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Preview Warm Up California Standards Lesson Presentation

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Warm Up Graph each integer and its opposite on a number line. – –2 –8–7–6 –5–4 –3 –2 –1 0 Graph each integer on a number line. 4. 7, –2, 0, 3, –5 –8–7–6 –5–4 –3 –2 –1 0

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Preparation for AF3.3 Graph linear functions, noting that the vertical change (change in y-value) per unit of horizontal change (change in x-value) is always the same and know that the ratio (“rise over run”) is called the slope of a graph. California Standards

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Vocabulary coordinate plane x-axis y-axis origin quadrant ordered pair

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x y A coordinate plane is a plane containing a horizontal number line, the x-axis, and a vertical number line, the y-axis. The intersection of these axes is called the origin. 5 y-axis 4 Quadrant II 3 Quadrant I 2 x-axis 1 –5 –4 –3 –2 –1 Origin 1 2 3 4 5 –1 –2 Quadrant III –3 Quadrant IV –4 –5 The axes divide the coordinate plane into four regions called quadrants.

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**Additional Example 1: Identifying Quadrants on a Coordinate Plane**

Identify the quadrant that contains each point. x y –2 2 –4 4 –1 –3 –5 5 3 1 A. S W S lies in quadrant IV. T B. T T lies in quadrant I. C. W S W lies on the y-axis between Quadrants I and II

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**N lies in quadrant II. Check It Out! Example 1**

Identify the quadrant that contains each point. x y –2 2 –4 4 –1 –3 –5 5 3 1 A. N N lies in quadrant II. N B. X Y X lies in quadrant III. C. Y Y lies on the origin. X

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An ordered pair is a pair of numbers (x, y) that can be used to locate a point on a coordinate plane. The two numbers that form the ordered pair are called coordinates. The origin is identified by the ordered pair (0,0). x y –2 2 –4 4 –1 –3 –5 5 3 1 2 units up 3 units right Ordered pair (3, 2) x-coordinate y-coordinate Units right or left from 0 Units up or down from 0

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**Additional Example 2: Plotting Points on a Coordinate Plane**

Plot each point on a coordinate plane. x y –2 2 –4 4 –1 –3 –5 5 3 1 A. D (3, 3) Start at the origin. Move 3 units right and 3 units up. D B. E (–2, –3) Start at the origin. Move 2 units left and 3 units down. E F C. F (3, –5) Start at the origin. Move 3 units right and 5 units down.

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**Start at the origin. Move 4 units right and 4 units up.**

Check It Out! Example 2 Plot each point on a coordinate plane. x y –2 2 –4 4 –1 –3 –5 5 3 1 A. D (4, 4) E D Start at the origin. Move 4 units right and 4 units up. B. E (–2, 3) Start at the origin. Move 2 units left and 3 units up. F C. F (–1, –2) Start at the origin. Move 1 unit left and 2 units down.

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**Additional Example 3: Identifying Points on a Coordinate Plane**

Give the coordinates of each point. x y –2 2 –4 4 –1 –3 –5 5 3 1 A. X (–2, 5) X Start at the origin. Point X is 2 units left and 5 units up. Y B. Y (–1, 0) Start at the origin. Point Y is one unit left on the x-axis. Z C. Z (3, –3) Start at the origin. Point Z is 3 units right and 3 units down.

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**Start at the origin. Point L is 4 units left and 3 units up.**

Check It Out! Example 3 Give the coordinates of each point. x y –2 2 –4 4 –1 –3 –5 5 3 1 A. L (–4, 3) N L Start at the origin. Point L is 4 units left and 3 units up. B. M (–2, –2) M Start at the origin. Point M is 2 units left and 2 units down. C. N (3, 4) Start at the origin. Point N is 3 units right and 4 units up.

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Lesson Quiz: Part I Give the coordinates of each point and identify the quadrant that contains each point. x y –2 2 –4 4 –1 –3 –5 5 3 1 1. A (–2, 4); II A C 2. B (3, –2); IV 3. C (2, 3); I Plot each point on a coordinate plane. E B 4. D (2, –3) D 5. E (–4, –2)

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Lesson Quiz: Part II 6. To plot (7, –2) a student started at (0, 0) and moved 7 units left and 2 units down. What did the student do wrong? He should have moved 7 units right.

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