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How do you determine an author’s purpose?. How do you determine an author’s purpose? AUTHOR’S PURPOSE = the author’s main reason for writing.

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Presentation on theme: "How do you determine an author’s purpose?. How do you determine an author’s purpose? AUTHOR’S PURPOSE = the author’s main reason for writing."— Presentation transcript:

1 How do you determine an author’s purpose?

2 How do you determine an author’s purpose? AUTHOR’S PURPOSE = the author’s main reason for writing.

3 Whoa! What's this? Which of the following was the author's purpose in writing this? "To torture children who have to take these tests," you think grumpily, but that answer is not one of your choices...

4 In this lesson you will learn how to think about the choices an author made by asking “Why did the author chose to write it this way instead of that way?”

5 Let’s Review Core Lesson Why is it important to know, “What choices did the author make?” Why is it important? 1.Helps you determine the main idea. 1.Helps you summarize a passage easily. 1.What else? Why is it important? 1.Helps you determine the main idea. 1.Helps you summarize a passage easily. 1.What else?

6 Let’s Review Core Lesson What choices did the author make? An author has a purpose for including EVERY line, sentence, and paragraph!!!

7 Let’s Review Core Lesson What choices did the author make? Structure Features Word Choice Voice and Point of View Structure Features Word Choice Voice and Point of View

8 Let’s Review Core Lesson Why did the author write it this way instead of that way?

9 Let’s Review Core Lesson Notice the choices an author made about structure, features, word choice, voice, and point of view. 1 2 Ask, “Why did the author choose to write this way instead of another way?”

10 How do I identify the author’s purpose? P – Persuade I – Inform E- Entertain S – Share/Describe

11 Authors may write to try to get you to do something. If so, the purpose is to persuade you. They might try to get you to buy something, do something, or go somewhere. The author tries to change our opinion on a topic by appealing to our emotions.

12 The Slim-O-Matic will cause you to loose pounds and inches from your body in one month. This amazing machine helps you to exercise correctly and provides an easy video to show you the proper way to exercise. Send $75.99 and begin exercising today. to Inform to Entertain to Persuade

13  An author may give you facts or true information about a subject. They are all true.  The author’s purpose for writing is to inform you or explain something you did not know.  Synonyms: Provide; Explain; Teach

14 The Underground Railroad was a secret organization which helped slaves escape to freedom. Many slaves were able to escape because of the conductors and station masters. The northern states were free states and slaves were free once they arrived in the north. Secret codes and signals were used to identify the conductors and station masters. to Inform to Entertain to Persuade

15 The author is writing to amuse, or entertain, the reader with a funny story.

16 It was a glorious morning in Alabama. The sun was shining through the trees. Alan couldn't wait to find his fishing pole and call his friend Sam to go fishing. They had a great time on these early morning fishing trips. They took their dogs with them and the dogs would swim in the lake while they fished. It was so funny to watch those dogs paddle around the lake. to Inform to Entertain to Persuade

17 Authors often share or describe information to support other purposes in writing. They use it to create a character, set a mood or envision a scene.

18 Let’s Review A Common Mistake An author can have more than one purpose for his or her writing. However, it is important to choose the best one based on the question!!!

19 Let’s Review Quick Quiz 1.What should you look at to think about the choices an author made? 2.What are the 4 types of author’s purpose.

20 Let’s Review Core Lesson Notice the choices an author made about structure, features, word choice, voice, and point of view. 1 2 Ask, “Why did the author choose to write this way instead of another way?” REMEMBER!

21 In the following slides, read the stories or passages and try to determine the author’s purpose.

22 Judy Glen's amazing Wrinkle Remover cream will make you look younger in thirty days or less. This remarkable cream has special ingredients to make your wrinkles disappear. The cost for a thirty day supply is $ 25.99. Send your check to P.O.Box 00002, Shelton, CA 74836 to Inform to Entertain to Persuade

23 Thomas was not happy one little bit. His sister, Susan was making honor roll again. His parents would allow her to do anything she wanted to do. Thomas was not making honor roll this time and he was not going to be allowed to do all the things he wanted to do. Poor Thomas! He would just have to study harder and get back on the honor roll. ***Why did the author include the phrase, “Poor Thomas?” to Inform to Entertain to Persuade

24 Thomas was not happy one little bit. His sister, Susan was making honor roll again. His parents would allow her to do anything she wanted to do. Thomas was not making honor roll this time and he was not going to be allowed to do all the things he wanted to do. Poor Thomas! He would just have to study harder and get back on the honor roll. ***Why did the author include the phrase, “Poor Thomas?” to share/describe Thomas’ feelings

25 Calligraphy is a form of handwriting. A special pen must be used. Letters are formed using up and down strokes. Old documents are usually written in this form. Diplomas, certificates and other awards are written in calligraphy. It is an interesting form of handwriting. to Inform to Entertain to Persuade

26 to Inform to Entertain to Persuade Joe had been fishing for over two hours without a single bite. Suddenly there was a nibble at the end of his fishing line. He stood up on the boat and leaned out too far. Just then there was a sharp yank on the line. Joe fell overboard and landed head first into the water. Joe and his friends laughed and laughed.

27 to Inform to Entertain to Persuade It's New! It's Refreshing! It's Slurpy Soda! This is the best soda in the world! If you drink this soda you will jump higher, run faster and be smarter in school. Try one today!

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29 Let’s Review Guided Practice Use your own text. Think about the choices the author made and why he made them.


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