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Directorate For Licensing of Nuclear Installation and Material Nuclear Energy Regulatory Agency Safety of Research Reactor In Indonesia Presented By Ai.

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Presentation on theme: "Directorate For Licensing of Nuclear Installation and Material Nuclear Energy Regulatory Agency Safety of Research Reactor In Indonesia Presented By Ai."— Presentation transcript:

1 Directorate For Licensing of Nuclear Installation and Material Nuclear Energy Regulatory Agency Safety of Research Reactor In Indonesia Presented By Ai Melani, S.Si

2 Directorate For Licensing of Nuclear Installation and Material Nuclear Energy Regulatory Agency Content Introduction Code of Conduct on Safety of Research Reactor Research Reactor In Indonesia Utilization of Research Reactors Utilizations of Research Reactor in Indonesia Safety Assessments of Research Reactor In Indonesia Conclusions

3 Directorate For Licensing of Nuclear Installation and Material Nuclear Energy Regulatory Agency Introduction NuclearPowerPlants!? Nuclear Installations and Materials TENORM Tin-Slag from Tin Mines Tin-Slag from Tin Mines Nuclear Research Reactors (BATAN) (BATAN) RSG-GAS (30 MW) RSG-GAS (30 MW) TRIGA-2000 (2 MW) TRIGA-2000 (2 MW) KARTINI (100 kW) KARTINI (100 kW) Nuclear Installations BATAN Nuclear Installations non Reactor Nuclear Installations non ReactorNon-BATAN RR Fuel Element Prod. Inst. RR Fuel Element Prod. Inst. Yellow Cake Prod. Inst. Yellow Cake Prod. Inst. Nuclear Materials At Reactor and Non Reactor

4 Directorate For Licensing of Nuclear Installation and Material Nuclear Energy Regulatory Agency Code of Conduct on Safety of Research Reactor Code adopted by the IAEA General Conference on 24 September 2004 Code establishes "best practice" guidelines for the licensing, construction and operation of research reactors. The author use the requirement in code of conduct on the safety of research reactor to review the safety of research reactor in Indonesia

5 Directorate For Licensing of Nuclear Installation and Material Nuclear Energy Regulatory Agency Research Reactor In Indonesia TRIGA 2000 Reactor Location: Bandung, West Java Type: TRIGA reactor Thermal power: 2000 kW First critical at 1964 (250 kW) Upgraded to 1000 kW on 1971 Upgraded to 2000 kW on 2000 License: valid up to 2016 Fuel Element: 107 Coolant : Light Water Enrichment Max : 20% Moderator: H2O and ZrH Spent fuel storage cap:192 element

6 Directorate For Licensing of Nuclear Installation and Material Nuclear Energy Regulatory Agency Research Reactor In Indonesia Kartini Reactor Location: Yogyakarta (Central Java) Type: TRIGA reactor Thermal power: 100 kW Some components/structures were provided from first upgrading of Bandung reactor (1971) First critical at 1979 License: valid up to 2010 Fuel Element: 69 Coolant : Light Water Enrichment Max : 20% Moderator: H2O and ZrH Spent fuel storage cap:90 element

7 Directorate For Licensing of Nuclear Installation and Material Nuclear Energy Regulatory Agency Research Reactor In Indonesia G.A. Siwabessy MPR (RSG-GAS) Location: Serpong, Banten (West Java) Type: Multi Purpose Reactor Thermal power: 30 MW Fuel: U 3 Si 2 Al First critical at 1987 License: valid up to 2020 Number of Fuel : 48 element Enrichment Max : 20% Spent fuel storage cap:300 on site /1490 off site

8 Directorate For Licensing of Nuclear Installation and Material Nuclear Energy Regulatory Agency Utilization of Research Reactor Utilization of Research Reactors Production of isotopes Neutron beam Experiments : Neutron radiography Neutron Scattering Experiments Neutron beam Experiments : Neutron radiography Neutron Scattering Experiments Other fields: Education and training of reactor engineering Reactor Engineering Studies Shielding Experiments Other fields: Education and training of reactor engineering Reactor Engineering Studies Shielding Experiments Production of silicon semiconductor Irradiation test on fuel and materials Activation Analysis

9 Directorate For Licensing of Nuclear Installation and Material Nuclear Energy Regulatory Agency GA Siwabessy MPR Serpong: Isotope production, neutron beam experiments, activation analysis, education and training, reactor engineering studies, etc Utilization of Research Reactor In Indonesia TRIGA 2000 Reactor Bandung: Isotope production, neutron beam experiments, activation analysis, education and training, reactor engineering studies, etc Kartini Reactor Yogyakarta: Isotope production, activation analysis, education and training, reactor engineering studies, etc

10 Directorate For Licensing of Nuclear Installation and Material Nuclear Energy Regulatory Agency Safety Assessment of Research Reactors (1) 1.ORGANIZATION AND MANAGEMENT a. Safety management system Clarifications of Responsibilities BATAN rules: Chairman, Head of Centre, Head of Reactor Division. b. Safety objectives of organizations BATAN Top Level Policy sets out over-riding commitment to safety and a strong safety culture. c. Fostering Safety Culture Each Facility has activity to fostering safety culture of organization and personnel. d. Quality Assurance System Each Facility since beginning is subject to audit of QA yearly At BATAN Level: PSJMN, National: BAPETEN. e. Safety Case Safety analysis Report of each facilities was prepared since early of construction. It was revised continuously needed (Modification and new safety experiment) BAPETEN conduct review and assessment as basis stipulated license.

11 Directorate For Licensing of Nuclear Installation and Material Nuclear Energy Regulatory Agency Safety Assessment of Research Reactors (2) 2. EMERGENCY PREPARADNESS Each Facility established Emergency Preparedness Team Responsible handling emergency condition: ensure on site and offsite conditions, and coordinating with external parties. EP Team conduct exercise yearly. 3. EDUCATION AND TRAINING BATAN has education and training centre for all the BATAN employees. All operators are certified by BAPETEN after pass the training course and examination. Certified is for 3 years.

12 Directorate For Licensing of Nuclear Installation and Material Nuclear Energy Regulatory Agency Safety Assessment of Research Reactors (3) 4. OPERATION AND MAITENANCE Normal shift for research reactor conduct by six staffs each include supervisor and operator reactor from reactor operation division. The Procedures for Information's transfer at shift handover at the recording and logs book in control room. The OL&Cs are part of the QA system. The maintenance scheduling system is used to manage the scheduling of maintenance.

13 Directorate For Licensing of Nuclear Installation and Material Nuclear Energy Regulatory Agency Safety Assessment of Research Reactors (4) 5.RADIATION PROTECTION a. Management of Radiation Exposure System and organization for radiation and protection set out based on the IAEA BSS and includes directives on: Radiation Protection Principles: Policy on As Low As Reasonably Achievable. The policy requires assessment of all staff having doses >2 mSv/y and documented assessment are required. A monthly limit of 1 mSv is used for monitoring and an annual constraint of 15 mSv is used. No worker exceeded 10 mSv/y. b. Radiation Monitoring All radiation workers wear TLDs and some electronic dosimeters. Staff working with unsealed sources wears wrist and finger TLDs as well. All identified radiological areas have are monitors and a barrier control process exist for these classified areas.

14 Directorate For Licensing of Nuclear Installation and Material Nuclear Energy Regulatory Agency Safety Assessment of Research Reactors (5) 5.RADIATION PROTECTION c. Treatment and Reduction of Radioactive Waste Each centre has Quality management system procedures and instructions address waste minimization at the workplace level. ensure that non-radioactive waste is not mixed with radioactive waste and waste clearance systems to segregate and clear waste. Radioactive wastes are segregated and classified as Low Level or Intermediate Level and high Level by the organization operation (PRSG, PTRKN, PTAPB).

15 Directorate For Licensing of Nuclear Installation and Material Nuclear Energy Regulatory Agency Safety Assessment of Research Reactors (6) 6.MEASURES FOR IMPORTANT SAFETY ISSUES a. Critically Safety and Related Issues To prevent critically in waste storage, fuel storage is maintained through conservative design and assumptions, engineering safety provisions, and administrative controls. In shutdown and maintenance modes, there is sufficient shutdown margin even allowing for a worst case set of errors in reactivity accounting allowing one control arm to be safely withdrawn in maintenance or shutdown. To ensure decay heat removal and tolerant to expected initiators like loss of off-site power, loss of services, In shutdown mode, pumps primary circuit still running for a few minute.

16 Directorate For Licensing of Nuclear Installation and Material Nuclear Energy Regulatory Agency Safety Assessment of Research Reactors (7) 6.MEASURES FOR IMPORTANT SAFETY ISSUES b. Operating Experience Feedback Safety enhancement based on operating experience feedback, systems have been implemented to analyze abnormal events, identify the causes and determine countermeasures. There is an established system of experience feedback, based on the Abnormal Occurrence Report (AOR) and follow-up after-action assignment (FAA) systems. c. Aging Management Each research reactor facility has been established aging management team, and the main task on this aging management team is to study on aging factors and conduct inspection related with ageing of SSC.

17 Directorate For Licensing of Nuclear Installation and Material Nuclear Energy Regulatory Agency Safety Assessment of Research Reactors (8) 6.MEASURES FOR IMPORTANT SAFETY ISSUES d. Safety of All activities and operations including experiments The systems been established to review and approve the safety of all activities and operations including experiments. Operations and Experiments are Controlees by the reactor operation division and approved by the internal safety division and then the regulator. A safety analysis is also needed of these experiments. The documentation is developing under a QA system.

18 Directorate For Licensing of Nuclear Installation and Material Nuclear Energy Regulatory Agency Safety Assessment of Research Reactors (9) 7.REGULATION AND LICENSING a. Independence Act No. 10/1997 on Nuclear Energy: 1. BAPETEN : Regulatory Body (Regulation, Licensing and Inspection) 2. BATAN : Promotion Body or Operating Organization

19 Directorate For Licensing of Nuclear Installation and Material Nuclear Energy Regulatory Agency Safety Assessment of Research Reactors (10) INSPECTION LICENSING BAPETENBAPETEN Function ACT No. 10/1997 REGULATION Safety Healt Peacefull SOCIETY ENVIRONMENT assure the welfare, the security and the peace of people; assure the safety and the health of workers and public, and the environmental protection; maintain the legal order in implementing the use of nuclear energy; increase the legal awareness of nuclear energy user to develop a safety culture in nuclear field; prevent the diversion of the purpose of the nuclear material utilisation; and assure for maintaining and increasing the worker discipline on the implementation of nuclear energy utilisation. 7.REGULATION AND LICENSING

20 Directorate For Licensing of Nuclear Installation and Material Nuclear Energy Regulatory Agency Regulations of Chairman of Bapeten Government regulations Presidential Decree LAW Basic principles in safety arrangement for the development and beneficial use of nuclear energy. Nuclear Energy Act 10 Year 1997 Government Regulation Nuclear Reactors Licensing No. 43 Year 2006 1.Decree Of the Bapeten Chairman Safety Provision On Research Reactors Operation No. 10/99. 2.Decree Of The Bapeten Chairman safety provision on research reactor design (No. 05/99) 3.Etc… Regulation based on Law Safety Assessment of Research Reactors (11) 7.REGULATION AND LICENSING

21 Directorate For Licensing of Nuclear Installation and Material Nuclear Energy Regulatory Agency Safety Assessment of Research Reactors (12) 7.REGULATION AND LICENSING b. Regulatory Process Safety objective put on strategic planning and enunciated by chairman of BAPETEN at Nuclear Safety Policy Statement and at the Regulation. Licensing Process Perform regular and incidental inspection Enforcement

22 Directorate For Licensing of Nuclear Installation and Material Nuclear Energy Regulatory Agency Conclusions The status on the safety of research reactor in Indonesia especially coming from the criteria put on IAEA code of conduct the safety research reactor, and each research reactor has been performed safety assessment refer to code of conduct. Up to now the research reactor in Indonesia are in the safety condition.

23 Directorate For Licensing of Nuclear Installation and Material Nuclear Energy Regulatory Agency THANK YOU

24 Directorate For Licensing of Nuclear Installation and Material Nuclear Energy Regulatory Agency Reference IAEA Code of Conduct on The safety of Research Reactor, IAEA No. GC48-7, IAEA, Vienna, 1999. Act No. 10/1997 on Nuclear Energy, BAPETEN, Indonesia, 1997. Safety Analysis Report of Kartini Research Reactor, PTAPB-BATAN, Yogyakarta, Indonesia, 2007. Safety Analysis Report of Triga Mark II Research Reactor, PTNBR- BATAN, Bandung, Indonesia, 2006. Safety Analysis Report of MPR-30 Research Reactor, PRSG-BATAN, Serpong, Indonesia, 2006. Self Assessment Report of Kartini Research Reactor, PTAPB-BATAN, Yogyakarta, Indonesia, 2006. Self Assessment Report of Triga Mark II Research Reactor, PTNBR- BATAN, Bandung, Indonesia, 2006. Self Assessment Report of MPR-30 Research Reactor, PRSG-BATAN, Serpong, Indonesia, 2006.

25 Directorate For Licensing of Nuclear Installation and Material Nuclear Energy Regulatory Agency Reference Government Regulation No. 63/2000 on the provision of safety and health for use of ionizing radiation, BAPETEN, Indonesia, 2000. Government Regulation No. 26/2002 on the safe transport of radioactive material, BAPETEN, Indonesia, 2002. Government Regulation No. 43/2006 on the Licensing of Nuclear Reactor, BAPETEN, Indonesia, 2006. Decree of BAPETEN Chairman No. 01/1999 on the occupational safety provision against radiation, BAPETEN, Indonesia, 1999. Decree of BAPETEN Chairman No. 02/1999 on the limitation of environmental radioactivity level, BAPETEN, Indonesia, 1999. Decree of BAPETEN Chairman No. 10/1999 on the safety requirements for operation of nuclear reactor, BAPETEN, Indonesia, 1999. Decree of BAPETEN Chairman No. 05/1999 on the safety requirements for design of nuclear reactor, BAPETEN, Indonesia, 1999.


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