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Building success into a high- tech start-up Feature by J T Preston -who has helped start nearly 100 companies as an enterprenuer, venture investor, and.

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Presentation on theme: "Building success into a high- tech start-up Feature by J T Preston -who has helped start nearly 100 companies as an enterprenuer, venture investor, and."— Presentation transcript:

1 Building success into a high- tech start-up Feature by J T Preston -who has helped start nearly 100 companies as an enterprenuer, venture investor, and director of technology development and licensing at the MIT

2 Brief introduction Technology based entrepreneur needs more than an innovative product, typically requires Technology based entrepreneur needs more than an innovative product, typically requires 1. Right attitude, people and actions make a bigger contribution than a novel idea 2. Series of actions from securing patents to moving high quality product to market quickly

3 ATTITUDES MIT’s Hoo-min Toong helped pioneer the personal computers and on advisory board of IBM and his student Mitch Kapor was on developing MIT’s Hoo-min Toong helped pioneer the personal computers and on advisory board of IBM and his student Mitch Kapor was on developing IBM refused to take exclusive license after repetitive suggestions and had to purchase Lotus company for $3.5 billion IBM refused to take exclusive license after repetitive suggestions and had to purchase Lotus company for $3.5 billion Its because of old way of thinking, IBM missed an opportunity to take advantage of a radical innovation that was offered to it Its because of old way of thinking, IBM missed an opportunity to take advantage of a radical innovation that was offered to it

4 Cont… Other famous example was of short sightedness of Goliath Corporation president who refused to buy telephone patent for $100,000 and describing it as a “scientific curiosity” that would never has practical use Other famous example was of short sightedness of Goliath Corporation president who refused to buy telephone patent for $100,000 and describing it as a “scientific curiosity” that would never has practical use Many examples of market leaders trying to sabotage the radical innovations. Eg: safety of alternating current, an innovation of George Westinghouse was discredited by Edison, who used alternating current for electric chair Many examples of market leaders trying to sabotage the radical innovations. Eg: safety of alternating current, an innovation of George Westinghouse was discredited by Edison, who used alternating current for electric chair

5 Management teams Too many innovators underestimate the need for excellent management team and acc. to author first- rate management team with average technology is better than first-rate technology with second rate management team Too many innovators underestimate the need for excellent management team and acc. to author first- rate management team with average technology is better than first-rate technology with second rate management team Entrepreneurial behavior succeeds more often when performed in teams and it is not an individual behavior Entrepreneurial behavior succeeds more often when performed in teams and it is not an individual behavior Success increases dramatically with team size until you get up to four or five entrepreneurs with complementary skills to perform better Success increases dramatically with team size until you get up to four or five entrepreneurs with complementary skills to perform better

6 Passionate behavior People who lack passion often use the first barrier they encounter as an excuse for failure and high passion people will do whatever it takes to overcome those barriers People who lack passion often use the first barrier they encounter as an excuse for failure and high passion people will do whatever it takes to overcome those barriers What we achieve in life depends on a number of things What we achieve in life depends on a number of things i. how hard we work ii. How smart we work iii. How much leverage we have on the work iv. How much courage we have in pursuing goals

7 Cont… How hard we work is tied to how passionate we are How hard we work is tied to how passionate we are Wide shareholder ownership is one of the best ways to stimulate passionate behavior because they no longer behave like employees but like owners Wide shareholder ownership is one of the best ways to stimulate passionate behavior because they no longer behave like employees but like owners Eg: pilot, co-pilot and and flight attendant of southwest airlines which has high percentage of employee ownership, clean up trash to save money on cleaning crew Eg: pilot, co-pilot and and flight attendant of southwest airlines which has high percentage of employee ownership, clean up trash to save money on cleaning crew Share credit for success also improves passion Share credit for success also improves passion

8 Investors Quality of investors and the pace at which money flows into the company are keys to determining its success Quality of investors and the pace at which money flows into the company are keys to determining its success Besides cash investors can also provide significant leverage in success Besides cash investors can also provide significant leverage in success Companies that have investors with “deep pockets” will succeed more often Companies that have investors with “deep pockets” will succeed more often Eg: Venrock which invests Rockefeller family money is most successful vanture capital firm, in part because it has incredibly deep pockets and has staying power to help ensure the success of companies in which it invests Eg: Venrock which invests Rockefeller family money is most successful vanture capital firm, in part because it has incredibly deep pockets and has staying power to help ensure the success of companies in which it invests

9 Investment timing There are two different investment scenarios, with a net flow of money as a function of time There are two different investment scenarios, with a net flow of money as a function of time i. Putting small amounts of money over long period of time ii. Aggressive entering and capturing the market in small time Cons of first strategy a. Management often spends toomuch time raising money instead of building business b. Wide window of opportunity for competitor

10 Cont… The second one is optimal curve to make more money in the short term using fewer assets and for share holders point of view The second one is optimal curve to make more money in the short term using fewer assets and for share holders point of view The entrepreneurs with too much money might end up with ‘taj mahal syndrome’, fancy tomb of their business The entrepreneurs with too much money might end up with ‘taj mahal syndrome’, fancy tomb of their business The extravagant spending often increases overhead costs and makes the company less competitive The extravagant spending often increases overhead costs and makes the company less competitive

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12 Series of actions Once company is organized and financed, it must also pursue a course of action Once company is organized and financed, it must also pursue a course of action 1. Intellectual property 2. Speed of innovation 3. Time to market 4. Flexibilty 5. Location and clusters 6. Risk tolerance

13 Intellectual property It is important to consider intellectual property protection at the founding of the company It is important to consider intellectual property protection at the founding of the company If you do not have strong intellectual property position, others might simply appropriate your technology If you do not have strong intellectual property position, others might simply appropriate your technology Strong patent position will solve potential partner and financial problems Strong patent position will solve potential partner and financial problems

14 Speed of innovation Innovations go through cycles in which there is typically period of rapid discovery followed by incremental improvement Innovations go through cycles in which there is typically period of rapid discovery followed by incremental improvement This cyclical trend repeats itself improvements should be built in to manufacturing effectively This cyclical trend repeats itself improvements should be built in to manufacturing effectively Eg: invention of transistor by willium shackley in bell lab till invention of integrated circuits Eg: invention of transistor by willium shackley in bell lab till invention of integrated circuits Competition between US and Japan Competition between US and Japan

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16 Time to market The time at which your product reaches the marketplace may determine its success and failure The time at which your product reaches the marketplace may determine its success and failure Clearly speed to market is major factor in determining product profitability & success Clearly speed to market is major factor in determining product profitability & success Reaching the market either six months earlier or six months later increased or decreased, respectively, a products lifetime profits by one third Reaching the market either six months earlier or six months later increased or decreased, respectively, a products lifetime profits by one third Eg: intel chips in series released in 2 years gap Eg: intel chips in series released in 2 years gap

17 Flexibility Managers must create rules with caution because they might inhibit innovation and old rules should be reviewed periodically to make sure they are still constructive Managers must create rules with caution because they might inhibit innovation and old rules should be reviewed periodically to make sure they are still constructive Lack flexibility inhibits developing innovative technologies Lack flexibility inhibits developing innovative technologies Eg: early and wide adoption of internet in US and late adoption in japan Eg: early and wide adoption of internet in US and late adoption in japan

18 Clusters give an edge A business should be located close to your fierce competitor or close to your most demanding customer A business should be located close to your fierce competitor or close to your most demanding customer That way gain from advantages created by the cluster of companies that have complementary and competitive skill set would be high eg: labour pool, vendors, investors, customers, etc That way gain from advantages created by the cluster of companies that have complementary and competitive skill set would be high eg: labour pool, vendors, investors, customers, etc Eg: cut flower business in Netherlands Eg: cut flower business in Netherlands

19 Risk tolerance The only people who never experience failure are those who never push the envelop of what mankind is capable of doing. The risk tolerance among individuals should be encouraged The only people who never experience failure are those who never push the envelop of what mankind is capable of doing. The risk tolerance among individuals should be encouraged Many cultures which have stigma for success, conceals success from public eye and fails to create role models for young would-be entrepreneurs Many cultures which have stigma for success, conceals success from public eye and fails to create role models for young would-be entrepreneurs Eg: stigma for failure is less in US and result is best and brightest gravitate towards start-ups Eg: stigma for failure is less in US and result is best and brightest gravitate towards start-ups


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