Staying up especially late on weekends is most likely to have an influence on: 1.narcolepsy. 2.sleep apnea. 3.the circadian rhythm. 4.seasonal affective disorder.
Which of the following sleep disorders is most strongly associated with obesity? 1.narcolepsy 2.insomnia 3.night terrors 4.sleep apnea
Those who complain of insomnia typically _______ how long it actually takes them to fall asleep and ________ how long they actually slept. 1.underestimate; overestimate 2.overestimate; underestimate 3.underestimate; underestimate 4.overestimate; overestimate
The social influence theory of hypnosis receives support from evidence that: 1.behaviors produced through hypnotic procedures can also be produced without them. 2.hypnotized subjects have a hidden observer. 3.easily hypnotized individuals have difficulty focusing attention on their own thoughts and feelings. 4.very few people are at all responsive to hypnotic suggestions.
In an experiment, hypnotized subjects are told to scratch their ear if they hear the word "psychology" mentioned later. The fact that they do so only if they think the experiment is still under way most clearly supports the theory that hypnosis involves: 1.dissociation. 2.psychological dependence. 3.role-playing. 4.hypnogogic sensations.
Hallucinations similar to those that accompany the near-death experience can be produced by: 1.oxygen deprivation. 2.dehydration. 3.dissociation. 4.cocaine use.
Critical Thinking Questions
Your friend insists that she rarely has dreams. What is the most likely explanation for this situation? 1.She probably has dreams every night, but only rarely remembers her dreams. 2.She probably uses barbiturates to help her sleep every night. 3.This is normal; most people never dream. 4.She stays up too late at night and gets up too early in the morning.
Alex complains of chronic insomnia. He has had a medical check-up and is healthy, yet he has difficulty falling asleep. (Continued on next slide)
What is the best advice you can give in this situation? 1.Have a glass of wine right before bedtime. 2.Go to the doctor and get a prescription for sleeping pills. 3.Go to bed at the same time every evening and wake up at the same time in the morning. 4.Do some strenuous exercise right before going to bed. (Continued from previous slide)
Your young child wakes up a few nights per month seemingly in a panic. She sits up in bed screaming and crying. You rush in to calm her and to see what is happening. The child usually returns to sleep and doesn’t remember this happening at all. (Continued on next slide)
What is the best explanation for this behavior? 1.She may be exhibiting symptoms of early onset epilepsy. 2.She has excessive anxiety during the day. 3.She has too much sugar in her diet. 4.She is probably experiencing night terrors, a fairly common event in early childhood. (Continued from previous slide)