Presentation on theme: "INFLUENCE OF SMOKING AND ALCOHOL ON UNBORN CHILDREN"— Presentation transcript:
1INFLUENCE OF SMOKING AND ALCOHOL ON UNBORN CHILDREN Maria KyriakidouMaria DemetriouDespo ConstantinouOrestia ArestiAgricultural Sciences, Biotechnology and Food Science
2If a pregnant woman drinks alcoholic beverages and smokes, the alcohol and the smoke not only get into her blood but it also go to her baby’s. While the alcohol and smoke affect you only temporarily, they can stigmatize the baby for the rest of its life.
3Can you guess the effects of smoking on unborn baby??? Q to the audience: Can you guess the effects of smoking on unborn baby???
4SMOKING Effects on pregnancy Sudden infant death syndromeAsthma in childrenLearning difficultiesGrow more slowlyGain less weight in the wombLinked to preterm labor and other pregnancy complicationGenetic abnormalities including cleft lip of palate, bowel, eyes, ears or spinal cord malformations or problemsBehavioral problemsColdsLung problemsEar infections.When you smoke you inhale nicotine and carbon monoxide and these substances can keep your baby from getting the proper supply of nutrients and oxygen. This means your baby may grow more slowly and gain less weightAlso it may cause lung problems, asthma or other genetic abnormalities because the substance of cigarettes offend the organism of the baby.
6StatisticAccording to American Lung Association, smoking during pregnancy is associated with miscarriages, still births , low-birth weight, premature birth and infant death. Smoking during pregnancy is estimated to account for 20-30% of low-birth weight babies and about 10% of all infant deaths.
7ALCOHOL Effects on pregnancy A miscarriageA stillbirthA low birth weight babySlow down babies developmentCause life-long birth defectsAffect the baby’s brainCause other physical defectsA baby with fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS)
10Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) Is a developmental problemSmaller babies with unusual facial features including small eye-opening, small faces and jaws and thin upper lipsHeart defectsBehaviour problemsATTENTION! The effects of FAS last a lifetime. FAS cannot reserved but it can be prevented by not drinking alcohol when you are pregnant!