Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

BHUTAN NATIONAL SEED PROGRAM

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "BHUTAN NATIONAL SEED PROGRAM"— Presentation transcript:

1 BHUTAN NATIONAL SEED PROGRAM
Suraj Chhetri School of Crop Production Technology. Suranaree University of Technology

2 INTRODUCTION TO BHUTAN

3 INTRODUCTION TO BHUTAN
Bhutan,the “ Land of the Thunder Dragon” is derived from the sanskrit word Bhu-Uttham. It is a landlocked nation, bordered to the south, east and west by India and to the north by the People’s Republic of China. Bhutan is one of the main tourist attraction places in the world due to its’ rich cultural heritage, traditions, and natural environment. It’s main source of income is tourism, hydropower, forestry and industry. Export commodities are electricity, cardamom (Krawan), gypsum, timber, handicrafts, cements, fruits, precious stones and spices. Export partners are India 58.6%, Hong kong 30.1%, Bangladesh 7.3% (2007) Import commodities are fuel and lubricants, grain, machinery, vehicles and electronics. Import partners are India 74.5%, Japan 7.4%, Sweden 3.2% (2007)

4 INTRODUCTION TO BHUTAN
Area- 38,364 Sq km Population- 672, 425 Province- 20 - Southern - Western - Central - Eastern - Northern Climate- Spring (Feb-April) Summer (May-June) Monsoon (July-Sept) Winter (Oct- Jan)

5 INTRODUCTION TO BHUTAN
Tourist attraction locations

6 INTRODUCTION TO AGRICULTURE IN BHUTAN
Agriculture is one of the main backbones of Bhutan’s economy development. One of the main policy of “GROSS NATIONAL HAPPINESS” is food self sufficiency. 66% people are engaged in agriculture and annual agriculture growth rate is 2.8%. The GDP contribution by agriculture is 22.3%. Mechanized farming is not possible due its mountainous topography. Farmers use mini tractor and bullocks for ploughing the field. Major agriculture products are rice, corn, root crops, food grains, citrus, apple, mango and dairy products.

7 Aerial view of Agriculture land

8 INTRODUCTION Land utilization in Bhutan

9 Planting area of the major crops
INTRODUCTION Planting area of the major crops 44,000 Rai 85,000 50,000 500,000

10 INTRODUCTION NATIONAL SEED PROGRAM
Organized program started by DoA, Under NASEPP (National Seed and Plant production program) in 1984 (25 years ago). NASEPP – Sole supplier up to late 1995. Private sector seed companies like Druk Seed Corporation involved in production and supply from 1995. Government introduce National Seed Policy in 1997.

11 INTRODUCTION MoA, Organogram

12 OBJECTIVE Overall objective Specific objective
Assure timely availability of quality seed at affordable price Specific objective To breed, develop, and maintain crop varieties resistant to diseases, pests and environmental stresses. To ensure/facilitate multiplication and distribution of sufficient quantities of quality seed of superior varieties. To monitor, control and regulate the quality of seeds. To encourage the participation of private entrepreneurs and farmers‘ organizations in the seed industry. To promote farmers' acceptance and use of seeds of improved varieties.

13 SEED MULTIPLICATION PROGRAM
Parental material Responsibility of RNR research center under Council of RNR Research, MoA Breeders’ Seed Seed production farms of Druk Seed Corporation Foundation Seed Registered Seed Seed production through contract seed growers (DSC) Certified Seed (I & II) Seed production through farmers’ cooperatives (DoA)

14 Locations of Breeder seed production of RNR Centers
Vegetable seeds 6 research farms are utilized for breeder seed production of vegetable, field crops and oil seed and pulses. Field crops Oil seeds and pulses

15 Locations of foundation and registered seed production of DSC and farmers’ cooperatives of DoA
Foundation seed production of field crops, oil seed and pulses and vegetable seeds in DSC farm (4 farms) Registered seed production by contract seed growers (DSC). Farmers’ cooperative, DoA.

16 ANNUAL SEED PRODUCTION AT FARMS AND CSG

17 ANNUAL SEED REQUIREMENT AND PRODUCTION

18 Lab test & processing control
QUALITY CONTROL Field control Lab test & processing control Seed storage control

19 QUALITY CONTROL STEPS DSC BAFRA Field Control Germination stage
Accept/Reject plot Germination stage Check off-type, inform about roughing Flowering stage 1 Check off-type, inform about roughing, mark the field Flowering stage 2 Accept roughed field, reject field with mixture Flowering stage 3 Check moisture, sample collection for Lab test. Seed sample collection

20 In-house Quality Control
QUALITY CONTROL STEPS In-house Quality Control Lab test Processing Control Moisture content Cleaning seed processing hall Purity test Cleaning seed processing machine Check the function of all machine Before start of processing Inert matter

21 Seed Storage Control Clean the seed storage room.
Fumigate the storage chamber. Check the temperature and relative humidity. Proper leveling of the seed lot.

22 SEED MARKETING Farmers cooperative Contract Seed growers
Druk Seed Corp Domestic sale Export sale India (potatoes, maize, Radish seed) Farmers Institution Public Bangladesh (radish seed)

23 SEED MARKETING

24 SEED MARKETING

25 CONTRACT SEED PRODUCTION PROCEDURE
Selection of growers and basic training (formal agreement) Issuing of registered/certified seed on payment Registration of seed crops for certification by BAFRA. Training ( jointly by Druk seed and extention staff). Field visit for quality control Issuing of new bags by regional Druk seed office. Sampling of seed lots at growers places. The samples checked for purity, moisture content and germination test. Based on the lab result the seed lot are accepted or rejected.

26 Selection Criteria of Contract Seed Growers
CONTRACT SEED PRODUCTION PROCEDURE The accepted seed lots are transported to Druk seed farms for processing. Payment to seed growers. Labeling and sealing of accepted seed lots, lot release (distribution /sale/storage). Selection Criteria of Contract Seed Growers Reliability, knowledge, resourcefulness, willing to cooperate. Adequate land area paddy - 1 ac. (0.4 ha) veg ac. Accessibility Enough manpower for working

27 CONTRACT SEED GROWERS Problems Difficulty in finding suitable/reliable
Seed quality related problems. Lack of manpower. Tendency of growers to keep some seed with them (potato).

28 CONCLUSION There is a great potential for seed production in Bhutan due to its suitable and clean environment. About 66% people are engage in agriculture related work. Seed production for them would be a direct income generating scheme. More seed production should be concentrated on high value low volume crop for sustainability of a seed company. Since the domestic market is small, export partners should be explored for sustainability and profiteering venture.

29 FUTURE RECOMMENDATION
Promote private seed company/farmers’ cooperative. Improve seed quality. Train people in seed production. Promote more sales outlet in all province within country. Create awareness in the benefit of seed replacement. Promote joint venture with other seed companies outside Bhutan for knowledge sharing, training and seed production undertaking.

30 REFERENCES CIA. 2008. The world fact book.
National Census Bhutan National Seed Program Ministry of Agriculture, Royal Government of Bhutan. RNR Statistics MoA, Bhutan.

31 Thank you


Download ppt "BHUTAN NATIONAL SEED PROGRAM"

Similar presentations


Ads by Google