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TECHNOLOGY, BUSINESS & UNIVERSITIES The Role in a Globalising World by Y.S. Rajan Principal Adviser, CII (views personal) To.

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Presentation on theme: "TECHNOLOGY, BUSINESS & UNIVERSITIES The Role in a Globalising World by Y.S. Rajan Principal Adviser, CII (views personal) To."— Presentation transcript:

1 TECHNOLOGY, BUSINESS & UNIVERSITIES The Role in a Globalising World by Y.S. Rajan Principal Adviser, CII [y.s.rajan@ciionline.org] (views personal) To be presented at Vellore Institute of Technology 9th February 2007, Vellore

2 TECHNOLOGY DIFFUSION Some basic facts Understanding process Approach for actions

3 SOME BASIC FACTS It is a globalising world in trade, technology, and economy Therefore WTO regimes We have entered into an era of confluence of multiple disruptive technologies Old approaches of success wont work. Technology diffusion should be allround

4 RATE OF CHANGES DUE TO DISRUPTIVE TECHNOLOGIES Agriculture eracenturies Industrial revolutiona few generations Microelectronics etc a decade or two Confluence of MDTscouple of years

5 OLD PARADIGMS Developed Countries Develop Transfer Upscale Trials Changes Launch commercially use feedback Mark versions

6 OLD PARADIGMS (contd…) Developing Countries Industries Turnkey or Licence Set up plant Training Production Some localisation Wait for decades S&T Institutions Research Publish (occasional transfer to industry)

7 NEW PARADIGMS Speed is a must Global value chain : Position yourselves Adapt your product to the chain Innovate to raise up (Radosovic book)

8 APPROACH Therefore all the global business, technology and knowledge sharing (If done technology diffuses to you, from you to others)

9 MANAGEMENT OF KNOWELDGE SOCIETY Some issues Developing countries with lots of poverty - no uniformity of knowledge & skills. Therefore individual ability to value add is low; so they are poor

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11 © Confederation of Indian Industry11 SOME QUESTIONS ABOUT INDIA ? WHAT IS GLOBAL SHARE OF INDIA IN IT ? WHAT IS GLOBAL SHARE OF INDIA IN IT ? RANKING OF INDIA IN TECHNOLOGY LICENCING, TECH. TRANSFER, TECH. COMMERCIALISATION ? RANKING OF INDIA IN TECHNOLOGY LICENCING, TECH. TRANSFER, TECH. COMMERCIALISATION ? GROSS ENROLMENT RATIO IN HIGHER EDUCATION ? GROSS ENROLMENT RATIO IN HIGHER EDUCATION ? HOW MANY CHILDREN IN AGE 1, 5, 10, 15, 18, 20, 25 HOW MANY CHILDREN IN AGE 1, 5, 10, 15, 18, 20, 25 HOW IS INDIAS CURRENT ACCOUNT DEFICIT MANAGED ? HOW IS INDIAS CURRENT ACCOUNT DEFICIT MANAGED ? IS EFFECTS OF GLOBALISATION UNIFORM ? IS EFFECTS OF GLOBALISATION UNIFORM ?

12 © Confederation of Indian Industry12 TECH INTERMEDIATION It is wrong to look at growth of technologies as a serial chain of Idea, Basic Research, Up-scaling, Pilot Plant Trial, Launch of Commercialisation and Standardisation Problem of Simultaneity Late comer firms can compress the cycle Knowledge Sharing and In-house R&D Role of MITI and other agencies Systemic Character of New Technologies Several Channels and Multiple Receiving Points Role of government from Controller to Network Supporter SMEs and Tech Intermediation See:Global Business, Technology and Knowledge Sharing : Lessons for Developing Country Enterprises - Ch. 7 N.S.Siddharthan / Y.S.Rajan [published by Macmillan India Ltd]

13 © Confederation of Indian Industry13

14 © Confederation of Indian Industry14


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