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The Cold War at Home Or: McCarthyism. Us-versus-Them Democrats v. totalitarians Democrats v. totalitarians Capitalists v. communists Capitalists v. communists.

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Presentation on theme: "The Cold War at Home Or: McCarthyism. Us-versus-Them Democrats v. totalitarians Democrats v. totalitarians Capitalists v. communists Capitalists v. communists."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Cold War at Home Or: McCarthyism

2 Us-versus-Them Democrats v. totalitarians Democrats v. totalitarians Capitalists v. communists Capitalists v. communists West v. East West v. East

3 The Red Scare Communists are everywherein factories, offices, butcher stores, on street corners, and private businesses. And each carries in himself the death of our society. Communists are everywherein factories, offices, butcher stores, on street corners, and private businesses. And each carries in himself the death of our society. He May Be A Communist He May Be A Communist He May Be A Communist He May Be A Communist

4 Federal Employee Loyalty Program March 1947 March 1947 Screen federal employees for signs of disloyalty Screen federal employees for signs of disloyalty 3,000 dismissed or resigned 3,000 dismissed or resigned

5 House Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC) –Fascists, Nazis, communists After the war communist activities After the war communist activities 1947: Hollywood Ten 1947: Hollywood Ten –blacklist

6 Impact on Film Entertainment Entertainment –avoid sensitive social issues –Glorified HUAC, anti- communist messages Invasion of the Body Snatchers Invasion of the Body Snatchers Invasion of the Body Snatchers Invasion of the Body Snatchers

7 Investigations Belong to/contribute to organization on Attorney Generals list Belong to/contribute to organization on Attorney Generals list Associating with known communists Associating with known communists Disloyal remarks Disloyal remarks

8 Espionage Alger Hiss Alger Hiss Julius and Ethel Rosenberg Julius and Ethel Rosenberg

9 Senator Joseph McCarthy Traitors in the United States Traitors in the United States 1950: Wheeling, Virginia 1950: Wheeling, Virginia –I have here in my hand a list of 205 individuals that were known to the Secretary of State as being members of the Communist Party and who nevertheless are still working and shaping the policy of the State Department.

10 McCarthys Power Increases Anticommunism=McCarthyism Anticommunism=McCarthyism –Extreme, reckless charges –Discredit legitimate concerns Most powerful politician in the U.S. Most powerful politician in the U.S.

11 McCarthy Falls from Power 1954: McCarthy takes on the U.S. Army 1954: McCarthy takes on the U.S. Army –full of communists –Army: McCarthy personally motivated Televised hearings Televised hearings –Bullying tactics Badger witnesses, twist truth Badger witnesses, twist truth –Lost support, power, influence –Have You No Decency? Have You No Decency?Have You No Decency?

12 The Red Scare Fades 1953: Korean War ends 1953: Korean War ends 1954: McCarthys downfall 1954: McCarthys downfall

13 Assignment and Schedule Monday Monday –17.1, #1, 2 –17.2, #1, 2 Tuesday Tuesday –17.3, #1, 2 –17.4, #1, 2 Wednesday Wednesday –Room 100 –Project Thursday Thursday –Media Center –Project Friday Friday –Presentations! There will not be a test for this unit! Your assessment will be the project and presentation.


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