Presentation on theme: "Office of Emergency Communications Gateway Training Workshop Module One Basic Gateway Overview."— Presentation transcript:
Office of Emergency Communications Gateway Training Workshop Module One Basic Gateway Overview
Office of Emergency Communications Basic Gateway Overview General Interoperability Methods Urban Areas Specific Interoperability Technologies Gateway Operations Deployment Considerations Activation / De-activation Limitations Best Practices
Office of Emergency Communications Interoperability Methods SAFECOM Interoperability Continuum
Office of Emergency Communications Interoperability Methods (Continued) Radio Communications Interoperability Strategies Same Radio System Swap Radios Shared System Commercial Services Common Frequencies Multimode Radios System-to-System Gateways Console Interface Multi- System Controllers
Office of Emergency Communications Interoperability Methods (Continued) P25 Standards Will Fix Common Air Interface Modulation Schemes Conventional radios Digital radios Trunked radios Internet connectivity (Phase 2) Data Transfer (limited) Narrowband Requirements Will NOT Fix Different Frequency Lack of Coverage
Office of Emergency Communications Urban Areas Specific Interoperability Technologies Insert Slide from TICP Information
Office of Emergency Communications Gateway Operations ICRI InfiniMux RIOS Rack Mount RIOS Portable ACU-1000 TRP-1000 ACU-T
Office of Emergency Communications Deployment Considerations Incident Area Network (IAN) – Small, temporary network created for a specific incident Transportable Fixed Jurisdiction Area Network (JAN) - Main communications network for first responders; provides connectivity to the Extended Area Network (EAN). Extended Area Network (EAN) - Links city, county, regional, state, and national systems Portable
Office of Emergency Communications Deployment Considerations PSTN Remote Sites Interface Devices Cellular VHF Network UHF 700/800 MHz Iridium 802.X LAN Interface Devices Network Audio Gateway Note: The Audio Bridge/Gateway doesnt transmit or receive any signals. All modulation and demodulation is accomplished by the interface devices.
Office of Emergency Communications Deployment Considerations: Gateway Placement Good Signal Out of Range GATEWAY SmartNet EDACS Conventional
Office of Emergency Communications Deployment Considerations: Extending Coverage Area Gateways interfaced to radios using talk-around frequencies requires a smaller coverage area and can work well for Incident Area Networks Gateway
Office of Emergency Communications Activation/De-activation Insert information from TICP
Office of Emergency Communications Gateway Limitations: Overview Gateways retransmit across multiple frequency bands and/or systems providing an interim interoperability solution as agencies move toward shared systems. However, gateways have the following limitations: No Encryption Inefficiencies Geographic Area Portable Battery Life Set-up Time Frequency conflicts/interference
Office of Emergency Communications Gateway Limitation: No Encryption The Gateways dont transmit or receive any signals Gateways pass baseband audio (audible voice) All modulation / demodulation and Encryption/Decryption is accomplished by the interface devices Example: An encrypted signal comes into an interface device, it decrypts the signal and passes the baseband audio to the devices patched to it. If the other devices are encrypted the audio is re-encrypted and sent out. However, if a device isnt encrypted the audio is still retransmitted in the clear. Remember, at a minimum the audio can be monitored in the clear at the gateway.
Office of Emergency Communications Gateway Limitation: Inefficiency Additional Assets To provide interoperability on the scene of an incident each agency needs to provide a mobile radio in advance or a portable on the scene of the incident This ties up one radio asset for each system/channel, the more channels you tie together in a talk group the more radio spectrum being utilized Example: If we share a common frequency and everyone turns to that frequency we have interoperability, no extra radios or radio frequencies are being used. If we are patched through a gateway, we are still using our radios on the scene but now there are two extra radio assets patched through the gateway and we are using twice the radio spectrum.
Office of Emergency Communications Gateway Limitation: Coverage Area Gateway's effective geographic coverage area is limited to the area that is common to all systems participating in that link. Common Area Note: In this usage the Gateway does not increase your coverage range. Your radio must be able to hit you normal network to communicate
Office of Emergency Communications Some gateways require significant time to configure, others are a matter of simply hooking up radios and turning the system on. It doesnt matter the type of gateway you use, it is imperative the gateway be configured in its standard operating configuration prior to deployment Example: The gateway will be used to connect an 800 MHz trunked system to a conventional system on a regular basis. The trunk channel requires time to get an acknowledgement tone back from the system prior to transmission; the gateway must be configured to allow for this delay so none of the message is lost during transition. All gateways must pass the shoot/dont shoot rule loosing one word can ruin someones day. Gateway Limitation: Set-Up
Office of Emergency Communications Gateway Limitation: Battery Life Battery Life of Portable Radios have a Limited Use Time Mobile gateways are designed to enable interoperable communications for short duration events. In the event that the mobile gateways will need to be used for an extended period of time, precautions should be taken such as an additional power supplies, radio chargers, and/or batteries should be considered.
Office of Emergency Communications Gateway Limitation: Frequency Conflicts / Interference Antennas must be properly positioned to prevent radio interference or desensitizing the radio receivers In regions where multiple mobile gateway devices are accessible, it is critical to coordinate the use of these devices to ensure that multiple gateways do not step- on each other Example1: Patching multiple VHF channels on the same Gateway (GW) can raise the noise level in the immediate area of the GW so the effective range may be reduced. Example 2: If GW 1 has 12 radios interfaced to it and the radios are programmed to frequencies 1-12. GW2 has 5 radios interfaced to it and they are programmed to frequencies 1-5. GW1 creates a patch between 1, 6, and 8. GW2 creates a patch to 1, 3, and 5. This is the same as if you had one GW patching channels 1, 3, 5, 6 and 8 together. At best this scenario will add confusion, at worst the radio chatter will make both systems unusable. Coordinate all patches through the Incident Communications Leader (COML).
Office of Emergency Communications Best Practices No Encryption Treat all conversations as if they are in the clean Inefficiencies To prevent excess chatter, only patch those systems that really need to talk to each other for the time they need to talk. Remember, just because you can patch someone doesnt mean you should Never patch talkgroups on the same trunked system together; you could cause your own system busy. When using an audio gateway with a trunked system, its best to have a high priority talkgroup on the system dedicated for gateway use
Office of Emergency Communications Best Practices (Continued) Geographic Area Use talk-around frequencies for localized incidents Portable Battery Life Use mobile radios whenever possible Set-up Time Interface radios should be tested and adjusted with the audio gateway prior to initial deployment. Some mobile radios require special programming, others may require hardware modification
Office of Emergency Communications Best Practices (Continued) Setup Time (Continued) All gateways require special interface cables to connect to the various types of radios. If a radio must be added ad hoc, the requesting organization should provide a portable radio, additional batteries, charger, and the interface cable Frequency conflicts/interference Coordination is the key, always go through the Communications Leader prior to creating a patch and know what is being patch
Office of Emergency Communications Questions ????