Presentation on theme: "Course 3 Session 1 AT in the SchoolsAT in the Schools AT with Work/VocationalAT with Work/Vocational Clicking on most pictures will take you to a website."— Presentation transcript:
Course 3 Session 1 AT in the SchoolsAT in the Schools AT with Work/VocationalAT with Work/Vocational Clicking on most pictures will take you to a website where the device can be obtained.
TECHNOLOGY IN THE SCHOOLS In schools the provision of AT can be provided under the… –Individualized Family Service Plan (IFSP) early intervention –Free and Appropriate Public Education (FAPE) Under Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) –Section 504 of Rehabilitation Act
TECHNOLOGY IN THE SCHOOLS AT provides access to educational tasks and common educational tools and materials for students with disabilities –Wide Range of Needs: Seating and Mobility Alternative and Augmentative Communications Environmental Control Sensory Aids Computer Access Access to Educational Materials
TECHNOLOGY IN THE SCHOOLS The application and integration of technology systems and devices are crucial to successful academic and functional outcomes
TECHNOLOGY IN THE SCHOOLS Technology in Schools for the typical student is used to: –Convey knowledge Via books, films, slides, DVD/videos, CD-ROM, etc. –Show what has been learned Via word processing, computerized testing –Ensure successful use of computers via low ratio of student: computer, opportunities for practice, revision, and feedback, opportunities for cooperation and working together
TECHNOLOGY IN THE SCHOOLS Students with disabilities will often require adaptations to these conventional technologies in order to be given the same opportunities as their peers
TECHNOLOGY IN THE SCHOOLS Examples of some general adaptations: –For students with severe disabilities Seating and Positioning Devices Powered Mobility Augmentative and Alternative Communication Devices Computer Access Devices Environmental Control Units Switch Activation of devices stated above Well go into these a little later!
TECHNOLOGY IN THE SCHOOLS Examples of some general adaptations: –For Students with Sensory Impairments Computer Access Devices Tactile Pads Assistive Listening Devices Alerting Systems Talking Calculators Well go into these a little later!
TECHNOLOGY IN THE SCHOOLS Examples of some general adaptations: –For Students with Cognitive Disabilities Computer Access Devices Cognitive Software Calculators Memory Aids Well go into these a little later!
TECHNOLOGY IN THE SCHOOLS AT Service Delivery in the schools –Collaboration amongst members of the students child study team is necessary (I.e. teachers, therapists, parents, student, ATP, etc.) –All are, at some point, responsible for some aspect of AT service delivery during… Referral and Intake Evaluation Intervention and Training Follow-up
TECHNOLOGY IN THE SCHOOLS –AT Delivery in the Schools Advantages: –a natural setting -is the site where the devices will be used –allows for daily practice appropriate contextual training of devices Disadvantages: –possible lower level of specific AT expertise »Especially in schools not designated as Special Services –high turnover of staff so inconsistencies –difficulty of keeping up with rapid changes in technology
TECHNOLOGY IN THE SCHOOLS –AT Implementation in Schools Application of the data from the evaluation Look at seating and positioning first –If the student is not stable and seated correctly, he/she will not be able to access any technology effectively Followed by Low Tech Devices Then High Tech Devices Also need to consider NO TECH –Unfortunately, there are some students for whom technology will not work or is not appropriate
TECHNOLOGY IN THE SCHOOLS AT Training in the Schools –Essential for integration of AT in classroom Staff Training ensures carryover of intervention plans as well as support for use of the device Training the student promotes independent learning and improves proficiency in using the device Parent Training ensures carryover of device use for homework, gives student more practice with the device
TECHNOLOGY IN THE SCHOOLS Training (contd) –Some general rules: Make the device as accessible as possible Identify target training audience Training tasks should focus on classroom priorities, IEP goals and objectives, as well as student motivation (i.e. typing games versus typing instruction software) –Plan and task analyze 1 or more simple activities to promote inclusion of device in class activities –Use nontimed and open-ended activities that promote success
TECHNOLOGY IN THE SCHOOLS Other factors to consider: –Portability elementary students generally stay in 1 classroom all day so device does not necessarily need to be portable middle and high school often requires portability –Physical Barriers make sure that student and device are in close proximity to each other and to power source ensure set up of device in classroom is the same on a daily basis
Consideration Steps What is it that we expect the student to do but cant because of his/her disability? What special strategies or accommodations have been tried? Are the strategies currently working? If not, what are the reasons? Explore other options including AT. Does the IEP team have the resources to define the need and plan assistive technology intervention strategies? If not, seek additional information: research, assessment, AT consultant, etc. Define and document necessary AT in IEP.
AT Consideration Checklist Click on the following link to access an AT Consideration Checklist –http://www.atstar.org/docspdfs/gpat/C onsideration_Checklist.dochttp://www.atstar.org/docspdfs/gpat/C onsideration_Checklist.doc
TECHNOLOGY IN THE SCHOOLS The following slides are going to discuss specific AT Intervention ideas for students at different developmental stages –As there are SO MANY resources for people who work in education settings, it would be impossible for me to discuss them all. –In addition, there is a plethora of software available to use with children to meet their curricular goals. –Therefore, I am going to provide you with just an overview with SOME examples of software. –If you are interested in learning more, please use Google to search for software and other devices OR use the multiple databases that I have introduced to you to direct you to the devices to meet your needs.
AT with Early Intervention Introduction of AT early in childs life may help: –Reduce the risk for learning disabilities –Reduce the risk of learned helplessness –Improve the childs ability to use AT when older
AT with Early Intervention Some general AT Solutions for EI: –Items that: Make things easier to turn on –Switch modifications, larger handles Help with seating or offer alternative play positions –swing or chair inserts, pillows, trays Help a child play –Switch adapted toys, extenders, or toy parts
AT with Early Intervention Help a child to hear or see better –magnifiers, penlights Hold things steady or in place –Velcro or Dycem Help a child to be bathed, dressed, or fed –bath supports, built up utensils
AT with Early Intervention Help a child with early learning –picture and storybooks Help a child communicate –tape recorders, choice boards Help a child move –Scooters, walkers, push carts
AT with Early Intervention Seating and Positioning –Need to look at all positions a child may take during a particular stage of their lives Younger infants are typically in supine, sidely, prone Toddlers sit, stand, roll, etc.
AT with Early Intervention Seating and Positioning (Contd) –Supine Round pillow, snow or inner tube, or a Boppy (U shaped pillow) will prevent neck hyperextension Places child in semi- reclined position Parent can also have child lay on legs while the parent is in circle sit-have child face the parent Use overhead gyms to promote reach overhead
AT with Early Intervention Seating and Positioning (Contd) –Prone Use therapy ball to introduce child to this position Half rolls or full rolls help with promoting neck extension Wedges help also Prone over parents lap Place toy within reach to allow child to play in this position
AT with Early Intervention Seating and Positioning (Contd) –Side lying Allows gravity- eliminated UE play Allows for reduced tone as it brings UE to midline Towel rolls work well to maintain position Have a toy within reach to promote play
AT with Early Intervention Seating and Positioning (Contd) –Sitting Boppy Pillows Different commercially available support devices are available –Quadruped Rolls can help child maintain this position Child leaning over parents leg
AT with Early Intervention Play –Toys and Switches Promotes cause and effect learning –Allows for a variety of movements in a variety of planes –Allow for multi-sensory, appropriate feedback Toy choice will change as the child develops
AT with Early Intervention Mobility –Scooter boards or caster carts
AT with Early Intervention These are some web sites that you might want to check out: –http://www.njeis.org/http://www.njeis.org/ –http://www.atnet.org/http://www.atnet.org/ –http://www.kidstogether.org/http://www.kidstogether.org/ –http://www.techfortykes.org/http://www.techfortykes.org/
AT with Preschoolers/Early School Age Children Preoperational Stage (2-7 years) –Playing with toys and interaction in larger environment and with more people –computer technology can be used for exploration and learning Computers provide a flexible learning and play environment –Through the selection of different software programs children can learn… cause and effect responses To make choices To problem solve To draw pictures To create music To construct new items To play games
AT with Preschoolers/Early School Age Children –Through the use of different computer input devices Can adapt standard mouse and keyboard –Alternative and customizable expanded keyboards compensate for childs small hands, difficulty with symbols/letters on standard keyboard
AT with Preschoolers/Early School Age Children When choosing software for young children, look for… –Easy to Use limit number of keys needed to use it –Several levels of difficulty allows for expansion as the child explores and develops –High Child Interest graphics, sound, concepts related to real world of child, immediate responses –Independent Control child should be able to initiate change, not simply respond to instructions on computer –Reinforce Appropriate Responses through sound and animation
AT with Preschoolers/Early School Age Children Categories of Software Use –Exploratory allow child to play and explore the different press areas which causes something to happen on the screen –RJ Cooper Cause and Effect Software »http://rjcooper.com/site-map/index.htmlhttp://rjcooper.com/site-map/index.html –Sticky Bear Series
AT with Preschoolers/Early School Age Children Categories of Software Use (Contd) –Drill and Practice info presented, child responds, child receives immediate feedback about accuracy of answer –Various Software products for $5.00! »http://www.5dollarsoftware.com/totoki.htmlhttp://www.5dollarsoftware.com/totoki.html
AT with Preschoolers/Early School Age Children Categories of Software Use (Contd) –Constructive provide for graphical creation of new objects, designs, or layouts Big Book Maker
AT with Preschoolers/Early School Age Children Categories of Software Use (Contd) –Phonics develop early reading & writing skills
AT with Preschoolers/Early School Age Children Categories of Software Use (Contd) –Word Processing develop early writing skills
AT with Older School Aged Children Concrete Operations Stage –New roles as student Social roles develop –athletics, arts and crafts, social groups, lessons, recreation Child able to compare various characteristics of people, objects or situations –use symbols, new ways to organize and assemble facts Computer use results in increased attention, motivation, and time on task
AT with Older School Aged Children Categories of AT used with Older School Aged Children: –General Instructional Software –Writing Technologies –Reading Technologies –Math Software –Organization Technologies –Sensory Aids –Social Interaction/Skills –Pre-vocational –Recreation We will talk about this in another session –Environmental Control We will talk about this in another session –Augmentative Communication We will talk about these in another session
AT with Older School Aged Children Since there are so many low tech and high tech items, the following slides will focus mainly on the high tech items that are available. –Please remember… No tech is an option Fabrication of devices is an option –Sometimes the best solution is something that has not been developed yet!!!
AT with Older School Aged Children Modifying Computers –At this stage, many of the adaptations we can use with adults can be used –Refer to previous information regarding computer input, processing, and output
AT with Older School Aged Children Software –School Curriculum dictates type and use of technology Usually reflects reading, writing, and computation skills Software in primary grades addresses the specific skills and content areas that reflect curricular goals
AT with Older School Aged Children General Instructional Software –Resource to many links for software: http://www.iser.com/special-needs-software.html –Cognitive Enhancement Systems Software http://www.challenging-our-minds.com/ –Laureate Learning Systems http://www.laureatelearning.com/ –Intellitools http://www.intellitools.com/ –Sunburst http://commerce.sunburst.com/ There are so many more!!!!!!!
AT with Older School Aged Children Low Tech Writing Technologies –Pencil Grips http://www.pencilgrip.com/ –Slant Boards http://www.therapro.com/Vertical-Surfaces-Easels- C4192.aspxhttp://www.therapro.com/Vertical-Surfaces-Easels- C4192.aspx –Specialty Paper http://www.therapro.com/Handwriting-Practice- Worksheets-C307761.aspxhttp://www.therapro.com/Handwriting-Practice- Worksheets-C307761.aspx
AT with Older School Aged Children Hardware Technologies for Writing –Portable Keyboards Lightweight Easy to transport and use
AT with Older School Aged Children Writing Software & Technologies –Teaching Keyboarding Skills and Software http://www.enablemart.com/Catalog/Keyboarding –Proofreading Programs/Spell & Grammar checkers Most word processing programs come with spell and grammar checkers, which work as proofreaders, but you can purchase portable spell checkers also –http://www.franklin.com/http://www.franklin.com/ –Personal Dictionaries QUICK-WORD Handbooks –http://www.curriculumassociates.com/products/detail.asp?titl e=QWhandbookhttp://www.curriculumassociates.com/products/detail.asp?titl e=QWhandbook
AT with Older School Aged Children Writing Software & Technologies (Contd) –Visual Thesaurus http://www.visualthesaurus.com/ –Ginger Grammar and Spell Checker (free) http://www.gingersoftware.com/ –Spell Catcher http://www.rainmakerinc.com/ –Previewer in Mac http://support.apple.com/kb/HT2506#PDF
AT with Older School Aged Children Writing Software & Technologies (contd) –Word Prediction Programs We spoke abut the variety of software solutions in a previous course, but here are some more: –Co-writer »http://www.donjohnston.com/products/cowriter/i ndex.htmlhttp://www.donjohnston.com/products/cowriter/i ndex.html –Words Plus »http://www.words- plus.com/website/products/soft/ezkeys.htmhttp://www.words- plus.com/website/products/soft/ezkeys.htm –WordQ »http://www.goqsoftware.com/http://www.goqsoftware.com/
AT with Older School Aged Children Writing Software & Technologies (contd) – Attainment Company Software http://www.attainmen tcompany.com/xcart/s oftwareindex.phphttp://www.attainmen tcompany.com/xcart/s oftwareindex.php –RJ Cooper Software http://rjcooper.com/s ite-map/index.htmlhttp://rjcooper.com/s ite-map/index.html –Clicker 6 http://www.cricksoft. com/us/products/tool s/clicker/home.aspxhttp://www.cricksoft. com/us/products/tool s/clicker/home.aspx –Inspiration Software (Graphic Organizer) http://www.inspiration.com/productinfo/Insp iration/index.cfmhttp://www.inspiration.com/productinfo/Insp iration/index.cfm –ClaroIdeas http://www.clarosoftwar e.com/index.php?cPath=3 70http://www.clarosoftwar e.com/index.php?cPath=3 70
AT with Older School Aged Children Writing Software & Technologies (contd) –DRAFT Builder http://www.donjohnston.com/products/draft_builder/index.html –Write OutLoud http://www.donjohnston.com/products/write_outloud/index.html –Mind Manager (Graphic Organizer) http://www.mindjet.com/products/mindmanager/index.html –Free Mind (Graphic Organizer) http://freemind.sourceforge.net/wiki/index.php/Main_Page –Write Online http://www.cricksoft.com/us/products/tools/writeonline/default.aspx
AT with Older School Aged Children Low Tech Reading Technologies –Highlighting Tape http://www.crystalspringsbooks.com/teache r-tools/highlighting-tape---6-roll- pack/A10089.htmlhttp://www.crystalspringsbooks.com/teache r-tools/highlighting-tape---6-roll- pack/A10089.html http://www.reallygoodstuff.com/product/ez c+reader+strips+90+strips.dohttp://www.reallygoodstuff.com/product/ez c+reader+strips+90+strips.do
AT with Older School Aged Children Reading Technologies –Recorded/Audio Books http://www.audiobookshelf.com/teachwith.html http://recordedbooks.com/index.cfm?fuseaction=rb.home&school http://bookbuilder.cast.org/ http://www.learnoutloud.com/Free-Audio-Video Instructions to create talking books in PowerPoint –http://atto.buffalo.edu/registered/Tutorials/talkingBooks/powerpoint.phphttp://atto.buffalo.edu/registered/Tutorials/talkingBooks/powerpoint.php Also devices that provide audiobooks available to students, including the Kindle. Some also provide point and shoot scanning and reading.
AT with Older School Aged Children Other Accessible Books and Periodicals for Readers with Print Disabilities –Bookshare http://www.bookshare.org/ –Learning Ally http://www.learningally.org/
AT with Older School Aged Children Reading Technologies (contd) –Screen Reader Software We spoke about the variety of these in a previous session, but here are more: –Read Outloud »http://www.donjohnston.com/products/read_outlo ud/index.htmlhttp://www.donjohnston.com/products/read_outlo ud/index.html –Bright Eye Technologies »http://www.brighteye.com/http://www.brighteye.com/ –Ghost Reader »http://www.convenienceware.com/ghostreader.phphttp://www.convenienceware.com/ghostreader.php
AT with Older School Aged Children Other Reading Software –Intellitools Reading http://www.intellitools.com/programpage_cla ssroom_suite.htmlhttp://www.intellitools.com/programpage_cla ssroom_suite.html –Attainment Company Software http://www.attainmen tcompany.com/xcart/h ome.php?cat=257http://www.attainmen tcompany.com/xcart/h ome.php?cat=257 –RJ Cooper Software http://rjcooper.com/s ite-map/index.htmlhttp://rjcooper.com/s ite-map/index.html –Check out the reading technologies available at Enablemart: http://www.enablemar t.com/Catalog/Softwa rehttp://www.enablemar t.com/Catalog/Softwa re
AT with Older School Aged Children And still more… –Premier Literacy Productivity Suite http://www.readingmadeez.com/ –Read OutLoud Bookshare Edition http://www.bookshare.org/readingTools –WYNN http://www.freedomscientific.com/LSG/index.asp
AT with Older School Aged Children –Other Reading Technologies Optical Character Recognition –Software program or hardware device that converts a scanned document into text or speech »Some are larger reading machines (often used by the visually impaired) »Others are smaller reading pens Check out this site: http://pro.atiz.com/ http://pro.atiz.com/
AT with Older School Aged Children Software Suites that offer both reading and writing support –Read and Write Gold http://www.texthelp.com/page.asp?pg_id=10275 –Kurzweil 1000/3000 http://www.kurzweiledu.com/products.html –Solo 6 http://www.donjohnston.com/products/solo/index.html
AT with Older School Aged Children Other Reading Technologies –Readability (reduces web page clutter for easier reading)(Mac, iPad, iPhone) http://www.readability.com/
AT with Older School Aged Children Note Taking Aids –Tape Recorders Can be purchased at office supply and electronic supply stores Features and capabilities vary greatly The student can even use some tape recorders to record the teachers lecture and then use Dragon Naturally Speaking Preferred to have the lecture dictated to the computer (as long as the teacher has completed the training process for the software on the student's computer) –http://www.nuance.c om/for- individuals/by- product/dragon-for- pc/premium- version/index.htmhttp://www.nuance.c om/for- individuals/by- product/dragon-for- pc/premium- version/index.htm
AT with Older School Aged Children Note Taking Aids –Livescribe Pen pen records what is being said while writing –can go back later, tap on anything and hear back exactly what was said at the moment it was written – Download the data to computer and notes are searchable
AT with Older School Aged Children Note Taking Software –OneNote (PC) http://office.micros oft.com/en- us/onenote/http://office.micros oft.com/en- us/onenote/ –Circus Ponies Notebook (for Mac and iPad) http://www.circuspo nies.com/http://www.circuspo nies.com/ –Evernote (PC, Mac, & Online) http://www.evernote.co m/http://www.evernote.co m/ –Notebook Layout with audio notes (included with Word for Mac) http://mac2.microsoft. com/help/office/14/en- us/word/item/b624a96 d-9d54-4513-969b- 332f2bf1424chttp://mac2.microsoft. com/help/office/14/en- us/word/item/b624a96 d-9d54-4513-969b- 332f2bf1424c
AT with Older School Aged Children Math Technologies –Calculators/Talking Calculators http://www.lssproduct s.com/category/talkin g-calculatorshttp://www.lssproduct s.com/category/talkin g-calculators http://www.indepen dentliving.com/depa rtments.asp?dept=1 88http://www.indepen dentliving.com/depa rtments.asp?dept=1 88
AT with Older School Aged Children Math Software –Attainment Company http://www.attainmen tcompany.com/xcart/h ome.php?cat=258http://www.attainmen tcompany.com/xcart/h ome.php?cat=258 –MathPad & MathPad Plus http://www.intellitools.com/programpage_ma thpad.htmlhttp://www.intellitools.com/programpage_ma thpad.html –Check out the math technologies available at Enablemart: http://www.enablemar t.com/Catalog/Mathhttp://www.enablemar t.com/Catalog/Math –RJ Cooper Software http://rjcooper.com/s ite-map/index.htmlhttp://rjcooper.com/s ite-map/index.html –National Library of Virtual Manipulatives http://nlvm.usu.edu/
AT with Older School Aged Children Math Software (contd) –Inspire Data http://www.inspirati on.com/InspireDatahttp://www.inspirati on.com/InspireData –MathPad by Voice http://www.mathtal k.com/products.htm #mpbvhttp://www.mathtal k.com/products.htm #mpbv –MathType http://www.dessci.com/en /products/mathtype/defa ult.htmhttp://www.dessci.com/en /products/mathtype/defa ult.htm –MathTalk http://www.mathtalk.com /products.htm#mtsnhttp://www.mathtalk.com /products.htm#mtsn –Kidspiration (Math View) http://www.inspiration.co m/Kidspirationhttp://www.inspiration.co m/Kidspiration
AT with Older School Aged Children Organization Technologies –Calendars & Planners Can be purchased at any office supply store or can be designed on the computer specifically for the student –Personal data Organizers and Managers Can be purchased at any office supply store Features and capabilities vary greatly
AT with Older School Aged Children Other organization technologies –Assignment Calculator http://www.lib.umn.edu/help/calculator/ –Research Project Calculator https://rpc.elm4you.org/
AT with Older School Aged Children –Personal Listening Systems (FM Systems) Brings the speakers voice into the listeners ear, minimizing background noise –http://www.asha.org/pu blic/hearing/treatment/ assist_tech.htmhttp://www.asha.org/pu blic/hearing/treatment/ assist_tech.htm –http://www.centrumsou nd.com/Assistive_Listen ing_devices.htmlhttp://www.centrumsou nd.com/Assistive_Listen ing_devices.html
AT with Older School Aged Children Alternative Test Taking –Cloze Pro (can also be used for beginning writing) http://www.cricksoft.com/us/products/tool s/clozepro/default.aspxhttp://www.cricksoft.com/us/products/tool s/clozepro/default.aspx –Test Talker http://www.freedomscientific.com/lsg/prod ucts/testtalker.asphttp://www.freedomscientific.com/lsg/prod ucts/testtalker.asp
AT with Older School Aged Children Social Skills/Life Skills and Pre-vocational Skills –Attainment Company http://www.attainmentcompany.com/home.p hp?cat=255http://www.attainmentcompany.com/home.p hp?cat=255 –Check out the Life Skills software available from Enablemart http://www.enablemart.com/Catalog/Living-Skills
AT with Older School Aged Children Technologies that educators can use with students –Smart Boards http://www.smarttech.co m/us/Solutions/Educatio n+Solutionshttp://www.smarttech.co m/us/Solutions/Educatio n+Solutions –Smart Notebook http://www.smarttech.co m/us/Solutions/Educatio n+Solutions/Products+for +education/Software/SM ART+Notebook+collabora tive+learning+softwarehttp://www.smarttech.co m/us/Solutions/Educatio n+Solutions/Products+for +education/Software/SM ART+Notebook+collabora tive+learning+software –Activeboards http://www.promethea nworld.com/en- us/education/products /interactive-displayshttp://www.promethea nworld.com/en- us/education/products /interactive-displays –ActivInspire http://www.promethea nworld.com/en- us/education/products /software/activinspirehttp://www.promethea nworld.com/en- us/education/products /software/activinspire –Mimio http://www.mimio.dym o.com/en-US.aspxhttp://www.mimio.dym o.com/en-US.aspx
AT with Older School Aged Children These are some web sites that you might want to check out: –http://techpotential.net/http://techpotential.net/ –http://www.curriculumassociates.com/http://www.curriculumassociates.com/ –http://www.familyvillage.wisc.edu/education/at.htmlhttp://www.familyvillage.wisc.edu/education/at.html –http://school.discoveryeducation.com/schrockg uide/http://school.discoveryeducation.com/schrockg uide/
The iPad (& iPhone) in Schools Database that updates regularly on apps that can be used in the school setting
The iPad (& iPhone) in Schools Apps for Reminders
The iPad (& iPhone) in Schools Apps for Organization & Scheduling
The iPad (& iPhone) in Schools Apps for Organization & Scheduling (Contd)
The iPad (& iPhone) in Schools Apps for NoteTaking
The iPad (& iPhone) in Schools Apps for Computer Access
The iPad (& iPhone) in Schools Apps to Improve Attention to Task
The iPad (& iPhone) in Schools Apps to Support Curricular Goals –http://www.apple.com/education/apps/http://www.apple.com/education/apps/ –http://www.google.com/apps/intl/en/edu/http://www.google.com/apps/intl/en/edu/
The iPad (& iPhone) in Schools Apps to Support Curricular Goals
The iPad (& iPhone) in Schools There are WAY TOO MANY apps that can be used in education settings –The following are websites designed by educators who are recommending some apps for various needs http://www.iste.org/connect/iste-connects/blog- detail/10-04-12/iPad_Apps_for_Education.aspxhttp://www.iste.org/connect/iste-connects/blog- detail/10-04-12/iPad_Apps_for_Education.aspx http://www.appstoreapps.com/top-50-free- education-apps/http://www.appstoreapps.com/top-50-free- education-apps/ http://www.iear.org/ http://www.onlineclasses.org/2010/06/16/40- amazingly-educational-ipad-apps-for-kids/http://www.onlineclasses.org/2010/06/16/40- amazingly-educational-ipad-apps-for-kids/ http://www.appannie.com/top/ipad/united- states/education/?has_in_app_purchases=0http://www.appannie.com/top/ipad/united- states/education/?has_in_app_purchases=0
Outcome of AT use in Schools How do you know that what you are doing is working? –Check out this site for outcomes measures for AT use in schools: http://natri.uky.edu/assoc_projects/qiat/
Quality Indicators IEP Team has the knowledge and skills to make informed decisions A continuum of AT devices and services is explored IEP Team uses good team process to make decisions Decisions are made based on IEP/IFSP goals and objectives Team decisions are made in compliance with federal and state statutes Determination of need is based on data about student, environments, tasks Decisions and supporting data are documented
Abandonment of AT Technology not well matched to individual need Little or no training was provided Families not accepting of technology School or workplace not accepting of technology Up to 80% of AT is abandoned by the 3 rd year
School Resources Teacher and IEP Resources –Check out these sites: http://seriweb.com/ http://www.enablemart.com/Catalog/Teache r-IEP-Resourceshttp://www.enablemart.com/Catalog/Teache r-IEP-Resources http://www.iser.com/ http://www.parentpals.com/gossamer/pages /http://www.parentpals.com/gossamer/pages /
Teacher Resources Apps for Teachers and Therapists
School Resources NIMAS (National Instructional Materials Accessibility Standard) a new file format. –http://aim.cast.org/http://aim.cast.org/ NIMAC (National Instructional Materials Access Center) storage and distribution of electronic textbook source files from publishers. –Will provide textbooks and instructional materials in accessible formats for students with print-related disabilities. – http://www.nimac.us/http://www.nimac.us/
TECHNOLOGY IN THE WORKPLACE Legislation that has affected disabled persons transition into the workplace: –The Rehabilitation Act of 1973 –Rehabilitation Act Amendments of 1976 –The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act of 1990 –The Education for All Handicapped Children Act of 1975 –Technology Related Assistance for Individuals with Disabilities Act of 1988 –The Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990
TECHNOLOGY IN THE WORKPLACE Process for Providing AT in the Workplace –Funding –Referral –Assessment –Procurement of equipment –Equipment Setup –Training –Monitoring for continued use of devices –Maintenance and repair of devices
TECHNOLOGY IN THE WORKPLACE Process for Providing AT in the Workplace –Funding sources are often: –employer –vocational organizations –3 rd party payers –private funds –Referral Comes from a variety of sources –Employers –Vocational or service agencies –Self-referral –3rd party payors/insurance companies
TECHNOLOGY IN THE WORKPLACE Process for Providing AT in the Workplace –Assessment Interdisciplinary team: –Evaluates workplace and home environment as it relates to the persons ability to prepare for work –Assessment of transportation issues In addition to therapists and vocational rehabilitation counselors, the interdisciplinary team could also consist of employers, co- workers, architects, facility managers… –basically anyone who can give input as to the inclusion of the individual in the workplace
TECHNOLOGY IN THE WORKPLACE Process for Providing AT in the Workplace –Assessment Look at the person –What can he/she do –current work skills and qualifications –Education –special needs related to disability Look at workplace –bathrooms, cafeterias, parking areas, other rooms necessary for workplace performance Look at the job responsibilities/requirem ents –What is expected? –Can the tasks be modified? –If not, can some aspects be given to another worker?
TECHNOLOGY IN THE WORKPLACE Process for Providing AT in the Workplace –Procurement of Equipment Trial use of several devices occurs Then specific recommendations are made Need to look at: –Durability –Reliability –Worker acceptance –Portability –Ease of maintenance
TECHNOLOGY IN THE WORKPLACE Process for Providing AT in the Workplace –Equipment Setup Done by the team member(s) most knowledgeable about the device –Could be the vendor –Could be the IT person a the job site –Could be the therapist –Training Need to consider : –time needed for training –who will do the training –who will participate in the training –who will pay for the training
TECHNOLOGY IN THE WORKPLACE Process for Providing AT in the Workplace –Monitoring for Continued use of Devices Includes training for troubleshooting and problem-solving use issues Provide information on technical support Provide necessary modifications and adjustments –Maintenance and Repair of Devices Determine who will be responsible and potential cost of repairs when procuring devices
TECHNOLOGY IN THE WORKPLACE Other factors to consider: –Need a time commitment to ensure that all of the above will occur –Cost considerations –Employer willingness to participate –Affect the devices will have on other workers –Issues arise regarding coordination of services –Transportation issues may arise –Long-term commitment to employment –Workers ability to afford returning to work due to loss of disability benefits, etc.
TECHNOLOGY IN THE WORKPLACE What devices might be used in the workplace? –Includes specific devices or modifications to equipment to enable a person to perform work related tasks –Also includes modifications to the environment –Might include modification to the worksite options: Competitive employment Sheltered employment Supported employment Volunteer work Homemaking
TECHNOLOGY IN THE WORKPLACE Obviously, computers have become a BIG part of any workplace environment –Since we have already talked about computer modifications, we will not discuss these here But know that anything we spoke of previously could work! Also, since every occupation has different requirements, we cannot talk a lot about the specific devices used in the workplace since it will vary based on the job –Often the device is fabricated to meet the individuals specific job task
TECHNOLOGY IN THE WORKPLACE So…the next few slides will talk about some general ideas for some specific diagnostic problems
TECHNOLOGY IN THE WORKPLACE AT in the Workplace –Making a clients workstation accessible is important in the provision of AT for work Adjustable height tables are commonly used –Especially for those workers who use wheelchairs
TECHNOLOGY IN THE WORKPLACE –Look at shape of work space determined by the tasks to be performed, the workers functional abilities and limitations, and the organization of work equipment and assistive devices –l-shaped, u-shaped, kidney bean shaped
TECHNOLOGY IN THE WORKPLACE AT in the Workplace –Making a clients workstation accessible is important in the provision of AT for work (contd) Adjustable angled tables prevent the need for excessive arm reach, twisting, etc. Rearrange mounting devices and keeping work tools close by helps with efficiency
TECHNOLOGY IN THE WORKPLACE AT in the Workplace –Making a clients workstation accessible is important in the provision of AT for work (contd) Look for arm and wrist positioning devices that will help reduce the effects of repetitive stress or to remediate UE strength and coordination problems Look at foot positioning on floor if not a wheelchair user-provide with footstools, etc. to accommodate Adjustable chairs provide support for non-wheelchair users
TECHNOLOGY IN THE WORKPLACE AT in the Workplace –Can look at lowering or enlarging light and appliance switches –May need to look at environmental control devices for light, temperature, doors, shades, etc. control –Speakerphones, Voice activated telephones or telephones through computer allow phone use Well talk more about these during environmental control lecture –Fax through the computer allows for less paper manipulation and also allows for easier filing http://www.savetz.com/fax/
TECHNOLOGY IN THE WORKPLACE For individuals with cumulative trauma disorders: –AT helps prevent or decrease the effects of CTDs Analyze jobpositioning, workstation design and setup, task demands, necessary tools, and time requirements –http://www.osha.gov/SLTC/etools/computerworkstatio ns/index.htmlhttp://www.osha.gov/SLTC/etools/computerworkstatio ns/index.html Adapt items to make them less stressful to the hands via enlarged handles, padded surfaces, contoured grips
TECHNOLOGY IN THE WORKPLACE For individuals with sensory impairments: –Visual and hearing impaired E-mail facilitates effective communication Screen readers provide auditory presentation of items on screen Text enlargement software allows those with poor vision to see items on screen when necessary
TECHNOLOGY IN THE WORKPLACE For individuals with Neurological and Physical Impairments: –Determine what the person needs based on functional strengths and weaknesses –Devices that could be appropriate would allow for: Computer Access Environmental Control including phone use and Fax Seating and Positioning devices
TECHNOLOGY IN THE WORKPLACE Apps to Assist Workers
References Cook, A.M. and Polgar, J.M. (2007). Cook and Hussey's Assistive Technologies: Principles and Practice, 3 rd edition, St. Louis: Mosby. Olson, D.A. and DeRuyter, F. (2002). A Clinicians Guide to Assistive Technology, St. Louis, MO: Mosby
References De Jongh, D., Scherer, M.J., & Rodger, S. (2007). Assistive technology in the workplace. St. Louis: Mosby.
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