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Projectiles at an Angle Hardest thing yet.

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A progression: A)Freefall Review: A ball drops for 3 s. How far does it go? How fast is it going after 3 s?

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Next… B) Throwing upward: A ball is thrown upward with an initial velocity of 30 m/s. How far does the ball travel? How long before it hits the ground? Divide the motion into two halves- up and down Symmetry: time up = time down vi up = -vf down d up = - d down

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Next… C) Horizontal Projectiles: A balls rolls off a table with a velocity of 10 m/s and lands 30 m away from the table. How long did it take the ball to hit the ground? xy vi = vf = a = d = time = Mythbusters

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The hardest… D) Projectiles launched at an angle: A ball is launched with a velocity of 100 m/s at 30º above the horizon. How long did it take for the ball to hit the ground? What is the range of the ball? What was the maximum height of the ball? θ Range Height

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Our projectile is no longer launched horizontally so it no longer has an v iy = 0 m/s The v i is divided between the x and y directions- we need to do something called Resolving the x and y components θ = 30º Range Height Vi = 100m/s

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Lets focus on the angle:

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Trigonometry- finding the side or angles of a triangle SOHCAHTOA Vi = 100 m/s V ix V iy h o a θ θ = 30º

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Lets find v ix (a) knowing v i (h): Vi = 100 m/s V ix V iy h o a θ θ = 30º

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Lets find v iy (o) knowing v i (h): Vi = 100 m/s V ix V iy h o a θ θ = 30º

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Lets use these new formulas to find the v ix and v iy for our example:

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Stop and Check: 100 m/s 50 m/s 86.6 m/s θ

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Now we can take this information and put it into a new form of our table: v i = θ = xy v i = v f = a = d = v i = v f = a = d = ½ t = t =

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Revisit our problem: A ball is launched with a velocity of 100 m/s at 30º above the horizon. How long did it take for the ball to hit the ground? What is the range of the ball? What was the maximum height of the ball? v i = 100 m/s θ = 30º xy v i = 86.6 m/s v f = 86.6 m/s a = 0 m/s d = v i = 50 m/s v f = - 50 m/s a = -10 m/s 2 d = ½ t = t =

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1. Find the maximum height (d y ): θ = 30º Range Height Vi = 100m/s HEIGHT WILL LEAD YOU TO TIME

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θ = 30º Range Vi = 100m/s V top = V f = Now this becomes like a horizontal projectile problem. Find time. Remember t up = t down 2. Finding time:

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3. Finding the range (dx):

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4. Finding components using a ruler and a protractor:

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Which launch angle gives the greatest range? The cannonball launched at a 45-degree angle had the greatest range. The cannonball launched at a 60-degree angle had the highest peak height before falling. The cannonball launched at the 30-degree angle reached the ground first.

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Practice Problem: A golf ball is hit with a velocity of 20 m/s at 45 above the horizon. Find the time it takes the golf ball to travel, the range of the golf ball, and the maximum height the golf ball reaches.

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A player kicks a football from ground level at 27.0 m/s at an angle of 30.0 degrees above the horizontal. Find: a)its hang time (time that the ball is in the air), b)the distance the ball travels before it hits the ground, and c)its maximum height.

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A cannon is fired. The cannonball reaches a maximum height of 22.5 m. The range of the cannonball is 89.9 m. At what angle was the cannon fired from? θ = ? Range = 89.9 m Height = 22.5 m

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