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Survey Enhancements to Inform the Affordable Care Act National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) Clarice Brown Division of Health Care Statistics U.S.

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Presentation on theme: "Survey Enhancements to Inform the Affordable Care Act National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) Clarice Brown Division of Health Care Statistics U.S."— Presentation transcript:

1 Survey Enhancements to Inform the Affordable Care Act National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) Clarice Brown Division of Health Care Statistics U.S. DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention National Center for Health Statistics

2 Acknowledgements Jane Gentlemen and Renee Ginde Division of Health Interview Statistics David Woodwell Division of Health Care Statistics 2

3 NCHS and the Affordable Care Act (ACA) National Health Interview Survey -- monitor the early effects on the population health National Health Care Surveys -- monitor the effects on the health care delivery 3

4 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) Continuously fielded since 1957 In-person household survey of non- institutionalized civilian population Data are collected by the US Census Bureau 4

5 NHIS and ACA Existing questions provide baseline and trend data – Insurance – Access to care New questions added to address targeted issues Larger sample size for more state-level estimates 5

6 Percent of adults aged with health insurance, by coverage type, and percent uninsured: Source: Cohen RA, Martinez ME. Health insurance coverage: Early release of estimates from the National Health Interview Survey, National Center for Health Statistics. June Private

7 ACA questions (NHIS 2011, 2012, 2013) Problems paying medical bills in past 12 months Currently have medical bills that are being paid over time Currently have medical bills that they are unable to pay at all Any financial burden of medical care (summary) 7

8 Percent of persons in families with selected financial burdens of medical care: U.S., Jan–Jun 2011 Cohen RA, Gindi RM, Kirzinger WK. Burden of medical care cost: Early release of estimates from the National Health Interview Survey, January–June National Center for Health Statistics. March 2012

9 NHIS Sample sizes 2010 – 34,328 households and 89,976 persons – 20 states 2011 – 35,509 households and 101,875 persons – 32 states 2012 – 51,000 households and 127,500 persons – 41 states 9

10 Percentage of persons aged who were uninsured at the time of interview: Source: Cohen RA, Martinez ME. Health insurance coverage: Early release of estimates from the National Health Interview Survey, National Center for Health Statistics. June 19, Percentage not significantly different from U.S. overall Percentage significantly higher than U.S. overall Percentage significantly lower than U.S. overall (21.3%) Estimate does not meet NCHS standard for precision

11 National Health Care Surveys Ambulatory and hospital care surveys – National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey (NAMCS) – National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey (NHAMCS) – National Hospital Discharge Survey (NHDS) – New National Hospital Care Survey (NHCS) Long-term care surveys – New National Study of Long-Term Care Providers (NSLTCP) 11

12 Examples of Data Provider Organization Sources of revenue Ownership/ staffing Practice size Clinician Specialty Hours/ week Demographics Patients Demographics Medical conditions Insurance status Encounter Diagnosis Services ordered or provided Medications Visit Duration 12

13 Building on NAMCS/NHAMCS Infrastructure already in place to collect data for physician offices, emergency and outpatient departments and community health centers NAMCS/NHAMCS data on characteristics of physician offices and hospitals, produces a rich data set to evaluate the effects of the ACA according to different practice characteristics. 13

14 Changes to the Health Care Surveys ACA funded Improvements to NAMCS/NHAMCS State-Based Estimates of Clinical Preventive Services Clinical Data to Evaluate the Quality of Care to Prevent Heart Disease and Stroke “Lookback” ASPR funded sample increases to NHAMCS ASPE funded questions of practice characteristics 14

15 National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey (NAMCS) Visits to non-federal, office-based physicians primarily engaged in patient care Data at practice, clinician, and patient level 15

16 NAMCS Changes 2012 and 2013 Affordable Care Act (ACA) funding will allow for major increases in sample– from 3,000 physicians to nearly 20,000 Main impetus: monitoring and evaluation of the effects of health reform with greater precision and more geographic detail Provides state-specific estimates of care provided in physician office and community health centers for 34 states 16

17 Quality of Care to Prevent Heart Disease and Stroke Identifies patients at high risk Expands the current data collection to include risk factors and clinical management 12 months prior to the office visit Permits the monitoring and evaluation of clinical preventive services for prevention and treatment of the Nation’s major cause of death and disability: Heart Disease and Stroke 17

18 Additional Data on the Healthcare Workforce NAMCS 2013 How team based care is provided Staffing patterns related to the provision of preventive services How advanced practice nurses and physician assistants are being used Is the practice certified as a Patient- Centered Medical Home and by whom 18

19 NAMCS Mail Survey Are you currently accepting new patients? From those new patients, which of the following types of payment do you accept? What percent of your current patients have Medicaid/CHIP? 19

20 Percent of Office-Based Physicians Accepting New Medicaid Patients: Source: Decker, SL. In 2011, nearly one-third of physicians sid they would not accept Medicaid patients but rising fees may help. Health Aff.2012;31( )

21 National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey (NHAMCS) NHAMCS’ objectives are similar to NAMCS, but with a focus on care in different settings: – Outpatient Departments – Emergency Departments – Hospital-based Ambulatory Surgery Centers (since 2009) – Free-standing Ambulatory Surgery Centers (since 2010) 21

22 NHAMCS changes Many of the NAMCS changes also apply to NHAMCS: – Computerization of data collection – Lookback module – Lab values 2012 core sample will remain the same, but augmented by supplemental sample of EDs only in five states 22

23 Role of the ED under Health Reform Adds 167 EDs to the NHAMCS sample in the 5 most populous states – CA TX NY FL IL Permits state-specific estimates of length of visit, wait time and volume by payment type. Supports state activities to monitor the effects of the expansion of Medicaid programs on Emergency Departments 23

24 24 For More Information


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