Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Chapter 18: Conquest and Survival – The Trans-Mississippi West 1860-1900.

Similar presentations

Presentation on theme: "Chapter 18: Conquest and Survival – The Trans-Mississippi West 1860-1900."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 18: Conquest and Survival – The Trans-Mississippi West

2 American Communities: Oklahoma Land Rush

3 18.1: Indian People Under Siege

4 A. Growth of the West 1. Gold rush Homestead Act Alaska Terr TRR Trouble w/Natives

5 A. Growth of the West 6. Indian Removal Act – 1830 a. Removal of Natives by force if needed/Pres. AJ b. Trail of Tears after Cherokee Nation v. Ga No Mans Land 8. Leads to Land Rush and Sooners

6 Land Rush & Sooners



9 Dugouts


11 Soddies



14 Bury My Heart At Wounded Knee

15 C. Assimilation of the Native American 1. Farming 2. Christianity 3. English 4. Education Friends of the Indians

16 Importance of the Buffalo

17 D. Settlers and the Buffalo 1. Killed a. by hunters for heads, hides, bones, and fur b. for sport c. by RR co. 2. Helped govt push Natives onto reservations

18 E. Massacre at Sand Creek, Co Natives told to make camp at Sand Creek to make peace deal. 2. Col. Chivington a. >100 Cheyenne killed while sleeping; bodies mutilated b. Body parts kept as souvenirs 3. Later discredited by Congress

19 F. Treaty of Laramie (1868) 1. Ended Great Sioux War of Lands in the Black Hills, SD, Wy, and Mt. 3. Deposits of gold discovered, which leads to …

20 G. Battle at Little Bighorn, Mt. (aka Greasy Grass ) (1876) 1. 7th Calvary sent to take lands of Black Hills – found gold 2. Custer and men overtaken and killed by Crazy Horse 3. Public outcry = forcing more onto reservations 4. Same situation with the Nez Perce in the NW Pacific Custers Last Stand

21 18.7: Transformation of Indian Society

22 A. Helen Hunt Jackson (1881) 1. Exposes injustices of the NA by the USgovt 2. Supporter of assimilation a. Indian Rights Assoc b. Womens natl Indian Assoc

23 B. Dawes Severalty Act (1887) 1. To Americanize NA by teaching them that owning land and farming was right 2. Reservation lands distributed to head of household; 160 acres; individuality not communal 3. Lands left over sold to settlers 4. NA lost >2/3 rd of their lands

24 C. Ghost Dance: prohibited by government 1. Return of the buffalo 2. Restorations of their lands 3. Make the white man disappear

25 D. Battle of Wounded Pine Ridge Reservation (1890) 1. Started with the arrest and killing of Sitting Bull 2. A few days later, 7 th Calvary rounded up ghost dancers and took them to Wounded Knee Camp 3. >200 unarmed NA killed and left to freeze 4. Payback for Battle of Little Bighorn 5. Brought Indian wars to an end





30 18.2: Internal Empire Mining, Mormons, and Mexicans

31 A.Miners Striking it Rich! Mining for Gold and Silver

32 1. Pros and Cons of Mining a. Pros i. Railroads increased ii. Statehood increased iii. Cities developed andBoomed- economy grew rapidly b. Cons i. Increased crime ii. Destruction of land iii. ghost towns

33 2. Real Winners? a. Mine owners - able to invest capital in industries that supported the miners i. Equip and technology ii. RR iii. Timber iv. hydroelectricity

34 Hazards of Mining The Western Federation of Miners on parade, passing the Southern Hotel in Rhyolite, February 17, (Nevada Historical Society)

35 Miners & Workers

36 From Boom Towns to Ghost Towns

37 Realities of Helldorados

38 B. Mormons Joseph Smith Brigham Young

39 C. Mexican-Americans 1. Economically and socially tied to land and country 2. Very few prospered 3. Formed political party 4. Poor political conditions in Mex = migration

40 18.3: The Open Range

41 Cowboys & Cattle

42 Long Drives

43 A. Life as a Cowboy 1. Hard: Saloons, violence, guns, and prostitutes 2. Range wars = fences; problematic for grazing

44 B. Collapse of Cattle Industry barb wire overgrazing overstocking extreme weather

45 18.4: Farming Communities on the Plains

46 A. The Great Plains 1. Why move to the Great Plains? (future home of the Dust Bowl!) a. Homestead Act b. Advertising c. RR/towns d. Farming technology

47 B. Homestead Act of acres 2. 5 yrs cultivation (grow crops) 3. Land for farming was bad 4. Option of purchasing it at $1.25 acre after 6 months (residency requirement) 5. Only 10% of farmers received their lands from the act. Why so little? - Better lands closer to transportation and town/mkts

48 18.5: The Worlds Breadbasket

49 A. Farming and Technology McCormicks reaper


51 A. Farming and Technology 1. Efficiency = increase trade 2. Dependent on: a. Technology b. Nature c. Shipping and RR d. Global markets

Download ppt "Chapter 18: Conquest and Survival – The Trans-Mississippi West 1860-1900."

Similar presentations

Ads by Google