A Bit of LTC Background Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act Long-Term Care Related Provisions Elder Justice Act Other Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act Long-Term Care-Related Provisions My Crystal Ball
Percentage of Population Over Age 65 Source: U.S. Census Bureau %-9.9% 10%-14.9%15%-19.9% 20-30%
Source: From Baby Boom to Elder Boom: Providing Health Care for an Aging Population Copyright 1996, Watson Wyatt Worldwide Year Percentage of Population An Aging Population Percentage of U.S. Population over Age 65
The fastest growing segment of the aging population is the old old, those over the age of 85: 1.6% to 3.8% in 2025 & in numbers from 4.2 million in 2000 to 6.1 million in 2010 – Population most likely to need long- term care
In 1999, CBO projected that total LTC expenditures for seniors (including government and private spending but not the value of donated care) would rise from about $123 billion in 2000 to $346 billion by That estimate of a relatively modest increase in spending incorporated the assumption that the prevalence of impairment would decline at a rate of about 1.1 percent per year. CBO 2004
83% of all Health Care Spending Involved People with Chronic Conditions in 2001 Medicare – 98% Medicaid – 83% Privately Insured – 74% Uninsured – 72% Source: Medical Expenditure Panel Survey, 2001, and Partnership for Solutions
73% age report no regular physical activity 81% age 75+ report no regular physical activity 61% - unhealthy weight ~35% - fall each year 20% - clinically significant depression; age group at highest risk for suicide Sources: State of Aging and Health, 2007;
By 2030 More than 6 of every 10 will be managing more than one chronic condition 14 million (1 out of 4) will be living with diabetes >21 million (1 out of 3) will be considered obese Their health care will cost Medicare 34% more than others 26 million (1 out of 2) will have arthritis Knee replacement surgeries will increase 800% by 2030 When Im 64: How Boomers Will Change Health Care, American Hospital Association, May 2007
Diabetes Trends Among U.S. Adults, BRFSS 1990, 1996, and No Data 10%
Patient Protection & Affordable Care Act (H.R. 3590), Sec Authorized for FY Amends Title XX of the SSA – Senate Finance Committee & House Ways & Means Only portion of original version of EJA (note Sestaks Elder Abuse Victims Act of 2009) 13 individual authorizations of appropriations – $195 million authorized – without funding, close but no cigar Heavily LTC focused
Reporting to Law Enforcement of Crimes Occurring in Federally Funded LTC Facilities (to Secretary & Law Enforcement) Includes owners, operators, employees, managers, agents, contractors of LTC facilities CMPs for failure to do so; higher CMPs when residents harmed by crime Additional Penalties for Retaliation No Appropriation – can start now
Enhancement of Long-Term Care Grants & Incentives for LTC Staffing (Career Ladders, Wage & Benefit Increases, Technology, Adoption of Standards for Transactions re Clinical Data) Authorization -- $20M FY 11 (drops to $15 M in FY 13-14) Protecting Residents of LTC Facilities National Training Institute for Surveyors (with National Complaint Intake System) Authorization -- $12 M FY Grants to State Survey Agencies re complaint investigations systems Authorization -- $5M FY 11-14
National Nurse Aide Registry Study & report to Coordinating Council & Congress – 18 mos. Congress (Finance, W&Ms, E&C) shall, as they deem appropriate, take action on the recommendations Authorization – such sums Forensics Centers (4 Stationary Centers, 6 Mobile Centers) Authorization -- $4M FY 11 (to $8 M) LTC Ombudsman Program Capacity & Training Grants Authorization -- $4M FY 11 (to $8 M)
First dedicated federal funding for APS $100 million in new money to states for APS $25 million in new money for APS demo grants $3-4 million for HHS for a federal home for APS
Adult Protective Service Grant Program (State Formula Grants) Authorizes $100 million Funds may be used only by states and local governments to provide adult protective services & may only be used for APS. State receiving funds would be required to provide these funds to the agency or unit of state government having legal responsibility for providing adult protective services in the state. Each state would be required to use these funds to supplement and not supplant other federal, state, and local public funds expended to provide adult protective services. California: If $100 million: $9.958 milllion =170 FTEs at $60,000 each (85 FTEs at $120,000)
Show me the money – the battle & challenges for appropriations Who will be responsible for what at HHS? What is the timetable especially sans appropriations – e.g., no action taken until appropriations? Those items not requiring appropriations – e.g., reporting of crimes in LTC facilities
CLASS (Community Living Assistance Services and Supports) Act, a voluntary insurance program for employees to help pay for their future long-term care and support at home. CLASS differs from Medicaid waiver HCBS in that Medicaid requires the beneficiary to need nursing home-level care. CLASS does not. Also CLASS can cover people who are not low- income enough to be Medicaid eligible.
Will premiums be low enough to attract buyers while providing sufficient money for benefits? How much? How to market to people 45+ who are struggling to pay college (or day care), home mortgage, and saving for retirement? Must convince people they need this (they are at risk of needing LTC). How do we prevent adverse selection? How will HHS determine level of disability? (Law says 2 OR 3 ADLs) How does the CLASS Act interact with LTCI plans. (Who pays first if a person has both?) Program is offered through employers, so will employers offer the program (not mandatory) so that employees can participate?
Sec Community First Choice Option (Medicaid). Authorizes states to offer home and community-based attendant services and supports to Medicaid beneficiaries with disabilities who would otherwise require care in a hospital, nursing facility, intermediate care facility for the mentally retarded, or an institution for mental diseases. Effective Oct. 1, 2011, but sunsets after five years (according to Family Caregiver Alliance) Sec Removal of barriers to providing home and community- based services. Gives states the option of: (1) providing home and community-based services to individuals eligible for services under a waiver (instead of a state plan amendment); and (2) offering home and community-based services to specific, targeted populations. Creates an optional eligibility category to provide full Medicaid benefits to individuals receiving home and community-based services under a state plan amendment.
Sec Money Follows the Person Rebalancing Demonstration. Amends the Deficit Reduction Act of 2005 to: (1) extend through FY2016 the Money Follows the Person Rebalancing Demonstration; and (2) reduce to 90 days the institutional residency period. Sec Protection for recipients of home and community-based services against spousal impoverishment. Applies Medicaid eligibility criteria to recipients of home and community-based services, during calendar 2014 through 2019, in such a way as to protect against spousal impoverishment.
Sec Funding ($10 million per year for five years) to expand State Aging and Disability Resource Centers. Sec Sense of the Senate regarding long- term care. Expresses the sense of the Senate that: (1) during the 111th session of Congress, Congress should address long-term services and supports in a comprehensive way that guarantees elderly and disabled individuals the care they need; and (2) long-term services and supports should be made available in the community in addition to institutions.
Medicare Rx Drug donut hole to be phased out. (Donut Hole – the gap in coverage that occurs after an individual spends $2,830 on Rx drugs and must pay 100% of costs in 2010 $250 rebate in 2010 for those entering the donut hole 50% discount on brand name drugs & 7% on generics in donut hole in 2011 gap gradually disappears until gone in 2020
Eliminates c0-pays and deductibles for most Medicare preventive services (e.g., colorectal cancer screening and mammograms) Provides for an annual wellness visit and personalized prevention plans – 2011 Reduces payments for MA plans (due to concerns that plans receiving more money per beneficiary than Original Medicare benes Many fraud & abuse-related provisions
FY 1993FY 2000FY 2003FY $ % Supp. Serv. $313,708$310,082$355,673$368,348+$54,640+17% Home meals $89,659$146,970$180,985$217,676+$128, % Cong. meals $363,236$374,336$384,592$440,783+$77,547+21% OAA Total $1,372,700$1,513,048$1,784,469$2,341,722+$969, % Source: CRS Report for Congress: Older Americans Act: History of Appropriations, FY1966-FY2004 FY 2011 Administration on Aging Justification of Estimate for Appropriations Committees FY 2010 appropriations conference report, H.Rept
FY 1993FY 2000FY 2003FY $ % Ombud sman $3,870n/s $16,827+$12, % Prev. abuse $4,348n/s $5,056$708+16% Title VII $8,218$13,181$18,559$21,883+$13, % OAA Total $1,372,700$1,513,048$1,784,469$2,341,722 +$969,022+70% n/s= not specified Source: CRS Report for Congress: Older Americans Act: History of Appropriations, FY1966-FY2004 FY 2011 Administration on Aging Justification of Estimate for Appropriations Committees FY 2010 appropriations conference report, H.Rept
1/20/ Who has heard of it? Former Title XX of SSA -- HUGE importance to states for human services 1996 Welfare Reform: Congress & Governors reduced SSBG from $2.8 B to $2.38 B, promising restoration to $2.8 B in FY 2003 Agreement broken; SSBG further reduced to $1.7 B – its current level (over $1 B less than in in 1996 dollars ) Repeated efforts to restore funding have been unsuccessful – But may again be fighting against further cuts!