Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Romanticism vs. Realism. Romanticism is born… Romantic definition Reaction to 18 th century classicism & rationalismReaction to 18 th century classicism.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Romanticism vs. Realism. Romanticism is born… Romantic definition Reaction to 18 th century classicism & rationalismReaction to 18 th century classicism."— Presentation transcript:

1 Romanticism vs. Realism

2 Romanticism is born…

3 Romantic definition Reaction to 18 th century classicism & rationalismReaction to 18 th century classicism & rationalism Viewed as revolutionary, emphasized changeViewed as revolutionary, emphasized change Events now affect human thought & expression and society & politicsEvents now affect human thought & expression and society & politics

4 Romantic facts Height from 1800 – 1850, but varied by countryHeight from 1800 – 1850, but varied by country Seen in painting, architecture, music, literature, philosophySeen in painting, architecture, music, literature, philosophy Spawns humanitarian movements against poverty, slavery, & industry evilsSpawns humanitarian movements against poverty, slavery, & industry evils Destroys simplicity & unity of 18 th c thought, now many views of Western civilizationDestroys simplicity & unity of 18 th c thought, now many views of Western civilization

5 Romantic elements Emotion over reasonEmotion over reason Optimism, flexibility, personal feelingOptimism, flexibility, personal feeling Rejection of classic emphasis on rules & order, imagination & intuitionRejection of classic emphasis on rules & order, imagination & intuition Rejection of Nature as a harmonious whole, now alive & changingRejection of Nature as a harmonious whole, now alive & changing Rejection of Past as counter-progressive, now growing & changing nationallyRejection of Past as counter-progressive, now growing & changing nationally

6 Realism definition Reaction to 19 th century RomanticismReaction to 19 th century Romanticism Seen in realistic detail, no interpretationsSeen in realistic detail, no interpretations Subjects now everyday life & peopleSubjects now everyday life & people

7 Realistic facts Approximately 1840s – end of centuryApproximately 1840s – end of century Seen in painting, architecture, music, literature, philosophySeen in painting, architecture, music, literature, philosophy Also seen in new medium of photographyAlso seen in new medium of photography Spawns naturalism and all anti-realist movementsSpawns naturalism and all anti-realist movements All later experimentations came as a reaction to this!All later experimentations came as a reaction to this!

8 Realism elements Positivism: faith in & consequences of close observation of humans & naturePositivism: faith in & consequences of close observation of humans & nature Accuracy & objectivity when portraying ordinary worldAccuracy & objectivity when portraying ordinary world Inclusion of new science & technological advancementsInclusion of new science & technological advancements

9 Romantic Painting

10 Characteristics Loose, fluid brushworkLoose, fluid brushwork Strong colorsStrong colors Complex compositionsComplex compositions Contrasts of light & darkContrasts of light & dark Expressive poses & gesturesExpressive poses & gestures

11 IngresLarge Odalisque

12 GericaultRaft of the Medusa

13

14 GrosNapoleon in Plague House

15 DelacroixLiberty Leading the People

16 DelacroixMassacre at Chios

17 GoyaThird of May 1808

18 GoyaFamily of Charles IV

19 FriedrichMonk by the Sea

20 FriedrichWanderer

21 JMW TurnerSlave Ship

22 TurnerSnowstorm: Hannibal and His Army Crossing Alps

23 ConstableClouds

24 ConstableWhite Horse

25 Realism Painting

26 CorotLe Pont de Mantes

27 CorotVolterra

28 Rosa Bonleur Plowing in Nivernais

29 MilletThe Gleaners

30 MilletWoman Baking Bread

31 CourbetBurial at Ornans

32 CourbetThe Stonebreakers

33 DaumierThird Class Carriage

34 LieblThree Women in a Village Church

35 RepinBargehaulers on Volga

36 Romantic Architecture

37 Characteristics Classical revival: Greek after 1815Classical revival: Greek after 1815 Romantic classicism: individual, intuitive creation that emphasizes classic detailsRomantic classicism: individual, intuitive creation that emphasizes classic details Picturesque: Gothic motifs & fantasyPicturesque: Gothic motifs & fantasy

38 John Nashs Royal Pavilion

39

40 Houses of Parliament

41

42

43 Realism Architecture

44 Characteristics Experimentation & new materials, steel & glassExperimentation & new materials, steel & glass Combinations of design, material, & spaceCombinations of design, material, & space Skyscraper in AmericaSkyscraper in America Cramped space in urban areasCramped space in urban areas Needed elevatorNeeded elevator Sullivan: form flows from functionSullivan: form flows from function

45 PaxtonCrystal Palace

46

47 Monadnock Building

48 Louis Sullivan

49 Romantic Music

50 Characteristics Form subordinate to feeling & harmonies a means of expressionForm subordinate to feeling & harmonies a means of expression Emphasis on lyrical & expressive melodiesEmphasis on lyrical & expressive melodies Experiments in new meter & patterns of rhythmExperiments in new meter & patterns of rhythm Emotional conflict suggested by juxtaposition of differing meters & rhythmic irregularityEmotional conflict suggested by juxtaposition of differing meters & rhythmic irregularity

51 Musicians Franz Schubert: art songFranz Schubert: art song Frederich Chopin: piano compositionsFrederich Chopin: piano compositions Richard Strauss: program musicRichard Strauss: program music Johannes Brahms: symphonies & choral musicJohannes Brahms: symphonies & choral music Richard Wagner: operaRichard Wagner: opera

52 Nationalism Folk tunes & themes, local rhythms & harmoniesFolk tunes & themes, local rhythms & harmonies Peter Ilyich TchaikovskyPeter Ilyich Tchaikovsky Cultural past & political circumstancesCultural past & political circumstances Violin Concerto in D MajorViolin Concerto in D Major

53 Realism Music

54 Characteristics 1870 – 1914: huge change!1870 – 1914: huge change! Development of elaborate programs to explain major plots vs. simple storiesDevelopment of elaborate programs to explain major plots vs. simple stories Composers much more autobiographicalComposers much more autobiographical Birth if program symphonies & symphonic poemsBirth if program symphonies & symphonic poems

55 Musicians Franz Liszt: program musicFranz Liszt: program music Richard Strauss: symphonic poems & opera, influenced by German expressionismRichard Strauss: symphonic poems & opera, influenced by German expressionism Tchaikovsky: autobiographical Symphony No. 6 in b minorTchaikovsky: autobiographical Symphony No. 6 in b minor Gustav Mahler: lately appreciated Bohemian, straddles modern centuryGustav Mahler: lately appreciated Bohemian, straddles modern century

56 Romantic Philosophers

57 Immanuel Kant Lived through 19 th century optimism, so has a positive outlook Art unites opposing principles, such as reason & imagination

58 Georg W. F. Hegel Also maintains positive outlook Art synthesizes opposites of thesis (pure beings) & antithesis (natural world) Applies to human mind & world history patterns Contributes to modern art criticism

59 Arthur Schopenhauer Polar opposite of Kant & Hegel Dominating will in world is evil World is doomed to be ravaged by misery & strife Popularity rises after failed nationalistic revolutions of mid 19 th c

60 Karl Marx Revolution is necessary Capitalism is evil Masses are sedated by religion Workers of the world, unite! Materialist concept of history Art can determine history & contribute to change Realistic style fits struggle best

61 Charles Darwin On the Origin of the Species by Means of Natural Selection Theory of evolution explains species are capable of variation Evolution occurs by natural selection, survival of fittest The Descent of Man: humans evolved from anthropoids Spawned Social Darwinism, but never personally endorsed

62 Realism Philosophers

63 Friedrich Nietzsche Attacked accepted ideas of timeAttacked accepted ideas of time But readers should not agree!But readers should not agree! Human helplessness in mechanical world under inflexible lawHuman helplessness in mechanical world under inflexible law But human courage in face of this is best qualityBut human courage in face of this is best quality Will spawn superhuman raceWill spawn superhuman race

64 Sigmund Freud Developed psychoanalysis, study of unconsciousness & dreamsDeveloped psychoanalysis, study of unconsciousness & dreams Charted levels of mindCharted levels of mind Symbolism of dreams can also apply to literature, 20 th c criticismSymbolism of dreams can also apply to literature, 20 th c criticism Also influenced stream of consciousness styleAlso influenced stream of consciousness style

65 Carl Jung Collective human unconscious shared by all with archetypal imagesCollective human unconscious shared by all with archetypal images Artists influenced more than everyone elseArtists influenced more than everyone else Artistic creations are unconscious representation of archetypal imagesArtistic creations are unconscious representation of archetypal images

66 Romantic Literature

67 Characteristics Johann Wolfgang von Goethe transitions from Neo-classicism Romantics use both prose & poetry Lots of groups & partnerships

68 Poetry Peak in English literature Themes of nature, human existence, reaction to art William Wordsworth founder Lord Byron, Percy Bysshe Shelley, John Keats, Samuel Taylor Coleridge

69 Prose Literate public eager for fiction Jane Austin: more Neo-classic & comedy of manners, Pride and Prejudice Bronte sisters: Wuthering Heights and Jane Eyre Charles Dickens: fence sitter Leo Tolstoy: Anna Karenina and War & Peace

70 Realism Literature

71 Prose Characteristics Depicts life with absolute honestyDepicts life with absolute honesty Specific & verifiable details vs. sweeping generalitiesSpecific & verifiable details vs. sweeping generalities Value impersonal, photographic accuracy vs. interpretationValue impersonal, photographic accuracy vs. interpretation Influenced by science, reaction to RomanticismInfluenced by science, reaction to Romanticism Stresses commonplace & brutalStresses commonplace & brutal

72 Feodor Dostoevski Theme of human suffering producing salvationTheme of human suffering producing salvation Crime and Punishment: psychological novel, explores multiple personalitiesCrime and Punishment: psychological novel, explores multiple personalities Theme of moral redemption through sufferingTheme of moral redemption through suffering Morality is what a person is, not what they showMorality is what a person is, not what they show

73 Ibsen & Chopin Henrick Ibsen: Norwegian playwrightHenrick Ibsen: Norwegian playwright A Dolls House: discusses womens rights, controversial playA Dolls House: discusses womens rights, controversial play Kate Chopin: American, not well known, novels & short storiesKate Chopin: American, not well known, novels & short stories The Awakening: oppression of women, controversialThe Awakening: oppression of women, controversial


Download ppt "Romanticism vs. Realism. Romanticism is born… Romantic definition Reaction to 18 th century classicism & rationalismReaction to 18 th century classicism."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google