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Setting Up and Running the WRF Standard Initialization John Smart and Brent Shaw NOAA / Forecast Systems Laboratory June 27, 2002.

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Presentation on theme: "Setting Up and Running the WRF Standard Initialization John Smart and Brent Shaw NOAA / Forecast Systems Laboratory June 27, 2002."— Presentation transcript:

1 Setting Up and Running the WRF Standard Initialization John Smart and Brent Shaw NOAA / Forecast Systems Laboratory June 27, 2002

2 Overview  Required Files  System Requirements  Installing the Software  Configuring Domains  Configuring Interpolation  Running  Initializing the WRF Model  Summary

3 Required Files  WRFSI.TAR.gz  Static Geographical Data (large ones in quartersphere files) Geog_Data: Geog_Data: Topo_30s: Topo_30s: 1) topo_30s_SW.tar.gz, 2) _SE.tar.gz, 3) _NW.tar.gz, 4) _NE.tar.gz.1) topo_30s_SW.tar.gz, 2) _SE.tar.gz, 3) _NW.tar.gz, 4) _NE.tar.gz. Landuse_30s: Landuse_30s: landuse_30s_NW.tar.gz, 2) _SE.tar.gz, 3) _NW.tar.gz, 4) _NE.tar.gz.landuse_30s_NW.tar.gz, 2) _SE.tar.gz, 3) _NW.tar.gz, 4) _NE.tar.gz. Green fraction: greenfrac/greenfrac.tar.gz Green fraction: greenfrac/greenfrac.tar.gz Soiltemp: soiltemp_1deg/TGLOBAL.tar.gz Soiltemp: soiltemp_1deg/TGLOBAL.tar.gz Soiltype (top layer): soiltype_bot_30s (NW, NE, SW, SE) Soiltype (top layer): soiltype_bot_30s (NW, NE, SW, SE) Soiltype (bottom layer): soiltype_bot_30s (NW, NE, SW, SE) Soiltype (bottom layer): soiltype_bot_30s (NW, NE, SW, SE) Albedo: albedo_ncep: albedo.tar.gz Albedo: albedo_ncep: albedo.tar.gz  Available for download (Officially released versions) (Officially released versions) ftp://ftp.fsl.noaa.gov/pub/frd-laps (Latest version, not necessarily officially released) … currently wrfsi_ tar.gz ftp://ftp.fsl.noaa.gov/pub/frd-laps (Latest version, not necessarily officially released) … currently wrfsi_ tar.gz

4 System Requirements  Unix or Linux OS Routinely built on IBM AIX, Intel-Linux, Alpha-Linux at FSL Routinely built on IBM AIX, Intel-Linux, Alpha-Linux at FSL NCAR has built on Alpha-True64 and SGI-IRIX NCAR has built on Alpha-True64 and SGI-IRIX Ported to solaris (currently testing) Ported to solaris (currently testing)  FORTRAN 90 Compiler  C Compiler (gcc is preferred)  netCDF Libaries  Perl  make Utility

5 System Requirements  Disk Requirements Recommended Minimum Total Space: 10 GB Recommended Minimum Total Space: 10 GB Approx. 10 MB for source code and executables Approx. 10 MB for source code and executables Approx. 6 GB for global static fields Approx. 6 GB for global static fields 1-10 GB for each $MOAD_DATAROOT 1-10 GB for each $MOAD_DATAROOT Depends on domain size, run length, etc.Depends on domain size, run length, etc. NCAR 30km national domain requires approx. 1 GB to contain necessary files for a 48-hour forecast period with 3-hourly boundary conditionsNCAR 30km national domain requires approx. 1 GB to contain necessary files for a 48-hour forecast period with 3-hourly boundary conditions 2-4 GB for "typical" $EXT_DATAROOT 2-4 GB for "typical" $EXT_DATAROOT 48 hours of AVN 1 deg and ETA 40 km grids with hourly output48 hours of AVN 1 deg and ETA 40 km grids with hourly output

6 Installing the Software  Installation Overview Set up directories and environment variables Set up directories and environment variables Check compiler options for your system Check compiler options for your system Run the installation script Run the installation script Check for successful installation Check for successful installation

7 Installing the Software  Set up directories and environment variables Source root Source root Typically set to top directory of extracted WRFSI.TAR fileTypically set to top directory of extracted WRFSI.TAR file Set the $SRCROOT environment variableSet the $SRCROOT environment variable Installation root Installation root Where executables will be installedWhere executables will be installed Can be same as $SRCROOT if desiredCan be same as $SRCROOT if desired Set $INSTALLROOT environment variableSet $INSTALLROOT environment variable Domain data root Domain data root Top level directory where domain specific data will be keptTop level directory where domain specific data will be kept Set $MOAD_DATAROOT environment variableSet $MOAD_DATAROOT environment variable netCDF Path (NETCDF environment variable) netCDF Path (NETCDF environment variable) Determine fully qualified Perl executable (e.g., /usr/bin/perl) Determine fully qualified Perl executable (e.g., /usr/bin/perl)

8 Installing the Software  Check Compiler Settings Check $SRCROOT/src/include directory for the existence of a file named "makefile_{MACH}.inc.in where {MACH} is the type of machine on which you are building Check $SRCROOT/src/include directory for the existence of a file named "makefile_{MACH}.inc.in where {MACH} is the type of machine on which you are building If one exists, check the various compiler options and flag settings If one exists, check the various compiler options and flag settings If one does not exist, copy one of the existing ones to a new name using your machine name and edit the compiler settings If one does not exist, copy one of the existing ones to a new name using your machine name and edit the compiler settings

9 Installing the Software  Run the installation script $SRCROOT/install_wrfsi.pl $SRCROOT/install_wrfsi.pl Example: Example: /usr/bin/perl install_wrfsi.pl --installroot=$INSTALLROOT --srcroot=$SRCROOT --dataroot=$MOAD_DATAROOT --path_to_netcdf=$NETCDF --machine=MACH --path_to_perl=/usr/bin/perl/usr/bin/perl install_wrfsi.pl --installroot=$INSTALLROOT --srcroot=$SRCROOT --dataroot=$MOAD_DATAROOT --path_to_netcdf=$NETCDF --machine=MACH --path_to_perl=/usr/bin/perl MACH = the machine type corresponding to the makefile_{MACH}.inc.in fileMACH = the machine type corresponding to the makefile_{MACH}.inc.in file

10 Installing the Software  Create an $EXTDATAROOT Location for grib_prep output (allow at least 2 GB) Location for grib_prep output (allow at least 2 GB) Path will be set in wrfsi.nl as well Path will be set in wrfsi.nl as well Contains various subdirectories that will get created the first time wrfsi.pl is run: Contains various subdirectories that will get created the first time wrfsi.pl is run: extprdextprd loglog workwork

11 Installing the Software  Checking for successful installation Check $INSTALLROOT/bin for executables: Check $INSTALLROOT/bin for executables: grib_prep.exegrib_prep.exe gridgen_model.exegridgen_model.exe hinterp.exehinterp.exe vinterp.exevinterp.exe Check $INSTALLROOT/etc for scripts: Check $INSTALLROOT/etc for scripts: wrfsi.plwrfsi.pl grib_prep.plgrib_prep.pl interp.plinterp.pl If any executables are missing, you can go to $SRCROOT/src and find subdirectories for each executable. From there you can try to make each one manually and observe the errors If any executables are missing, you can go to $SRCROOT/src and find subdirectories for each executable. From there you can try to make each one manually and observe the errors PLEASE REPORT ANY PROBLEMS AND THEIR CORRECTIVE ACTIONS! PLEASE REPORT ANY PROBLEMS AND THEIR CORRECTIVE ACTIONS!

12 Configuring Domains  Overview Using repository version of wrfsi.nl as domain namelist subset. Using repository version of wrfsi.nl as domain namelist subset. Editing $SRCROOT/domains/’domain_name’/wrfsi.nl to your liking Editing $SRCROOT/domains/’domain_name’/wrfsi.nl to your liking Set the horizontal domain specificationsSet the horizontal domain specifications Running localization perl script $INSTALLROOT/etc/window_domain_rt.pl Running localization perl script $INSTALLROOT/etc/window_domain_rt.pl Checking for a successful localization Checking for a successful localization

13 Configuring Domains  Use $SRCROOT/data/static/wrfsi.nl to make a domain namelist subsets for grid specification. Edit $SRCROOT/data/static/wrfsi.nl Edit $SRCROOT/data/static/wrfsi.nl Replace namelist section “sfcfiles” with the paths to your geog dataReplace namelist section “sfcfiles” with the paths to your geog data Eg., replaceEg., replace Topo_30s = /data/lapb/geog/world_topo_30s with Topo_30s = /your/path/to/geog/data/geog/world_topo_30s Create $SRCROOT/domains/”domain_name” Create $SRCROOT/domains/”domain_name” “mkdir $SRCROOT/domains/’domain_name’”“mkdir $SRCROOT/domains/’domain_name’” each domain you configure gets a new domain_name under subdirectory “domains”.each domain you configure gets a new domain_name under subdirectory “domains”. Copy repository file “wrfsi.nl” to the domains/”domain_name” subdirectory Copy repository file “wrfsi.nl” to the domains/”domain_name” subdirectory “cp $SRCROOT/data/static/wrfsi.nl $SRCROOT/domains/”domain_name/. “ “cp $SRCROOT/data/static/wrfsi.nl $SRCROOT/domains/”domain_name/. “

14 Configuring Domains  Edit $SRCROOT/domains/”domain_name”/wrfsi.nl project_id section (simulation_name and user_desc) project_id section (simulation_name and user_desc) hgridspec section (sets up horizontal domain) hgridspec section (sets up horizontal domain) xdim = dimension in E-W directionxdim = dimension in E-W direction ydim = dimension in N-S directionydim = dimension in N-S direction map_proj_name = 'lambert', 'mercator', or 'polar'map_proj_name = 'lambert', 'mercator', or 'polar' moad_known_lat = center latitude (+ N)moad_known_lat = center latitude (+ N) moad_known_lon = center longitude (+ E)moad_known_lon = center longitude (+ E) moad_stand_lats = true latitude1 (lambert and polar), true latitude for lambert (set to +/- 90 for polar)moad_stand_lats = true latitude1 (lambert and polar), true latitude for lambert (set to +/- 90 for polar) moad_stand_lon = orientation longitudemoad_stand_lon = orientation longitude moad_delta_x = grid spacing in meters in x-directionmoad_delta_x = grid spacing in meters in x-direction moad_delta_y = grid spacing in meters in y-directionmoad_delta_y = grid spacing in meters in y-direction Recommend leaving all other settings at their default valuesRecommend leaving all other settings at their default values Remove all namelist sections/variables that will not be different from the $SRCROOT version of wrfsi.nl Remove all namelist sections/variables that will not be different from the $SRCROOT version of wrfsi.nl

15 Configuring Domains  Running localization perl script “window_domain_rt.pl” Ensure your environment variables are properly set Ensure your environment variables are properly set Run $INSTALLROOT/window_domain_rt.pl Run $INSTALLROOT/window_domain_rt.pl Required:Required: -t = path to domain subset subdirectory; for example, $SRCROOT/domains/”domain_name” -t = path to domain subset subdirectory; for example, $SRCROOT/domains/”domain_name” -w = the system you are localizing (always use –w wrfsi)-w = the system you are localizing (always use –w wrfsi) Optional:Optional: “-s”, “-i”, and “-d” switches override the environment variables if necessary“-s”, “-i”, and “-d” switches override the environment variables if necessary “-c” reconfigures the entire $MOAD_DATAROOT; ie., removes silog, siprd, static, and cdl. Without –c, only static and cdl are rewritten.“-c” reconfigures the entire $MOAD_DATAROOT; ie., removes silog, siprd, static, and cdl. Without –c, only static and cdl are rewritten. Example command line:Example command line: Perl window_domain_rt.pl –t $SRCROOT/domains/”domain_name” –w wrfsi

16 Configuring Domains  Checking for a successful localization The “window” script will issue one of the following: The “window” script will issue one of the following: success: success: “window_domain_rt complete” “window_domain_rt complete” failure: failure: “Lines with error found in localize_domain.log” “Lines with error found in localize_domain.log” “  localization incomplete  ” “  localization incomplete  ” “window_domain_rt incomplete” “window_domain_rt incomplete” Window output (text information) is in $MOAD_DATAROOT/silog/localize_domain.log Window output (text information) is in $MOAD_DATAROOT/silog/localize_domain.log

17 Configuring Domains  Checking for success Common Error conditions: Common Error conditions: Geog paths not properly set Geog paths not properly set Not enough geog tiles to cover you domain (especially true if you only got one or two of the quarterspheres tar files) Not enough geog tiles to cover you domain (especially true if you only got one or two of the quarterspheres tar files) Other settings in wrfsi.nl not properly set. Note that “window” saves the static subdirectory (static_err) in the event of an error (you can check it) Other settings in wrfsi.nl not properly set. Note that “window” saves the static subdirectory (static_err) in the event of an error (you can check it)  Check for existence of static file: $MOAD_DATAROOT/static/static.wrfsi $MOAD_DATAROOT/static/static.wrfsi netCDF file that can be viewed with ncdump utility netCDF file that can be viewed with ncdump utility

18 Configuring Interpolation  Overview Iinterp options Iinterp options Paths to GRIB data and $EXTDATAROOT Paths to GRIB data and $EXTDATAROOT

19 Configuring Interpolation  Grib_prep Options Set in $MOAD_DATAROOT/static/wrfsi.nl Set in $MOAD_DATAROOT/static/wrfsi.nl si_controls si_controls Set frequency of AVN and ETA grid receipt and typical delay after cycle timeSet frequency of AVN and ETA grid receipt and typical delay after cycle time si_paths si_paths Set $EXTDATAROOTSet $EXTDATAROOT Set PATH_TO_AVN, PATH_TO_ETA grib file locationsSet PATH_TO_AVN, PATH_TO_ETA grib file locations NOTE: Other sources can be used if you simply call the other source AVN or ETA. We will be making this more flexible in the future.NOTE: Other sources can be used if you simply call the other source AVN or ETA. We will be making this more flexible in the future.

20 Configuring Interpolation  Grib_prep Options filetimespec filetimespec Set start and stop timesSet start and stop times NOTE: This will be edited automatically if using the wrfsi.pl script to run the system.NOTE: This will be edited automatically if using the wrfsi.pl script to run the system. Variable selection from GRIB files via Vtables Variable selection from GRIB files via Vtables $MOAD_DATAROOT/static/Vtable.{SOURCE}$MOAD_DATAROOT/static/Vtable.{SOURCE} {SOURCE} must match PATH_TO_{SOURCE}{SOURCE} must match PATH_TO_{SOURCE} Contols selection of variables and levels based on GRIB codesContols selection of variables and levels based on GRIB codes Allows specification of name to use for each variable in outputAllows specification of name to use for each variable in output Vtable.AVN and Vtable.ETA provided in distributionVtable.AVN and Vtable.ETA provided in distribution

21 Configuring Interpolation  Interp Options Set in $MOAD_DATAROOT/static/wrfsi.nl Set in $MOAD_DATAROOT/static/wrfsi.nl interp_control interp_control PTOP_IN_PA: Top pressure level to consider from input dataPTOP_IN_PA: Top pressure level to consider from input data HINTERP_METHODHINTERP_METHOD 0 = nearest neighbor (not recommended)0 = nearest neighbor (not recommended) 1 = 4-point linear1 = 4-point linear 2 = 16-point quadratic2 = 16-point quadratic INPUT_ROOT: Prefix of files in $EXTDATAROOT/extprd to use for dynamic data (set automatically when running wrfsi.pl)INPUT_ROOT: Prefix of files in $EXTDATAROOT/extprd to use for dynamic data (set automatically when running wrfsi.pl) CONSTANTS_FULL_NAME: Full file names of data located in $EXTDATAROOT/extprd that contain values to be held constant for entire runCONSTANTS_FULL_NAME: Full file names of data located in $EXTDATAROOT/extprd that contain values to be held constant for entire run VERBOSE_LOG: Set to true for more extensive loggingVERBOSE_LOG: Set to true for more extensive logging Recommend leaving all other options as they comeRecommend leaving all other options as they come

22 Configuring Interpolation  Interp Options (Cont) OUTPUT_COORD: which vertical coordinate to use. Set to “ZETA” for height-based R-K WRF or “ETAP” for mass version.OUTPUT_COORD: which vertical coordinate to use. Set to “ZETA” for height-based R-K WRF or “ETAP” for mass version. LEVELS: List of “full” vertical levels from bottom to top of atmosphere starting at 0 for “ZETA” and starting at 1.0 for “ETAP”LEVELS: List of “full” vertical levels from bottom to top of atmosphere starting at 0 for “ZETA” and starting at 1.0 for “ETAP” OUTPUT_VARS: controls the final output:OUTPUT_VARS: controls the final output: 1: Output for “REAL.exe” on Arakawa-C stagger1: Output for “REAL.exe” on Arakawa-C stagger 2: Same as 1 but with some extra variables2: Same as 1 but with some extra variables 3: Output for “REAL.exe” on Arakawa-A stagger3: Output for “REAL.exe” on Arakawa-A stagger 4: Same as 3 but with some extra variables4: Same as 3 but with some extra variables Leave all other settings as they areLeave all other settings as they are

23 Running  Set $MOAD_DATAROOT and $INSTALLROOT  Ensure wrfsi.nl has correct extdataroot  Ensure you have AVN or ETA data for the correct times available in the correct paths GRIB filenaming conventions recognized: GRIB filenaming conventions recognized: FSL: yyjjjhhmmffffFSL: yyjjjhhmmffff NCEP: ???.ThhZ.??????ff.????NCEP: ???.ThhZ.??????ff.???? NCEP: ???_yymmdd_hh_ffNCEP: ???_yymmdd_hh_ff If your files do not conform to these naming conventions, the grib_prep script will assume every file is a possible matchIf your files do not conform to these naming conventions, the grib_prep script will assume every file is a possible match  Ensure all previous domain configuration steps have been successfully completed

24 Running  Run the main driver script with 4 arguments: YYYYMMDDHH: Year, month, day, and hour UTC of model start time YYYYMMDDHH: Year, month, day, and hour UTC of model start time FF: Length of forecast to be produce in hours FF: Length of forecast to be produce in hours Source: AVN or ETA Source: AVN or ETA Window Name: A name for this run Window Name: A name for this run Example: Example: cd $INSTALLROOT/etccd $INSTALLROOT/etc wrfsi.pl ETA myrunwrfsi.pl ETA myrun You can optionally provide the dataroot and installroot using command line options -d and -i. You can optionally provide the dataroot and installroot using command line options -d and -i. wrfsi.pl -d /my/dataroot -i /my/installroot ETA myrunwrfsi.pl -d /my/dataroot -i /my/installroot ETA myrun

25 Running  What happens when wrfsi.pl runs? The script edits $MOAD_DATAROOT/static/wrfsi.nl for run time and source of initialization The script edits $MOAD_DATAROOT/static/wrfsi.nl for run time and source of initialization The script calls grib_prep.pl to run grib_prep.exe The script calls grib_prep.pl to run grib_prep.exe The script calls interp.pl to run hinterp.exe and vinterp.exe The script calls interp.pl to run hinterp.exe and vinterp.exe Output ends up in $MOAD_DATAROOT/siprd Output ends up in $MOAD_DATAROOT/siprd A log file ends up in $EXTDATAROOT/log for the grib_prep run A log file ends up in $EXTDATAROOT/log for the grib_prep run A log file ends up in $MOAD_DATAROOT/silog for the hinterp/vinterp runs. A log file ends up in $MOAD_DATAROOT/silog for the hinterp/vinterp runs.

26 Running  Did it run properly? Check for output in $MOAD_DATAROOT/siprd Check for output in $MOAD_DATAROOT/siprd From previous run example, we should have:From previous run example, we should have: wrf_input.global.metadatawrf_input.global.metadata wrf_input.d _12:00:00wrf_input.d _12:00:00 wrf_input.d :00:00wrf_input.d :00:00 wrf_input.d :00:00wrf_input.d :00: wrf_input.d :00:00wrf_input.d :00:00 Frequency of output files is set in filetimespec portion of wrfsi.nlFrequency of output files is set in filetimespec portion of wrfsi.nl If correct files are not present, check the log files to determine what went wrong. If correct files are not present, check the log files to determine what went wrong.

27 Running  Checking the output Use the IDL routines in the $SRCROOT/util directory to read the hinterp/vinterp output files. Use the IDL routines in the $SRCROOT/util directory to read the hinterp/vinterp output files. Use the $INSTALLROOT/bin/siscan program to dump a summary of file contents (avaialble in latest version, not yet released) Use the $INSTALLROOT/bin/siscan program to dump a summary of file contents (avaialble in latest version, not yet released) siscan {file}siscan {file}  Other Notes of Interest Each executable can be run directly without the use of any scripts by simply setting the $MOAD_DATAROOT environment variable and ensuring the namelist is correct Each executable can be run directly without the use of any scripts by simply setting the $MOAD_DATAROOT environment variable and ensuring the namelist is correct The interp.pl and gribprep.pl scripts can also be run directly without the use of wrfsi.pl The interp.pl and gribprep.pl scripts can also be run directly without the use of wrfsi.pl

28 Initializing the WRF Model  Edit the WRF namelist.input file to make it consistent with the WRFSI domain configuration ztop, dx, dy, io_form, etc. ztop, dx, dy, io_form, etc.  Run the WRF real.exe routine using the WRFSI output files (wrf_input.*) as input  You can then run the model!  See Dave Gill's presentation for more details.

29 Summary  Setting up and running the WRFSI is most easily done by: Building the software Building the software Configuring your domain Configuring your domain Running the wrfsi.pl script Running the wrfsi.pl script  The system is flexible enough to run each component individually  The WRFSI continues to be a work in progress New version will be released soon to support WRF LSM New version will be released soon to support WRF LSM Domain configuration will be much easier with the use of templates and localization scripts in latest version Domain configuration will be much easier with the use of templates and localization scripts in latest version More enhancements are planned and will be done as resources permit More enhancements are planned and will be done as resources permit  We welcome feedback, bug reports, etc.!


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