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2 FORMAT OF TODAY’S BRIEFING  Landfill Directive  Define Biowaste  Food Waste Regulations  Household Waste Management bye-laws  Combined regional focus on enforcement  Q & A session

3 LANDFILL DIRECTIVE (1999/31/EC)  The Directive came into force in July 2001  New Landfill licences issued in March 2010  Number of key changes  Diversion of Biowaste from landfill Max amount until July 2013 is 47% Max from July 2013 to July 2016 is 30% Max from July 2016 onwards is 15%  Sets out specific pre-treatment obligations for Biowaste

4 WHAT IS BIOWASTE?  Two-thirds of the waste produced by homes and businesses comprises ‘organic’ or natural materials. Most of this is biowaste.  Bio-degradable garden, kitchen and food waste  The Landfill Directive requires that Ireland divert certain types of biowaste from landfill.

5 BIOWASTE CONT.  Target 50% recovery of Municipal Solid Waste by 2020 (currently at 37%)  Improved management of bio-waste in Ireland holds an untapped potential for significant environmental and economic benefits.  In order to meet targets a proportion of residual biowaste will require pre- treatment by means of MBT or similar

6  Prevention  “At source” separation – prevents contamination of recyclable components  Pre-treatment processes change the form or reduce the amount of Biowaste in Municipal Solid Waste. WHAT IS PRE-TREATMENT?

7 EXAMPLES OF PRE-TREATMENT Source Separation or reduction ( home composting) Separate Collection (3 bin collection) MBT (mechanical –biological treatment) MHT (mechanical heat treatment) EfW (energy from waste) Composting Manual sorting Rendering Aerobic/anaerobic digestion etc

8 FOCUS TODAY  Implementation of 3 bin collection system for both the domestic and commercial sectors as set in the current Waste Management Plan for the Midland Region.  Full compliance with the Waste bye-Laws  Key step in the pre-treatment of biowaste.  Provides a quality product.

9 CLASSIFICATION OF BIOWASTE CONTENT  Approved calculation factors for determining amount of biowaste in municipal solid waste.  Establishes waste acceptance procedures to be employed at a transfer station or landfill

10 CALCULATION FACTORS (EPA approved)  Biowaste in household waste Biowaste in untreated/1 bin = 64.5% Biowaste in residual/black bin from 2 bin system = 62% Biowaste in residual/black bin from 3 bin system = 47%  Biowaste in Commercial waste Biowaste in untreated/1 bin= 77.2% Biowaste in residual bin from 2 bin system= 75.2%

11 WASTE ACCEPTANCE PROCEDURES  All waste accepted at landfills must be pre- treated to the extent specified in the landfill licence (initially 47%).  Landfill operators may require waste collectors to determine level of pre- treatment provided.  EPA approved contractors required.


13 WASTE MANAGEMENT (FOOD WASTE) REGULATIONS 2009  Purpose Reduce Biowaste waste going to Landfill  Objective Source Segregation and separate collection and treatment of food waste  Target Commercial premises - Producers  Effective Dates 1 st July 2010 1 year exemption - < 50kg/week & no separate collection

14 WHO IS AFFECTED  Producers  Waste Collectors  Treatment Facilities  Local Authority

15 PRODUCERS  Hotels  Restaurants  Cafes  Hot food outlets  Hospitals  Colleges  Supermarkets  Pubs (with food)  Guest Houses  Crèches  Service Stations  Factories  Canteens

16 IMPLICATIONS FOR PRODUCER  Segregate Food Waste  Arrange for Food Waste storage and collection  Ensure proper collection and treatment  Options include: Collection by authorised Waste Collector On-site treatment e.g. In-vessel composting Option to transfer directly to authorised treatment facility

17 OPTIONS FOR PRODUCER PRODUCER On-site Treatment Authorised Waste Collector Producer Transfer Waste for treatment. AUTHORISED TREATMENT PROCESS PRODUCT

18 IMPLICATIONS FOR LOCAL AUTHORITY  Ensure Compliance  Develop database of Premises affected  Publicity / Awareness  Enforcement Ensure proper collection and treatment Ensure waste collection service availed off Power to seek information Seek Food Waste Management Plan & AER Food Waste Management Plan for events  Resources

19 IMPLICATIONS FOR WASTE COLLECTORS  Collection only by authorised Waste Collector  Only obliged to collect properly segregated waste  Inform LA of Premises who refuse to avail of service  Must obtain declaration from Producer that food waste is segregated.  Transport to authorised treatment facility e.g. Composting, Anaerobic Digestion, etc.


21 PRESENT POSITION  The Bye-Laws have been adopted by each of the counties in the Midlands Region  A number of towns across the region have been designated  With effect from July 1 st 2010 the enforcement of the Bye-Laws will be commenced in the designated towns  Today’s event has been organised with the intention of outlining to the Waste Collectors operating in the region what the impact of the Bye-Laws will be on both the householders and the Waste Collectors

22 WHAT DO THE BYE-LAWS PROVIDE FOR  Principally the Bye-Laws require householders to segregate the waste which they presented for collection  In particular they must segregate the bio waste that they produce from their other waste within the designated towns  Many householders are already segregating their waste to some degree and the next step for them is to segregate the bio waste that they produce from their other waste  The Bye-Laws require the Waste Collectors that operate in the designated towns to provide a “Brown Bin” Collection Service to householders in the designated towns

23 WHAT WILL THE CHALLENGES BE  Ensuring that Waste Collectors are in a position to offer the appropriate service to householders in the designated towns will be a significant challenge  Ensuring that the Bye-Laws are implemented and enforced will be a major challenge for the local authorities  Ensuring that householders change their habits with regard to how they dispose of their waste will be very challenging  Ensuring that the charging mechanisms that are operated by the Waste Collectors promote and encourage the segregation of bio waste will be challenging

24 WHAT OPPORTUNITIES WILL THE BYE-LAWS PRESENT  For the Waste Collectors the commencement of the Bye-Laws should result in a much better quality of material being presented for recycling  Segregation costs should be dramatically reduced  The numbers of customers requiring a service should increase  The bio waste that is presented for collection should be of good quality  The Bye-Laws should assist Ireland in meeting some of its obligations under the Landfill Directive

25 HOW IS IT INTENDED TO PROCEED  The local authorities will publicise the areas included within the designated towns  Copies of the Bye-Laws will be made available  The Waste Collectors will be required to operate the “Brown Bin” Collection Service in the designated towns with effect from July 1st 2010  Waste Collectors operating in the designated towns may notify their customers that they are required to present their waste in accordance with the Bye-Laws  The local authorities will target resources on ensuring that both the Waste Collectors and the householders comply with the Bye-Laws

26 STEPS TO ENSURE SUCCESS  Route Surveys will be regularly conducted to monitor the activities of both the householders and the Waste Collectors  The local authorities will enforce the Bye-Laws and householders who do not comply with the provisions contained in the Bye-Laws will be fined  The local authorities will, if necessary, revoke or amend Waste Collection Permits where Waste Collectors do not comply with the terms of the Collection Permits and the provisions contained in the Bye-Laws


28  Your waste collection permit requires you to comply with byelaws, the application of byelaws to the designated areas will impose a duty on you to ensure that you comply with them : WHY IS TODAY IMPORTANT FOR YOU AS A COLLECTOR?

29  Charging Regime – must incentivise use of brown bin and recyclable bin ahead of residual bin  Frequency of Collection – Cannot collect residual bin more frequently than recyclable/brown bin  Must provide a 3 bin system in the designated towns from 1 st July, 2010 (Collection Permits/Bye- Laws) BIG ISSUES

30 LANDFILL DIRECTIVE  Visual inspections of loads being brought to landfill by customers  Sampling of loads as per EPA guidelines - http:\\\download/waste/advice/muni cipalwaste/name,27244,en.html  Area set up for the acceptance of biowaste at landfill sites for non-commercial customers.  Awareness programme to inform customers of changes from 1 st July, 2010

31 COMMERCIAL FOOD REGULATIONS  Local Authority compiling list of relevant businesses that are subject to regulation. We will write to those, collate responses, then target inspections.  Inspection shall be carried out on a phased basis.  Waste Collectors are not obliged to collect waste from a producer who do not segregate their waste

32 COMMERCIAL FOOD REGULATIONS cont.  Collectors must inform the LA or persons refusing to avail of the collection service.  LA to carry out awareness programme to inform producer of their obligations.  Where a producer does not produce satisfactory evidence the LA shall require by means of a legal notice a Food Waste Management Plan or other such information as requested.  LA Enforcement of COR/Waste Facility Permits for sites who have onsite treatment processes.

33 BYE-LAWS Part 1  The waste collectors – we will designate planned inspection time of enforcement staff to ensuring that a brown bin service is rolled out in the designated areas  We will ensure that the waste collector operates a variable charging mechanism to ensure there is a financial incentive to the householder to segregate the waste.

34 BYE-LAWS Part 2 – Householder  EAO’s do publicity campaign  We check with waste collectors what the number of lifts are compared to the residual waste collection service, this gives us a % compliance level  We spot check house-holders in designated areas who do not present brown bins to see how they dispose of their bio waste

35 CONCLUSION  Your waste collection permit requires you to comply with byelaws, the application of byelaws to the designated areas will impose a duty on you to ensure that you comply with them  Non compliance in relation to the charging regime and frequency of collection WILL result in immediate enforcement action by the Local Authority and will lead to revocation of collection permit.


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