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© Confederation of Indian Industry1 BASIC RESEARCH AND HIGHER EDUCATION SYSTEM byY.S.RAJAN Principal Adviser, CII (views personal) To be Delivered at the CII National Summit on Quality in Education November 2006, Bangalore
© Confederation of Indian Industry2 SOME MACRO STATISTICCS PERCENTAGE SHARE OF NATIONAL S&T EXPENDITURE Applied Research41.7% Experimental Dev.34.0% Basic Research17.8% Other Activities 6.5% Courtesy : R&D Statistics, DST, September 2006
© Confederation of Indian Industry3 SOME MACRO STATISTICS (contd..) National R&D Expenditure Rs Crores Rs Crores Rs Crores (estimate) (DST : Sept.2006) Budget estimates for major Central Govt. agencies DRDO Rs 29,600 crores (derived by YSR)
© Confederation of Indian Industry4 SOME MACRO STATISTICS (Contd…) (S&T) Researchers per million people for selected countries ( ) DST September 2006 Total Researchers Argentina Australia Brazil Canada China
© Confederation of Indian Industry5 SOME MACRO STATISTIC (Contd…) Total Researchers Total Researchers Finland Germany India * Japan Korea Singapore UK USA *includes 22,100 researchers employed in Higher Education
© Confederation of Indian Industry6 SOME MACRO STATISTIC (Contd) Doctorate Degrees Awarded Faculty-wise Doctorate Degrees Awarded Faculty-wise (DST September 2006) Science & Technology(A) Faculty Science4497 Engg./Technology 779 Medicine 243 Agriculture1042 Veterinary Science 153 Total A6714 Total A6714
© Confederation of Indian Industry7 SOME MACRO STATISTIC (Contd) Other Disciplines(B) Faculty Arts5034 Commerce 857 Education 554 Law 138 Others 436 Total B7019 Total A+B = 13733
© Confederation of Indian Industry8 SOME MACRO STATISTIC (Contd) SOME MACRO STATISTIC (Contd) ESTIMATED STOCK OF S&T PERSONNEL ESTIMATED STOCK OF S&T PERSONNEL (thousands) (thousands) (DST SEPTEMBER 2006) Stock of S&T personnel at the beginning of year Category Engg. Degree Holders Engg. Diploma Holders Medical Graduates Agri. Graduates
© Confederation of Indian Industry9 SOME MACRO STATISTIC (Contd) SOME MACRO STATISTIC (Contd) ESTIMATED STOCK OF S&T PERSONNEL ESTIMATED STOCK OF S&T PERSONNEL(thousands) (DST SEPTEMBER 2006) Stock of S&T personnel at the beginning of year Category Veterinary Graduates Science Graduates Science Post Graduates TOTAL (projected by YSR) Average Rate of Growth about 4%
© Confederation of Indian Industry10 QUESTIONS & ANSWERS (? !) SO MUCH FOR STATISTICS SO MUCH FOR STATISTICS What do we learn ? What do we learn ? Bulk of /S&T funds in India only by Govt. (very little for Humanities/Social Sciences) Bulk of /S&T funds in India only by Govt. (very little for Humanities/Social Sciences) Of the Govt. funds in S&T mostly it goes to major laboratories Of the Govt. funds in S&T mostly it goes to major laboratories Industries about 25% of national expenditure is in-house - units. Industries about 25% of national expenditure is in-house - units. So what about Higher Educational Sector ? So what about Higher Educational Sector ?
© Confederation of Indian Industry11 QUESTIONS & ANSWERS (? !) Researchers in Higher Educational Sector is very low - that too crowded in IITs, IISc & a few other select Central Universities. Researchers in Higher Educational Sector is very low - that too crowded in IITs, IISc & a few other select Central Universities. Naturally low Ph.D. out turn Naturally low Ph.D. out turn Also many questions as to what they are. Also many questions as to what they are. Solutions : Solutions : TIFAC - REACH TIFAC - REACH Industry Role Industry Role Academia Role Academia Role
© Confederation of Indian Industry12 BASIC RESEARCH »What is it ? »Academic Perception »Industry perception NEED FOR BRIDGING PERCEPTIONAL DIVIDE QUALITY INSTITUTIONS EYES OF PERCEPTIVE AND DISCERNING OBSERVER (TIFAC - CORE Experience)
© Confederation of Indian Industry13 HUMANITIES CRUCIAL FOR KNOWLEDGE SOCIETY CRUCIAL FOR KNOWLEDGE SOCIETY Languages Basic for cognitional foundation Languages Basic for cognitional foundation Knowledge about people, culture - Winning Minds therefore markets Knowledge about people, culture - Winning Minds therefore markets Traditional Knowledge bases - New Gold Mines Traditional Knowledge bases - New Gold Mines Continuing Education - Making it interesting Continuing Education - Making it interesting Many more for those who seek Many more for those who seek
© Confederation of Indian Industry14
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