Structural Basis for Efficient Chromophore Communication and Energy Transfer in a Constructed Didomain Protein Scaffold James A. J. Arpino, Honorata Czapinska, Anna Piasecka, Wayne R. Edwards, Paul Barker, Michal J. Gajda, Matthias Bochtler, and D. Dafydd Jones pp 13632–13640 Stable Alkanes Containing Very Long Carbon–Carbon Bonds Andrey A. Fokin, Lesya V. Chernish, Pavel A. Gunchenko, Evgeniya Yu. Tikhonchuk, Heike Hausmann, Michael Serafin, Jeremy E. P. Dahl, Robert M. K. Carlson, and Peter R. Schreiner pp 13641–13650 A Mononuclear Fe(III) Single Molecule Magnet with a 3/2↔5/2 Spin Crossover Susanne Mossin, Ba L. Tran, Debashis Adhikari, Maren Pink, Frank W. Heinemann, Jörg Sutter, Robert K. Szilagyi, Karsten Meyer, and Daniel J. Mindiola pp 13651–13661 Second-Generation Covalent TMP-Tag for Live Cell Imaging Zhixing Chen, Chaoran Jing, Sarah S. Gallagher, Michael P. Sheetz, and Virginia W. Cornish pp 13692–13699
What’s the point? Science needs people who can: work in diverse groups on interdisciplinary problems
Why Not Lecture and Exams? Lecture is passive watching someone do something is not the best way to learn Does watching World Cup Soccer make you a soccer player? Does listening to music make you a musician? What works?
We learn by mistakes but it is not always pleasant
How do we practice? “Flipping the class.” Traditional Class Come to class, listen to lecture on the topic of the day, take notes. After class, work on homework problems. Next day, new topic Repeat Active Class Before class, read about topic of the day and work a few simple problems In class, practice on more sophisticated problems with support of a team and an expert (me). Reinforce with homework Next day, new topic, but periodically integrate old knowledge into new knowledge.
Why do we do this? Most experts in the educational process say that we construct our own knowledge. Active learning allows this construction to happen in class, with support from team members and instructor.
Why teamwork? Collective IQ is higher in groups! Research at Carnegie Mellon University collaborative groups more efficient at completing tasks (and produced better results) than groups dominated by individual. Two studies with 699 participants Groups develop collective intelligence “C factor” strongly correlated with interactions in the group Groups can solve harder and more interesting problems Woolley, Science, October 2010
Why teamwork? Employers want employees with teamwork skills. 70 biotech companies in MN surveyed for top characteristics wanted in employees Top 16 characteristics:
Why teamwork? Teams perform better than individuals Death rates in hospitals and on airlines Recent study in VA hospitals indicates that surgical teams trained in teamwork had 20% fewer deaths JAMA, 2010, 304(15), 1693-1700 70% of airline accidents and incidents over the past 20 years related to crew communication, workload management and decision-making skills
Why do we do multi-topic problems from the workbook? Science is interdisciplinary. Emerging fields arising at the boundaries of several disciplines. Must consider issues from a variety of knowledge bases. Workbook problems allow practice in the process of solving a problem. Scientific issues change but a foundation in the process of problem solving (instead of getting the right answer to a particular question) will prepare you to be a 21 st century scientist.
What do the experts say? Dr. Joseph Francisco, former chair of the American Chemical Society in a presentation in August.
The Increasing Multidisciplinary Nature of Chemistry Curricula must challenge students to solve problems such as Environmental issues Energy Materials Catalysis Drug discovery and synthesis Nanoscience All of these require a multidisciplinary perspective.
The Increasing Multidisciplinary Nature of Chemistry What tools should students have? Expertise in a domain of knowledge Breadth of knowledge Problem-solving skills The ability to find and define new problems Teamwork experience Communication skills Confidence, independence Creativity Ability to work across cultures
Teamwork A good team member is present at all meetings prepared for the topic a good communicator is willing to listen to teammates is an active participant, contributing ideas able to resolve differences of opinion