Presentation on theme: "Dynamic Improvements to Public Transportation in Malaysia"— Presentation transcript:
1 Dynamic Improvements to Public Transportation in Malaysia ABF Public Transport ForumOctober 28-29, 2008
2 Presentation Structure Introductions – who we areResolving Public Transport Issues in MalaysiaRegulation has to changeOrganization has to changeA New Model for Public TransportMaking it happenConclusion
3 So…who are you?The Association for the Improvement of Mass-Transit (TRANSIT), Klang ValleyA diverse group of public transport usersA united voice for the passengerOur Goalto ensure the voice of the passenger is heard in public transport planning, regulation, and operationsTo increase awareness about what public public transport can bring to our communities
4 Resolving Public Transport Issues in Malaysia MYTH:Public Transport is a mobility service for poor peopleHence the following misunderstandings:Investment in private transport is more important for the nation than investment in public transportSupporting the needs of private transport users is a priority in MalaysiaThere are no “choice users” of public transportWe should give the users (those poor souls) the cheap, basic service that they want/needReal improvement to public transport requires large-scale investments such as LRT or monorail
5 Resolving Public Transport Issues in Malaysia FACT:Public transport provides 3 functions for societyMobility for those not using private transportDevelopment tool to reduce infrastructure costsA business operation with potential for profitsInvestment in public transport is investment in critical communications infrastructureFar less money has been invested properly into public transport than in other infrastructure
6 Why don’t “choice users” choose to use public transport? TRIP(Mass) transit journey is too tiringROUTETransit routes are very complicatedPLATFORMTransit points are not accessible
7 To make people use public transport… TRIP(Mass) transit journey is too tiringROUTETransit routes are very complicatedPLATFORMTransit points are not accessibleMAKE TRIP FAST AND COMFORTABLEMAKE GETTING TO PLACES SIMPLE AND STRAIGHT FORWARDMAKE TRANSFERS CONVENIENT AND HASSLE FREE
8 The current system cannot work because: The single most important competitor to public transport is private transportTaxpayers’ money has not been used to fund common infrastructure to support public transport the way it is used tobuild and maintain roads for cars.TRIPCollective movement of peopleROUTEServicing common corridor with greater efficiencyPLATFORMFacilitated by pooled resources (stations, street signals, dedicated lanes etc)Operators pitted against each other will take every cost savings they can get away with in absence of any reasonable standards, regulations and enforcementMass transit vehicles SHARE travel space with private vehiclesOperators maximize whatever they can squeeze from any loophole in public infrastructure (i.e. loitering of parked buses, unruly road hogging and speeding)
9 Regulation has to change Public transport is not coordinatedVarious disconnected services operated by various disconnected corporationsSome important questionsWhy are government corporations competing with private corporations?Will the S.P.A.N. be just another agency? (#14)Does the government have a clear, realistic plan for public transport?Are government and operators listening to us?
10 So?To do this we must appreciate and understand all functions of public transport when we plan, regulate, and operate these servicesIs the service providing universal accessibility?Is the service enhancing development?Is the service planned and implemented to reduce other infrastructure costs?Have we maximized the benefits and minimized the costs?Are we planning ahead or planning too late?
11 The importance of planning: TRIPCollective movement of peopleROUTEServicing common corridors with greater efficiencyPLATFORMFacilitated by pooled resources (stations, street signals, dedicated lanes etc)
12 Who does what in public transport This highly systemic and strategic task should be entrusted toa centralized authority with a high-level oflegislative and enforcement powersTRIPCollective movement of peopleROUTEServicing common corridor with greater efficiencyPLATFORMFacilitated by pooled resources (stations, street signals, dedicated lanes etc)This operational task is typically taken by private orquasi-government operators.Pooled resources refer to commonly shared infrastructures funded by taxpayers. Ownership by local and regional level authorities is a must.
13 The bottom line of public transport… MAKE TRIP FAST AND COMFORTABLEMAKE GETTING TO PLACES SIMPLE AND STRAIGHT FORWARDMAKE TRANSFERS CONVENIENT AND HASSLE FREEKEY PERFORMANCE INDICATORS in:AccessibilityAvailabilityReliabilitySafetyComfortThe measurement of performance is the key, because……If you can’t measure it, you can’t control it…If you can’t control it, you can’t manage it…If you can’t manage it, you can’t improve it.
14 Change the regulation… Public Transport is a “rakyat issue”Public Transport Oversight and Regulation should be handled by a Select Parliamentary CommitteeA Centralized Authority (S.P.A.N.) to:Create national standards for public transportIntegrate planning with National Physical PlanDetermine funding needs and provide fundsInvest in critical improvements to infrastructure
15 Change the regulation… Local / Regional Authorities are empowered to carry out the regulation of public transportLocal / Regional Authorities would be integrated with economic growth regionsFocus on local and regional planning as identified in the National Physical PlanOwnership of crucial public transport infrastructureProvision of investment capital and funding
16 A new model for public transport Authority provides & owns all vital infrastructure (incl. routes)Operators contracted to the Local or Regional Authority for a 3-5 year periodContract through open tender and KPIOperators are paid a contract fee for services provided with additional incentives for meeting/exceeding KPIFeedback from passengers becomes vital
17 A new organizational model Fair allocation of risks and responsibilities between operators and authoritiesKPIs in:AccessibilityAvailabilityReliabilitySafetyComfortINPUTSTaxpayers MoneyInfrastructure TechnologyResources LaborOPERATORS’ SCOPEAUTHORITIES’ SCOPECOST EFFICIENCYCOST EFFECTIVENESSCONSUMED OUTPUTSPassenger/milePassenger/energy unitInfra. KPIs Service KPIsSERVICE EFFICIENCYPRODUCED OUTPUTSJourney covered/labor Operational cost/mileVehicle seats/mile
18 TRANSPORT AUTHORITIES A new financing modelNon-discriminating distribution of tax revenue and fee income to cover entire populationFUNDINGLOCAL / STATE GOVTQuit rent rates depend on proximity to transit connectionsCongestion charges, summons FEDERAL GOVT Taxes, royalties, duties, leviesTRANSPORT AUTHORITIESPENALTY IF KPIs NOT METPENALTY IF KPIs NOT METAND DRIVING MANHOURSPAYOUTS BASED ON DISTANCE TRAVELLEDUNIFORM FEE COLLECTION (integrated ticketing system)CIVIL DUTYCOMMUTERSOPERATORS Contracted to: Private localGLC-funded local Private foreignEXTRA FEE FOR VALUE-ADDED SERVICE
19 The view from TRANSIT Indiscriminate LRT expansion not needed Go back to the RapidKL “hub-and-spoke” model used fromThis time, we make it work!Authority builds vital infrastructure (hubs, lanes)Authority directs local councils to identify bus routesAll bus operators under contract to AuthorityPackaging of “Areas” will combine lucrative trunk routes with express and suburban routes
20 TRANSIT’s Klang Valley Network Our “Strategic Plan” - Start from the basicsMake the bus service work wellEnhance the bus services by introducing critical infrastructure (lanes, hubs)Introduce “Quality Bus” or “Rapid Transit” services to improve speed, frequency, reliabilityThen, we investHow many passengers per direction per hour?Choose the appropriate technology to meet our needs maximize benefits at the lowest cost!Ex. Kelana Jaya LRT to Lembah Subang
21 To move 10,000 pax/d/h we can choose: LRTMonorailTram*Bus*Capital Cost/kmRM mnRM mnRM mnRM25-50 mnPax/d/h (000s)9-256-204-153-10Right-of-Way typeClass AClass A/B/CFlexibilitynonesomegreaterCommunityUrbanU/SubU/S/RurGrowth2 gen3 gen
23 So what does that mean?The LRT solution is not the only one we should look at – the costs are higher and benefits lowerMass-Transit only when demand is provenFor congested urban areas, monorail may be a more cost-effective solution than LRTRapid Trams have the greatest combination of costs, capacity, and flexibilityRapid Transit on main roads (BRT, Trams) and expressways (ERT) is the best way to introduce rapid transit to our communitiesUses the existing (and paid-for) road infrastructureConstruction costs are lower so more km of routesCan be built faster and fine-tuned more easily
24 Perhaps you want to see lines on a map? -ve > +veI feel it is an attempt atmisdirectionwe see the map, wethink the line will be builtWe stop asking thoseserious questionsWe wait and wait andwait and promises continue but no improvements!Ex. Subang Jaya LRTEx. Penang Monorail
25 ConclusionUnderstand what makes public transport works best (utilizing all 3 functions)Public Transport is a “rakyat issue”Involve the rakyat & involve themS.P.A.N. plus Local / Regional AuthorityGov’t management + Private operatorsFair allocation: funding, resources & risksMaximize benefits, minimize costs!Keep it simple and make it work!
26 Thank you for your time Moaz Yusuf Ahmad On behalf of TRANSIT On behalf of TRANSIT