Presentation on theme: "Advanced Placement Courses “AP”"— Presentation transcript:
1Advanced Placement Courses “AP” The Who, What,When and Why
2The AP Program: Accept the Challenge Advanced Placement (AP) courses allow high school students the opportunity to acquire college level content knowledge.Through AP exams students have the chance to earn credit in more than 90% of colleges and universities in the US and Canada.
3About AP “The Why”AchievementPreparationConfidence
4What is the best preparation for scoring well on the ACT? Question:What is the best preparation for scoring well on the ACT?What happens in the classroom day in and day out?
5Benefits of taking AP Exams Earn college credit and advanced placementEarn AP scholar awardsLearn what professors are looking forSuccess in AP leads to success in college
6AP Exam GradesAP Exam grades are a combination of scores from a multiple choice and a free response section. The final grade is reported on a 5 point scale:5= extremely well qualified4= well qualified3= qualified2= possibly qualified1= no recommendation
7AP Course OptionsThere are 37 courses and exams across 22 subject areas - AP offers something for everyone.RCS offers 16 AP courses which may be taken during a student’s years at RHS.Students may elect to take exams in any area not offered.
8RHS AP Course Offerings English LanguageEnglish LiteratureFrench V APGerman V APSpanish V APStudio Art
9RHS AP Course Offerings United States HistoryUnited States Government and PoliticsPsychologyCalculus ABCalculus BCStatistics
10RHS AP Course Offerings BiologyEnvironmental ScienceChemistryPhysics
14Indicators of AP Success Explore composite score, PSAT scoresPart of the progression in the RHS curriculumStudents who are willing to make a commitment to academic excellenceStudents with the study habits to tackle rigorous course workStudents with a strong interest in the given content area
15Educational Planning and Assessment System (EPAS) EXPLORE th and 9th grade (score range 1 to 25)PLAN th grade (score range 1 to 32)ACT th and 12th grade (score range 1 to 36)
16ACT College-Readiness Benchmarks ACT Readiness Benchmarksfor Credit-Earning College CoursesCollege EXPLORE (8th/9th) PLAN (10th) ACT (11th/12th)Credit-Earning College Readiness College Readiness College ReadinessCourse Benchmarks Benchmarks BenchmarksEnglish Comp. English English EnglishAlgebra Math Math MathSocial Science Reading Reading ReadingBiology Science Science Science8th131715209th141816201519172118222124
17AP Pass Rate by Entering EXPLORE Composite Score
18For students who took no AP classes in high school Predictive Relationship Between AP Enrollment and Performance and College Readiness as a Success MeasureFor students who took no AP classes in high school17% will graduate within 5 years of enrollment in collegeFor students who took at least one AP course but did not take an AP exam37% will graduate within 5 years of enrollment in college
19Predictive Relationship Between AP Enrollment and Performance and College Readiness as a Success MeasureFor students who took at least one AP course, took the exam, but did not pass the exam (scored a 1 or 2)42% will graduate within 5 years of enrollment in collegeFor students who took at least one AP course, took the exam, and passed the exam (scored a 3, 4, or 5)64% will graduate within 5 years of enrollment in college
20AP: The University Perspective Sally LindsleyThe Senior Associate Director of Undergraduate Admissions from the University of Michigan
21Additional ResourcesThe College Board Website has a special resource- Bulletin for AP Students and Parents:
22Advanced Placement Use in Admissions Review and Placement at the University of Michigan Sally LindsleySenior Associate DirectorOffice of Undergraduate AdmissionsUniversity of MichiganRochester High SchoolFebruary 25, 2009
23Benefits of AP as Part of High School Curriculum Demonstrated rigorSelective colleges and institutions evaluate candidates for admissions based on rigor of curriculum offered in their respective high schools.Curriculum – Nationally normed AP curriculumAssists school districts with limited funding for curriculum development to provide for students to be challenged in their areas of academic strength – offers a standard template for teachers to use in developing their individual curriculum; AP workshops made available during the summer to enhance instruction.Michigan Virtual High School allows students to enroll in 2 AP online classes per year – provides academic opportunities for students from secondary school districts with small enrollments to take advantage of the AP program.
24Advanced Placement Selection and Review Process Multiple, Comprehensive, Holistic Admissions ProcessAP scores can help corroborate excellent grades on a transcript, and weak scores can illuminate potential areas of concern# of AP courses taken and grades received by studentAll courses do not carry an equal weight in the admissions process. We expect successful applicants to have attempted the toughest curriculum available to them at their HS – AP is one way to demonstrate rigor on the transcriptE.g., College of Engineering – student s advised to enroll in highest levels of math and science offered - AP Calculus, AP statistics, AP Chemistry, and/or AP Physics.Retention of the Student correlated to Rigor in HS
25Use of AP in Application Evaluations University of Michigan Freshman Undergraduate Admissions Review GuidelinesFrom Michigan’s evaluation process guidelines:“Category: Academic Achievement, Quality, and PotentialCurriculumThe transcript is extremely important in noting the grades the applicant has achieved as well as the rigor and quality of the curriculum. Given the wide disparity in high school course selection and offerings, it is imperative that the choice of strong courses, particularly those courses clearly identified as honors and AP/IB should be considered in the context of that particular high school. What is the quality and strength of courses offered? Has the applicant taken advanced and/or challenging classes? Does the high school have strict prerequisites for entrance into these courses? What are the applicant’s curricular interests and strengths? Did the applicant dual enroll? Or, has the applicant extensively studied a particular subject?Reviewers will also have the flexibility to give an outstanding rating to applicants who took college-level courses in academic subjects and received excellent to outstanding grades. Reviewers may exercise their judgment when giving below average, average, good, excellent, or outstanding ratings to curriculum, as part of the overall academic achievement rating.”
26Decision Categories HA = High Admit A = Admit Consistent outstanding evaluation (show strong evidence of taking challenging courses offered at school)Students who would be considered for top merit scholarship programsA = AdmitConsistent outstanding or excellent evaluation (show evidence of taking some challenging courses offered at school)No deficienciesAR = Admit with ReservationMostly outstanding / excellent evaluations, possibly good in select areasA single deficiency, or very few minor deficienciesStudent is competitive for admissionDR = Deny with ReservationConsistent good or average evaluation (school offers challenging courses and no evidence of student having taken any rigor)Several deficiencies, or a major deficiencyStudent is qualified for admissionD = DenyConsistent average or below average ratingsStudent is not qualified for admission
27Entering Class of 2008 Freshmen 2008 2007 2006 Applications 29,814 27,77425,806Admits12,566 (42.1%)13,828 (49.8%)12,248 (47.4%)Paids5,88161985,654Target5,7005,6005,413Enrollment5,7635,9985,399Note: Includes Spring, Summer, and Fall terms.
28Profile of 2008 Admitted Freshman Students (all units – middle 50%) GPASAT ISAT-VSAT-MACT28-32ACT-E27-33ACT-MTOP 20%99%
29Policies Regarding Granting College Credit Who determines credit at post-secondary institutions:Typically faculty within a department will determine credit policy for an AP exam. Strictly a “local” decision – no national guidelines.U-M Office of Undergraduate Admissions requests yearly updates each spring from faculty in the individual colleges and departments.Provide analysis to the six undergraduate schools/colleges on enrolling class’s reported examination scores and number of credits awarded.
30Policies Vary at Different Institutions No Credit nor any PlacementNo Credit but advanced placement in next level coursesA Mix of Credit or PlacementNo Credit below 5No Credit below 4No Credit below 3Different Schools / Colleges / Departments want different scores
31University of Michigan Policy 4 or 5 yields course equivalent or departmental credit3 in some departments yields course equivalent or departmental creditApproximately 63% of the enrolling freshman class for 2008 received credit for their reported scores.
32% of Freshman Cohort Granted AP Credits, 1998-2008
33AP at U-MMay 2008 score reportsU-M received 13,832 AP exam scores81% were a 3 or higher57% were 4 or 52,748 were for English AP exams – Eng. Lang & Comp = 1,020 and Eng. Lit. & Comp. = 1,7282,562 were for Calculus AP exams – Calculus AB = 1,684 and Calculus BC = 878
34AP at U-M6,265 students reported 13,832 total test scores to U-M in all 37 tests administered in 22 subjects areas in May 2008Majority of students were enrolling freshman Fall 2008Top 5 tests by number of scores reportedEnglish Language & Literature – 1,728Calculus AB – 1,684US Government & Politics – 1,042English Language & Composition – 1,020Biology – 953Highest number of test scores reportedScore of 5Calculus AB – 585Calculus BC – 494Biology – 344Psychology – 318US Government & Politics – 272Score of 4English Language & Literature – 609Calculus AB – 446English Language & Composition – 320US History – 257Biology – 247
36Average # AP Subjects for U-M Freshman, 1998-2008
37Top 5 AP Subjects per Freshmen Cohort Year Cohort Year Test Component # of Freshmen2003 EL 16172003 CALAB 15802003 AMHIS 14152003 CH 12212003 ENGL 10772004 CALAB 16392004 EL 16382004 AMHIS 15092004 CH 13212004 ENGL 11672005 EL 17452005 CALAB 16602005 AMHIS 15982005 CH 14312005 ENGL 12322006 CALAB 15582006 EL 15222006 CH 14352006 AMHIS 14112006 ENGL 11822007 EL 17912007 CALAB 17722007 CH 17702007 AMHIS 16042007 ENGL 13312008 CH 17662008 CALAB 17502008 EL 16012008 AMHIS 15502008 ENGL 1268Cohort Year Test Component # of Freshmen1998 CALSB 14091998 I NTEN 12011998 PHYSM 7751998 EH 6361998 BY 6081999 CALSB 15831999 INTEN 12841999 PHYSM 9551999 CH 8231999 BY 8112000 EL 16112000 CALAB 15002000 AMHIS 11672000 CH 11382000 ENGL 8812001 EL 17882001 CALAB 17012001 AMHIS 13592001 CH 12252001 ENGL 10182002 EL 16502002 CALAB 15052002 AMHIS 12952002 CH 11372002 ENGL 1022
38University of Michigan Policy (contd) Some University of Michigan departments grant creditand placement for a score of 3 or above. (Subscoresfrom Calculus and Music Theory are not used.)Examinations requiring a score of 4 or 5 include:Calculus AB and BCComputer ScienceEconomicsEnglish Language & CompositionEnglish Literature & CompositionEnvironmental ScienceFrench Language & LiteratureAmerican, European, & World HistoryHistory of ArtHuman GeographyLatin Vergil and Latin LiteratureMusic TheoryPsychologySpanish Language & LiteratureStatistics
39University of Michigan Policy (contd) The amount of credit given for some exams differs. To receive credit for Chemistry, the College of Engineering requires a score of 4 or 5. The College of Literature, Science, and the Arts requires a score of 3 for Chemistry if the student placed into Chemistry 210 and 211 based on results from placement exam taken during orientation. Also, students enrolling in some honors math courses may have credit adjusted after completing the honors courses.Newest AP exams in Chinese Language and Culture and Japanese Language and Culture – U-M Asian Languages and Cultures Department opted to follow existing practice: Orientation placement test to be placed into a Japanese or Chinese course. Chinese also allowed taking Chinese proficiency test (HSK) to be placed out of the 4-semester language requirement.
40Chemistry – College of Engineering and College of Literature, Science, and the Arts AP ExaminationScoreCredit for CourseCredit HoursPlacement (Eligible to enroll in)ChemistryCollege of Engineering4Chemistry 13035Chemistry 125 (1)/126 (1) & Chemistry 130(3)College of Literature, Science, and the Arts3 hours for Chemistry 130 and 2 hours for Chemistry 125 (1)/126 (1)Chem 210, 211No credit if not placed into Chem 210, 211 by taking placement exam during orientationChem 125/126 (if prehealth profession) + 1304 or 5Chemistry 125 (1)/ 126 (1) & Chemistry 130 (3)All students with an AP score of 4 or 5 are eligible to elect Chem 210, 211.
41University of Michigan Policy (contd) Credit earned through Advance Placement enables students to take courses at a more challenging level and counts toward graduation requirements. However, AP credit cannot be used to fulfill Area Distribution requirements in the College of Literature, Science, and the Arts (LSA).LSA Curriculum committee periodically reviews the overall transfer credit policies for the college including AP, IB and dual enrollment courses.Students cannot receive credit more than once for the same course, nor can they receive credit by taking a course at a level lower than indicated by a placement exam. Courses elected at U-M must be at a more advanced level (usually a higher number) than what they would receive through Advanced Placement.
42Concerns/IssuesIs Advanced Placement rigorous enough?Can a high school teacher develop a college level course that is at least as rigorous as AP?Can class discussion in a high school class replicate class discussion in a college class?Can a high school lab experience replicate a college lab experience?Does a score of 3 or 4 or even 5 equate to the breadth and depth of the subject covered in “our” college course?
43More . . .Will students enter with AP credits and1. Graduate early?2. Take light academic load senior year?3. Be ready for the next course in the sequence of classes?
44Advanced Placement Program Christopher Green, Coordinator Rochester High SchoolAdvanced Placement ProgramChristopher Green, Coordinator“There are no secrets to success: Don’t waste time looking for them. Success is the result of perfection, hard work, learning from failure…and persistence.”- Colin Powell
45The Classes“AP courses are the only ones actually designed by teams of college professors who work alongside expert secondary school teachers. Plus, college faculty participate in the scoring of the AP Exam you’ll take at the end of your course, comparing you to their own college students, verifying your mastery of the same level of curriculum.” – College BoardProvides rigor colleges and the business world demands.Prepares students for the challenges of a college courseChallenges the students to meet or exceed their ability and potential.Helps improve your reading and writing skills.
46Scheduling All AP classes are full year (2 semester classes) Offered in 10th -12th grades.Are based on the proven ability of the student and teacher recommendation.Should be in the area of student career or academic interest.The number of AP classes taken each year should be made with common sense.
47TestingPurpose of taking the course is to prepare students for taking the AP test.Occurs in May of each year.Each test is typically 3 hours and involves multiple-choice and essays or problems.All or a portion of test costs can be paid for based on student financial need.Earn credit or advanced placement or both at most Universities with a score of 3 and above.