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Politique et institutions 4.3 La gouvernance Prof. Andreas Ladner Master PMP automne 2012
| ©IDHEAP – | | 15/12/2014 | Gouvernance Aujourd’hui on parle de moins en moins de la nouvelle gestion publique. Le terme gouvernance s’apprête à prendre la relance. Gouverner dans des structures de réseaux, à travers différents niveaux politiques et en collaboration avec le secteur privé est le défi actuel. | Diapositive 2 |
| ©IDHEAP – | | 15/12/2014 | NFA PPP Agglomeration | Diapositive 3 |
| ©IDHEAP – | | 15/12/2014 | Bibliography (1) Benz, Arthur (Hrsg.), Governance – Regieren in komplexen Regelsystemen. Eine Einführung. VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften. Rhodes, R. (1997). Understanding Governance: Policy Networks, Governance, Reflexivity and Accountability. Buckingham Pierre, Jon and Guy B Peters Governance, Politics and the State. London. Rosenau, James N and Ernst-Otto Czzempiel (Hrsg.) Governence without Government: Order and Change in World Politics. Cambridge. | Diapositive 4 |
| ©IDHEAP – | | 15/12/2014 | Bibliography (2) Mayntz, Renate New Challenges to Governance Theory. Jean Monnet Chair Paper Nr. 50. Kersbergen, Kees Van and Frans Van Waarden 'Governance' as a bridge between disciplines. EJPR, 43(2) Papadopoulos, Yannis Governance und Demokratie. In: Benz, Arthur (Hrsg.), Governance – Regieren in komplexen Regelsystemen. Eine Einführung. VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften. | Diapositive 5 |
| ©IDHEAP – | | 15/12/2014 | “Governance” “En vogue” “notoriously slippery” (Pierre/Peters 2000:7) used in different disciplines (in economics in the 1930s already) “the act or manner of governing” | Diapositive 6 |
| ©IDHEAP – | | 15/12/2014 | Governance = A new form of governing (political steering) in complexe, network like structures of actors. | Diapositive 7 |
| ©IDHEAP – | | 15/12/2014 | Steering StateMarket Governance Hierarchy Competition Negotiation and coordination in networks | Diapositive 8 |
| ©IDHEAP – | | 15/12/2014 | Actors involved are located on two dimensions Vertical: UN, EU, CH, cantons, regions, agglomerations, municipalities Horizontal: cooperation with other territorial units on the same level, cooperation with private sector units | Diapositive 9 |
| ©IDHEAP – | | 15/12/2014 | Governance in International Relations Deciding without sovereignty -> interaction and cooperation between governments, administrations and civil society organizations No clear hierarchy, steering and control as a mixture of unilateral influence and cooperation, communication and negotiation, processes are more important than structures Rosenau/Czempiel 1992 | Diapositive 10 |
| ©IDHEAP – | | 15/12/2014 | Governance and Policy research The development of political programs and their implementation is no longer in the hands of the sovereign state only. Strong cooperation between public and private actors. Politics as management of interdependencies. Steering and control as interactive processes between collective actors. Mayntz 1998 | Diapositive 11 |
| ©IDHEAP – | | 15/12/2014 | Different story: “Good Governance” The World Bank (1992) uses the concept of Good Governance in a normative sense. It highlights aspects like rule of law, transparency, accountability, responsiveness, participation, efficiency, effectiveness, decentralization and subsidiarity as key requirements of the modern state. | Diapositive 12 |
| ©IDHEAP – | | 15/12/2014 | Governance and NPM? Transparency, efficiency, customer surveys, outsourcing, etc. The “Third Way”, New Labour and Giddens Discussion | Diapositive 13 |
| ©IDHEAP – | | 15/12/2014 | The theoretical backgrounds of governance Governance is not a theory! Many mothers and fathers! | Diapositive 14 |
| ©IDHEAP – | | 15/12/2014 | The theoretical approaches towards governance Neo-institutionalism (actor oriented, historical) Economic theories of politics and institutions System theories (cybernetic or autopoietic) Theories of actors, decisions, bargaining Network theories Game theories | Diapositive 15 |
| ©IDHEAP – | | 15/12/2014 | To sum up: Governance stresses the importance of network structures and the blurring of a clear cut distinction between the state and the private sector, the multilevel character of sub- and supranational state activities, the decreasing importance of hierarchies, the importance of processes instead of structures, mainly negotiation and cooperation instead of coercion, command and control (Kersbergen/Van Waarden 2004: 152), | Diapositive 16 |
| ©IDHEAP – | | 15/12/2014 | Governance and Democracy (1) Participatory, partnership and network like settings are not necessarily democratic –Accountability problem –Problem of representation –Policy communities –Influence of interest groups –Influence of parliaments See for example Papadopoulos 2004 | Diapositive 17 |
| ©IDHEAP – | | 15/12/2014 | Governance and Democracy (2) See Kübler/Heinelt text (p.14) about New Regionalism: The pessimistic view: increase of the effectiveness of policies on the output side to the detriment of input legitimacy. The optimistic view: inclusiveness and deliberation takes in networks, compromise and negotiation | Diapositive 18 |
| ©IDHEAP – | | 15/12/2014 | Fields of Governance Research Local, (cantonal), national governance Regional governance, metropolitan governance Governance in the European Union Global Governance Multi-level governance | Diapositive 19 |
| ©IDHEAP – | | 15/12/2014 | Governance solutions and and the structure of the states For big and centralized states governance like structures became a new element in their reform activities in the 1980s. In small European democracies based on neo- corporatism and consociationalism cooperation and negotiation are nothing new. | Diapositive 20 |
| ©IDHEAP – | | 15/12/2014 | Etudes de cas: Les agglomérations (multi-level governance) -> TAK – CTA -> la politique des agglomérations élaboré par l'ARE et le SECO | Diapositive 21 |
| ©IDHEAP – | | 15/12/2014 | Tripartite conference of agglomerations “Some observers describe this rather informal way of co-operation in the case of the agglomerations across all three state levels as a first step away from the traditional co-operative federalism between the Confederations and the cantons, towards multi-level governance.” (Ladner, forthcoming) -> | Diapositive 22 |
| ©IDHEAP – | | 15/12/2014 | | Diapositive 23 |
| ©IDHEAP – | | 15/12/2014 | La politique des agglomérations de la Confédération | Diapositive 24 |
| ©IDHEAP – | | 15/12/2014 | Rapport "Possibilités et limites de la politique cantonale des agglomérations" du | Diapositive 25 |
| ©IDHEAP – | | 15/12/2014 | Consultation: Défis d’une future politique des agglomérations Questions de péréquation financière et de compensation des charges Collaboration dans l’agglomération Fusion des communes Collaboration dépassant les frontières nationales Espaces métropolitains Espaces fonctionnels Relations ville-campagne Mise en réseau de la pratique et du monde scientifique (Les résultats de l'évalutation, )Les résultats de l'évalutation, | Diapositive 26 |
| ©IDHEAP – | | 15/12/2014 | CH-Kantone: Einwohnerzahlen 1888 und 2007 | Diapositive 27 |
| ©IDHEAP – | | 15/12/2014 | CH-Kantone: Einwohnerzahlen 1888 und 2007 | Diapositive 28 |
| ©IDHEAP – | | 15/12/2014 | Agglomerations | Diapositive 29 |
| ©IDHEAP – | | 15/12/2014 | ARE 2008: Raumkonzept Schweiz | Diapositive 30 |
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