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Evolving Relationships Between Two- and Four Year Colleges and Universities in STEM Education THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES National Academy of Sciences National.

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Presentation on theme: "Evolving Relationships Between Two- and Four Year Colleges and Universities in STEM Education THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES National Academy of Sciences National."— Presentation transcript:

1 Evolving Relationships Between Two- and Four Year Colleges and Universities in STEM Education THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES National Academy of Sciences National Academy of Engineering Institute of Medicine National Research Council Jay Labov National Academy of Sciences National Research Council Washington, DC New Hampshire STEM Conference Manchester, NH, November 27, 2012

2 Evolving Relationships Between Two- and Four Year Colleges and Universities in STEM Education (It’s Not Your Parents’ Community College Anymore) THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES National Academy of Sciences National Academy of Engineering Institute of Medicine National Research Council Jay Labov National Academy of Sciences National Research Council Washington, DC New Hampshire STEM Conference Manchester, NH, November 27, 2012

3 Premise 1: Improving Undergraduate STEM Education is Not Rocket Science It’s a LOT harder!

4 “A good hockey player plays where the puck is. A great hockey player plays where the puck is going to be.” Wayne Gretzky Premise 2:

5 Learning Goals for This Presentation: Briefly review several recent national reports on the improvement of undergraduate education in STEM and how they might inform your discussions. Explore the implications of the Memorandum of Understanding between the Community Colleges and University of New Hampshire Systems. Examine the evolving dynamics between 2- and 4-year institutions of higher education Appreciate the growing influence of K-12 education on what you do and your role in influencing K-12 education to increase the number of college-educated STEM graduates. Recognize that you are not alone!

6 6 Briefly review several recent national reports on the improvement of undergraduate education in STEM and how they might inform your discussions.

7 FUTURE NEEDS: 1 million more STEM professionals in the next decade than the U.S. will produce at the current rate if the country is to retain its historical preeminence in science and technology. “To meet this goal, the United States will need to increase the number of students who receive undergraduate STEM degrees by about 34% annually over current rates.” CURRENTLY: ~ 300,000 bachelor and associate degrees in STEM fields annually in the U.S.

8 New Hampshire’s Goals: “…increase by 50% the number of STEM educated graduates by 2020 and double that number by 2025.” Raising the Bar: Public Higher Education in New Hampshire’s Commitment to a Highly Skilled Workforce. MOU: University System and Community College System of NH

9 Increasing retention of STEM majors from 40% to 50% would generate three-quarters of the 1 million additional STEM degrees over the next decade. Many student who abandon STEM majors perform well in their introductory courses and would make valuable additions to the STEM workforce. Fewer than 40% of students who enter college intending to major in a STEM field complete a STEM degree.

10 Retaining more students in STEM majors is the lowest- cost, fastest policy option to providing the STEM professionals … and will not require expanding the number or size of introductory courses, which are constrained by space and resources at many colleges and universities.

11 But retention for WHAT? 11 What undergraduates will be experiencing during THEIR lifetimes…

12 STEM Education and Our Economic Future “If I take the revenue in January and look again in December of that year, 90% of my December revenue comes from products which were not there in January.” Craig Barrett, Chairman of Intel “Rising Above the Gathering Storm” (NAS, NAE, and IOM, 2007) "The illiterate of the 21st century will not be those who cannot read and write, but those who cannot learn, unlearn, and relearn." Alvin Toffler, American Writer and Futurist

13 13 1 Zb = bytes. That’s enough data to fill 75 billion 16- gigabyte-sized iPads. Humanity Passed the 1 Zettabye Mark in 2010 (1.8Zb in 2011). Source: content/uploads/2011/02/zettabyte jpghttp://www.marfdrat.net/wp- content/uploads/2011/02/zettabyte jpg

14 20 th Century21 st Century 1 – 2 Jobs10 – 15 Jobs Critical Thinking Across Disciplines Integration of 21 st Century Skills into Subject Matter Mastery Mastery of One Field Subject Matter Mastery Number of Jobs: Job Requirement: Teaching Model: Subject Matter Mastery Integration of 21 st Century Skills into Subject Matter Mastery Assessment Model: Why 21 st Century Skills? A Shifting Job Market Courtesy of Linda Froschauer

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16 New Opportunities for Shaping THEIR Futures The Evolving Dynamics Between Two- and Four-Year Colleges and Universities 16

17 THE EMERGING HIGHER EDUCATION ECOSYSTEM THE TRADITIONAL PIPELINE High School Community College 4-Year Institution The Workplace

18 High School Community College 4-Year Institution THE EMERGING HIGHER EDUCATION ECOSYSTEM NEW DIMENSIONS/OPPORTUNITIES The Workplace - Dual Enrollments - Teacher Education Bachelor Students Acquiring Specific Skills Community College 4-yr. applied baccalaureates Online Courses/ MOOCs ??

19 Summary Report of a Summit Organized by the National Research Council and the National Academy of Engineering December 15, 2011

20 CONTENTS - Introduction - Expanding Minority Participation in Undergraduate STEM Education - The Loss of Students from STEM Majors - Outreach, Recruitment, and Mentoring - The Two-Year Curriculum in Mathematics - Transfer from Community Colleges to Four-Year Institutions - General Discussion - Appendix: Effective Outreach, Recruitment, and Mentoring into STEM Pathways: Strengthening Partnerships with Community Colleges - Appendix: Two-Year College Mathematics and Student Progression in STEM Programs of Study - Appendix: Developing Supportive STEM Community College to Four-Year College and University Transfer Ecosystems

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22 Download the report at: Visit the Summit Website at:

23 New Opportunities in College and K-12 to Improve STEM Teaching and Learning

24 4 Strands of Scientific Proficiency Know, use and interpret scientific explanations of the natural world. Generate and evaluate scientific evidence and explanations. Understand the nature and development of scientific knowledge. Participate productively in scientific practices and discourse. National Research Council (2007)

25 Know, use and interpret scientific explanations of the natural world. Generate and evaluate scientific evidence and explanations. Understand the nature and development of scientific knowledge. Participate productively in scientific practices and discourse. National Research Council (2007) 4 Strands of Scientific Proficiency

26 26 AP Redesign Biology, Chemistry, Environmental Science, Physics ( ) Science Panels – Big Ideas / Unifying Themes – Enduring Understandings – Competencies – Evidence Models (Formative Assessments) Evidence of Learning The student can use representations and models to communicate scientific phenomena and solve scientific problems. The student can use mathematics appropriately The student can engage in scientific questioning The student can perform data analysis and evaluation of evidence The student can work with scientific explanations and theories The student is able to transfer knowledge across various scales, concepts, and representations in and across domains

27 Big Ideas/ Unifying Themes of the New AP Biology Course 27 The process of evolution drives the diversity and unity of life. Biological systems utilize free energy and molecular building blocks to grow, to reproduce and to maintain dynamic homeostasis. Living systems store, retrieve, transmit and respond to information essential to life processes. Biological systems interact, and these systems and their interactions possess complex properties.

28 Similarities in Thinking: AP Biology Redesign (2011): The process of evolution drives the diversity and unity of life. Biological systems utilize free energy and molecular building blocks to grow, to reproduce and to maintain dynamic homeostasis. Living systems store, retrieve, transmit and respond to information essential to life processes. Biological systems interact, and these systems and their interactions possess complex properties. Vision and Change (2011) The diversity of life evolved over time by processes of mutation, selection, and genetic change. Basic units of structure define the function of all living things. The growth and behavior of organisms are activated through the expression of genetic information in context. Biological systems grow and change by processes based upon chemical transformation pathways and are governed by the laws of thermodynamics. Living systems are interconnected and interacting. 28

29 Disciplinary Core Ideas Crosscutting Concepts Science and Engineering Practices

30 Dimensions of the Framework Science and Engineering Practice Crosscutting Concepts Disciplinary Core Ideas

31 Science and Engineering Practices 1.Asking questions and defining problems 2.Developing and using models 3.Planning and carrying out investigations 4.Analyzing and interpreting data 5.Using mathematics, information and computer technology, and computational thinking 6.Constructing explanations and designing solutions 7.Engaging in argument from evidence 8.Obtaining, evaluating, and communicating information Framework 3-28 to 31

32 Crosscutting Concepts 1.Patterns 2.Cause and effect 3.Scale, proportion, and quantity 4.Systems and system models 5.Energy and matter 6.Structure and function 7.Stability and change Framework 4-1

33 S5. Use mathematics & computational thinking M6. Attend to precision M7. Look for & make use of structure E3. Respond to the varying demands of audience, talk, purpose, & discipline E1.Demonstrate independence E7. Come to understand other perspectives & cultures S2. Develop and use models M4. Model with mathematics M1. Make sense of problems & persevere in solving them M8. Look for & express regularity in repeated reasoning S1. Ask questions & define problems S3. Plan & carry out investigations S4. Analyze & interpret data E2. Build strong content knowledge E4. Comprehend as well as critique E5. Value evidence M2. Reason abstractly & quantitatively M3. Construct viable argument & critique reasoning of others S7. Engage in argument from evidence S6. Construct explanations & design solutions S8. Obtain, evaluate & communicate information E6. Use technology & digital media strategically & capably M5. Use appropriate tools strategically MATH SCIENCE ELA Source: Working Draft v2, by Tina Cheuk, ell.stanford.edu

34 Teacher Education and National Standards “Not long ago, a college chemistry professor grew angry with the way her daughter’s high school chemistry class was being taught. She made an appointment to meet with the teacher and marched with righteous indignation into the classroom—only to discover that the teacher was one of her former students.” National Research Council (1998)

35 35 National Research Council 2000 National Research Council 2003

36 Insights on Confronting Tough Economic Times in Higher Education “It would be a major mistake for leaders to believe that their main worries are the inwardly focused challenges and politics of negotiating the campus constituency groups through an unpleasant budget realignment. The institutions that survive will be those that have built collaborations among internal constituencies in order to compete externally for students, faculty talent, and financial resources.” (p. 26) * Adaptive Budgeting: Thirty-four Suggestions for Raising Revenues, Cutting Costs, Retaining Students, and Saving Jobs in Hard Times. Liberal Education. 95(3): Summer, 2009

37 And Returning Full Circle: “You miss 100% of the shots you never take.” Great Opportunities Await!!! Wayne Gretzky

38 High School Community College 4-Year Institution THE EMERGING HIGHER EDUCATION ECOSYSTEM NEW DIMENSIONS/OPPORTUNITIES The Workplace - Dual Enrollments - Teacher Education Bachelor Students Acquiring Specific Skills Community College 4-yr. applied baccalaureates Online Courses/ MOOCs ??


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