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The Essay Introduction First body paragraph Second body paragraph Third body paragraph Conclusion.

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Presentation on theme: "The Essay Introduction First body paragraph Second body paragraph Third body paragraph Conclusion."— Presentation transcript:

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2 The Essay Introduction First body paragraph Second body paragraph Third body paragraph Conclusion

3 Outline A.Introduction: A. 1 Attention getter. A.2 Thesis statement (Category 1 + 2 Category) A.3 Background Information B.Category 1: B.1 Supporting Detail 1 B.2 Supporting Detail 2 C. Category 2: C.1 Supporting Detail 1 C.2 Supporting Detail 2 D. Conclusion: Restatement of Thesis statement Prediction, personal opinion, advice, and so on.

4 Conocer los tipos de párrafos nos permite identificar la información a través de la estructurada ensayos. Párrafo narrativo Este tipo de párrafo es utilizado en la ficción y declaraciones personales. Representan el orden secuencial de los acontecimientos y la cronología. Ej.:

5 A Once In a Life Time Experience The one day I spent in Morocco, Africa was an experience of a lifetime. When I finally reached Morocco and got off the bus, there were four little girls standing shoeless in the hot sun. After I swallowed my tears, I could not even try to picture this in America as it is not something you often see in the U.S. Meanwhile my tourist guide instructed me not to give them money as it encouraged the children to beg; however, I was wearing four silver bracelets. As I walked over to the girls, their eyes watched my every move. Then I kneeled down to their level while I gave each girl a bracelet. They stood there gleaming at me, for they were pleased. I felt completely in disbelief that this tiny gesture could mean so much. Though this experience was upsetting, and a huge culture shock, it will stay with me forever. A Once In a Life Time Experience The one day I spent in Morocco, Africa was an experience of a lifetime. When I finally reached Morocco and got off the bus, there were four little girls standing shoeless in the hot sun. After I swallowed my tears, I could not even try to picture this in America as it is not something you often see in the U.S. Meanwhile my tourist guide instructed me not to give them money as it encouraged the children to beg; however, I was wearing four silver bracelets. As I walked over to the girls, their eyes watched my every move. Then I kneeled down to their level while I gave each girl a bracelet. They stood there gleaming at me, for they were pleased. I felt completely in disbelief that this tiny gesture could mean so much. Though this experience was upsetting, and a huge culture shock, it will stay with me forever. Parrafo Narrativo

6  Explaining a Process.  Explaining a Concept.  Explaining a Relationship.  Explaining How Something Works. Integrity. The word evokes the wonder of whether or not our society deserves its value. With constant whining about one's "rights" there exists the denial of personal responsibility and the accompanying lowering of personal worth. Where, then, are the individuals who will stand up to the demands of family unity, a strong work ethic, and a wholesome participation in the societal framework? These very demanding environments cry out for mature behavior in everyone, youth as well as adults. It is when each individual accepts responsibility for truth, honesty, and a job-well-done that integrity, once again, emerges as a pillar of our national pride.  Explaining a Process.  Explaining a Concept.  Explaining a Relationship.  Explaining How Something Works. Integrity. The word evokes the wonder of whether or not our society deserves its value. With constant whining about one's "rights" there exists the denial of personal responsibility and the accompanying lowering of personal worth. Where, then, are the individuals who will stand up to the demands of family unity, a strong work ethic, and a wholesome participation in the societal framework? These very demanding environments cry out for mature behavior in everyone, youth as well as adults. It is when each individual accepts responsibility for truth, honesty, and a job-well-done that integrity, once again, emerges as a pillar of our national pride. Parrafo Narrativo

7 Anger toward Anger is having a feeling of hatred toward someone or something. It is one of our basic emotions and can be most dangerous if it is not carefully controlled. A person can become angry when he cannot fulfill some basic need or desire that is important to him. For example, a child may become angry when he cannot play outside with his friends. An adult may become angry when he does not receive a raise in pay that he expected. Mentally, anger can interfere with our thoughts, making it difficult to think clearly. Physically, it may cause violent reactions in the muscles and in the nervous system. This causes an angry person to flush and tremble and to show other signs of disturbance. A person can be dangerous if he is in an angry mood because he can develop feelings of hostility and hatred toward another person, which can then often turn violent. Anger toward Anger is having a feeling of hatred toward someone or something. It is one of our basic emotions and can be most dangerous if it is not carefully controlled. A person can become angry when he cannot fulfill some basic need or desire that is important to him. For example, a child may become angry when he cannot play outside with his friends. An adult may become angry when he does not receive a raise in pay that he expected. Mentally, anger can interfere with our thoughts, making it difficult to think clearly. Physically, it may cause violent reactions in the muscles and in the nervous system. This causes an angry person to flush and tremble and to show other signs of disturbance. A person can be dangerous if he is in an angry mood because he can develop feelings of hostility and hatred toward another person, which can then often turn violent. Párrafo de Definición Los párrafos de definición se utilizan con el fin de explicar el significado, origen y función de las cosas.

8 Classification of Parasites Living organisms are classified using the Linnaean hierarchical scheme - in order of decreasing generality, the groupings are Kingdom, Phylum, Class, Order, Family, Genus and finally species. The classification of Protozoa (one-celled organisms) is not as well established, and we list their main phyla here. Similarly, there is some debate as to how insects should be classified, here we use the subphylum level to classify them. Classification of Parasites Living organisms are classified using the Linnaean hierarchical scheme - in order of decreasing generality, the groupings are Kingdom, Phylum, Class, Order, Family, Genus and finally species. The classification of Protozoa (one-celled organisms) is not as well established, and we list their main phyla here. Similarly, there is some debate as to how insects should be classified, here we use the subphylum level to classify them. Párrafo de Clasificación Este tipo de párrafo se concentra en la definición, al igual que con las comparaciones.

9 An excellent Descriptive Paragraph Example follows, from a short story called A Christmas Tree written by Charles Dickens "I have been looking on, this evening, at a merry company of children assembled round that pretty German toy, a Christmas Tree. The tree was planted in the middle of a great round table, and towered high above their heads. It was brilliantly lighted by a multitude of little tapers; and everywhere sparkled and glittered with bright objects. There were rosy-cheeked dolls, hiding behind the green leaves; and there were real watches (with movable hands, at least, and an endless capacity of being wound up) dangling from innumerable twigs; there were French-polished tables, chairs, bedsteads, wardrobes, eight-day clocks, and various other articles of domestic furniture (wonderfully made, in tin, at Wolverhampton)"... An excellent Descriptive Paragraph Example follows, from a short story called A Christmas Tree written by Charles Dickens "I have been looking on, this evening, at a merry company of children assembled round that pretty German toy, a Christmas Tree. The tree was planted in the middle of a great round table, and towered high above their heads. It was brilliantly lighted by a multitude of little tapers; and everywhere sparkled and glittered with bright objects. There were rosy-cheeked dolls, hiding behind the green leaves; and there were real watches (with movable hands, at least, and an endless capacity of being wound up) dangling from innumerable twigs; there were French-polished tables, chairs, bedsteads, wardrobes, eight-day clocks, and various other articles of domestic furniture (wonderfully made, in tin, at Wolverhampton)"... Párrafo de Descripción Este tipo de párrafo se concentra en la acción (verbos) y la realidad es representada representada en orden cronológico.

10 Escherichia coli O157:H7 (or simply E. coli) is just one of the hundreds of strains of the bacterium Escherichia coli. Most strains of E. coli are harmless and live in the intestines of healthy humans and animals. E. coli, however, produces a powerful toxin that can cause a severe infection. (The combination of letters and numbers in the name of the bacterium refers to the specific markers found on its surface and distinguishes it from other types of E. coli.) Párrafo de Clasificación Este tipo de párrafo se concentra en la definición, al igual que con las comparaciones.

11 Escherichia coli encompasses an enormous population of bacteria that exhibit a very high degree of both genetic and phenotypic diversity. Genome sequencing of a large number of isolates of E. coli and related bacteria shows that a taxonomic reclassification would be desirable. However, this has not been done, largely due to its medical importance and Escherichia coli remains one of the most diverse bacterial species: only 20% of the genome is common to all strains. In fact, from the evolutionary point of view, the members of genus Shigella (dysenteriae, flexneri, boydii, sonnei) should be classified as E. coli strains, a phenomenon termed taxa in disguise. Similarly, other strains of E. coli (e.g. the K-12 strain commonly used in recombinant DNA work) are sufficiently different that they would merit reclassification Shigella Escherichia coli encompasses an enormous population of bacteria that exhibit a very high degree of both genetic and phenotypic diversity. Genome sequencing of a large number of isolates of E. coli and related bacteria shows that a taxonomic reclassification would be desirable. However, this has not been done, largely due to its medical importance and Escherichia coli remains one of the most diverse bacterial species: only 20% of the genome is common to all strains. In fact, from the evolutionary point of view, the members of genus Shigella (dysenteriae, flexneri, boydii, sonnei) should be classified as E. coli strains, a phenomenon termed taxa in disguise. Similarly, other strains of E. coli (e.g. the K-12 strain commonly used in recombinant DNA work) are sufficiently different that they would merit reclassification Shigella Párrafo de Proceso Analítico Es diseñado como una guía, para dirigir a los lectores a través de un proceso o acción a realizar.

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13  http://www.sinclair.edu/centers/tlc/pub/ handouts_worksheets/english/075sampl e_paragraph_definition.pdf


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