Presentation on theme: "English for academic study —— Listening and Speaking"— Presentation transcript:
1English for academic study —— Listening and Speaking 学术英语听与说山东大学 高艳
2Introduction to EAP course Teaching demo for listening English for academic studyOutlineIntroduction to EAP courseTeaching demo for listeningTeaching demo for speaking
3什么是 “学术英语”? 学术 — 是指系统专门的学问，是对存在物及其规律的学科化论证，泛指高等教育和研究。 English for academic study什么是 “学术英语”?学术 — 是指系统专门的学问，是对存在物及其规律的学科化论证，泛指高等教育和研究。学术英语 — 在大学背景下使用的英语（学术语言）。
4What is English for academic study? It refers to the oral, written, auditory, and visual language proficiency required to learn effectively in schools and academic programs—i.e., it’s the language used in classroom lessons, books, tests, and assignments, and it’s the language that students are expected to learn and achieve fluency in.
5国内高等教育在学术训练方面欠缺 人们对学术英语的认识有误区 学术英语课程的开设在发生变化 English for academic study国内高等教育在学术训练方面欠缺人们对学术英语的认识有误区学术英语课程的开设在发生变化
6Course description: Course name: English for academic study (EGAP) Credit: 1.5Teaching hours: 24Teaching approach: skilled basedCourse contents:Listening to lectures and note-takingOral presentationReading strategies and skillsEssay writing and summary writingNote：This is based on the curriculum in Shanda
8Students’ background: English for academic studyStudents’ background:大学二年级第1学期三个班，91人，（其中包括1名乌克兰留学生）专业包括：药学、口腔、护理、公卫、计算机学生英语水平：已完成大学英语四级课程64人通过CET4， 最高分631，最低分470，平均分559
9问卷调查结果： 专业学习中的英语使用情况： 1.专业课中是否有全英文授课？ 是（18.8%） 2.专业课中是否有双语授课？ 是（72.5%） English for academic study问卷调查结果：专业学习中的英语使用情况：1.专业课中是否有全英文授课？ 是（18.8%）2.专业课中是否有双语授课？ 是（72.5%）3.是否听过全英语讲座？偶尔（68.8% ），从没有（31.2%）4.理解程度 %以下（47.5%），50-70%（23.8%）5.是否使用全英文教材？ 是（58.8%)6.用英语完成相关作业 经常（16.3%）偶尔（42.5%）Scales: 1=完全不同意 2=不太同意 3=难说 4=基本同意5=非常同意
10English for academic study -这门课程对我以后的专业学习会有帮助 3.00 5.00 4.5625 0.5475 VariableMiniMaxiMeanSD-这门课程对我以后的专业学习会有帮助3.005.004.56250.5475-我认为这门课可以在大学英语学习中普及4.40000.7394-我在这门课中了解和掌握了一些在大学英语学习中没有学到的技能2.004.38750.7376-我认为学术英语课程的实用性很强4.31250.6861-通过这门课我了解了听英文讲座的基本技巧4.28750.6202-我在学术英语的口头陈述方面有收获4.21250.7061-我在学术英语的写作技巧方面有收获0.004.17500.8826-通过这门课我了解和掌握了口头陈述的基本技能并能结合专业进行口头陈述1.004.16250.7704-通过这门课我的语言概述能力有所提高4.13750.7914-通过这门课我的写作能力有所提高4.11250.6934-我在学术英语的阅读技巧方面有收获0.7629-通过这门课我了解和掌握了记笔记的基本技能4.07500.8233-我在学术英语的听力方面有收获3.81250.8433
12Students’ Problems in listening: English for academic studyStudents’ Problems in listening:Speed, topic, vocabulary.Students cannot identify the key information. They hope to understand everything.When they take notes, they don’t know what do write down.They cannot write quickly enough, so that they often write one thing and miss the others.
13What to teach? Macroskills： Make use of lecture introduction English for academic studyWhat to teach?Macroskills：Make use of lecture introductionNote-takingRecognizing the structure and key information of lecturesMicroskills:Recognizing words that are spoken quickly and not stressedRecognizing where one spoken word ends and the next beginsWord stress and sentences stress
14Case One: Introductions to lectures English for academic studyCase One: Introductions to lecturesTeaching objective: How to make good use of introduction to a lectureSkills to learn: Getting familiar with “language signals”.I. Class discussionWhat do you expect the lecturer to talk about in the introduction to a lecture?Do you think a lecturer should try to make the structure of the lecture obvious to students in the introduction?If so, how does he do?
15II. Listening Practice (1) English for academic studyII. Listening Practice (1)Watch a video clip and see if the lecturer tells what she is going to talk about. If she does, what is her topic and how do you know it?2. Look at the following two notes taken by two students. Which student understood what the lecturer was going to talk about?Student 1:Migration from new EU countries, e.g., Poland – effect on UK econ., etc.Student 2:Not EU migration But internal UK migration, e.g., country to city.
16Look at examples in the handout Page 38. English for academic studyThe lecturer refers to EU migration as a contemporary phenomenon, but then goes on to say that she is going to focus on internal migration “that’s not the type of migration I want to look at today. What I want to look at is internal migration”.To understand the real topic, language signals are very important.Look at examples in the handout Page 38.
17Main functions of lecture instruction: English for academic studyMain functions of lecture instruction:Introduce the topic of the lectureDefine the scope of the lectureGive background information about the topicProvide an overview of the structure and content of the lecture
18English for academic study Listening Practice (2)You are going to watch a video clip, in which a lecturer gives an introduction to the lecture “Globalization”.1. Prediction:What does globalization mean to you?What kind of people does it affect?2. Watch the clip and find out what the lecturer is going to talk about? Take notes when you listen.
19The lecture is going to cover: English for academic studyThe lecture is going to cover:some understanding of the history of globalizationwhat globalization means to people on a local levelwhat its implications could be for the whole worldHomework: More practice on listening to lecture introductions.Online source:
23English for academic study Students’ problems:Cannot tell the differences between social English and academic English.Don’t know how to give an oral presentation in an academic way.Read or recite rather than talk when they give an oral presentation.Have a poor structure in oral presentation.Don’t know how to ask questions.Don’t know how to participate in discussion actively.
24English for academic study What to teach?Skills and speaking functions that learners need to use in an academic contextHow to express their ideas properly and accuratelySkills of participating in or holding a discussion, asking for information/clarification, stating a point of view, supporting your view of agreeing or disagreeing.Skills of making an effective oral presentation, structure of the presentation, using notes to speak from, introducing the topic, getting to a conclusion.
25Topic: Being a successful student Teaching objectives： English for academic studyCase 2: Participating successfully in a discussion and making a mini-presentationTopic: Being a successful studentTeaching objectives：Expressing agreeing and disagreeing in a group discussionMaking use of notes in oral presentation
26English for academic study I. Lead-inRead the statements below. Do you agree (A), disagree (D) or partly agree (P) with each one? Give reasons to support your answers.Compare your answers with your partner.To succeed at university, you need to:______ be good at taking exams______ be a quick reader______ have a good tutor______ manage your time well______ understand your own learning style______ have a good memory
27English for academic study 3. Listen to two students discussing some statements about academic life. Does the second speaker agree, disagree or partly agree with each statement? Underline the correct alternative in the Opinion column in the table. (Look at the handout Page 41.) 4. Listen to the discussion again and write down the exact words the second speaker uses to agree, disagree or partly agree.
28English for academic study Key:I agree with you up to a point, but some courses depend a lot on other types of assessed work, apart from exams. (P)Yes, that’s true, but you also need to be able to understand and retain what you’ve read. (P)I’m not sure I agree with you there. If you’ve got good research skills and are motivated, I still think you can succeed. (D)Absolutely, I totally agree. Without good time management, you won’t be able to deal with all the work you’re given and you’ll quickly fall behind. (A)
29English for academic study 5. That’s a very good point. That sort of self-awareness makes you into a much more efficient learner. (A) 6. Not necessarily. If you have a good understanding of your subject, and revise hard, I think you can get a good degree. (P) Now compare your answers with these students. Do you think their answers are reasonable? What other expressions do you know to express agreement, disagreement and partial agreement?
30English for academic study II. Group discussionDiscuss the study skills you will need at university.Come to an agreement on the study skills your group thinks are the most important for success at universityList what your group thinks are the five most important skills.Remember to use the expressions of agreement, disagreement and partial agreement in your discussion and give support to your opinions.Report back about their discussion.
31III. Practice making a mini-presentation English for academic studyIII. Practice making a mini-presentation1. Look at the following notes which give the tips for successful study. Try to put each phrase into a complete sentence.Study tips: Be well organized Work with classmates Keep good notes Develop good IT skills Be motivated
32Signpost expressions: English for academic study2. Listen to a student presenting his top five study tips based on this. Then think of how he connected each point into a complete talk.Using a topic sentence to begin the talkUsing transitions to connect each ideaSignpost expressions:There are five main points which we consider important for successful study.Our first point is ……Next,Moving on to our third point,Fourthly,And finally,
33English for academic study Presentation skills:When giving a presentation, you need to help your audience follow your presentation by using signpost expressions. These are important for:Opening a presentationGuiding an audience through the main pointsHelping an audience understand the presentation’s organizationClosing a presentation
34IV. Oral Presentation Practice: English for academic studyIV. Oral Presentation Practice:Each group prepare a presentation of the five study tips you have agreed on. Remember to use the presentation skills you learned from the class. You will deliver your presentation to the class after the preparation.
354. Assessing students’ performance Structure and cohesion: English for academic study4. Assessing students’ performanceStructure and cohesion:Was the topic clearly identified at the beginning?Is the order logical and easy to follow?Is it signposted throughout?Language and fluency:Is the language clear and easy to follow?Is the pace of the speech, or flow of ideas too fast or too slow?Body language:Is the speaker making eye contact with audience?Is the speaker’s posture upright and confident?
36EAP component should (could) be incorporated in any English course. English for academic studyLanguage is only one of the keys to academic success. Academic culture, study skills, critical thinking, autonomy of learning, etc. are also keys.EAP component should (could) be incorporated in any English course.Can you develop professionally without academic English skills?From a teachers’ forum