Presentation on theme: "The Characters William Taft Won Rep. nomination after T.R. withdrew Theodore Roosevelt Progressive Party (Bull Moose Party) Woodrow Wilson Democrat Eugene."— Presentation transcript:
The Characters William Taft Won Rep. nomination after T.R. withdrew Theodore Roosevelt Progressive Party (Bull Moose Party) Woodrow Wilson Democrat Eugene Debs Socialist Party
New Nationalism Roosevelts Platform Powerful Fed. Government = regulation of economy and social justice New Freedom Wilsons Platform – competition between small companies instead of large corps.
Smart Lacked people skills Led by morals Idealist Very stubborn Anti-imperialist
Tariffs Underwood Tariff Bill (1913) – Reduced tariff rates 16 th amendment – income tax Banks Federal Reserve Act Trusts Federal Trade Commission Act Clayton Anti-Trust Act Samuel Gompers
Created Federal Reserve Board 12 regional banks that issued Federal Reserve notes Allowed for flexible money system
Presidential Commission examined interstate commerce laws Root out unfair trade practices Root out unlawful competition
Outlawed interlocking directories and pure discrimination Magna Carta of the labor movement Exempted labor unions from Anti-Trust laws
La Follette Seamens Act 1915 Fair treatment and wages on ships Federal Farm Loan Act 1916 Low interest loans to farmers Warehouse Act of 1916 Loans on the security of staple crops Workingmens Compensation Act 1916 Adamson Act hr work day for train workers in interstate commerce
Wilson did not do well with Black Progressivism Louis Brandeis First Jewish Supreme Court Justice
Wilson did not embrace the Dollar Diplomacy and Big Stick Jones Act Made Philippines a territory, promoted independence as soon as Philippines had stable government Wilson did not embrace the Dollar Diplomacy and Big Stick Jones Act Made Philippines a territory, promoted independence as soon as Philippines had stable government
Repealed Panama Canal Tolls Act Haiti Helping Haiti or Helping Ourselves? Virgin Islands Purchased from Denmark for $25 million
-In 1913 Mexican rebels (prompted by U.S. ambassador) overthrew a government friendly to the United States and placed Victoriano Huerta, Carranza and Villa in positions of power in Mexico. -President Wilson refused to recognize the new Mexican government. - Mass immigration of Mexicans -In 1913 Mexican rebels (prompted by U.S. ambassador) overthrew a government friendly to the United States and placed Victoriano Huerta, Carranza and Villa in positions of power in Mexico. -President Wilson refused to recognize the new Mexican government. - Mass immigration of Mexicans
-TAMPICO INCIDENT -Wilson ordered Marines to take Vera Cruz because of arrest of Americans. -And to prevent arming of Mexicans -Carranza and Huerto protested bitterly. -It was finally mediated by the A.B.C. Powers. -(Argentina, Brazil, and Chile) -Shortly after Huerto collapsed and was replaced by Carranza whom President Wilson reluctantly supported.
Hoping to start a war with America, the bandit Pancho Villa killed 16 Americans in Northern Mexico and 19 Americans at Columbus, New Mexico. Wilson sent John Pershing after the bandit Pancho Villa. The Mexican terrorist was never found.
Serb patriot killed heir to the Austria- Hungary throne Germany and Austria-Hungary sent message to Serbia Serbia backed by Russia set eyes on Germany Germany attacked France through Belgium Great Britain joined with France Archduke Francis Ferdinand Gavrilo Princip
Both central and allied powers wanted US help Allies – German atrocities Central – relied on German-Americans Americans anti-German Against Kaiser Wilhelm II
In recession before WWI British and French need for product J.P Morgan loaned 2.3 billion Central powers complained Did not violate neutrality laws Could still trade with US British blockade
1915 –Germany announces submarine war area around British isles U-boats 90 ships sunk in first few months try not to sink neutral ships
Passenger ship Sank of Ireland on May 7, ,198 killed (128 Americans) Germans argued ship carried ammunition
Warning to Germany Agreed in 1915 to not sink unarmed ships without warning Violated with sinking of Sussex in 1916 Sussex ultimatum Germany would not attack passenger ships Accepted by Wilson U.S. would help to remove British blockade Not agreed upon
Wilson: He Kept us Out of War Roosevelt refused to run as a progressive Republicans nominate Hughes Pro-business; attacked Wilsons foreign policy