Presentation on theme: "Emergence of World Patterns"— Presentation transcript:
1Emergence of World Patterns AGE OF EXPLORATION[European Hegemony]
2Global Hegemony Portuguese 16th Century Spain 17th Century Dutch 18th CenturyEnglish 19th CenturyAmerican 20th Century?????? 21st CenturyAll of these eras were dominated by their specific group based upon control of long-distance trade.
3Concepts Capitalism Caravel Columbian Exchange Factor Northwest PassageOne continuing aim for explorers once they realized that two massive continents existed in the western hemisphere was to search for a route around them to the north. Ice has always been the consistent barrier. With global warming, however, in recent years a northwest passage has open to shipping without resorting to the use of icebreakers.
4Essential QuestionsHow and why was European hegemony the outcome of exploration?Why did the Europeans invest so much in exploration?What was the global impact of the biological diffusion of the era?What was the political and economic impact of the Age of Exploration?How are present day global relations impacted by the Age of Exploration?
5Motivations for Exploration Lure of trade [Gold]Riches of the East w/o Muslim & Venetian intermediariesReligious diffusion [God]New Testament urgedReplace CrusadesGlorySeekers of wealth and renown
12Portuguese Exploration Prince Henry the NavigatorSchool of geography and navigationBartolomeu DiasCape of Good Hope Vasco de GammaCalcut, India Admiral AlbuquerqueHormuz  – Goa Melaka 
32Commercial Rivalries Competition in S.E. Asia Dutch expel PortugueseSeven Years War [Global conflict]England & Prussia vs. France, Austria, RussiaBritish & French over North AmericaCaribbean controlFrance & Spain limit British expansion
34Columbian Exchange Biological exchange Global diffusion of plants, animals, human populations, and disease pathogensImpact on populations encounteredEpidemics: smallpox, measles, diphtheria, whooping cough, and influenzaB/w – 100M people died of imported diseases
35Columbian Exchange Impact on European populations Huge population increaseWorld population increase425 M  to 900M MigrationsAfrican [slaves] largest migrationOrigins of global tradeEuropean merchants genuine global trade