Presentation on theme: "Working At Heights Fall Protection"— Presentation transcript:
1Working At Heights Fall Protection QHSE Department Presentation
2INTRODUCTIONWorkers must be protected using fall restraint, personal fall arrest systems and safety net systemEmployee must be 100% tied off at all timesReview Hazard Analysis & Risk Control and or JSA prior to working at heightObtain permit to work when necessary.
4When do you need fall protection? Fall protection is required anytime workers are exposed to a potential 5’ (1.5 m) fall.Greaterthan1.5m or 5’
5RESPONSIBILITIESIt shall be the responsibility of the Supervisors to recognize fall hazards and to provide all necessary approved Fall Protection Equipment for employee’s use whenever deemed necessaryIt will also be the responsibility of the supervisor to provide required Fall Protection Training for their employees so that workers will possess enough knowledge to implement fall protection techniques in an effort to reduce the risk of injury due to fall
6RESPONSIBILITIES Workers should be knowledgeable of: the nature of fall hazards in the work placecorrect procedures for erecting, maintaining, disassembling, and inspecting the fall protection systems usedthe use and operation of guardrail systems, personal fall arrest systems, safety net systems, and other protection to be used
7RESPONSIBILITIES Workers should be knowledgeable of: the limitations on the use of mechanical equipment, and the correct procedures for handling and storage of equipment and materials and the erection of overhead protectiondealing with the rescue of an employee after a fall arrest
8RESPONSIBILITIESIt will be the responsibility of the employee to follow Fall Protection Procedures and Techniques given them, and to assure all equipment used for fall protection is well maintained
9WHAT IS FALL PROTECTION Hazard EliminationTraditional Fall ProtectionFall Restraint SystemsFall Arrest SystemsWork Procedures
10HAZARD ELIMINATION Ideas, procedures, equipment or new technology that eliminates the need for a person to be at height.
11TRADITIONAL FALL PROTECTION “Physical barriers between worker and fall hazard.”Primary & Secondary SystemsExamples:- Guardrails- Catwalks ( with guard rails)- Gates and chains- Grates and covers- Man lifts
12TRADITIONAL FALL PROTECTION Fall Restraint System “Prevents the fall from occurring.”“Stops the fall after it has occurred.”Changes in behavior can be made through education.
13FALL ARREST SYSTEMS Any system in which a fall may occur ! User must consider:Impact ForceClearanceSwing FallSuspension after fallRescueSystem Performance
14FALL PROTECTION SYSTEMS AnchorageConnecting MeansBody Support DeviceShock Absorbing LanyardRescue and/or Escape Plan
15ANCHORAGE STRENGTHAnchorages used for attachment of personal fall arrest equipment must withstand at least 5000 lbs. (22.2 kN) for each person attached, or shall be designed as follows:(i) as part of a complete personal fall arrest system which maintains a safety factor of at least two, and(ii) under the supervision of a qualified person.
16ENGINEERED ANCHORSLittle doubt exists when anchor points are “engineered”NEVER use home made anchor points
17TEMPORARY ANCHORSThere will always be a need for “make-shift” anchorages.End-users must exercise good judgment in selecting anchorages that are strong enough and in the correct location.A qualified person should be consulted if an anchor is in question.
18ANCHOR STRAPConsider location and strength when selecting anchorages.
19SNAP HOOKS“shall be a locking type snap hook designed and used to prevent disengagement of the snap hook by contact of the snap hook keeper by the connected member.”
20SNAP HOOKSSnap hooks shall be double / triple locking and sized to be compatible with anchorages to prevent roll-out.Recognize anchor / connector relationship !
21CARABINERSSelf-locking carabiners should be used to reduce misuse. The odds of a self-locking carabiner rolling open is less likely than a manually operated carabiner being left open.
22CARABINERS Non-locking hooks and connectors are not acceptable ! Compatibility with other connectors and components is unknown. Consult a qualified person if shackles or other links are required.
23ENERGY ABSORBING LANYARDS Lanyards are used to connect to the anchor strap.Flat webbing lanyards are the most commonly used.
24ENERGY ABSORBERSEnergy absorbers reduce impact force to the body by deforming and adding stopping distance.ANSI Specifications:5000 lbs. MBS after testing.MAF shall not exceed 900 lbs.Max. 42 inch elongation.
25Rescue Plan There are no specific regulations that dictate how rescues should be performed. Regulatory agencies do require thatprompt rescues should be provided, should a fall occur.Research has shown that when a person is suspended by the d-ring of a fall protection harness, serious medical problems will develop after 30 minutes.This suspension time should be reduced if the worker wasinjured during a fall.The best form on rescue is self-rescue.This form of rescue is possible if the worker has no seriousinjury, is using proper equipment and has assessed thehazard prior to the fall.
26Rescue PlanAssisted rescue is the next best option for rescuing a fallen worker. This form of rescue will involve other workers using equipment and procedures to raise or lower a person to the ground.Assisted rescue should be pre planned and assigned to aqualified person who is skilled in the use of rescue techniques and equipment.A specific rescue plan must be written andmade available before the rescue is performed.Rescue kits to be stored and available at location.
27IMPACT FORCEDepending on how much we weigh, how far we fall, and what slows us down, will determine the “impact force”.Weight of workerFree fall distanceLanyard energy absorption (deceleration distance)
28FALL HAZARD Free Fall Total Distance Fall Distance Stopping Distance RequiredClearanceWorkerHeightMargin of Safety (2ft)
29FREE FALL DISTANCE“Personal fall arrest systems, when stopping a fall, shall… be rigged such that an employee can neither free fall more than 6 feet (1.8m), nor contact any lower level such as the ground or a working platform”
31FALL ARREST SYSTEMS Anchorage Connecting Means Body Support Rescue and/or Escape Plan
32FULL BODY HARNESS“The attachment point of the body harness shall be located in the center of the wearers back near shoulder level or above the wearer’s head.”
33FULL BODY HARNESS Shoulder D-rings * For Confined Space Back D-ring * Fall ArrestFront D-ring* Ladders / EscapeHip D-rings* Work Positioning
34FULL BODY HARNESS1. Lay harness down and untangle. Inspect for damage.2. Don harness according to style. (step in, vest, etc.)3. Adjust sub-pelvic strap.4. Adjust leg straps.5. Adjust chest support.6. Adjust dorsal d-ring.Incorrectly adjustedharnesses may cause injury,decrease suspension timesor fail in the event of a fall.
35SELF- RETRACTING LIFELINE “a drum wound line which may be slowly extracted from or retracted onto the drum under tension.”“after onset of a fall, the device automatically locks the drum and arrests the fall.”WARNING: Do not attempt toservice a self-retracting lifeline“in-house.”
36SRL HAZARDS Maintenance required Swing Fall Should be anchored overhead
37LADDER CLIMBING DEVICES Frontal attachment limits fall distance.Short connection (9” or less) reduces impact force to the body so dramatically that injuries due to frontal attachment are negligible.Eliminates the need for ladder cages.
38LADDER CLIMBING DEVICES Check sleeve for function.Connect sleeve to front d-ring of harness using carabiner.Do not add fall distance to the sleeve!
39COVERSFloor openings and gaps must be covered to prevent both people and objects from falling to lower levels.Should be secured, marked and rated to at least twice the potential load.
40DAILY INSPECTION - performed by end user. - prior to use. - not recorded.- looking for anything that affects the condition or function of equipment.- remove questionable equipment.
41FALL PROTECTION STANDARDS Personal fall arrest systems subjected to impact loading shall be immediately removed from service and shall not be used again for employee protection until inspected and determined by a competent person to be undamaged and suitable for reuse”
42FALL PROTECTION STANDARDS Broken“Personal fall arrest systems shall be inspected prior to each use for wear, damage, and other deterioration, and defective components shall be removed from service”Latching -DamageCut
43FALL PROTECTION STANDARDS 1. Wear - regular wear is acceptable, once fibers are being destroyed, retire.2. Cuts / Tears - retire once they exceed 1/8 inch.3. Corrosion - once corrosion pits the base metal, retire.
44FALL PROTECTION STANDARDS 4. Ultraviolet Light - a color change will be noticeable, retire once fiber becomes brittle.5. Paint / Chemicals - obtain MSDS’ and consult manufacturer. Even mild paints cause fibers to become brittle.6. Stitch Patterns – take out of service if 2 or more stitch patterns are broken.
45FALL PROTECTION STANDARDS 7. Function - ensure that equipment operates correctly. Gates lock, cam levers move, SRL locks, etc.8. Heat / Burns - retire webbing when holes are found or areas damaged by heat. Synthetics shrink and when impacted and the shrunken area absorbs most of the impact.
46FALL PROTECTION STANDARDS 9. Impact Indicators - bent grommets, heat signatures on webbing, deformed eyelets, broken d-ring pads, integral impact indicators.Note: All components of a Fall Protection System should be from the same manufacturer to ensure compatibility. Incompatible components can result in “roll out” where the components can slip out with the potential of releasing the person. Equipment must not be modified.
47CARE OF EQUIPMENT1. Cleaning - soft goods can be laundered with warm water and mild soap. Hang to dry, do not apply heat.2. Storage - store in a clean, cool, dark, environment. Lockers, stores, or tool-rooms work well.3. Marking - ink markers may be used with manufacturers permission. Mark non-load bearing parts. Use name tags if supplied.4. Life Expectancy - life is determined by condition and function of unit, not time. Follow Manufacturer recommendations on service life for all items.
48APPLICABLE FORMS Work Permit Job Safety Analysis Pre Job Meeting – Tool Box TalkHazard Assessment & Risk Control