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© Confederation of Indian Industry1 BASIC RESEARCH AND HIGHER EDUCATION SYSTEM byY.S.RAJAN Principal Adviser, CII (views personal) To be Delivered at the CII National Summit on Quality in Education 16-17 November 2006, Bangalore
© Confederation of Indian Industry2 SOME MACRO STATISTICCS PERCENTAGE SHARE OF NATIONAL S&T EXPENDITURE 2002-2003 Applied Research41.7% Experimental Dev.34.0% Basic Research17.8% Other Activities 6.5% Courtesy : R&D Statistics, DST, September 2006
© Confederation of Indian Industry3 SOME MACRO STATISTICS (contd..) National R&D Expenditure 1998 - 99Rs.12473.17 Crores 2002 - 03Rs.18000.16 Crores 2004 - 05Rs.21639.58 Crores (estimate) (DST : Sept.2006) 2006 - 07Budget estimates for major Central Govt. agencies DRDO Rs 29,600 crores (derived by YSR)
© Confederation of Indian Industry4 SOME MACRO STATISTICS (Contd…) (S&T) Researchers per million people for selected countries (1996-2002) DST September 2006 Total Researchers Argentina 715 26455 Australia3446 68920 Brazil 324 55728 Canada3487108097 China 633805176
© Confederation of Indian Industry5 SOME MACRO STATISTIC (Contd…) Total Researchers Total Researchers Finland7431 37155 Germany3222264204 India 110115936* Japan5085645795 Korea2979140013 Singapore4352 17408 UK2691158769 USA4526 1289910 *includes 22,100 researchers employed in Higher Education
© Confederation of Indian Industry6 SOME MACRO STATISTIC (Contd) Doctorate Degrees Awarded Faculty-wise Doctorate Degrees Awarded Faculty-wise 2002-03 (DST September 2006) Science & Technology(A) Faculty2002-2003 Science4497 Engg./Technology 779 Medicine 243 Agriculture1042 Veterinary Science 153 Total A6714 Total A6714
© Confederation of Indian Industry7 SOME MACRO STATISTIC (Contd) Other Disciplines(B) Faculty2002-2003 Arts5034 Commerce 857 Education 554 Law 138 Others 436 Total B7019 Total A+B = 13733
© Confederation of Indian Industry8 SOME MACRO STATISTIC (Contd) SOME MACRO STATISTIC (Contd) ESTIMATED STOCK OF S&T PERSONNEL ESTIMATED STOCK OF S&T PERSONNEL (thousands) (thousands) (DST SEPTEMBER 2006) Stock of S&T personnel at the beginning of year Category199120012006 Engg. Degree Holders519.61024.4 Engg. Diploma Holders859.31531.7 Medical Graduates310.3 415.9 Agri. Graduates168.4 238.6
© Confederation of Indian Industry9 SOME MACRO STATISTIC (Contd) SOME MACRO STATISTIC (Contd) ESTIMATED STOCK OF S&T PERSONNEL ESTIMATED STOCK OF S&T PERSONNEL(thousands) (DST SEPTEMBER 2006) Stock of S&T personnel at the beginning of year Category199120012006 Veterinary Graduates 34.4 46.7 Science Graduates2430.3 4024.9 Science Post Graduates 482.0 805.0 TOTAL4804.39785 (projected by YSR) Average Rate of Growth about 4%
© Confederation of Indian Industry10 QUESTIONS & ANSWERS (? !) SO MUCH FOR STATISTICS SO MUCH FOR STATISTICS What do we learn ? What do we learn ? Bulk of /S&T funds in India only by Govt. (very little for Humanities/Social Sciences) Bulk of /S&T funds in India only by Govt. (very little for Humanities/Social Sciences) Of the Govt. funds in S&T mostly it goes to major laboratories Of the Govt. funds in S&T mostly it goes to major laboratories Industries about 25% of national expenditure is in-house - units. Industries about 25% of national expenditure is in-house - units. So what about Higher Educational Sector ? So what about Higher Educational Sector ?
© Confederation of Indian Industry11 QUESTIONS & ANSWERS (? !) Researchers in Higher Educational Sector is very low - that too crowded in IITs, IISc & a few other select Central Universities. Researchers in Higher Educational Sector is very low - that too crowded in IITs, IISc & a few other select Central Universities. Naturally low Ph.D. out turn Naturally low Ph.D. out turn Also many questions as to what they are. Also many questions as to what they are. Solutions : Solutions : TIFAC - REACH TIFAC - REACH Industry Role Industry Role Academia Role Academia Role
© Confederation of Indian Industry12 BASIC RESEARCH »What is it ? »Academic Perception »Industry perception NEED FOR BRIDGING PERCEPTIONAL DIVIDE QUALITY INSTITUTIONS EYES OF PERCEPTIVE AND DISCERNING OBSERVER (TIFAC - CORE Experience)
© Confederation of Indian Industry13 HUMANITIES CRUCIAL FOR KNOWLEDGE SOCIETY CRUCIAL FOR KNOWLEDGE SOCIETY Languages Basic for cognitional foundation Languages Basic for cognitional foundation Knowledge about people, culture - Winning Minds therefore markets Knowledge about people, culture - Winning Minds therefore markets Traditional Knowledge bases - New Gold Mines Traditional Knowledge bases - New Gold Mines Continuing Education - Making it interesting Continuing Education - Making it interesting Many more for those who seek Many more for those who seek
© Confederation of Indian Industry14
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