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OEC/ICTAP Office of Emergency Communications / Interoperable Communications Technical Assistance Program Gateway Training Workshop Module One Basic Gateway.

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Presentation on theme: "OEC/ICTAP Office of Emergency Communications / Interoperable Communications Technical Assistance Program Gateway Training Workshop Module One Basic Gateway."— Presentation transcript:

1 OEC/ICTAP Office of Emergency Communications / Interoperable Communications Technical Assistance Program Gateway Training Workshop Module One Basic Gateway Overview Patrick Kempker Gateway Instructor OEC/ICTAP (619)

2 OEC/ICTAP Office of Emergency Communications / Interoperable Communications Technical Assistance Program 2 Basic Gateway Overview General Interoperability Methods Urban Areas Specific Interoperability Technologies Gateway Operations Deployment Considerations Activation / De-activation Limitations Best Practices

3 OEC/ICTAP Office of Emergency Communications / Interoperable Communications Technical Assistance Program 3 Interoperability Methods SAFECOM Interoperability Continuum

4 OEC/ICTAP Office of Emergency Communications / Interoperable Communications Technical Assistance Program 4 Interoperability Methods (Continued) Radio Communications Interoperability Strategies Same Radio System Swap Radios Shared System Commercial Services Common Frequencies Multimode Radios System-to-System Gateways Console Interface Multi- System Controllers

5 OEC/ICTAP Office of Emergency Communications / Interoperable Communications Technical Assistance Program 5 Interoperability Methods (Continued) P25 Standards Will Fix Common Air Interface Modulation Schemes Conventional radios Digital radios Trunked radios Internet connectivity (Phase 2) Data Transfer (limited) Narrowband Requirements Will NOT Fix Different Frequency Lack of Coverage

6 OEC/ICTAP Office of Emergency Communications / Interoperable Communications Technical Assistance Program 6 Urban Areas Specific Interoperability Technologies Switch to the Statewide Communications Interoperability Plan (SCIP) / Tactical Interoperable Communications Plan (TIC Plan) Informational handout

7 OEC/ICTAP Office of Emergency Communications / Interoperable Communications Technical Assistance Program 7 ACU-2000IP TRP-1000 ICRI InfiniMux RIOS Transportable ACU-1000 ACU-T ACU-M RIOS Rack Mount Gateway Operations

8 OEC/ICTAP Office of Emergency Communications / Interoperable Communications Technical Assistance Program 8 Deployment Considerations Incident Area Network (IAN) – Small, temporary network created for a specific incident Transportable Fixed Jurisdiction Area Network (JAN) - Main communications network for first responders; provides connectivity to the Extended Area Network (EAN). Extended Area Network (EAN) - Links city, county, regional, state, and national systems Portable

9 OEC/ICTAP Office of Emergency Communications / Interoperable Communications Technical Assistance Program 9 Deployment Considerations PSTN Remote Sites Interface Devices Cellular VHF Network UHF 700/800 MHz Iridium 802.X LAN Interface Devices Network Audio Gateway Note: The Audio Bridge/Gateway doesnt transmit or receive any signals. All modulation and demodulation is accomplished by the interfaced devices.

10 OEC/ICTAP Office of Emergency Communications / Interoperable Communications Technical Assistance Program 10 Deployment Considerations: Gateway Placement Good Signal Out of Range GATEWAY SmartNet EDACS Conventional

11 OEC/ICTAP Office of Emergency Communications / Interoperable Communications Technical Assistance Program 11 Gateways interfaced to radios using simplex/direct frequencies requires a smaller coverage area and can work well for Incident Area Networks Gateway Deployment Considerations: Extending Coverage Area

12 OEC/ICTAP Office of Emergency Communications / Interoperable Communications Technical Assistance Program 12 Activation/De-activation Switch back to the SCIP/TIC Plan Informational handout

13 OEC/ICTAP Office of Emergency Communications / Interoperable Communications Technical Assistance Program 13 Gateway Limitations: Overview Gateways retransmit across multiple frequency bands and/or systems providing an interim interoperability solution as agencies move toward shared systems. However, gateways have the following limitations: No Encryption Inefficiencies Geographic Area Portable Battery Life Set-up Time Frequency conflicts/interference

14 OEC/ICTAP Office of Emergency Communications / Interoperable Communications Technical Assistance Program 14 Gateway Limitation: No Encryption The Gateways dont transmit or receive any signals Gateways pass baseband audio (audible voice) All modulation / demodulation and Encryption/Decryption is accomplished by the interface devices Example: An encrypted signal comes into an interface device, it decrypts the signal and passes the baseband audio to the devices patched to it. If the other devices are encrypted the audio is re-encrypted and sent out. However, if a device isnt encrypted the audio is still retransmitted in the clear. Remember, at a minimum the audio can be monitored in the clear at the gateway.

15 OEC/ICTAP Office of Emergency Communications / Interoperable Communications Technical Assistance Program 15 Gateway Limitation: Inefficiency Additional Assets To provide interoperability on the scene of an incident each agency needs to provide a mobile radio in advance or a portable on the scene of the incident This ties up one radio asset for each system/channel, the more channels you tie together in a talk group the more radio spectrum being utilized Example: If we share a common frequency and everyone turns to that frequency we have interoperability, no extra radios or radio frequencies are being used. If we are patched through a gateway, we are still using our radios on the scene but now there are two extra radio assets patched through the gateway and we are using twice the radio spectrum.

16 OEC/ICTAP Office of Emergency Communications / Interoperable Communications Technical Assistance Program 16 Gateway Limitation: Coverage Area Gateway's effective geographic coverage area is limited to the area that is common to all systems participating in that link. Common Area Note: In this usage the Gateway does not increase your coverage range. Your radio must be able to hit your normal network to communicate

17 OEC/ICTAP Office of Emergency Communications / Interoperable Communications Technical Assistance Program 17 Gateway Limitation: Set-Up Some gateways require significant time to configure, others are a matter of simply hooking up radios and turning the system on. It doesnt matter the type of gateway you use, it is imperative the gateway be configured in its standard operating configuration prior to deployment Example: The gateway will be used to connect an 800 MHz trunked system to a conventional system on a regular basis. The trunk channel requires time to get an acknowledgement tone back from the system prior to transmission; the gateway must be configured to allow for this delay so none of the message is lost during transition. All gateways must pass the shoot/dont shoot rule losing one word can ruin someones day.

18 OEC/ICTAP Office of Emergency Communications / Interoperable Communications Technical Assistance Program 18 Gateway Limitation: Battery Life Portable Radios have a Limited Use Time Due to Battery Life Mobile gateways are designed to enable interoperable communications for short duration events To extend mobile gateway operating time, consider: additional power sources, radio chargers, and extra batteries

19 OEC/ICTAP Office of Emergency Communications / Interoperable Communications Technical Assistance Program 19 Gateway Limitation: Frequency Conflicts / Interference Antennas must be properly positioned to prevent radio interference or desensitizing the radio receivers In regions where multiple mobile gateway devices are accessible, it is critical to coordinate the use of these devices to ensure that multiple gateways do not step-on each other Example1: Patching multiple VHF channels on the same Gateway (GW) can raise the noise level in the immediate area of the GW so the effective range may be reduced. Example 2: If GW 1 has 12 radios interfaced to it and the radios are programmed to frequencies GW2 has 5 radios interfaced to it and they are programmed to frequencies 1-5. GW1 creates a patch between 1, 6, and 8. GW2 creates a patch to 1, 3, and 5. This is the same as if you had one GW patching channels 1, 3, 5, 6 and 8 together. At best this scenario will add confusion, at worst the radio chatter will make both systems unusable. Coordinate all patches through the Incident Communications Leader (COML).

20 OEC/ICTAP Office of Emergency Communications / Interoperable Communications Technical Assistance Program 20 Best Practices No Encryption Treat all conversations as if they are in the clean Inefficiencies To prevent excess chatter, only patch those systems that really need to talk to each other for the time they need to talk. Remember, just because you can patch someone doesnt mean you should Never patch talkgroups on the same trunked system together; you could cause your own system busy. When using an audio gateway with a trunked system, its best to have a high priority talkgroup on the system dedicated for gateway use

21 OEC/ICTAP Office of Emergency Communications / Interoperable Communications Technical Assistance Program 21 Best Practices (Continued) Geographic Area Use simplex/direct frequencies for localized incidents Portable Battery Life Use mobile radios whenever possible Set-up Time Interface radios should be tested and adjusted with the audio gateway prior to initial deployment. Some mobile radios require special programming, others may require hardware modification

22 OEC/ICTAP Office of Emergency Communications / Interoperable Communications Technical Assistance Program 22 Best Practices (Continued) Setup Time (Continued) All gateways require special interface cables to connect to the various types of radios. If a radio must be added ad hoc, the requesting organization should provide a portable radio, additional batteries, charger, and the interface cable Frequency conflicts/interference Coordination is the key - always go through the Communications Leader prior to creating a patch and know what is being patch

23 OEC/ICTAP Office of Emergency Communications / Interoperable Communications Technical Assistance Program 23 Questions ????

24 OEC/ICTAP Office of Emergency Communications / Interoperable Communications Technical Assistance Program


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