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AP WORLD HISTORY Common Usage Terms K.M.H.S. AP World History.

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Presentation on theme: "AP WORLD HISTORY Common Usage Terms K.M.H.S. AP World History."— Presentation transcript:

1 AP WORLD HISTORY Common Usage Terms K.M.H.S. AP World History

2 ESSENTIAL QUESTIONS Incorporate the concepts and terms in this presentation throughout the course. Relate them to each theme and/or topic. Evaluate/describe: Political systems= [How do they govern? Who rules?] Economic systems= [How do they make a living? Technology?] Cultural systems= [Religions, Gender roles, etc.?] Biological systems= [Where do they live? Climate? Environmental interactions?] 4 Quadrant Organizer

3 Key Comparisons All key comparisons/contrasts must be: Comprised of Venn Diagram Include small map on the back if applicable Political Systems Economic Systems Cultural Systems Biological Systems Theme & Date Range

4 Continuity & Change TRADITIONAL TENDENCIES WITHIN A SOCIETY Continuities: Long-standing cultural traditions within a society Stay the same over time or are recurring Changes: Cultural traditions that are newly adopted Identifies changes within society Example: Confucianism Example: Adoption of Buddhism

5 TIME MEASURES B.C.E. Before Current/Common Era All measured time before the year 0 C.E. Current/Common Era All measured time from year 0 to present ALL DATES GIVEN ARE RELATIVE AND COULD BE QUOTED DIFFERENTLY IN OTHER SOURCES.

6 CENTURY DESIGNATES Centuries are quoted thus: 1901 to 2001 = 20 th Century 2001 to 2101 = 21 st Century Thus the years cited would be designated the later [next] century Ex = 15 th Century Ex = 18 th Century

7 CENTURY DESIGNATES 16 th Century – Spain 17 th Century – Dutch 18 th Century – France 19 th Century – Britain 20 th Century – America 21 st Century - ?????

8 VERNACULAR Terms / concepts in the common language of historians. Using the vernacular implies that you will use the appropriate terms identified throughout the course. Doing this will get you points on the AP exam. AND MY EXAMS!

9 OTHER ABBREVIATIONS Million M Thousand K Billion B Hundred C Circa [Latin term] c. [means around this time] Casualty Statistics: KIA Killed in action MIA Missing in action WIA Wounded in action Used later in the course

10 LEGAL TERMS Dejure` [Latin term] Means legal or legally recognized; based in law. Defacto [Latin term] Means in practice but not legally recognized or based in law.

11 LATIN TERMS {Please Define} Ad hoc Et al. et cetera Habeas corpus INRI Mare nostrum Modus operandi Pater Familias Pax Americana Romana Mongolia Per annum Per Capita Per diem Quid pro quo Sic. SPQR Status quo Terra incognita Vae victis Veni vidi vici Veto



14 RELIGIONS Polytheism Belief in a pantheon of gods [many]. Mesopotamia Egypt Greece Rome Hinduism Monotheism Belief in only one god. Judaism Christianity Islam Buddhist epistemology does not support the existence of one or more gods.

15 SOCIETAL INFLUENCE MATRIARCHAL Early societies Female deities Female power base MATRILINEAL Inheritance through female PATRIARCHAL Agricultural societies Male power base Male deities PATRILINEAL Inheritance through male Parallel Descent: [Inheritance]



18 Two Important Terms [Will be used throughout course] SYNCRETISM Degree to which one society adopts traditions of another culture Done by choice not coercion CULTURAL IMPERIALISM Degree to which one society adopts traditions of another culture Done by coercion not choice

19 IS IT ORIGINAL OR A COPY? INDEPENDENT INVENTION Innovation that is new or original No outside influences involved. CULTURAL DIFFUSION Innovation that is introduced from another group or civilization Usually through trade or other interaction.

20 Enduring Questions You must be able to evaluate trans- regional cultural diffusion. You must be able to identify the role of syncretization and cultural imperialism at work in that diffusion. ALL EVENTS STUDIED MUST BE ADDRESSED BY ANSWERING WHY.

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