Presentation on theme: "Draw a picture of Acheta domesticus include details."— Presentation transcript:
Draw a picture of Acheta domesticus include details
The Experience of being ELL Teachers assume the ease/difficulty of a task Teachers misinterpret behavior –talking in class –looking at others papers –non-participation Teachers misdiagnose the need –reading problem –learning disability –motivation issue Teachers send subtle cues for a silent contract –Sit in your seat and stay quiet, dont be a distraction, and I wont hassle you.
The Experience of being ELL Like all learners, a motivated ELL student will use whatever tools are available as she/he strives to make sense of the world. –prior schema –peer modeling (a.k.a. scouting, looking on) –active peer support (e.g., translation) –adult support
The Experience of being ELL Motivation can be damaged by: –Perception of low likelihood for success –Embarrassment –Confrontation –Extrinsic reward and/or punishment
Do this one! Draw a picture of a bug! You can make it a funny bug. OR You can make it a scary bug. OR You can make it a realistic bug.
How can I help? Draw a picture of Acheta domesticus include details HeadThorax Abdomen Legs Eye
What makes the task easier? Draw a picture of Acheta domesticus include details
L E A F Language Instruction Enhance Comprehension Affect Four Modalities
L anguage Instruction Plan activities for directly teaching vocabulary and language structures Label classroom Ask and answer yes/no questions Parroting Illustrating vocabulary Word walls Word games Rhymes, chants, songs Build background knowledge
E nhance Comprehension Connect learning to real life language and experiences ABC (Activity Before Content) Diagrams / pictures / visuals Connect to background knowledge Manipulatives / realia Vocabulary games (memory, bingo, scavenger hunt) Model and demonstrate Repeat, rephrase, paraphrase Gestures, facial expressions, body language Speak slowly and clearly
A ffect Keep the learning fun! Build in routines Total physical response (TPR) Increase motivation, self esteem Lower anxiety Actively involve each student Activate background knowledge Play culturally diverse music Play games Buddy helper Parental involvement / guest speakers and readers
F our Modalities Integrate listening, speaking, reading, and writing into content area lessons Cooperative learning Graphic organizers Partner reading Choral / Echo reading Model speaking and writing Learning centers Language Experience Approach (LEA) Readers theater / role play Authors chair (sharing time)
When planning for ELLs, consider these questions: L How can the lesson include some language instruction? E How can the lesson content enhance comprehension? A How can the lesson maintain a positive affect? F How can the lesson include the four modalities?
Direct instruction--vocabulary, language patterns (may not be the same as for other learners.) Enhanced comprehension Affect--keep it positive, acknowledge culture, acknowledge prior knowledge Four modalities Listening, Speaking, Reading, Writing
Survival vocabulary Simple games Demonstrated instructions Participating in hands-on Making maps & models Brief oral presentation Discussing written text Academic material--no aids Formal presentation Reading in content areas Standardized tests Telephone conversations Writing personal notes Reading own notes Cognitively Undemanding (Easy) Cognitively Demanding (Hard) Context Embedded (Clues) Context Reduced (No clues)
Participating in hands-on Making maps & models Brief oral presentation Discussing written text Draw a picture of Acheta domesticus include Draw a picture of a bug Cognitively Undemanding (Easy) Cognitively Demanding (Hard) Context Embedded (Clues) Context Reduced (No clues) details
BICS Basic Interpersonal Communication Hi, I really am enjoying being with you on Tuesday. I hope we can get together again. Can you tell me what youll be doing next? Cognitive Academic Language Proficiency As the Norse failure showed, the ability to navigate the high seas, although an impressive feat in itself, gave no guarantee of success. & CALPS