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1 National Urban Search & Rescue Response System Communications Specialist Course Communications Specialist Course Module 3 Unit 2: Nets, Frequency Issues.

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Presentation on theme: "1 National Urban Search & Rescue Response System Communications Specialist Course Communications Specialist Course Module 3 Unit 2: Nets, Frequency Issues."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 National Urban Search & Rescue Response System Communications Specialist Course Communications Specialist Course Module 3 Unit 2: Nets, Frequency Issues and Interoperability

2 2 National Urban Search & Rescue Response System Communications Specialist Course Unit Objective Upon completion of this unit, you will be able to develop Nets, use Communications Plans, and determine methods of overcoming interoperability issues

3 3 National Urban Search & Rescue Response System Communications Specialist Course Enabling Objectives Understand the US&R UHF Radio Plan Identify the frequencies that are currently allocated and describe what they may and may not be used for Explain how additional frequencies are obtained for use while deployed to an operational site, or for training

4 4 National Urban Search & Rescue Response System Communications Specialist Course Did everyone get the message?!

5 5 National Urban Search & Rescue Response System Communications Specialist Course Comm Units Goals Intra Squad Communications Intra Task Force Communications Command Net Access Support Net Access

6 6 National Urban Search & Rescue Response System Communications Specialist Course Radio Nick Names UHF Radio (Uniform) VHF Radio (Victor) Satellite Radio (SatComm & SatRadio) Satellite Phone (SatPhone)

7 7 National Urban Search & Rescue Response System Communications Specialist Course Color Coding of Radios US&R Standard Black US&R - UHF or Uniform White – UHF Smart Zone Orange - VHF Blue MHz Red - Special Yellow - SatComm White - Aviation VHF (also a Victor)

8 8 National Urban Search & Rescue Response System Communications Specialist Course Why Color Code? Quick User Identification Match Radios to Antennas What to Color Code? Antennas, Feedlines and Bases All Radios Use 1/2 Band of Shrink Tube on Antenna

9 9 National Urban Search & Rescue Response System Communications Specialist Course What Channel When?

10 10 National Urban Search & Rescue Response System Communications Specialist Course DHS US&R Zones and Channels UHF Portable Radios 19 Zones (Alpha – Zulu / No Hotel – Lima) 16 Channels per Zone Zone/Channel Written as B/7 Spoken as Bravo Seven

11 11 National Urban Search & Rescue Response System Communications Specialist Course US&R UHF Radio Zones Zones A - L are FEMA DHS Zones Zones M – N are Med Zones Zone O is UCall/Tac Zone P is IR Zone Q is Law Enforcement Zones R – V Zones Y – Z are Field Programable

12 12 National Urban Search & Rescue Response System Communications Specialist Course US&R Zones Generally US&R is assigned to Zones Bravo and Charlie B/1 and C/1 are Reserved for FEMA USE, NOT US&R

13 13 National Urban Search & Rescue Response System Communications Specialist Course Channel Groups Duplex Channels The Output and Input of Repeater Pairs are both now programmed into the UHF radios In Bravo and Charlie Zones the repeater channels are 2, 5, 8, 11 & 14 Bravo 2 Repeater Bravo 3 Output Frequency Bravo 4 Input Frequency

14 14 National Urban Search & Rescue Response System Communications Specialist Course This gives you Flexibility You will only get one Repeater Pair You have to decide how to best use it Always think Simplex 1 st, this gives you 2 channels

15 15 National Urban Search & Rescue Response System Communications Specialist Course Only FEMA can APPROVE the Use of Federal Radios; Regardless of the Band, Channel or Frequency.

16 16 National Urban Search & Rescue Response System Communications Specialist Course Networks Nets Channels should not change during the event! Tactical Nets Command Net Support Net Air/Ground Net

17 17 National Urban Search & Rescue Response System Communications Specialist Course Tactical Nets (2 Channels, 1 Net) Established and Maintained by the Task Force Comm Unit Provides Communication Path between the TFL and Task Force Operations Covers entire Area of Operation (Work) Area BoO may also Use Simplex as Work Channel, if not Interfering with Tactical Operations. Use Simplex to Cover Area of Operation if Able Each Task Force has a Tactical Net Channel Name Texas Tactical

18 18 National Urban Search & Rescue Response System Communications Specialist Course HI 1 AO Each Tactical Net Covers a Task Forces Area of Operation Each Task Force Manages their Own Tactical Net Tactical Net Coverage

19 19 National Urban Search & Rescue Response System Communications Specialist Course HI 1 AO Each Task Force also Maintains a Support Channel in their BoO Unless the Incident Area of Operation and BoO are in Very Close Proximity the Support Channel is a non-repeated Tactical Channel Tactical Net Coverage HI 1 BoO Support Channel Coverage

20 20 National Urban Search & Rescue Response System Communications Specialist Course HI 1 AO WY 2 AO DE 3 AO Tactical Net Coverage Each Task Force has their own Tactical Net

21 21 National Urban Search & Rescue Response System Communications Specialist Course HI 1 AO WY 2 AO DE 3 AO Tactical Net Coverage IST AO The IST has a IST Support Channel; similar to a Tactical Net

22 22 National Urban Search & Rescue Response System Communications Specialist Course Command Net (Only 1) Established and Maintained by the IST Comm Unit Provides Communication Path between the IST and Task Force Operations SatRadio Talk Group US&R-1 is the Command Net Channel unless Changed by the IST Comm Unit Leader For IST Ops and Task Force Leadership

23 23 National Urban Search & Rescue Response System Communications Specialist Course HI 1 LDR WY 2 LDR DE 3 LDR IST LDR The IST Manages the Command Net The Command Net Links the Field Unit Leaders to the IST

24 24 National Urban Search & Rescue Response System Communications Specialist Course Support Net Established and Maintained by the IST Comm Unit Provides Communication Path for all non-Tactical operations… Logistics, Comm etc… Has the largest Coverage Area and may be SatRadio, Simplex Radio or Repeater Initially SatRadio Talk Group US&R-1 also is used for these activities Intended for ALL Task Forces to Use

25 25 National Urban Search & Rescue Response System Communications Specialist Course HI 1 LDR WY 2 LDR DE 3 LDR IST LDR TF BoOs Wall Mart EOC

26 26 National Urban Search & Rescue Response System Communications Specialist Course Air/Ground Net Established and Maintained by the IST and Task Force Comm Unit Provides Communication Path between the IST and Aircraft and TF and Aircraft No Planned Channel Each Task Force is a Participant in the Air/Ground Net

27 27 National Urban Search & Rescue Response System Communications Specialist Course IST Task Force AOs IST Coordinates Aircraft Requests Task Forces Communicates with Aircraft in AO

28 28 National Urban Search & Rescue Response System Communications Specialist Course Standard ICS 205 Considerations Is there an IST Comm Unit assigned? IF NO IST Assigned… Request Channels from MERS & Develop a Comm Plan (not likely to happen) Predetermined Basic Band Plan Are you the only TF responding? How many more are involved? Who within my TF needs their own channel? –Logistics? –Medical? –Multiple Tactical – can Ops assign? Remember FEMA may have extra frequencies, but dont over- request!

29 29 National Urban Search & Rescue Response System Communications Specialist Course Standard Frequency Action Format (SFAF) See Handout Current version changes often without notice Enter as TEXT only in an Do not attach document

30 30 National Urban Search & Rescue Response System Communications Specialist Course National Interoperability FOG (IFOG) Source for InterOp Frequencies IST Comm will Coordinate InterOp

31 31 National Urban Search & Rescue Response System Communications Specialist Course ICS 205

32 32 National Urban Search & Rescue Response System Communications Specialist Course Changes to the Plan Changes should only occur with a new Operational Period and Briefing All radio programming is done no later than 2 hours before the next operational period starts

33 33 National Urban Search & Rescue Response System Communications Specialist Course Satellite Communications Most Dependable US&R Comm

34 34 National Urban Search & Rescue Response System Communications Specialist Course Role of SatComm Telephone other than Cellular or Landline Inter Task Force Comm Intra Task Force Comm IST Task Force Comm

35 35 National Urban Search & Rescue Response System Communications Specialist Course US&R Net ID# Sensitive Information! US&R 1 US&R 2 US&R 3 US&R 4 US&R99 (USMART)

36 36 National Urban Search & Rescue Response System Communications Specialist Course Unit Summary Understand the US&R UHF Radio Plan Identify the frequencies that are currently allocated and describe what they may and may not be used for Explain how additional frequencies are obtained for use while deployed to an operational site, or for training

37 37 National Urban Search & Rescue Response System Communications Specialist Course Unit Evaluation Please fill out the evaluation form for this unit


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