European nations E. Revolution and war had cut off the supply of precious metals from Peru and Mexico

3 2. The winner of the crowded presidential election of 1824 was A
2. The winner of the crowded presidential election of 1824 was A. Henry Clay B. Andrew Jackson C. John Quincy Adams D. William Crawford E. James Monroe

4 2. The winner of the crowded presidential election of 1824 was A
2. The winner of the crowded presidential election of 1824 was A. Henry Clay B. Andrew Jackson C. John Quincy Adams D. William Crawford E. James Monroe

5 3. The winner of the popular vote in the election of 1824, though not the victor in the election, was A. Henry Clay B. Andrew Jackson C. John Quincy Adams D. William Crawford E. James Monroe

6 3. The winner of the popular vote in the election of 1824, though not the victor in the election, was A. Henry Clay B. Andrew Jackson C. John Quincy Adams D. William Crawford E. James Monroe

7 4. The “corrupt bargain” of 1824 refers to the deal made between which two statesmen? A. Andrew Jackson and Martin Van Buren B. John Quincy Adams and Andrew Jackson C. John Quincy Adams and Henry Clay D. Henry Clay and Martin Van Buren E. James Monroe and John Quincy Adams

8 4. The “corrupt bargain” of 1824 refers to the deal made between which two statesmen? A. Andrew Jackson and Martin Van Buren B. John Quincy Adams and Andrew Jackson C. John Quincy Adams and Henry Clay D. Henry Clay and Martin Van Buren E. James Monroe and John Quincy Adams

9 5. The Monroe Doctrine states that A
5. The Monroe Doctrine states that A. The United States opposed the independence of the new Latin American republics B. The United States was opposed to any further European attempt at colonization in the Americas C. The United States could not colonize or annex new territory D. The United States would take control of the new Latin American republics E. Europe was opposed to any further U.S. expansion in Latin America

10 5. The Monroe Doctrine states that A
5. The Monroe Doctrine states that A. The United States opposed the independence of the new Latin American republics B. The United States was opposed to any further European attempt at colonization in the Americas C. The United States could not colonize or annex new territory D. The United States would take control of the new Latin American republics E. Europe was opposed to any further U.S. expansion in Latin America

11 6. The Indian Removal Act of 1830 states that Native Americans A
6. The Indian Removal Act of 1830 states that Native Americans A. Needed to be removed to west of the Mississippi River B. Needed to be removed, buy with no clear destination C. Needed to be removed to reservations in Canada D. Needed to be removed to California E. Were entitled to remain on their ancestral lands

12 6. The Indian Removal Act of 1830 states that Native Americans A
6. The Indian Removal Act of 1830 states that Native Americans A. Needed to be removed to west of the Mississippi River B. Needed to be removed, buy with no clear destination C. Needed to be removed to reservations in Canada D. Needed to be removed to California E. Were entitled to remain on their ancestral lands

13 7. In _____________, the Supreme Court argued that Georgia state law had no authority over the Indian nations within the state’s boundaries. A. Cherokee Nation v. Georgia B. Gibbons v. Ogden C. Worcester v. Georgia D. Jackson b. Georgia E. Marbury v. Madison

14 7. In _____________, the Supreme Court argued that Georgia state law had no authority over the Indian nations within the state’s boundaries. A. Cherokee Nation v. Georgia B. Gibbons v. Ogden C. Worcester v. Georgia D. Jackson b. Georgia E. Marbury v. Madison

15 8. The Tariff of 1828 was known throughout the South as the tariff of A. Horror B. Hope C. Abominations D. Dependence E. Absurdity

16 8. The Tariff of 1828 was known throughout the South as the tariff of A. Horror B. Hope C. Abominations D. Dependence E. Absurdity

17 9. The primary defender of the right of “nullification” was A
9. The primary defender of the right of “nullification” was A. Henry Clay B. Daniel Webster C. Martin Van Buren D. John C. Calhoun E. Andrew Jackson

18 9. The primary defender of the right of “nullification” was A
9. The primary defender of the right of “nullification” was A. Henry Clay B. Daniel Webster C. Martin Van Buren D. John C. Calhoun E. Andrew Jackson

19 10. The “Force Bill” refers to Andrew Jackson’s attempt to A
10. The “Force Bill” refers to Andrew Jackson’s attempt to A. Remove the Cherokee Indians B. Reorganize his cabinet C. Destroy the Second Bank of the United States D. Impose martial law whenever he desired E. Prevent South Carolina from nullifying the tariff

20 10. The “Force Bill” refers to Andrew Jackson’s attempt to A
10. The “Force Bill” refers to Andrew Jackson’s attempt to A. Remove the Cherokee Indians B. Reorganize his cabinet C. Destroy the Second Bank of the United States D. Impose martial law whenever he desired E. Prevent South Carolina from nullifying the tariff

21 11. Which of the following did Andrew Jackson hate most. A
11. Which of the following did Andrew Jackson hate most? A. The Second Bank of the U.S. B. The House of Representatives C. The Senate D. The Supreme Court E. The Democratic Party

22 11. Which of the following did Andrew Jackson hate most. A
11. Which of the following did Andrew Jackson hate most? A. The Second Bank of the U.S. B. The House of Representatives C. The Senate D. The Supreme Court E. The Democratic Party

23 12. The president of the Second Bank of the United States was A
12. The president of the Second Bank of the United States was A. Nicholas Biddle B. Amos Kendall C. Frank Blair, Jr. D. Daniel Webster E. Henry Clay

24 12. The president of the Second Bank of the United States was A
12. The president of the Second Bank of the United States was A. Nicholas Biddle B. Amos Kendall C. Frank Blair, Jr. D. Daniel Webster E. Henry Clay

25 13. The political party that emerged in the 1830s to oppose Andrew Jackson was the ________ party A. Republican B. Federalist C. Whig D. Know-Nothing E. Socialist

26 13. The political party that emerged in the 1830s to oppose Andrew Jackson was the ________ party A. Republican B. Federalist C. Whig D. Know-Nothing E. Socialist

27 14. The issue that led to the final and complete break between Andrew Jackson and John C. Calhoun as A. The tariff of 1830 B. “nullification” C. the Peggy Eaton affair D. Indian Removal E. The Bank of the U.S.

28 14. The issue that led to the final and complete break between Andrew Jackson and John C. Calhoun as A. The tariff of 1830 B. “nullification” C. the Peggy Eaton affair D. Indian Removal E. The Bank of the U.S.

29 15. The treaty that acquired Florida for the United States was the A
15. The treaty that acquired Florida for the United States was the A. Rush-Bagot Treaty B. British-American Convention C. Adams-Onis Treaty D. Treaty of Paris E. Treaty of Florida

30 15. The treaty that acquired Florida for the United States was the A
15. The treaty that acquired Florida for the United States was the A. Rush-Bagot Treaty B. British-American Convention C. Adams-Onis Treaty D. Treaty of Paris E. Treaty of Florida

31 16. The election of 1828 was A. One of the dullest and most uninteresting campaign in U.S. history B. Noteworthy because of the civility and lofty intellectual tone of its political debates C. The first election that included a popular vote for presidential electors D. Decided by the House of Representatives E. Marred by a smear campaign that turned Andrew Jackson’s private life into a public issue

32 16. The election of 1828 was A. One of the dullest and most uninteresting campaign in U.S. history B. Noteworthy because of the civility and lofty intellectual tone of its political debates C. The first election that included a popular vote for presidential electors D. Decided by the House of Representatives E. Marred by a smear campaign that turned Andrew Jackson’s private life into a public issue

33 17. The phrase “the spoils system” referred to A
17. The phrase “the spoils system” referred to A. Corrupt politicians who spoiled the public image of national office holders B. The government agency set up to regulate garbage collection and disposal C. Andrew Jackson’s use of presidential appointive powers to reward his supporters with government jobs D. Martin Van Buren’s efforts to ruin the relationship between Jackson and John C. Calhoun E. The bargain made between Clay and Adams in the election of 1824

34 17. The phrase “the spoils system” referred to A
17. The phrase “the spoils system” referred to A. Corrupt politicians who spoiled the public image of national office holders B. The government agency set up to regulate garbage collection and disposal C. Andrew Jackson’s use of presidential appointive powers to reward his supporters with government jobs D. Martin Van Buren’s efforts to ruin the relationship between Jackson and John C. Calhoun E. The bargain made between Clay and Adams in the election of 1824

35 18. Andrew Jackson’s Indian policy A
18. Andrew Jackson’s Indian policy A. Protected the sovereign rights of Indian nations within their own territories B. Openly violated Supreme Court ruling by allowing state governments to encroach on Indian land C. Increase the size of Indian reservations as a reward for tribal support in the War of 1812 D. Terminated the reservations and assimilated Indians into white society E. Was based on the assumption that all Indians would ultimately have to be killed

36 18. Andrew Jackson’s Indian policy A
18. Andrew Jackson’s Indian policy A. Protected the sovereign rights of Indian nations within their own territories B. Openly violated Supreme Court ruling by allowing state governments to encroach on Indian land C. Increase the size of Indian reservations as a reward for tribal support in the War of 1812 D. Terminated the reservations and assimilated Indians into white society E. Was based on the assumption that all Indians would ultimately have to be killed

37 19. Southern states opposed the tariff of 1828 because it A
19. Southern states opposed the tariff of 1828 because it A. Unfairly taxed southern agricultural products B. Lowered the price of most manufactured goods C. Violated the states’ constitutional right to control intrastate trade D. Benefited northern and western farmers at the expense of export-driven southern producers E. Benefited British merchants at their expense

38 19. Southern states opposed the tariff of 1828 because it A
19. Southern states opposed the tariff of 1828 because it A. Unfairly taxed southern agricultural products B. Lowered the price of most manufactured goods C. Violated the states’ constitutional right to control intrastate trade D. Benefited northern and western farmers at the expense of export-driven southern producers E. Benefited British merchants at their expense

39 20. The free state admitted to the Union as part of the Missouri Compromise was A. Illinois B. Iowa C. Maine D. Ohio E. Missouri

40 20. The free state admitted to the Union as part of the Missouri Compromise was A. Illinois B. Iowa C. Maine D. Ohio E. Missouri

41 21. [1988] In addition to the cotton gin, Eli Whitney’s major contribution to American technology was his A. introduction of interchangeable parts B. development of the first practical locomotive C. invention of the mechanical reaper D. installation of the first textile mill E. development of steam power

42 21. [1988] In addition to the cotton gin, Eli Whitney’s major contribution to American technology was his A. introduction of interchangeable parts B. development of the first practical locomotive C. invention of the mechanical reaper D. installation of the first textile mill E. development of steam power

43 22. [1988] In the first half of the nineteenth century, Cherokee efforts to retain their tribal lands in Georgia received direct support from A. the White residents of Oklahoma B. President Andrew Jackson C. The United States Supreme Court D. The Democratic press E. The United States Congress

44 22. [1988] In the first half of the nineteenth century, Cherokee efforts to retain their tribal lands in Georgia received direct support from A. the White residents of Oklahoma B. President Andrew Jackson C. The United States Supreme Court D. The Democratic press E. The United States Congress

45 23. [1988] An important consequence of the “tariff of abominations” (1828) is that it led to the A. Taxation of consumer items B. Reelection of Andrew Jackson C. Enunciation of the doctrine of nullification D. . Alliance of Southern planters and Western farmers E. Expansion of the New England textile industry

46 23. [1988] An important consequence of the “tariff of abominations” (1828) is that it led to the A. Taxation of consumer items B. Reelection of Andrew Jackson C. Enunciation of the doctrine of nullification D. . Alliance of Southern planters and Western farmers E. Expansion of the New England textile industry

47 24. [2001] Which of the following transportation developments opened the West to settlement and trade between 1790 and 1830? A. Turnpikes and canals B. Railroads and steamships C. Turnpikes and railroads D. Clipper ships and turnpikes E. Canals and railroads

48 24. [2001] Which of the following transportation developments opened the West to settlement and trade between 1790 and 1830? A. Turnpikes and canals B. Railroads and steamships C. Turnpikes and railroads D. Clipper ships and turnpikes E. Canals and railroads

49 25. The Missouri Compromise did which of the following. A
25. The Missouri Compromise did which of the following? A. Prohibited slavery in all the territory of the Louisiana Purchase B. Provided for admission to the Union of all future states in pairs of one free, one slave C. Allowed Maine to enter the Union as a free state D. Finally settled the question of congressional power over slavery in the territories E. Provided for the annexation of Texas

50 25. The Missouri Compromise did which of the following. A
25. The Missouri Compromise did which of the following? A. Prohibited slavery in all the territory of the Louisiana Purchase B. Provided for admission to the Union of all future states in pairs of one free, one slave C. Allowed Maine to enter the Union as a free state D. Finally settled the question of congressional power over slavery in the territories E. Provided for the annexation of Texas

51 26. The leading advocate of humane treatment of the insane was A
26. The leading advocate of humane treatment of the insane was A. Dorothea Dix B. Lydia Maria Child C. Sarah Josepha Hale D. Caroline Kirkland E. Andrew Jackson

52 26. The leading advocate of humane treatment of the insane was A
26. The leading advocate of humane treatment of the insane was A. Dorothea Dix B. Lydia Maria Child C. Sarah Josepha Hale D. Caroline Kirkland E. Andrew Jackson

53 27. On the issue of race, the Democratic Party of the 1840s A
27. On the issue of race, the Democratic Party of the 1840s A. considered blacks unfit to be citizens B. wanted to end slavery C. wanted to grant equal opportunity to free blacks D. wanted to expand slavery E. thought that slavery should not be based on race but that it should extend to poor whites as well as blacks

54 27. On the issue of race, the Democratic Party of the 1840s A
27. On the issue of race, the Democratic Party of the 1840s A. considered blacks unfit to be citizens B. wanted to end slavery C. wanted to grant equal opportunity to free blacks D. wanted to expand slavery E. thought that slavery should not be based on race but that it should extend to poor whites as well as blacks

55 28. The most prominent abolitionist in antebellum United States was A
28. The most prominent abolitionist in antebellum United States was A. Charles Finney B. Horace Mann C. William Lloyd Garrison D. Lyman Beecher E. Dorothea Dix

56 28. The most prominent abolitionist in antebellum United States was A
28. The most prominent abolitionist in antebellum United States was A. Charles Finney B. Horace Mann C. William Lloyd Garrison D. Lyman Beecher E. Dorothea Dix

57 29. Most women became advocates of women’s rights through A
29. Most women became advocates of women’s rights through A. temperance B. abolitionism C. sabbatarianism D. public school reform E. prison reform

58 29. Most women became advocates of women’s rights through A
29. Most women became advocates of women’s rights through A. temperance B. abolitionism C. sabbatarianism D. public school reform E. prison reform

59 30. The first Women’s Rights Convention (1848) was held in A
30. The first Women’s Rights Convention (1848) was held in A. Philadelphia B. Seneca Falls C. Boston D. Charleston E. New York City

60 30. The first Women’s Rights Convention (1848) was held in A
30. The first Women’s Rights Convention (1848) was held in A. Philadelphia B. Seneca Falls C. Boston D. Charleston E. New York City

61 31. The Declaration of Sentiments was modeled most closely on the A
31. The Declaration of Sentiments was modeled most closely on the A. Declaration of Rights and Grievances B. Rights of Man C. Declaration of Independence D. Declaration of Man and the Citizen E. the Bible

62 31. The Declaration of Sentiments was modeled most closely on the A
31. The Declaration of Sentiments was modeled most closely on the A. Declaration of Rights and Grievances B. Rights of Man C. Declaration of Independence D. Declaration of Man and the Citizen E. the Bible

63 32. The “common schools” of the 1820s and 1830s A
32. The “common schools” of the 1820s and 1830s A. Were private, tuition-based church schools B. were tax-supported public schools that promoted citizenship and moral standards C. were popular with immigrant Irish Catholics who had positive memories of similar institutions set up by the English in Ireland D. carefully followed the concept of separation of church and state E. caused no controversy, as they enjoyed near unanimous support from both political parties.

64 32. The “common schools” of the 1820s and 1830s A
32. The “common schools” of the 1820s and 1830s A. Were private, tuition-based church schools B. were tax-supported public schools that promoted citizenship and moral standards C. were popular with immigrant Irish Catholics who had positive memories of similar institutions set up by the English in Ireland D. carefully followed the concept of separation of church and state E. caused no controversy, as they enjoyed near unanimous support from both political parties.

65 33. “Hard money” Democrats A. Support Whig candidates for president B
33. “Hard money” Democrats A. Support Whig candidates for president B. wanted the banks to inflate the currency C. lost their jobs in the Panic of 1837 D. opposed paper money E. hated Andrew Jackson

66 33. “Hard money” Democrats A. Support Whig candidates for president B
33. “Hard money” Democrats A. Support Whig candidates for president B. wanted the banks to inflate the currency C. lost their jobs in the Panic of 1837 D. opposed paper money E. hated Andrew Jackson

67 34. The religious prophet and founder of the Mormons was A
34. The religious prophet and founder of the Mormons was A. Joseph Smith B. John O’Sullivan C. Robert Walker D. Jonathan Edwards E. William Miller

68 34. The religious prophet and founder of the Mormons was A
34. The religious prophet and founder of the Mormons was A. Joseph Smith B. John O’Sullivan C. Robert Walker D. Jonathan Edwards E. William Miller

69 35. The Mexican War was least popular in which of the following regions? A. Southwest B. New England C. Southeast D. Midwest E. Great Lakes region

70 35. The Mexican War was least popular in which of the following regions? A. Southwest B. New England C. Southeast D. Midwest E. Great Lakes region

71 36. The Congressional act that opposed the extension of slavery into any territory ceded by Mexico was the A. Ostend Manifesto B. Popular Sovereignty Act C. Crittenden Compromise D. Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo E. Wilmot Proviso

72 36. The Congressional act that opposed the extension of slavery into any territory ceded by Mexico was the A. Ostend Manifesto B. Popular Sovereignty Act C. Crittenden Compromise D. Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo E. Wilmot Proviso

73 37. The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo A
37. The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo A. Authorized the United States to pay $15 million to Mexico B. fixed the Texas border al the Rio Grande C. ended the United States’ War with Mexico D. ceded the Northwestern section of Mexico to the U.S. E. all of the above

74 37. The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo A
37. The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo A. Authorized the United States to pay $15 million to Mexico B. fixed the Texas border al the Rio Grande C. ended the United States’ War with Mexico D. ceded the Northwestern section of Mexico to the U.S. E. all of the above

75 38. “Popular Sovereignty” was the belief that A. The U. S
38. “Popular Sovereignty” was the belief that A. The U.S. was destined to control the entire continent B. the American Indian was the ward of the U.S. government C. settlers to a territory should decide for themselves whether or not to permit slavery D. the federal government had the final authority on slavery in the territories E. citizens should be free to choose their own reading material

76 38. “Popular Sovereignty” was the belief that A. The U. S
38. “Popular Sovereignty” was the belief that A. The U.S. was destined to control the entire continent B. the American Indian was the ward of the U.S. government C. settlers to a territory should decide for themselves whether or not to permit slavery D. the federal government had the final authority on slavery in the territories E. citizens should be free to choose their own reading material

77 39. Which of the following was not part of the Compromise of 1850. A
39. Which of the following was not part of the Compromise of 1850? A. repeal of all existing fugitive slave laws B. abolition of the slave trade in the District of Columbia C. guarantee of slavery in the District of Columbia D. admission of California as a free state E. settlement of the Texas-New Mexico boundary

78 39. Which of the following was not part of the Compromise of 1850. A
39. Which of the following was not part of the Compromise of 1850? A. repeal of all existing fugitive slave laws B. abolition of the slave trade in the District of Columbia C. guarantee of slavery in the District of Columbia D. admission of California as a free state E. settlement of the Texas-New Mexico boundary

79 40. In the 1840s, the United States acquired all of the following states except a. California B. Alaska C. Oregon D. New Mexico E. Utah

80 40. In the 1840s, the United States acquired all of the following states except a. California B. Alaska C. Oregon D. New Mexico E. Utah

81 41. The Ostend Manifesto was A
41. The Ostend Manifesto was A. A document in which the United States threatened to seize control of Cuba B. the treaty that gave Cuba its independence C. an attempted Spanish invasion of Louisiana D. the antislavery newspaper that published Uncle Tom’s Cabin E. the U.S. demand for Texas

82 41. The Ostend Manifesto was A
41. The Ostend Manifesto was A. A document in which the United States threatened to seize control of Cuba B. the treaty that gave Cuba its independence C. an attempted Spanish invasion of Louisiana D. the antislavery newspaper that published Uncle Tom’s Cabin E. the U.S. demand for Texas


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