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Outside assessments - Practioners including InWEnt alumni report on experiences with outside GAs - using indicators to increase political accountability,

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Presentation on theme: "Outside assessments - Practioners including InWEnt alumni report on experiences with outside GAs - using indicators to increase political accountability,"— Presentation transcript:

1 Outside assessments - Practioners including InWEnt alumni report on experiences with outside GAs - using indicators to increase political accountability, inform the policy process and political debate.

2 Kinyanjui Kamau, Senior Programs Officer, National Council of Churches of Kenya

3 Kenya National Dialogue and Reconciliation Process The disputed 2007 elections precipitated a crisis and violence that left over 1300 dead and over 600,000 displaced The National Accord was signed by the two Principals – President Kibaki and Prime Minister Raila Odinga to form a Grand Coalition Government whose mandate would be to implement Four Agenda Items

4 Kinyanjui Kamau, Senior Programs Officer, National Council of Churches of Kenya The Four Agenda Items Agenda 1: Immediate action to stop violence and restore fundamental rights and liberties Agenda 2: Immediate measures to address the humanitarian crisis, promote reconciliation, and healing Agenda 3: How to overcome the political crisis Agenda 4: Address long term issues, including constitutional, legal and institutional reforms; land reforms; tackling youth unemployment, tackling poverty, inequity and regional development imbalances, consolidating national unity and cohesion, and addressing impunity, transparency and accountability.

5 Kinyanjui Kamau, Senior Programs Officer, National Council of Churches of Kenya Actionable indicators Agenda Item 1: Stopping violence: Incidences of political violence; actions to stop violence, for example, demobilisation and disarmament of illegal armed groups; and perceptions about political violence, Restoring fundamental rights and liberties: Different forms and scales of violence; and incidences that promote/violate rights.

6 Kinyanjui Kamau, Senior Programs Officer, National Council of Churches of Kenya Actionable indicators Agenda Item 2: Addressing the humanitarian crisis: Resettlement programme for internally displaced persons; the nature of humanitarian assistance Promoting healing and reconciliation: Actions to promote healing and reconciliation.

7 Kinyanjui Kamau, Senior Programs Officer, National Council of Churches of Kenya Actionable indicators Agenda Item 3: Resolving the political crisis: Power sharing; political cohesion and coherence in decision making; public perceptions on delivery of services; conflict management in the coalition.

8 Kinyanjui Kamau, Senior Programs Officer, National Council of Churches of Kenya Actionable indicators Agenda 4: Progress made in Undertaking constitutional and institutional reforms. Tackling poverty and inequality. Tackling unemployment among youth. Consolidating national cohesion and unity. Undertaking land reforms. Addressing transparency and accountability. Tracking progress of commissions of inquiry established to address various aspects of the root causes and the consequences of the crisis.

9 Kinyanjui Kamau, Senior Programs Officer, National Council of Churches of Kenya Methods National Baseline Survey: The baseline survey comprised a sample size of 4,021 households spread across the country in all regions. The respondents in the survey are randomly sampled. The survey is conducted in every quarter. Case studies: Case studies on implementation of each agenda item were undertaken in selected areas of the country. Data for the case studies is obtained through interviews with key informants, expert interviews, and Focus Group Discussions, among other methods. Secondary data sources: A review of data by government departments, United Nations agencies, humanitarian agencies including the Kenya Red Cross Society, civil society organizations and the media is undertaken.

10 Kinyanjui Kamau, Senior Programs Officer, National Council of Churches of Kenya Increasing accountability Kenya National Dialogue and Reconciliation Monitoring Project was set up by the AU and the Government to measure progress The project’s goal are to: Avail objective data on the progress in the implementation of the National Accord. Provide data to inform interventions. Provide information on emerging socio- political issues/challenges that impact on the implementation of the National Accord.

11 Kinyanjui Kamau, Senior Programs Officer, National Council of Churches of Kenya Dissemination The report is published on the Kenya Dialogue website Dissemination forums are organized with government officials, religious leaders, civil society, international community Newspapers publish extracts TV and radio stations hold shows to discuss the reports countrywide Civil Society hold debates and forums on the report

12 Kinyanjui Kamau, Senior Programs Officer, National Council of Churches of Kenya How the results were used and by whom Government – inform policy, legislative agenda, point at short term and long term issues, assess the status of the nation Civil Society – inform program design and implementation, hold the government to account; step up pressure on government to implement the reform agenda. NCCK has used the assessment reports to inform her positions and in the design of governance programmes. Citizens – inform or level expectations, inform the future International community – inform diplomatic relationships and funding, step up pressure for implementation of reform

13 Kinyanjui Kamau, Senior Programs Officer, National Council of Churches of Kenya Sustainability KNDRP is funded by various development partners including the Open Society, AU It is tied to the life of the Grand Coalition Government that will expire in 2010 or if a new constitution is enacted or if the coalition collapses The KNDRP is funded by donors making it difficult to continue if the support was withdrawn

14 Kinyanjui Kamau, Senior Programs Officer, National Council of Churches of Kenya Lesson learnt The participation of the citizenry and the civil society, religious institutions, private sector and government is critical in achieving a well balanced assessment Achievement of the de jure indicators has been easier while de facto indicators have been very difficult to achieve Country led initiatives are more responsive to local needs The monitoring project enjoys wide acceptance and legitimacy across the board

15 Kinyanjui Kamau, Senior Programs Officer, National Council of Churches of Kenya. Asanteni Thank you Barika Merci Yalama Midaasi Niwega


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