Presentation on theme: "New Advances at the Turn of the Century"— Presentation transcript:
1New Advances at the Turn of the Century Times They ‘R a Changin’
2Problems with the Railroads Iron tracks rustTracks are not all one sizeNo stop signals/brakes are faultyNo time zonesRuns on coal which is inefficient and messy
3Solutions Steel tracks Standard size tracks Stop signals/brakes Time ZonesTranscontinental railroad is built
4Cornelius Vanderbilt Started by investing in the steamship industry Later dominated the railroad industry on the East coastOne of the richest families in US
5Effect on Daily Life What happens now that we have better railroads? Travel!New businesses openCan ship products coast to coastMail is fasterPeople begin to move or relocate and settle west
6Changes in Communication 1829 Typewriter1835 Samuel Morse-Morse Code1837 Telegraph1876 Telephone Alexander Graham Bell1877 Phonograph Edison
7SteelBessemer Process- take iron and heat & cool it repeatedly to make strongerEffect on Daily Life:Railroad tracksTaller/bigger buildings like skyscrapersBetter machines can produce more
8Andrew CarnegieScottish immigrant who eventually will dominate the steel industryBelieved in giving money to charity-not to heirs-libraries!
9Coal & SteamCoal is messyNeeds to be minedSteam is faster but…
10Oil! JD Rockefeller’s company Standard Oil dominated the oil industry Changes: Lighting, Transportation, etc.
11Big Business Monopoly: one seller of a good or service Horizontal Merger: company begins to monopolize by putting businesses like them out of businessVertical Merger: company buys their suppliersTrust: Businesses agree not to compete through quality or price
12Electricity! 1879 get the first light bulb Fixes it and opens Edison Illuminating Comp.1882 get city electricity
13Effects of Daily Life Longer work days Factories can produce more Will get electric run trains laterSocial life changesSafer than candles
14AC/DC Wars Edison promoted DC (direct current) Westinghouse purchased the rights to Tesla’s idea of AC (alternating current)A distribute to promote each began because of profits