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Introduction : 1. Matthew 28:18-20: Christ proclaimed His authority: we must submit to receive salvation.

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Presentation on theme: "Introduction : 1. Matthew 28:18-20: Christ proclaimed His authority: we must submit to receive salvation."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Introduction : 1. Matthew 28:18-20: Christ proclaimed His authority: we must submit to receive salvation

3 And Jesus came and spoke to them, saying, All authority has been given to Me in heaven and on earth. Go therefore and make disciples of all the nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit, teaching them to observe all things that I have commanded you; and lo, I am with you always, even to the end of the age." Amen. Matthew 28:18-20

4 Introduction : 2. To understand and apply the authority of Christ: I. Authority of Christ Expressed in Scripture II. Authority of Christ as Savior III. Authority of Christ in Local Church IV. Gradual Departures from the Authority of Christ V. Gradual Return to the Authority of Christ

5 A. Catholic Corruption Sparked Reforms in 1400s and 1500s. Popes exercise political power : The church was filled with ignorance, greed and immorality. THE AUTHORITY OF CHRIST

6 V. Gradual Return to the Authority of Christ A. Catholic Corruption Sparked Reforms in 1400s and 1500s. Indulgence : Transfers merits of Christ, Mary and saintsremit penalties for sin on earth and in purgatory. For the living and the dead Granted if visit saints relics, pay THE AUTHORITY OF CHRIST

7 Indulgence : transfer merits of Christ, Mary, & saintsremit penalties on earth, in purgatory Pope Leo X offered plenary indulgence ( total pardon ) to raise money for St. Peters Basilica in 1517 Johann Tetzel in Germany: As soon as the coin in the coffer rings, The soul from purgatory springs

8 Indulgence : transfer merits of Christ, Mary, and saintsremit penalties on earth, in purgatory Inexpensive indulgence 10 days : In the authority of all saints…I absolve thee free from all sins…and remit all punishment for ten days. More expensive: 1,902,202 years!

9 V. Gradual Return to the Authority of Christ A. Catholic Corruption Sparked Reforms in 1400s and 1500s. In Germany in 1517 Martin Luther wrote 95 theses for debate, challenged the popes authority, and was declared an outlaw! THE AUTHORITY OF CHRIST

10 V. Gradual Return to the Authority of Christ A. Catholic Corruption Sparked Reforms in 1400s-1500s Bible translated into common languages John Wycliffe, morning star of reform: complete English Bible 1382

11 V. Gradual Return to the Authority of Christ A. Catholic Corruption Sparked Reforms in 1400s-1500s Bible translated into common languages Gutenberg printed Latin Bible 1455

12 V. Gradual Return to the Authority of Christ A. Catholic Corruption Sparked Reforms in 1400s-1500s Bible translated into common languages Luther : N.T. 1520, complete Bible 1534

13 Bible translated into common languages William Tyndale : If God spare my life, ere many years I will cause a boy that drives a plow shall know more of the Scriptures than he [ the Pope ] did (1521) Pope Leo X

14 Bible translated into common languages King James I : Commission scholars 1604, 47 men begin 1607, Authorized Version or KJV published 1611 ( N.T. 90% Tyndales 1534 )

15 V. Gradual Return to the Authority of Christ B. Efforts to Reform Catholicism, Return to New Testament Teaching In Germany Martin Luther a priest wrote 95 theses for debate in 1517, excommunicated 1520-21 Philip Melanchthon wrote Augsburg Confession 1530; origin of Lutheran Church

16 V. Gradual Return to the Authority of Christ B. Efforts to Reform Catholicism, Return to New Testament Teaching In Switzerland Ulrich Zwingli priest left Catholicism in Zurich 1522-25; origin of Reformed and Presbyterian Churches

17 V. Gradual Return to the Authority of Christ B. Efforts to Reform Catholicism, Return to New Testament Teaching In France John Calvin studied priesthood & law; Institutes of the Christian Religion 1536; led Geneva, Switzerland; origin of Reformed and Presbyterian Churches

18 V. Gradual Return to the Authority of Christ B. Efforts to Reform Catholicism, Return to New Testament Teaching In England King Henry VIII declared Defender of the Faith by Pope Leo X for opposing Luther; Henry made the Church of England independent in 1534 to secure marriage to Anne Boleyn

19 V. Gradual Return to the Authority of Christ B. Efforts to Reform Catholicism, Return to New Testament Teaching In Europe Anabaptist movements: reform ferment by lower classes; Menno Simons priest in Netherlands, immersed 1536; Grebel, Hutter, Hoffman, Hut, etc.; origin of Mennonites, Amish, and Church of the Brethren ; Baptists from John Smyth in Holland 1607

20 V. Gradual Return to the Authority of Christ C. Reformers Severely Persecuted by Catholicism, Wars Fought Reformers protest persecution: Protestant Reformation Declared outlaws, arrested, tortured, Bibles burned, executed Great struggle seeking to find and follow the authority of Christ

21 V. Gradual Return to the Authority of Christ D. Reformers Struggle with How to Apply Bible Authority Struggle to clarify restoration principle of 1 Peter 4:11 1 Peter 4:11 If anyone speaks, let him speak as the oracles of God. If anyone ministers, let him do it as with the ability which God supplies, that in all things God may be glorified through Jesus Christ, to whom belong the glory and the dominion forever and ever. Amen.

22 RESTORATION PRINCIPLE (1 Peter 4:11) What is not authorized is forbidden What is not forbidden is authorized ZWINGLILUTHER Reject what the Bible did not enjoin Accept what the Bible did not prohibit What the Bible does not command we may not do We may do what the Bible does not forbid Oppose images, crosses, organs, choirs, clerical dress, etc. Embrace images, crosses, organs, choirs, clerical dress, etc. R.H. Bainton, The Church of Our Fathers, pp. 143-144 VSVS

23 V. Gradual Return to the Authority of Christ D. Reformers Struggle with How to Apply Bible Authority Luthers looser view prevailed Denominations multiplied

24 DENOMINATIONS

25 V. Gradual Return to the Authority of Christ D. Reformers Struggle with How to Apply Bible Authority Denominations multiplied David Barrett, World Christian Encyclopedia (2001): 33,000 World Christian Database (Gordon-Conwell Theological Seminary) track 9,000 denominations Jan. 2008

26 V. Gradual Return to the Authority of Christ E. Basic Doctrines of Denominations Prevent True Restoration Additions to Bible Authority Revelation 22:18,19

27 For I testify to everyone who hears the words of the prophecy of this book: If anyone adds to these things, God will add to him the plagues that are written in this book; and if anyone takes away from the words of the book of this prophecy, God shall take away his part from the Book of Life, from the holy city, and from the things which are written in this book. Revelation 22:18,19

28 V. Gradual Return to the Authority of Christ E. Basic Doctrines of Denominations Prevent True Restoration Additions to Bible Authority Human Creeds Headquarters, hierarchy, councils, officers New revelation Illumination of the Holy Spirit

29 V. Gradual Return to the Authority of Christ E. Basic Doctrines of Denominations Prevent True Restoration Salvation by faith only James 2:24 James 2:24,26 You see then that a man is justified by works, and not by faith only... For as the body without the spirit is dead, so faith without works is dead also.

30 V. Gradual Return to the Authority of Christ E. Basic Doctrines of Denominations Prevent True Restoration Salvation by faith only James 2:24 Baptism is not essential Allow departures from Bible pattern: work, worship and organization Ungodly living does not affect ones salvation

31 V. Gradual Return to the Authority of Christ E. Basic Doctrines of Denominations Prevent True Restoration Direct operation of the Holy Spirit Romans 1:16 Romans 1:16 For I am not ashamed of the gospel of Christ, for it is the power of God to salvation for everyone who believes, for the Jew first and also for the Greek.

32 V. Gradual Return to the Authority of Christ E. Basic Doctrines of Denominations Prevent True Restoration Direct operation of Holy Spirit, Rom.1:16 Declared the word dead, cold, powerless Claim power for salvation, 2 nd work of grace Claim miracles today Claim new revelations, illuminations, miraculous guidance Deny all-sufficient power of the original gospel

33 V. Gradual Return to the Authority of Christ F. Restoration Plea : Return to the Authority of Christ by Return to His Original Teaching Many seek remedy for denominationalism, return to the original gospel of Christ17901850 Speak the oracles of God 1 Peter 4:11

34 Speak as the Oracles of God -- 1 Peter 4:11 1 Peter 4:11 If anyone speaks, let him speak as the oracles of God. If anyone ministers, let him do it as with the ability which God supplies, that in all things God may be glorified through Jesus Christ, to whom belong the glory and the dominion forever and ever. Amen.

35 V. Gradual Return to the Authority of Christ F. Restoration Plea : Return to the Authority of Christ by Return to His Original Teaching Many seek remedy for denominationalism, return to the original gospel of Christ17901850 Speak the oracles of God 1 Peter 4:11 Speak where the Bible speaks : Bible authority for all we preach and practice Be silent where the Bible is silent : silence of the scriptures prohibits.

36 V. Gradual Return to the Authority of Christ F. Restoration Plea : Return to the Authority of Christ by Return to His Original Teaching Many seek remedy for denominationalism, return to the original gospel of Christ17901850 Speak the oracles of God 1 Peter 4:11 Give Book, Chapter and Verse Call Bible things, by Bible names, do Bible things in Bible ways

37 V. Gradual Return to the Authority of Christ F. Restoration Plea: Return to the Authority of Christ by Return to His Original Teaching Ask for the old paths Jeremiah 6:16 Jeremiah 6:16 Thus says the LORD: " Stand in the ways and see, And ask for the old paths, where the good way is, And walk in it; Then you will find rest for your souls. But they said, 'We will not walk in it.

38 V. Gradual Return to the Authority of Christ F. Restoration Plea: Return to the Authority of Christ by Return to His Original Teaching What saith the scriptures? Romans 4:3 Romans 4:3 For what does the Scripture say ? Abraham believed God, and it was accounted to him for righteousness.

39 V. Gradual Return to the Authority of Christ F. Restoration Plea: Return to the Authority of Christ by Return to His Original Teaching Christ the only head of church? Ephesians 1:22,23 Ephesians 1:22,23 And He put all things under His feet, and gave Him to be head over all things to the church, which is His body, the fullness of Him who fills all in all.

40 V. Gradual Return to the Authority of Christ F. Restoration Plea: Return to the Authority of Christ by Return to His Original Teaching Bible only as our guide 2 Timothy 3:16,17 2 Timothy 3:16,17 All Scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness, that the man of God may be complete, thoroughly equipped for every good work.

41 V. Gradual Return to the Authority of Christ F. Restoration Plea: Return to the Authority of Christ by Return to His Original Teaching New Testament pattern of faith and practice in all things 2 Timothy 1:13 2 Timothy 1:13 Hold fast the pattern of sound words which you have heard from me, in faith and love which are in Christ Jesus.

42 V. Gradual Return to the Authority of Christ F. Restoration Plea: Return to the Authority of Christ by Return to His Original Teaching Christians only Acts 11:26 Acts 11:26 And when he had found him, he brought him to Antioch. So it was that for a whole year they assembled with the church and taught a great many people. And the disciples were first called Christians in Antioch.

43 V. Gradual Return to the Authority of Christ F. Restoration Plea : Return to the Authority of Christ by Return to His Original Teaching Early efforts in Europe and British Isles in 1700searly 1800s: Robert Sandeman, Robert Haldane, J.A. Haldane ( Social Worship, 1805 ) Fruitful efforts in U.S.: New England, middle colonies, early western frontier, southern states

44 V. Gradual Return to the Authority of Christ G. Restoration Plea : Spread Widely in America Middle states : James OKelly and Rice Haggard leave Methodist Church, 1793- 1801 Christ only head, Christian only name, Bible only creed

45 V. Gradual Return to the Authority of Christ G. Restoration Plea : Spread Widely in America New England : Elias Smith leaves Baptist1802-1803 Christian Journal (1805) Herald of Gospel Liberty (1808)

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47 V. Gradual Return to the Authority of Christ G. Restoration Plea : Spread Widely in America Kentucky frontier : Barton W. Stone leaves Presbyterian 1803

48 G. Restoration Plea Spread Widely in America Kentucky frontier : Barton W. Stone leaves Presbyterian 1803 1801 Great Revival at Cane Ridge, KY audience 10,000-20,000; weaken Calvinism

49 Kentucky frontier: Barton W. Stone leaves Presbyterian 1803 1804, Last Will and Testament of the Springfield Presbytery : Take the Bible as the only sure guide to heaven. John Smith at Lexington, KY unity meeting Dec. 25, 1831--Jan. 1, 1832: Let us…be no longer Campbellites or Stoneites, New Lights or Old Lights, or any other kind of lights, but let us come to the Bible and the Bible alone, as the only book in the world that can give us all the light we need.

50 V. Gradual Return to the Authority of Christ G. Restoration Plea : Spread Widely in America Western Pennsylvania : Thomas and Alexander Campbell plead for restoration

51 V. Gradual Return to the Authority of Christ G. Restoration Plea : Spread Widely in America Western Pennsylvania : Thomas and Alexander Campbell plead for restoration 1808 leaves Presbyterian, works with Baptists 1808 Thomas Campbell: Where the Bible speaks, we speak; where the Bible is silent, we are silent. If infant baptism not found in the Scriptures, we can have nothing to do with it.

52 V. Gradual Return to the Authority of Christ G. Restoration Plea : Spread Widely in America Western Pennsylvania and Virginia: Thomas and Alexander Campbell plead for restoration 1809, Declaration and Address : The Church of Christ will resume its original unity, peace, and purity if we adopt the practice of the primitive Church, expressly exhibited in the New Testament.

53 V. Gradual Return to the Authority of Christ G. Restoration Plea : Spread Widely in America Western Pennsylvania and Virginia: Thomas and Alexander Campbell plead for restoration Brush Run Church, Washington County, PA formed in 1810, later joined the Baptist Association June 12, 1812, Campbells immersed into Christnot the Baptist Church!

54 Distinguished Old and New Covenants How few among the teachers of the New Testament seem to know that Christs ministers are not able ministers of the Old Testament, but of the New! Do they not…run to Moses to prove forms of worship, ordinances, discipline, and government in the Christian Church, when asked to account for their practices? ( Alexander letter 1812 ) Sermon on The Law (1816 Redstone Baptist Association)

55 V. Gradual Return to the Authority of Christ G. Restoration Plea : Spread Widely in America Gospel spread via journals and debates 1830 dissolves Mahoning Baptist Association Great harvest as thousands are converted, but opposes as cult, Campbellites, etc.

56 V. Gradual Return to the Authority of Christ G. Restoration Plea : Spread Widely in America Western Reserve (Ohio) : Walter Scott left Presbyterian, baptized in 1819 in Pittsburg, PA Five finger exercise : faith, repentance, baptism, remission of sins, gift of the Holy Spirit

57 V. Gradual Return to the Authority of Christ G. Restoration Plea : Spread Widely in America Southern states (Georgia) : Christian Herman Dasher left Lutheran, baptized 1819. Dasher and S.C. Dunning (former Baptists) in Savannah baptized each other!

58 V. Gradual Return to the Authority of Christ H. Restoration Plea : Now being put into practice! The Great Commission Matthew 28:18-20

59 And Jesus came and spoke to them, saying, All authority has been given to Me in heaven and on earth. Go therefore and make disciples of all the nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit, teaching them to observe all things that I have commanded you; and lo, I am with you always, even to the end of the age." Amen. Matthew 28:18-20

60 V. Gradual Return to the Authority of Christ H. Restoration Plea : Now being put into practice! Great Commission Matt.28:18-20 Facts to believe : Death, burial and resurrection of Christ Commands to obey : Believe, repent, confess Christ, be immersed in water Promises to be embrace : Remission of sins and hope of eternal life!

61 V. Gradual Return to the Authority of Christ H. Restoration Plea : Now being put into practice! Work of the church Matthew 28:18-20 Preach the gospel : 1 Timothy 3:15 Worship God and Edify Saints : 1 Corinthians 14:26 Benevolence of needy saints : Acts 6:1

62 V. Gradual Return to the Authority of Christ H. Restoration Plea : Now being put into practice! Worship of the church Matthew 28:18-20 1 st Day of the Week : Lord Supper Acts 20:7 1 st Day of the Week : Giving 1 Corinthians 16:2 Pray : Acts 2:42 Teach: Acts 2:42 Sing: Ephesians 5:19

63 V. Gradual Return to the Authority of Christ H. Restoration Plea : Now being put into practice! Organization of the Church Matt.28:18-20 Leadership : Elders {Presbyters} Pastors (Shepherds} Bishops {Overseers} Acts 14:23; 20:17,18 Deacons to Serve : Acts 6:2,3

64 V. Gradual Return to the Authority of Christ H. Restoration Plea : Now being put into practice! Organization of the Church Matt.28:18-20 Evangelists : {Preachers} and Teachers to Instruct Ephesians 4:11 All saints to participate in work and worship : Philippians 1:1 Women Not to Exercise Lead Over Men: 1 Timothy 2:12

65 V. Gradual Return to the Authority of Christ H. Restoration Plea : Now being put into practice! Organization of the Church Matt.28:18-20 Each local church Independent, Autonomous {No Mother or Satellite Church} Acts 14:23 No Earthly Headquarters, No Central or Universal Organization

66 Invitation: 1. Matthew 28:18-20 Christ proclaimed his authority: We must submit to receive salvation

67 And Jesus came and spoke to them, saying, All authority has been given to Me in heaven and on earth. Go therefore and make disciples of all the nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit, teaching them to observe all things that I have commanded you; and lo, I am with you always, even to the end of the age." Amen. Matthew 28:18-20


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