Countries where English is spoken United Kingdom (England, Scotland, Ireland United States Canada Australia New Zealand South Africa Zimbabwe Jamaica, Barbados, St. Lucia, Trinidad and Tobago, and other Caribbean countries.
Indo-European languages Albanian Armenian Baltic Celtic Germanic – 1. West Germanic – Gothic 2. North Germanic – Icelandic, Norwegian, Faroese, Danish, Swedish 3. East Germanic - English, Frisian, Dutch, Flemish, Low German, High German, Afrikaans, Yiddish Greek Slavic – Bulgarian, Russian, Polish Indo-Iranian Italic – Romance languages
Groups that inhabited the British Islands Celts – law, feet, geese, mice Romans – priest, altar, psalm Angles, Jutes Saxons - the verb to be, cut, both, egg, sky Normans - armor, court, amour, baron, noble, count, prince, duke ; pig – pork; cow – beef
Fill in the blanks with the correct form of the following verbs: become – write – marry – be born – call – be staged- be William Shakespeare ________on April 23, 1564, in Stratford-Upon- Avon. He _____________ and from the marriage three children________________. He _____________ an actor and shareholder in the Company The Chamberlain’s Men, later __________ King’s Men. He _________ plays, comedies, and poetry. His plays ___________ in the most important theatre in London, The Globe. He ___________ one of the greatest playwrights and poets of the English language and of world literature. Playwright Shareholder
William Shakespeare was born on April 23, 1565, in Stratford-Upon- Avon. He married and three children were born. He became an actor in the company The Chamberlain’s Men, later called King’s Men. He wrote plays (tragedies, comedies tragicomedies) and poetry. His plays were staged in the most important theatre in London, The Globe. He is one of the greatest playwrights and poets of the English language and of world literature. Playwright – dramatist Shareholder – one who owns shares of a company’s stock
William Shakespeare (1564- 1616) Historical Tragedies: Henry VI, Richard III, Titus Andronicus, Henry IV (I and II parts), Henry V, Richard II, Julius Caesar, Anthony and Cleopatra, Troilus and Cressida, Coriolanus, Timon of Athens, Henry III, Henry VI
Shakespeare’s Great Tragedies Hamlet, Prince of Denmark Macbeth Othello, the Moor of Venice King Lear Romeo and Juliet
Comedies The Comedy of Errors – La Comedia de Errores The Taming of the Shrew – La fierecilla domada Two Gentlemen of Verona – Los dos hidalgos de Verona Love’s Labor’s Lost – Trabajos de Amor perdidos Midsummer Night’s Dream – Sueño de una noche de verano The Merchant of Venice - El Mercader de Venecia
Comedies Much Ado About Nothing – Mucho ruido y pocas nueces As You Like It – Como gustes (Como gustéis) Twelfth Night – La duodécima noche, o La noche de epifanía The Merry Wives of Windsor – Las alegres Comadres de Windsor, Las Alegres casadas de Windsor All’s Well that Ends Well – Lo que bien empieza, bien acaba, o A buen final no hay mal principio Measure for Measure – Medida por medida
Tragicomedies Pericles Cymbeline A Winter’s Tale The Tempest
Excerpt from Sonnet XVIII Shall I compare thee to a summer’s day? Thou art more lovely and more temperate: Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May, And summer’s lease hath all too short a date: But thy eternal summer shall not fade…
Thou – personal pronoun, You thee – a form of thou used as a the object of a verb or preposition thy - the second person singular possessive art – 2 nd person singular of verb to be hath – 3 rd person singular for the verb to have temperate – warm bud – unopened flower lease – a period of time
The protagonist or main character – the most important character in a novel, play, story or other work of fiction. Monologue – a speech uttered by one speaker, either to others or as if alone; in a soliloquy the speaker is supposed to be overheard while alone
The speaker– the person who speaks in the poem does not necessarily have to be the poet. It is called the speaker, an unknown person who speaks in the poem. It can be a woman, a man, a child, an object.
Figures of speech Alliteration - The use of the same sound or sounds, especially consonants, at the beginning of several words that are close together. Examples: cute cats the sound of silence Many a man And live alone in the bee-loud glade
Figures of speech Imagery – is the use of vivid figurative language to represent objects, actions, or ideas. Metaphors -an expression which describes a person or object by referring to something that is considered to have similar characteristics. 'The mind is an ocean', 'the city is a jungle', ‘you are my sunshine’
Figures of speech Simile - an expression comparing two unlike things, always including the words `as' or `like'. 'She walks in beauty, like the night...' ‘I wandered lonely as a cloud’
Out, out brief candle! Life’s but a walking shadow, a poor player That struts and frets his hour upon the stage And then is heard no more. It is a tale Told by an idiot, full of sound and fury, Signifying nothing.