Presentation on theme: "Safety of Research Reactor In Indonesia"— Presentation transcript:
1Safety of Research Reactor In Indonesia Presented ByAi Melani, S.Si
2Content Introduction Code of Conduct on Safety of Research Reactor Research Reactor In IndonesiaUtilization of Research ReactorsUtilizations of Research Reactor in IndonesiaSafety Assessments of Research Reactor In IndonesiaConclusions
3Nuclear Installations and Materials Nuclear Installations IntroductionNuclearPowerPlants!?Nuclear Installations and MaterialsNuclear MaterialsAt Reactor and Non ReactorTENORMTin-Slag from Tin MinesNuclear Research Reactors(BATAN)RSG-GAS (30 MW)TRIGA-2000 (2 MW)KARTINI (100 kW)Nuclear InstallationsBATANNuclear Installations non ReactorNon-BATANRR Fuel Element Prod. Inst.Yellow Cake Prod. Inst.
4Code of Conduct on Safety of Research Reactor Code adopted by the IAEA General Conference on 24 September 2004Code establishes "best practice" guidelines for the licensing, construction and operation of research reactors.The author use the requirement in “code of conduct on the safety of research reactor” to review the safety of research reactor in Indonesia
5Research Reactor In Indonesia TRIGA 2000 ReactorLocation: Bandung, West JavaType: TRIGA reactorThermal power: 2000 kWFirst critical at 1964 (250 kW)Upgraded to 1000 kW on 1971Upgraded to 2000 kW on 2000License: valid up to 2016Fuel Element: 107Coolant : Light WaterEnrichment Max : 20%Moderator: H2O and ZrHSpent fuel storage cap:192 element
6Research Reactor In Indonesia Kartini ReactorLocation: Yogyakarta (Central Java)Type: TRIGA reactorThermal power: 100 kWSome components/structures were provided from first upgrading of Bandung reactor (1971)First critical at 1979License: valid up to 2010Fuel Element: 69Coolant : Light WaterEnrichment Max : 20%Moderator: H2O and ZrHSpent fuel storage cap:90 element
7Research Reactor In Indonesia G.A. Siwabessy MPR(RSG-GAS)Location: Serpong, Banten (West Java)Type: Multi Purpose ReactorThermal power: 30 MWFuel: U3Si2AlFirst critical at 1987License: valid up to 2020Number of Fuel : 48 elementEnrichment Max : 20%Spent fuel storage cap:300 on site /1490 off site
8Utilization of Research Reactor Irradiation test on fuel and materialsActivation AnalysisProduction of silicon semiconductorUtilization of Research ReactorsNeutron beam Experiments:Neutron radiographyNeutron Scattering ExperimentsProduction of isotopesOther fields:Education and training of reactor engineeringReactor Engineering StudiesShielding Experiments
9Utilization of Research Reactor In Indonesia GA Siwabessy MPR Serpong:Isotope production, neutron beam experiments, activation analysis, education and training, reactor engineering studies, etcKartini Reactor Yogyakarta:TRIGA 2000 Reactor Bandung:Isotope production, activation analysis, education and training, reactor engineering studies, etcIsotope production, neutron beam experiments, activation analysis, education and training, reactor engineering studies, etc
10Safety Assessment of Research Reactors (1) 1.ORGANIZATION AND MANAGEMENTa. Safety management system Clarifications of Responsibilities BATAN rules: Chairman, Head of Centre, Head of Reactor Division.b. Safety objectives of organizationsBATAN Top Level Policy sets out over-riding commitment to safety and a strong safety culture.c. Fostering Safety Culture Each Facility has activity to fostering safety culture of organization and personnel.d. Quality Assurance System Each Facility since beginning is subject to audit of QA yearly At BATAN Level: PSJMN, National: BAPETEN.e. Safety Case Safety analysis Report of each facilities was prepared since early of construction. It was revised continuously needed (Modification and new safety experiment)BAPETEN conduct review and assessment as basis stipulated license.
11Safety Assessment of Research Reactors (2) 2. EMERGENCY PREPARADNESSEach Facility established Emergency Preparedness TeamResponsible handling emergency condition: ensure on site and offsite conditions, and coordinating with external parties.EP Team conduct exercise yearly.3. EDUCATION AND TRAININGBATAN has education and training centre for all the BATAN employees.All operators are certified by BAPETEN after pass the training course and examination. Certified is for 3 years.
12Safety Assessment of Research Reactors (3) 4. OPERATION AND MAITENANCENormal shift for research reactor conduct by six staffs each include supervisor and operator reactor from reactor operation division.The Procedures for Information's transfer at shift handover at the recording and logs book in control room.The OL&Cs are part of the QA system.The maintenance scheduling system is used to manage the scheduling of maintenance.
13Safety Assessment of Research Reactors (4) 5.RADIATION PROTECTIONa. Management of Radiation ExposureSystem and organization for radiation and protection set out based on the IAEA BSS and includes directives on: Radiation Protection Principles: Policy on As Low As Reasonably Achievable.The policy requires assessment of all staff having doses >2 mSv/y and documented assessment are required. A monthly limit of 1 mSv is used for monitoring and an annual constraint of 15 mSv is used. No worker exceeded 10 mSv/y.b. Radiation MonitoringAll radiation workers wear TLDs and some electronic dosimeters.Staff working with unsealed sources wears wrist and finger TLDs as well.All identified radiological areas have are monitors and a barrier control process exist for these classified areas.
14Safety Assessment of Research Reactors (5) 5.RADIATION PROTECTIONc. Treatment and Reduction of Radioactive WasteEach centre has Quality management system procedures and instructions address waste minimization at the workplace level.ensure that non-radioactive waste is not mixed with radioactive waste and waste clearance systems to segregate and clear waste.Radioactive wastes are segregated and classified as Low Level or Intermediate Level and high Level by the organization operation (PRSG, PTRKN, PTAPB).
15Safety Assessment of Research Reactors (6) 6.MEASURES FOR IMPORTANT SAFETY ISSUESa. Critically Safety and Related IssuesTo prevent critically in waste storage, fuel storage is maintained through conservative design and assumptions, engineering safety provisions, and administrative controls.In shutdown and maintenance modes, there is sufficient shutdown margin even allowing for a worst case set of errors in reactivity accounting allowing one control arm to be safely withdrawn in maintenance or shutdown.To ensure decay heat removal and tolerant to expected initiators like loss of off-site power, loss of services, In shutdown mode, pumps primary circuit still running for a few minute.
16Safety Assessment of Research Reactors (7) 6.MEASURES FOR IMPORTANT SAFETY ISSUESb. Operating Experience FeedbackSafety enhancement based on operating experience feedback, systems have been implemented to analyze abnormal events, identify the causes and determine countermeasures.There is an established system of experience feedback, based on the Abnormal Occurrence Report (AOR) and follow-up after-action assignment (FAA) systems.c. Aging ManagementEach research reactor facility has been established aging management team, and the main task on this aging management team is to study on aging factors and conduct inspection related with ageing of SSC.
17Safety Assessment of Research Reactors (8) 6.MEASURES FOR IMPORTANT SAFETY ISSUESd. Safety of All activities and operations including experimentsThe systems been established to review and approve the safety of all activities and operations including experiments.Operations and Experiments are Controlees by the reactor operation division and approved by the internal safety division and then the regulator.A safety analysis is also needed of these experiments. The documentation is developing under a QA system.
18Safety Assessment of Research Reactors (9) 7.REGULATION AND LICENSINGa. IndependenceAct No. 10/1997 on Nuclear Energy:1. BAPETEN : Regulatory Body(Regulation, Licensing and Inspection)2. BATAN : Promotion Body or Operating Organization
19Safety Assessment of Research Reactors (10) 7.REGULATION AND LICENSINGBAPETNSOCIETYREGULATIONSafetyHealtPeacefullACTNo. 10/1997LICENSINGENVIRONMENTINSPECTIONassure the welfare, the security and the peace of people;assure the safety and the health of workers and public, and the environmental protection;maintain the legal order in implementing the use of nuclear energy;increase the legal awareness of nuclear energy user to develop a safety culture in nuclear field;prevent the diversion of the purpose of the nuclear material utilisation; andassure for maintaining and increasing the worker discipline on the implementation of nuclear energy utilisation.Function
20Safety Assessment of Research Reactors (11) 7.REGULATION AND LICENSINGNuclear Energy Act 10 Year 1997LAWBasic principles in safety arrangement for the development and beneficial use of nuclear energy.Government Regulation “Nuclear Reactors Licensing” No. 43 Year 2006GovernmentregulationsRegulation based on LawPresidentialDecreeRegulation based on LawRegulations ofChairman of BapetenDecree Of the Bapeten Chairman “Safety Provision On Research Reactors Operation” No. 10/99.Decree Of The Bapeten Chairman “safety provision on research reactor design” (No. 05/99)Etc…
21Safety Assessment of Research Reactors (12) 7.REGULATION AND LICENSINGb. Regulatory ProcessSafety objective put on strategic planning and enunciated by chairman of BAPETEN at Nuclear Safety Policy Statement and at the Regulation.Licensing ProcessPerform regular and incidental inspectionEnforcement
22ConclusionsThe status on the safety of research reactor in Indonesia especially coming from the criteria put on IAEA code of conduct the safety research reactor, and each research reactor has been performed safety assessment refer to code of conduct.Up to now the research reactor in Indonesia are in the safety condition.
24ReferenceIAEA Code of Conduct on The safety of Research Reactor, IAEA No. GC48-7, IAEA, Vienna, 1999.Act No. 10/1997 on Nuclear Energy, BAPETEN, Indonesia, 1997.Safety Analysis Report of Kartini Research Reactor, PTAPB-BATAN, Yogyakarta, Indonesia, 2007.Safety Analysis Report of Triga Mark II Research Reactor, PTNBR-BATAN, Bandung, Indonesia, 2006.Safety Analysis Report of MPR-30 Research Reactor, PRSG-BATAN, Serpong, Indonesia, 2006.Self Assessment Report of Kartini Research Reactor, PTAPB-BATAN, Yogyakarta, Indonesia, 2006.Self Assessment Report of Triga Mark II Research Reactor, PTNBR-BATAN, Bandung, Indonesia, 2006.Self Assessment Report of MPR-30 Research Reactor, PRSG-BATAN, Serpong, Indonesia, 2006.
25ReferenceGovernment Regulation No. 63/2000 on the provision of safety and health for use of ionizing radiation, BAPETEN, Indonesia, 2000.Government Regulation No. 26/2002 on the safe transport of radioactive material, BAPETEN, Indonesia, 2002.Government Regulation No. 43/2006 on the Licensing of Nuclear Reactor, BAPETEN, Indonesia, 2006.Decree of BAPETEN Chairman No. 01/1999 on the occupational safety provision against radiation, BAPETEN, Indonesia, 1999.Decree of BAPETEN Chairman No. 02/1999 on the limitation of environmental radioactivity level, BAPETEN, Indonesia, 1999.Decree of BAPETEN Chairman No. 10/1999 on the safety requirements for operation of nuclear reactor, BAPETEN, Indonesia, 1999.Decree of BAPETEN Chairman No. 05/1999 on the safety requirements for design of nuclear reactor, BAPETEN, Indonesia, 1999.