Presentation on theme: "PRESENTED BY: PROFESSOR MOKGOKONG PRESIDENT (HPCSA)"— Presentation transcript:
PRESENTED BY: PROFESSOR MOKGOKONG PRESIDENT (HPCSA)
o Introduction o Background o The Problem of the HPCSA o The 2012 guideline tariffs o Conclusion 2
3 Statutory body established under the Health Professions Act 56 of 1974 and is mandated to regulate the health professions in the Republic of South Africa. HPCSA has 12 Professional Boards operating under its auspices The Professional Boards control the professions within their ambit under the overarching coordination and guidance of the HPCSA
4 The mandate of the HPCSA is guiding the professions which fall within its ambit and protecting the public The main areas of regulation:- – Setting minimum requirements for education and training – Monitoring for compliance of education and training with set minimum standards – Registration and licensing of practitioners to practice – Setting minimum requirements and monitoring for compliance with Continuing Professional Development – Dealing with matters relating to Professional Conduct
HPCSA 32 Members Executive Committee Finance, Investment & Tariff Committee Audit & Risk Management Committee HPCSA Structure (Political Level) Professional Boards Dental Therapy & Oral Hygiene Dietetics & Nutrition Emergency Care Environmental Health Practitioners Medical & DentalMedical Technology Occupational Therapy, Medical Orthotics, Prosthetics & Arts Therapy Optometry & Dispensing Opticians Physiotherapy, Podiatry & Biokinetics Psychology Radiography & Clinical Technology Speech, Language & Hearing Professions HPCSA Administration Pension & Provident Trustee Committee Committee on Undesirable Business Practices Professional Conduct Review Committee Human Rights & Ethics Committee CPD Committee Health Committee Human Resources & Remuneration Committee Tender Committee Quality Assurance Committee 6
7 Legal Compliance When dealing with complaints relating to overcharging, the professional board or the HPCSA’s Ombudsman has difficulty to adjudicate or mediate on these complaints due to lack of a legally determined Guideline tariffs. Section 53 (1) of the Health Professions Act provides as follows:- “(1) Every person registered under this Act (in this section referred to as the practitioner) shall, unless the circumstances render it impossible for him or her to do so, before rendering any professional services inform the person to whom the services are to be rendered or any person responsible for the maintenance of such person, of the fee which he or she intends to charge for such services - (a) when so requested by the person concerned; or (b) when such fee exceeds that usually charged for such services, and shall in a case to which paragraph (b) relates, also inform the person concerned of the usual fee.”
8 Section 53(3) (d) of the Act therefore empowers the professional board to determine and publish Tariff Guidelines. Section 6 (c) of the National Health Act provides that a health care provider must inform the user of the cost implications for treatment or procedure to be undertaken.
9 HPCSA has always exercised its responsibility in terms of Section 53 of the Health Professions Act for purposes of determining complaints of over charging Although the HPCSA set an ethical tariff in order to make a determination in cases of over-charging patients, it was not to be regarded as a target at which the fees could be set.
10 Practitioners in utilising the HPCSA Ethical Tariffs had to be cognizant of Section 53 (1)(b) which relates to informed consent These ethical tariffs were scrapped following the publication of the National Health Reference Price List. The NHRPL was declared invalid by the High Court in 2010 following a legal challenge by the Hospital Association.
11 The result of the High Court decision is that there is currently no reference price list. The challenge with the lack of a Reference Price List or a tariff of fees as determined by the professional board is that the professional board is unable to adjudicate on complaints of overcharging.
12 2006: The National Health Reference Price List(NHRPL)was determined by the Council for Medical Schemes in conjunction with the Department of Health and published by the South African Medical Association (SAMA) in the Doctors Billing Manual alongside the HPCSA and Compensation Fund tariff. The 2006 NHRPL was adopted by the HPCSA as the Ethical Tariff. Government Notice No. R 681, dated 23 July 2007: The National Department of Health subsequently published “Regulations relating to the obtainment of information and the Processes of determination and publication of reference price list”. 24 November 2008: The Council took a decision to scrap the HPCSA’s ethical tariffs with effect from the date of publication of the Reference Price List by the Department of Health. 28 July 2010: The Department of Health’s Reference Price List was reviewed, declared invalid and set aside by the High Court of South Africa (North Gauteng Division, Pretoria).
13 Why the need for a new tariff? Medical and Dental practitioners require clarity and criteria for determining fair and reasonable fees for the services they render. As there was no fee that could be used as a norm in the determination of complaints of overcharging a vacuum was created, resulting in no basis for assessing complaints of overcharging due to a lack of legally determined Guideline Tariffs. Why was the Guideline Tariffs established? Practitioners, professional bodies, funders and other stakeholders operated in an unclear environment in relation to the basis of fees to be charged for services rendered. The Guideline Tariffs provide clarity, guidelines and criteria within a contested environment. The need for the development of the Guideline Tariffs by the Medical and Dental Professions Board was based on complaints received from the public on the overcharging by practitioners in the absence of a recent tariff guideline. The ultimate purpose with the development of the Guideline Tariffs is to ensure an accessible, affordable and sustainable health care system in terms of the constitution.
14 What process was followed? The Tariff Committee of the Board was constituted in order to assist the Board in the determination and publication of the Guideline Tariffs. The Board was mindful of the requirements and stipulations from the Competition Commission in terms of colluding in setting tariffs, however the Task Team did consult with stakeholders and service providers in the profession in order to ensure a transparent process (see table below). The HPCSA has used the 2006 National Health Reference Price List (NHRPL) determined by the Council for Medical Scheme in conjunction with the Department of Health and as published by SAMA as a baseline and added an inflator of 46.66% until 2012.
15 How did the Council develop these guideline tariffs? The Tariff Guidelines are an inflation- adjusted version of the 2006 NHRPL. It is important to note that the 2006 NHRPL was never challenged in terms of any legal process and was therefore used as the baseline for determining the Guideline Tariffs as recently published. (The High Court ruled against the RPL, which is strictly speaking different from the NHRPL, as indicated in the background)
16 Whilst this is not a legal requirement, the HPCSA has consulted the following:- DATEORGANISATION/SREPRESENTATIVES 09 June 2011SAMA Ms Glenda De Beer Dr M Grootboom Dr Angelique Ms Leoni Martz Dr Zappi mani 09 June 2011SADA Dr ZT Khaza Dr CP Ratan 10 June 2011 BHF and Department of Health Dr ZT Zokufa Mr RH Patel 10 June 2011Discovery Health Mr Emile Stipp Mr Garren Sweidan 20 June 2011Department of HealthDr A Pillay 28 June 2011Compensation FundDr Lekalakala 28 June 2011Department of Health and Council for Medical Schemes Dr A Pillay Dr Steenkamp
17 What is the difference between Guideline Tariffs and Upper Ethical Tariffs? The Guideline Tariff serves as a guide to practitioners on what they can expect to charge for their professional services. Practitioners may charge above the Guideline Tariffs provided that they have obtained an informed consent from the patient / client or from the next of kin. Upper Ethical tariffs – are fees that provide a Financial and Ethical ceiling with regard to amounts charged by practitioners.The Ethical Tariffs were scrapped in 2008. Practitioners are reminded that in terms of Section 6 of the National Health Act, 2003, all healthcare practitioners are required to inform their patients / clients of the cost of services they intend providing, before services are rendered. This is also a requirement in terms of the new Consumer Protection Act.
18 What does this boil down to? The Guideline Tariffs are effectively the 2006 NHRPL plus 46.66%. When will these tariffs come into effect? These tariffs were to be applicable once they are published in the Government Gazette on 17 August 2012. What is the impact of the Guideline Tariffs on patients on medical aid schemes? Patients need to take responsibility for familiarising themselves with the options and benefits from their medical aid scheme and in asking the practitioner what they will be charged upfront.
19 Account disparities Members of the public can lodge complaints on overcharging or inaccurate accounts with the Council for further investigation and determination. As stated earlier, practitioners may charge more than the tariff guidelines. However, the implications of what the procedure or treatment will cost and the difference between the actual cost charged by the practitioner and the guideline tariff should be explained, with a signed consent form by the patients that they accept the difference and understand what they will be charged. What are the benefits of the new guideline tariffs? Removes uncertainty and provides clarity and criteria for the determination of fees Effective adjudication by the HPCSA on complaints of over- charging. A transparent relationship between the patient and practitioner with regards to fees charged, and no billing surprises.
20 What is the impact for practitioners? Ensure patients/clients are fully informed upfront of the fees of service to be rendered; Obtain informed consent from patients; Permit practitioners to set fee schedules, provided informed consent has been obtained; Provide written evidence of their specific fee, as well as the HPCSA Guideline Tariff; Obtain written informed consent from patients/clients in a format and language that is understandable to the patient; Keep record of written informed consent given by patients.
21 Upon receipt of the quotation, the patient must provide informed consent to the practitioner so that he/she is permitted to charge the agreed fee. The health professional is required to keep a formal written record of the informed consent given to him/her from the patient in a format and language that is understandable to the patient.
22 What is the impact for patients/clients? Ensure that they are aware upfront of the fees of service to be rendered; Give written informed consent to the practitioner if they are happy with the fee to be charged for the service before it is rendered; Know that the practitioner might be charging more than what the medical aid is paying and the patient need to give consent to the agreed upon fee; Receive a written quotation of the fee to be charged as well as the HPCSA Guideline Tariff; Practitioner must explain the fee in a format and language that is understandable; Familiarise themselves with what their medical aid scheme covers.
23 Where to from here? The Guideline Tariffs for 2012 will be reviewed regularly in determining the future Guideline Tariffs. The matters raised by all identified stakeholders will be taken into account. A process will be undertaken whereby new tariff codes will be included in the existing Guidelines.
24 The guideline tariff will be discussed by Council at its meeting on 03 September 2012